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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Poultry Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Poultry Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Dec 1993
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Sep 1993
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Jun 1993
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Mar 1993
Selecting the target year
Identification of Sex-Specific DNA Sequences in the Chicken
K. D. Song ; Y. S. Shin ; Jae Y. Han ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 20, issue 4, 1993, Pages 177~188
This study was performed to find out the reasonable sexing methods In the chicken, obtain the basic information for the mechanisms related to chicken sexual differentiation and identify the genes which known to involved in chicken sex differentiation. The chromosome analysis of chicken embryonic fibroblast was a simple method to determine sex of chicken by means of Z and W chromosome identification. The bands of female chicken genomic DNA digested with Xho Ⅰ and Eco RI restriction endonuclease showed to be useful in direct sex determination and these repetitive sequences of Xho Ⅰ and Eco RI families were proposed to be very homologous in their sequences by colony hybridization analysis. Seven of 150 random primers were selected to amplify the W chromosome-specific band by using arbitrary primed PCR and three of them were useful to identify the sex of chicken. To identify the sex differentiation genes in the chicken, PCR for the amplification of ZFY and SRY sequences was performed. ZFY and SRY sequences were amplified successfully in the chicken genome, implying that chicken genome might have the sex-related conserved sequences similar to mammalian ones. The PCR products of ZFY amplification were the same in both sexes, suggesting that these sequences may be located on autosome or Z chromosome. The profile of PCR amplification for SRY sequences showed variation between sexes, but this result was not enough to specify whether the SRY gene in chicken is on the autosome or sex chromosome.
Determination of Amino Acid Availability and Metabolizable Energy in Protein Feedstuffs by True Amino Acid Availability(TAAA) Method
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 20, issue 4, 1993, Pages 189~196
True amino acid availability (TAAA) and true metabolizable energy(TME) values of 8 protein feedstuffs were determined by feeding three roosters exactly 30g of each protein feedstuff after 36h of fasting. From each rooster excreta were collected for 36 h. TAAA were significantly(P<0.01) different among protein feedstuffs. TAAA was highest in fish meal(96.1%), followed by corn gluten(91.2%), rapeseed meal(88.8%), soybean meal(88.7%), meat meal(87.2%), canola meal(86.1%), cottonseeed meal(82.6%) and feather meal(82.5%). Available Iysine values obtained by TAAA method were highly correlated(P<0.01) with those obtained by chick bioassay(CBA) and FDNB method. TME was highest in corn gluten(4,011kcal/kg, as fed basis), followed by fish meal(3,906), feather meal(3,098), soybean meal(3,007), meat and bone meal(2,631), canola meal(2,326), cottonseed meal(2,246) and rapeseed meal(2,120).
Effects of Hatch and Sex on Body Weight and Shank Length of Growing Pheasant
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 20, issue 4, 1993, Pages 197~201
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of hatch and sex on the body weight and shank length of growing pheasant. Least squares means of body weight at the age of 0, 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20 wks were 17.9, 96.0, 296.4, 563.4, 709.0 and 757.4 g for female, and 18.3, 104.4, 349.1, 728.5, 1001.4 and 1101.6 g for male, respectively. The hatch effect on body weight was significant at the age of 4, 8, 12 and 16 wks (P＜0.05), but the effects on shank length were significant at the age of birth and 8 wks only. There was no significant hatch effect on both the body weight and shank length at the age of 20 wks(P＞0.05). Least squares mean differences between female and male were significant(P＜0.01) over all wks of age except at hatch.
Correlation and Regression Analysis of Body Weight and Shank Length of Growing Pheasant
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 20, issue 4, 1993, Pages 203~208
The objective of this study was to investigate the correlation among the measurements of the body weight and shank length at the age of 0, 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20 wk, and to investigate the regression of the final body weight at the age of 20 wk in selection on the body weight and shank length before 12 wk of age. From the simple correlation analysis, the range of correlation coefficients between body weight and shank length at the same age were 0.50~0.83 from females, and 0.57~0.85 from males over all wk of age(P＜0.01). Correlation coefficient between the body weights at hatch and 20 wk of age was 0.44(P＜0.01), but it was not significant(P＞0.05) between the shank length at hatch and body weight at 20 wk of age. The favorable regression models for the estimation of the body weight at the age of 20 wk from both body weight and shank length before 12 wk of age were the models with the independent variables of measurements at hatch and 12 wk of age(
＝0.96), with the measurements at 8 and 12 wk of age(
＝0.96), and with the measurements at 0, 8 and 12 wk of age (
Studies on DNA Fingerprint for the Korean Native Chicken
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 20, issue 4, 1993, Pages 209~216
This study was conducted to classify Korean native chicken(KNC) and imported chicken by phenotypic performances and DNA fingerprinting. Two lines, KNC and White Leghorn(WL) , of chicken were maintained in the laboratory of Yeungnam University. Economic traits (body weight, sexual maturity, hen-day egg production, egg weight) and phenotypic characteristics (body-type, head, feather, shank) were checked. The DNA fingerprinting was analyzed for both breeds. The growth rate of the KNC was similar to WLS and sexual maturity of the KNC came later than WL. Hen-day egg production of the KNC was also slightly lower than the WL. The egg weight was about 10g lighter than WL. There was no difference in body weight of female KNC compared to the WL after 28 weeks. The study confirms difference between KNC and WL in DNA fingerprinting as well as its outlook. Thus, we suggest that these should be tested in nationwide districts about chickens known as the KNC using DNA fingerprinting. Then, the confirmed KNC populations should be maintained and used for the genetic improvement. Finally, only confirmed KNC should be in market which induce consumer to seek the KNC by its favorite.
A Review on Controlling Technology of Cholesterol Contents in Eggs and Egg Products
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 20, issue 4, 1993, Pages 217~231
Due to the increased awareness on the relationship between high cholesterol intake and cardiovascular disease, the development of low cholesterol eggs and egg products are necessary at the present time. Largely, two approaches are possible to develop low cholesterol eggs. The first approach is the production of low cholesterol eggs by altering feeds of layers, by administering drugs, by genetic selection of strains and breeds, and by management of laying cycle, age and egg size. The second approach is to manufacture low cholesterol eggs technically treated with adsorbant, solvent, enzyme, edible oil and supercritical fluid. Both approaches have their own pros and cons, respectively, as far as the cholesterol removal rates, the easeness of process, and the economic reasons are concerned. The low cholesterol egg production is quite labor-intensive and has relatively low cholesterol removal rate(30∼50％ ) compared to that of chemically treated eggs. On the other hand, the low cholesterol eggs treated with chemicals have a very high cholesterol removal rate (80∼90％) but some of the methods are not completely safe as food processing purposes due to the residual chemicals and the sensory quality is not as good as the low cholesterol eggs without chemical treatment. Therefore, further studies must be conducted to improve the sensory quality of low cholesterol eggs and to eliminate fear about the harmfulness using low cholesterol eggs.