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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Poultry Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Poultry Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Dec 1995
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Sep 1995
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Sep 1995
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Mar 1995
Selecting the target year
Estimation of Heritabilities and Genetic Correlations on Major Economic Traits in Korean Native Chicken
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 22, issue 2, 1995, Pages 67~75
The present study was conducted to estimate production performances, heritabilities, and genetic and phenotypic correlations on several economic traits in Korean native chicken. Data analyzed were the records of 1,096 pullets produced from 180 dams and 26 sires of Korean native chicken from April 19,1994 to February 26, 1995. Results obtained are surnmarized as follows: 1. The body weights(X
SD) at 2, 8, 14 and 20 weeks of age were 114
238, and 1,687
349g, respectively. The age at first egg was 165.95
14.54 days, and the number of eggs produced by 300 days of age were 70.78i23.47. The egg weights of the first egg and at 300 days of age were 37.88
3.73 and 50.97
3.69 g, respectively. 2. The heritability estimates of body weight based on the variance of sires, dams and combined components were 0.149, 0.298, and 0.224 at 8 weeks of age: 0.162, 0.220, and 0.192 at 20 weeks of age, respectively. 3. The heritability estimates of egg production traits based on the variance of sires, dams, and combined components were 0.232, 0.504, and 0.368 for age at first egg; 0.113, 0.172, and 0.143 for number of egg production by 300 days of age: 0.174, 0.352, and 0.236 for egg weight at 300 days of age, respectively. 4. The genetic correlation coefficients of some economic traits were as follows: between body weight and age at first egg, -0.354~-0.048; between body weight and number of egg production, -0.279~ -0.002; between body weight and egg weight, 0.338~0.977; between age at first egg and number of egg production, -0.791; between age at first egg and egg weight, 0.009~0.178; between number of egg production and egg weight, -0.572~ -0.256, respectively. 5. The phenotypic correlation coefficients of some economic traits were as follows: between body weight and age at first egg, -0.179~-0.006 between body weight and number of egg production, -0.045~0.074: between body weight and egg weight, 0.229~0.404: between age at first egg and number of egg production, -0.588: between age at first egg and egg weight, -0.029~0.597: between number of egg production and egg weight, -0.376~0. 019, respectively.
Effect of Feeding Live Yeast Culture on Performance of Laying Hens
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 22, issue 2, 1995, Pages 77~84
In order to investigate the effect of feeding live yeast culture on the performance of laying hens, a feeding trial was conducted with 96 20-wk-old Hy4ine brown layers during their laying period of 60 wk. The live yeast culture used was a product from Saccharomyces cerevisiae that was cultured on the corn-based substrate followed by careful drying of whole material not to lose the viability of yeast. Three levels of yeast culture as 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0% for three treatments and 0% for the control were included in the experimental diets. The feeding trial was carried out for 60 wk from August 26, 1992 to October 26, 1993. To evaluate the performance of layers during cold or hot periods as affected by the yeast culture feeding, data from the 12-wk winter period and 12-wk summer period were separated and analyzed accordingly. During 60 wk of laying period hen-day egg production was slightly but significantly(P<.05) improved by feeding the yeast culture. The average egg weight and daily egg weight(g /day) were also increased by the yeast culture. Feeding the yeast culture did not increase feed intake but feed efficiency was improved significantly (P<.05). No significant difference was detected in egg or eggshell qualities between control and yeast culture-treated groups. Feed intake and egg weight were not affected by the yeast culture feeding under both cold and hot period, but egg production and feed efficiency during hot summer improved significantly by its feeding. This result indicates that the effectiveness of the yeast culture feeding is greater during summer than winter for laying hens.
Effects of Excess Dietary Supplementation of Several Micronutrients on Immune Response in Layers Inoculated with Newcastle Disease and Infectious Bronchitis Vaccines
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 22, issue 2, 1995, Pages 85~95
This study was conducted to investigate the immune response of layers fed diets supplemented with excess micronutrients, i.e., vitamin A, methionine, Zn, Cu, and Fe to the inoculation of Newcastle disease vaccine(NDV) or infectious bronchitis vaccine(IBV). The antibody titer against the NDV increased immediately after the inoculation and stayed high during the next 6 wk. On the other hand, The antibody titer against the IBV increased after 4 wk of inoculation The IgM level increased rapidly after 1 wk of NDV inoculation, however, it decreased after 5 wk of inoculation. The IgA displayed similar pattern to that of IgM in response to NDV inoculation. The pattern of IgM change after IBV inoculation was similar to that when layers were treated with NDV. However, IgA level changed earlier than did IgM. The IgG response to the NDV and IBV was very weak compared to the other immune responses. The excess supplementation of micronutrients to the diets of layers inoculated with NDV elicited favorable antibody titer and immune response compared to the layers fed the control diet. The excess Zn, however, allowed the layers to have higher antibody titer for the 4-wk period after NDV injection: after that they showed no effect of extra-Zn. The immune responses of layers fed excess vitamin A, Cu, methionine, and Fe were markedly higher in IgA and IgG than the control layers. The excess Zn, however, did not bring about any favorable result. No difference was detected in IgG level between control and micronutrients-treated groups.
DNA Fingerprinting in Poultry Breeding and Genetic Analysis
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 22, issue 2, 1995, Pages 97~104
Recently, DNA fingerprinting has been utilized as the most powerful tool for genetic analysis and improvement of poultry. This technique enables us to solve several problems of poultry breeding ; traits of low heritability, difficulty in keeping the performance records, measuring in late of life, and sex limited traits. Application of DNA fingerprinting is chiefly focused to individual and population identification, evolution force, quantitative trait marker, introgression of new gene, and prediction of heterosis. Thus, research work on DNA fingerprinting will he accelerated to analyze genetic components exactly and improve the performance of poultry.
Effects of Dietary Antimicrobial Agents, Probiotics or Yucca Extract on Urease Activity and Ammonia Production in the Chicken Intestine
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 22, issue 2, 1995, Pages 105~115
The balance of microbial populations in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract of all warm-blooded animals is critical to the maintenance of health and resistance to disease. The composition of the populations can be altered by diet and environment, making the host animal susceptible to disease, and reducing growth rate and feed efficiency. Some feed additives including antimicrobial agents, prohiotics or yucca extract have been used to promote growth and feed utilization. There is evidence that part of growth-promoting effect of those feed additives results from the suppression of microbial urease activity or ammonia production in the GI contents of animals. Over 200 microbial species have been known to produce urease and the product of urea hydrolysis, ammonia, is toxic to animals. Carefully tested probiotics or other urease-suppressing agents can be a possible alternative to antimicrobial agents including antibiotics as growth promotants used for animals feeds.
Studies on Transfer of Dietary Vitamins A and E to Chicken Eggs
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 22, issue 2, 1995, Pages 117~128
Vitarnin A levels of egg yolk from hens fed diets supplemented with vitamin A increased slowly up to Week 4, while the values rapidly increased thereafter. The highest value(360% of initial value) was observed at Week 8 in birds fed 64,000 IU of vitamin A/kg diet. On the other hand, the contents of vitamin E in egg yolk rapidly increased in the first 2 weeks of the experiment and then stabilized up to Week 8. However, the efficiency of egg transfer decreased(P<0.05) as dietary vitamins A and E levels increased. It took at least 4 weeks for the increased levels of vitamin A and E in eggs from hens fed diets supplemented with each vitamin to recover the normal levels. Vitamin E levels of egg yolk in hens fed the vitamin A supplemented diets decreased as dietary vitamin A level increased (P<0.05). On the other hand, a slightly reduced levels of vitamin A levels of egg yolks from hens fed the vitamin E supplemented diet for 4 weeks of experiment was recovered back to control level at Week 8(P<0.05). Supplemental vitamin A markedly decreased the yolk deposition of vitamin F when two vitamins were supplemented simultaneously. The yolk deposition of vitamin A decreased as high level of vitamin B was supplemented, suggesting an antagonistic interactions between the two vitamins.