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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Poultry Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Poultry Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Dec 1994
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Sep 1994
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Jun 1994
Selecting the target year
Influence of UV Irradiation Procedures on the Concentration of Vitamin
in the Liver and Skeleton of Broiler Chicks
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 21, issue 3, 1994, Pages 157~168
This study was carried out to elucidate the time course variation of vitamin
) and 25-hydroxyvitamin
] contents in the liver and skeleton of 3-wk old broiler chicks when treated with different UV irradiation procedure. Day-old Hubbard chicks were fed vitamin D deficient diet for 3 wk and exposed to medium wave ultraviolet(UVB) light with different irradiation procedures. Procedure I was 30 min continuous irradiation(O.204 mJ /
) and Procedure II was three seperate 10 min irradiation with 12 h intervals, and Procedure III was three seperate 10 min irradiation with 24 h intervals. The liver and skeleton samples were collected at 10 different times between 0000~2400 h after the last irradiation. The V
fractions wereseparated by Sep-Pak silica cartridge and the concentrations were determined by normal phase HPLC. The mean content of V
in the liver of the birds treated by Procedure II was 6.68 ng /g, which was higher than 5.60 and 5.30 ng /g from Procedure I and Ill, respectively(P<.O5). With regard to the effect of elapsed time after UVB irradiation on the V
concentration of the liver, 96 h treatment showed the highest value(13.08 ng/g)(P<.05). There was a significant(P
in the skeleton of tibia and femur, there were no significant differences among Procedure I, II and III, but significant differences were found among those from various elapsed time after irradiation, The highest value was shown at 96 h(O.99 ng /g) treatment, and interaction between irradiation procedure and elapsed time was not significant. With regard to the mean content of 25(OH)
in bone, the Procedure II(18.79 ng /g) and III(17.73 ng /g) showed higher values than Procedure I did (P<.05), and the 12 h elapsed time showed the highest value(31.17 ng /g) among 10 treatments (P<.05), however, there was no significant interaction between exposing procedure and elapsed time. In conclusion, the Procedure II would he more desirable than Procedure I or III to produce more V
in the liver and skeleton of birds by exposing to the UVB light. Also, it was verified that 25(OH)
increases more quickly than V
in both tissues tested and is utilized more quickly to recover from the rickets of chicks.
Developmental Changes of Serum IgA, IgG and IgM Concentrations in Broiler Chicks - II. Isolation of IgA and Developmental Changes of Serum IgA Levels
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 21, issue 3, 1994, Pages 169~174
An experiment was conducted to establish a large scale production method of anti-serum against chicken IgA and to profile the developmental changes of serum IgA levels during the feeding period(from hatching to 7 weeks of age) in broiler chicks. Blood samples were taken from Hubbard chicken at the age of hatching, 3 days of age, and weekly thereafter till to 7 weeks of age. The pure IgA was isolated from ammonium sulfate treated chicken bile juice by gel filtration chromatography ( Sepharose GL-6B) - The quantitative assay of serum IgA were carried by RID method. Developmental changes of serum IgA concentrations were 0.42 mg /mL at hatching, thereafter dicreased gradually, lowest at 1 week of age(0.17 mg /mL), and gradually increased to 7 weeks of age(2.73 mg /mL). There was no sexual difference in serum IgA level, but female chicks showed higher IgA levels than male chicks during the experimental period.
Developmental Changes of Serum IgA, IgG and IgM Concentrations in Broiler Chicks - III. Isolation of IgM and Developmental Changes of Serum IgM Levels
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 21, issue 3, 1994, Pages 175~182
An experiment was conducted to establish a large scale production method of anti-serum against chicken IgM and to profile the developmental changes of serum IgM levels during the feeding period(from hatching to 7 weeks of age) in broiler chicks. Blood samples were taken from Hubbard chicken at the age of hatching, three days of age, and weekly thereafter till to 7 weeks of age. The pure IgM was isolated from ammonium sulfate treated chicken serum by both sephadex G-200 and sepharose CL-6B chromatography. The breaking-through peak containing IgM appeared from the fraction 26 to 28. These fractions consisted mainly of IgM when tested by anti-chicken IgM(Nordic, Netherlands). Immunized with the heavy chain of this purified IgM, the rabbit immune sera(anti-chicken IgM) were formed a reaction only with the purified chicken IgM. The quantitative assay of serum IgM were carried by RID method. The optimal time for diffusion was 14 hours and the coefficient of determination(
) for regression equation of standard curve was 0.992. It was observed that IgM concentrations were the highest at hatching(3.23 mg /mL), after that decreased gradually. From 2 to 5 weeks of age the levels unchanged(2.0 ~ 2.3mg /mL), and gradually decreased to 7 weeks of age(1.3 mg /mL).
Effects of Dietary Plant Oils on the Cholesterol Level and on the Composition of Fatty Acids in Hen Egg Yolks
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 21, issue 3, 1994, Pages 183~193
White Leghorn hens were fed a commercial formula feeds as a basal diet, which was supplemented with 3 types of plant oil safflower, evening primrose and pine seed, at the 10% level for 3 weeks. No significant changes was found between the basal diet and the oil feeding trials in the egg yolk cholesterol content, the laying rate, the egg weight, and the yolk weight, except the feed intake. In the fatty acid composition of the egg yolk lipid, however, the plant oil feedings to hens resulted in considerable increase of
acid with a simultaneous decrease of
acid ,and, consequently, followed by the improvement of balance with P /S and P /M /S ratio close to 1.0 and 1:1:1, which is known a desirable ratio for human health in lipid nutrition, respectively.
Effects of the Addition of \beta-Glucanase to Barley-based Layer Diet
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 21, issue 3, 1994, Pages 195~205
Effects of the addition of \beta-glucanase to barley-based layer diets were examined by feeding 200 Leghorn layers with corn-based (Control) and \beta-glucanase supplemented diets (Barley+ Enzyme). The results obtained are sumrrarized as follows. 1. There were no siginificant (P>0.05) differences in hen-day egg production(%) and average egg weight between two treatments, indicating that the \beta-glucanase supplemented barley could successfully replace the commonly used corn in the layer diets. 2. Although there was no statistical difference (P>0.05) between two treatments, the daily feed consumption was numerically high in layers fed the barly diet compared to the corn-based diet. 3. Availabilities of crude fat and crude fiber of the barley diet were significantly poor (P<0.05) as compared to corn diet. 4. The \beta-glucarase supplementation depressed the viscosity of barley diets and excreta from therm. 5. Both serum and egg yolk cholesterol were not significantly affected by the addition of \beta-glucarase in the barley based diet. Our data indicate that the barley grain supplemented with \beta-glucarase can be sucessfully used as an energy source of layer diet when there is a price advantage. Although some possibilities to produce low cholesterol egg were recognized in this study, further studies pertaining to long-term feeding experiment and elucidaton of the metabolic interrelationship between serum and yolk cholesterol, are required to confirm the result.
A Study on the Design of Optimal Ventilation Systems for Broiler Houses : A Review
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 21, issue 3, 1994, Pages 207~217
This is to provide basic information and technical data, supported by literature search, for use in designing and /or evaluating ventilation systems for broiler shelters. At first, the general design information including weather data, building requirements, ventilation requirements, and supplemental heating and cooling, was presented. Then, environment requirements for broilers, which are for temperature, humidity, air movement, radiant heat, were described and the optimal ventilation systems for broiler were developed.