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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Poultry Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Poultry Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Dec 1989
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Sep 1989
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 1989
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Mar 1989
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Studies on the Estimation of the Genetic Parameters on All Traits in Korean Native Ogol Fowl II. Estimations of the Heritabilities and Genetic Correlations on Egg Components
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 16, issue 4, 1989, Pages 193~199
This study was conducted to estimate heritabilities and genetic correlations on egg compositions in Korean Native Ogol Fowl. The date analysis were a total of 58,320 eggs in 450 pullets producted from 150 dams and 20 sires of Korean Native Ogol Fowl raised at Chungnam National University from June 18. 1987 to April 6. 1989. The results obtained are summarized as follows： 1. On the egg compositions, the albumen weight at first egg, 300 and 500 days were
g； the yolk weight were
g： the shell weight were
g, respectively. 2. The heritability estimates of egg compositions based on the valiance of sires, dams and combined components were 0.620-0.723, 0.206-0.300 and 0.413-0.511 for albumin weight；0.439-0.737, 0.484-0.544 and 0.492-0.615 for yolk weight：0.172-0.187, 0.412-0.642 and 0.390-0.503 for shell weight, respectively. 1. The genetic and phenotypic correlation coefficients of egg compositions were as follows； The coefficients between albumen weight and yolk weight were 0.089-0.654 and 0.084-0.255；between albumen weight and shell weight were 0.396-0.925 and 0.225-0.544； between yolk weight and shell weight were 0.227-0.357 and 0.098-0.358 respectively.
Studies on the Chromosomal Banding Analysis of Korean Native Fowl
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 16, issue 4, 1989, Pages 201~207
This study was carried out to identify the chromosome morphological structure and G-, C-banding pattern of Korean native fowl. The samples used in this study were early chick embryos, and the method of chromosomal analysis quoted from the protocal of Ohio univ. with more or less modified. The results were summerized as follow as； 1. In each of macrochromosomal morphology, the arm-ratio, centromeric index, and relative length of Korean native fowl were more or less different from improved breeds, but the designations were the same. 2. The graphical pecks, by densitometric recordings, in each macrochromosome number of 1, 2, 3, 4, Z, and 5, numbered 21, 14, 12, 8, 11, and 4 in G-banded, and 16, 13, 9, 9, 9, and 4 in C-banded, respectively. Those pecks could be explained as a consequence of chromosome condensation during mitosis and of genetic material differences.
Studies on the Genetic Characters of Korean Native Fowl
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 16, issue 4, 1989, Pages 209~217
This study was carried out to obtain the information on the genetic characters of Korean native fowls. The data for this study was collected from fowls located at the Gyunggi, Chunscheong, Yeongnam and Jeju area from March, 1989 to November, 1989. The morphology, genetic characters and economic traits of fowls were investigated. Followings are the major results obtained from this study. 1. The morphology and genetic characters of Korean native fowls are similar to those of brown Leghorn, 2. Colored fowls outnumbered white fowls by 402 to 38 in feather color, and wild type fowls outnumbered black fowls by 317 to 38 in feather pattern. 3. For morphology of chromosomes, chromosome size and shape of Korean native fowls were similar to those of other breeds. 4. Body weights of male was 1.2-1.6kg, and of female 1.5-1.9 kg. Hen-housed egg production was 80-120 eggs.
Dietary Factors for Secretary Digestive Enzyme from the Pancreas in the Chicken
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 16, issue 4, 1989, Pages 219~232
The present study was done to investigate the mechanism of Pancreatic digestive enzyme secretion in response to dietary components in chicks. A simplefied pancreatic juice collection method, useful for a short-term experiment, was developed. By wing vein injection, it was shown that the increased trypsinogen and chymotrypsinogen, while neither other single amino acids nor glucose affected the secretion of enzymes, amylase, trypsinogen and chymotrypsinogen. Cholecystokinin (CCK) had an immediate effect on pancreatic enzyme secretion and this response was in a dose dependent fashion. The injection of CCK seemed to have selective stimulation favoring the secretion of chymotrypsinosen followed by amylase and trypsinogen. Simultaneous injection of single amino acid with CCK increased digestive enzyme secretion to various extents depending on the kind of amino acids whereas the injection of glucose with CCK did not affect when compared with that of CCK'alone. By varying doses, synergetic action of CCK plus amino acid on the secretion of pancreatic digestive enzymes was observed at 0.5mM for Val and 5mM for Arg. A further attempt was made to examine the effect of combined administration of amino acids with CCK on pancreatic enzyme secretion. The injected substances were an AAs mixture and combination of selected amino acids, i.e. Thr＋Phe＋Ile, Thr＋Phe. Thr＋Ile or Phe＋Ile. When increases in enzyme outputs for the first 30 min were compared , it was shown that the responses of three enzymes, amylase, trypsinogen and chymotrypsinogen, brought about by the administration of the AAs mixture was almost entirely accounted for by the combined injection of Thr＋Phe. Thus, it was well demonstrated that CCK and amino acids had a synergetic action on the secretion of a specific pancreatic digestive enzyme depending on a kind of amino acid injected.
Studies on the Egg Storage Technology
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 16, issue 4, 1989, Pages 233~238
This experiment was carried out to establish effective egg storage technology by studying the physico-chemical properties of albumen and yolk during the cold storage. The results obtained were summarized as follows：1. Egg Yolk was gelated and whipping quality and whipping stability of albumen was decreased by the freezing storage. 2. NaCl was the best anti-freezer to prevent the gelation of egg yolk among various anti-freezer (NaCl, glucose, sucrose, amides). 3. Viscosity of egg yolk and albumen was increased and color was changed but changes of colorin albumen was slight during the storage at
. 4. To store the 5% NaC1 added egg yolk -at
was the best way to prevent the gelation of egg yolk and save the energy. 5. Emulsion capacity of egg yolk was decreased by the cold storage with the addition of NaCl.
Studies on the Estimation of Productivity Improvement of Layer on the Basis of Random Sample Test
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 16, issue 4, 1989, Pages 239~252
The present study was carried out to investigate the improvement of major production traits with the published data of twenty-two years'random sample tests held in Korea from 1966 to 1988. Eight traits-roaring viability, laying viability, age of sexual maturity, hen day egg production, hen-housed egg production, egg weight, feed requirement, 500 days body weight-were dealt with in this study. The results obtained in this study are summerized as follows； 1. Total mean value for rearing viability was 99.4% in 1980s. Mean value for rearing viability of colored hen was 99.5% and white hen was 99.06% in 1980s. Mean value for laying viability was increased by 0.98%, 0.86% and 0.86% per year in pool data, white hen and colored hen, respectively. 2, Age of sexual maturity was decreased from 171.1 day to 160.8 day in pool data during 1960s- 1910s but increased to 162.4 day in 1980s； and decreased from 160.5 day to 1595 nay in white hen but increased from 163.7 day to 166.1 day in colored hen during 1970s-1980s. 3. Mean values for hen-day egg production were increased by 0.96%, 1.09% and 0.63% per year in pool data, colored hen and white hen, respectively. 4. Mean values for hen housed egg production were increased by 45, 5.37 and 4.23 per year in pool data, colored hen and white hen, respectively. 5. Egg weight were improved by 0.22g and 0.25g per year in pool data and colored hen but decreased by 0.03g in white hen. 6. feed requirement were improved by 0.04, 0.05 and 0.1 per year in pool data, white hen and colored hen, respectively. 7. 500 days body weights were increased by 0.38g per year in pool data but decreased by 14.95g and 10.37g in colored hen and white hen, respectively. 8. Estimate of correlation coefficient between age of sexual maturity and other factors such as hen day egg production. hen housed egg production, egg weight and 500 days body weight were -0.4512, -0.2876, -0.4376 and 0.2045 in pool data； -0.358, -0.1530 0.3475 and 0.1208 in white hen； 0.0989, 0.1181, 0.2885 and 0.2248 in colored hen, respectively. Estimates of correlation coefficient between hen day egg production and egg weight were 0.6233, -0.2259 and 0.2973 in Pool data, white hen and colored hen； between hen day egg production and 500 days body weight, 0.2417, 0.0774, -0.4787 ： between hen-housed egg production and egg weight, 0.6171, -0.2706, 0.4579： between hen housed egg production and 500 days body weight, 0.3082, -0.0792, -0.3368： between egg weight and 500 days body weight, 0.2742, 0.2205, 0.1354, respectively.