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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Poultry Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Poultry Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Dec 1988
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Sep 1988
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Jun 1988
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Mar 1988
Selecting the target year
Efficacy of Concurrent Administration of Live and Killed Newcastle Disease Vaccines in Day - Old Broiler Chicks
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 15, issue 3, 1988, Pages 193~198
In order to examine the efficacy of concurrent vaccination with live and killed Newcastle disease(ND) vaccines two types of each live(
and LaSota) and killed(gel and oil) vaccines of all commercial origin were administered either alone or simultaneously to day-old broiler chicks having maternal antibody. Live vaccines were given by conjuntival instillation in volumes of 25
median embroy infective dose(EH)) while killed vaccines were given in 0.3
volumes subcutaneously at the back of the neck Hemagglutination inhibition(HI) antibodies were determined at weekly intervals until 8 weeks of age and protection rate was determined at 4 and 8 week of age by challenge inoculation with virulent ND virus(NDV). During the 8 weeks experimental period concurrent administration of live and oil vaccine produced the highest level of HI antibody and the most satisfactory protection, whereas concurrent rent vaccination with live and gel vaccine induced poor immune responses. There was no noticeable difference in the efficacy between the live vaccines, Bl and LaSota when simultaneously administered with oil vaccine. Except for oil vaccine, single administration of either live or killed vaccine at day-old produced less than 50% protection at 4 and 8 weeks postvaccination(PV). Oil vaucine alone induced 80% and 70% protection at 4 and 8 week PV, respectively. Concurrent vaccination caused on visible side reaction like respiratory symptoms and did not negatively influence the growth rate of birds until the end of experiment.
Production of Monoclonal Antibody to Infectious Laryngo- tracheitis Virus by Cell Fusion
Chung Ok Choi ; Chung Gil Lee ; Sung Man Cho ; Soo Hwan An ; Joon Hun Kwon ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 15, issue 3, 1988, Pages 199~206
A total of 3 hybridoma clones producing monoclonal antibody (MCA) against infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV) was established by somatic cell hybridization between mouse myeloma cells and spleen, cells from mice immunized with ILTV. The MCAs were screened by the indirect flourescent antibody (IFA) staining and the specific hybridomas were cloned by limiting dilution method. The MCAs produced by the 3 hybriomas were all classified as immunogloblin G and found to be reacting against common antigen(s) of high and low pathogenic ILTV examined. The titer of these antibodies in mouse ascitic fluid was from
. Indirect fluorescent antibody test using these antibodies was found to be quite effective for the detection of ILTV from infected chickens being the most sensitive among the test methods adopted.
Production of Monoclonal Antibody to Newcastle Disease Virus and its Diagnostic Use
Chung Ok Choi ; Chung Gil Lee ; Sung Man Cho ; Jin Soo Na ; Soo Hwan An ; Joon Hun Kwon ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 15, issue 3, 1988, Pages 207~210
A total of 3 hybridoma clones producting menoclonal antibody (MCA) against Newcastle disease virus(NDV) was raised by cell fusion method. The MCAs did not cross react against other avian or mammalian viruses tested. However, these antibodies reacted with all strains of velogenic and lentogenic NDVs tested indicating that they are unable to discriminate the possible antigenic differences among NDVs. All. the MCAs were classified as IgG type and did not show neutralizing and hemagglutination inhibition (HAI) activity except one clone which has low HAI activity. One of these MCA raised in mouse ascites revealed the titer of
by indirect immunofluorescent antibody (IFA) test Using the MCA, virulent NDV could easily be detected from tracheal and conjunctival smears made 2 to 3 days after experimental infection.
Study on the Estimation of Genetic Parameters and Selection Efficiency on Early Part-record for Improving Egg Production in Layer
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 15, issue 3, 1988, Pages 211~218
Data on egg number from time of first lay to 71 week of age were obtained from samples of single comb white leghorn breeder and brown layer breeder populations which were raised at manny breeding Co. These data were used to estimate the heritabilities of age at sexual maturity, early egg number, residual egg number and annual egg number. Also, the genetic correlation coefficients between these traits were estimated and selection efficiencies of each segment in early part record were estimated by use of the heritabilities and generic correlations. The estimated heritabilities and standard errors in two lines(W and B) were
at early records,
at residual records and
at time of first lay. Those at annual records were
equally. The estimated correlation coefficients and standard errors between early record and annual record were
. Those between early record and residual record were
respectively. At improving annual egg production per year, selection based on early part record(SM to 40 week of age) would be 69% more efficient than on annual record in line W and 80% more efficient than on annual record in line B. But, if it were considered that egg weight decreased due to sexual maturity and cost for data collection, use of selected segment from 35~40week of age in line W and from 31~40 week of age in line B would be desired in spite of a. small loss in relative selection efficiency. The generation interval would not be shortened.
Biological Availability of Various Sources of Ca and P Supplements in Young Chicks
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 15, issue 3, 1988, Pages 219~227
This experiment was carried out to evaluate biological availability of Ca and P in 4 different sources of tricalcium phosphate in young chicks. One hundred and twenty five-day-old male Single Comb White Leghorn chicks (10 treatments
4chicks) were used in trial 1 and 2, respectively, for 12 days of feeding period. Trial I was to evaluate the availability of phosphorus in the supplements, Standard purified diets were prepared to supply 0.07, 0.14 and 0.21％P using a mixture (1 : 1) of NaH
as the reference Phosphorus sources. Bone breaking strength of the tibia determeined by an Instron instrument appeared inadequate to be used as a criterion due to very high variations of the measurement within a treatment. Thus, tibia bone ash content was utilized as a criterion to evaluate th biological avilability of phosphorus in the supplements. The levels of the biological availability of the four different sources of dicalcium phoshate were 77.1, 91.0, 96.4 and 95.5％, respectively, and those of the three tricalcium phosphate sources were 94.1, 95.0 and 99.5％ , respectively. Trial 2 was to determeine the levels of Ca biologically available in the supplements. Standard purified diets were made to supply 0.2, 0.3 and 0.4％ Ca using CaCo
as the reference calcium source. When bone ash content was utilized as a criterion for the availability, the levels of calcium biologically available to the chicks were 78.3, 234.1, 87.6 and 244.5％, respectively, for the 4 different sources of dicalcium phosphate and 99.5, 84.0 and 101.5％ , respectively, for the 3 different sources of tricalcium phosphate. The observation that two calcium sources appeared to be utilized with an unusual efficiency can hardly be explained at this moment. When they were revaluated on the basis of body weight gain, the availabilities of the four sources of dicalcium phosphate were 89.2, 58.2, 104.1 and 103.1％ and of the three tricalcium phosphate were 112.6, 106.0 and 96.3％ , respectively.
Studies on Development of Optimum Laying Hen Diet during Summer Period
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 15, issue 3, 1988, Pages 229~246
These studies were conducted to investigate the effects of dietary protein and metabolizable energy(ME) levels on layer performance during summer period. Total 480 ISA Brown egg-type layers ageing 49 weeks housed 2 birds per cage with 4 replictes of 20 birds were employed in this study. Mean environmental temperature over experimental period ranged from 22.3
. The treatments consisted of dietary ME levels of 2500, 2700, 2900kcal/kg of diet containing 15% and 17% protein, respectively, to provide
factorial design. As metabolizable energy level increased form 2500 to 2900 kcal/kg of diet, daily feed and protein intake, egg production. egg weight, egg mass decreased, but the reverse was true for the daily energy intake, energy requirement and feed costs per kg egg. Feed conversion(kg feed/kg egg) and viability were not affected by the dietary energy levels. However, there were no significant difference in egg production, protein requirement per kg egg, and egg weight between those hens fed 2500 kcal ME/kg diets and those fed 2700 kcal ME/kg diets, and no difference was found in egg weight between those fed 2700 kcal ME/kg and those fed 2900 kcal ME/kg, either. In addition, no specific trend was observed in protein requirement per egg by the different level of metabolizable energy in diets. On the other hand, as dietary protein level increased from 15 to 17%, daily protein in-take, egg production, egg weight, egg mass, and protein requirement and feed costs per kg egg increased, but feed and energy requirement per kg egg decreased, and no significant difference in the daily feed and energy intake and viability were observed among dietary protein levels. It was concluded that metabolizable energy level of 2500 kcal/kg of diet and 17% dietary protein level were considered to be adequate to support the optimum productivity of layers during summer period.
Lipid and Fatty Acid Composition of Broiler (male , female) Breast and Thigh Meat
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 15, issue 3, 1988, Pages 247~251
This experiment was carried out to investigate comparison of total cholesterol, lipid and fatty acid composition of breast and thigh from female and male broiler meats. Total lipid and neutral lipid content of female and male broiler breast meats were lower, but phospholipid and glycolipid contents were highter than thigh meats. Unsaturated fatty acid composition of broiler thigh meats were higher than breast meats on neutral and phospholipid, but breast meat was higher than thigh meat on glycolipid. Glycolipid content in total lipid was lower in female than male broiler meat. Contents of palmitic acid in neutral lipid, palmitic stearic linolenic arachidic and arachidonic acid in phospholipid, palmitic and stearic acid in glycolipid were higher than male broiler meat. The highest content of total cholesterol in defatted tissue was thigh tissue of male and undefatted thigh tissue of female.