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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Poultry Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Poultry Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Dec 1996
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Sep 1996
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Jun 1996
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Mar 1996
Selecting the target year
A Cytogenetic Study on Induction of Diploid Spermatozoa in Poultry
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 23, issue 1, 1996, Pages 1~7
In order to produce polyploid quail, the patterns of spermatogenesis and induction of diploid spermatozoa were analyzed by administration of spindle fiber inhibitor agent. Colcemid at the dose level of 37
/100 g BW was Injected intraperitoneally to 50 Japanese quail males for 3 consecutive days. Five to 20 days after the first colcemid injection, the metaphase spreads from mitotic spermatogonia, primary spermatocyte and secondary spermatocyte were observed. By cytogenetic analysis, 9.4％ of spermatogonia and spermatocyte cells in germ cells from the treated males was found to be polyploid cells. As compared with colcemld treated, the males with non-treated colcemid had only 2.3％ polyploid cells in germ cells. The induction of diploid germ cells was highest in 10 days after the first colcemid injection and was lowest in 5 days after the first colcemid injection. These results suggested that between 10 to 15 days before maturation of the spermatozoa, the male germ cells were most sensitive to colcemid treatment. Spindle fiber inhibitor agent was also more sensitive to mitotic division of spermatogonia than meiotic division of primary and secondary spermatocyte.
Comparison of Viable Rates of Chick Embryos by Different Eggshell Window Positioning
J. Y. Han ; D. S. Seo ; Y. H. Hong ; D. K. Jeong ; Y. S. Shin ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 23, issue 1, 1996, Pages 9~17
This study was conducted to compare the survival rate of chick embryos among different eggshell window positions and to search for the most appropriate injection position. The eggshells were punctured at blunt-end, sharp-end and side-up with a sterilized fine forceps, respectively. The survival rate of sharp-end window was higher than the other window positions. Injection of Dulbecco’s modified eagle’s medium (DMEM) through blunt-end window (BE1) was impossible because inner cell membrane was obscure. The 2
L DMEM was injected into 2.5 d-old embryo blood vessel through sharp end window. To prevent hemorrhages at the point of injection, the air bubbles were injected into the embryo blood vessel. The survival rate of chicks embryo in sharp end window was about 17.0％. Therefore, this sharp-end window system will be helpful for the production of germline chimera or transgenic chicken using primordial germ cells ( PGCs ).
Studies on Various Egg Traits of Korean Native Chicken
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 23, issue 1, 1996, Pages 19~26
The present study was conducted to estimate average weights, and corrlation and regression coefficients among various traits of eggs obtained from Korean native and imported chicken. Data were obtained from 360 layers (180 of Korean native origin, and 180 of imported Decalb Brown) between November 8, 1994 to February 8, 1995. The results obtained are summerized as follows : 1. The mean weights of whole egg, yolk, dense white, thin white, and egg shell of native chicken were lighter (P<0.01) than those of Decalb Brown. 2. The coefficients of variability in each egg trait were lower in native chicken than in Decalb Brown, indicating the higher ability of native chicken to adapt to the local environment. 3. The phenotypic correlation coeffcients between whole egg and weights of yolk, dense white, thin white, and eggshell were 0.842∼0.992(P<0.01) in native chicken, and 0.865∼0.985(P<0.01) in Decalb Brown. 4. The average eggshell thicknesses of native and imported Decalb Brown were 362.5
, respectively. 5. The regression coefficients of most of the traits of eggs from native chicken were lower than those from Decalb Brown layers, suggesting that Korean native chicken should be improved further in various egg traits measured in this study.
Effects of Feeding Split Diets for a.m. and p.m. on Laying Hen Performance and Feed Cost
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 23, issue 1, 1996, Pages 27~37
This experiment was carried out to study the effects of feeding split diets for a.m. and p.m. on laying hen performance and feed cost with 480 ISA Brown layers for three periods during 32∼36, 52∼56 and 72∼76 wk of age, respectively. The control group(C) was fed a conventional single diet throughout the day and split diet groups (T
5/) were offered high energy-high protein-low Ca diets, and low energy-low protein-high Ca diets in a.m. and p.m., respectively. In split diet groups, feed intake, ME and CP consumption, and feed cost were significantly reduced(P<0.05) compared to the C, while the hen-day egg production was significantly improved. However, the average egg weight was not influenced by the feeding system. Due to the reduced daily feed, ME, and CP intakes, and the improved egg production, the conversions of feed, ME, CP, and feed cost required per kg egg mass were also significantly improved (P<0.05) in splits diet groups. Among split diet groups, the T
group fed the diet devoid of Ca supplement from the conventional laying hen diet in a.m., and the diet containing the Ca supplement 2 times the conventional diet in p.m., was superior in conversion of nutrients and feed cost per kg egg mass to the other split diet groups. It was concluded that daily feed and nutrients cousumption and daily feed cost could be reduced 5∼6％ while hen-day egg production could be improved about 4％, so that about 10％ of the feed and nutrients and feed cost per kg egg mass could be spared by introducing the split diet feeding for a.m. and p.m. based on T
treatment in laying hens.
Effect of Feeding Split Diets for a.m. and p.m. on Egg Shell Quality
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 23, issue 1, 1996, Pages 39~46
An experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of feeding split diets for a.m. and p.m. in laying hens on egg shell qualities, and to study the relationship among the methods of measuring shell quality with 480 ISA Brown layers during 32∼36, 52∼56 and 72∼76 wk of age, respectively. A total of 1,080 eggs were collected from 6 treatment groups in every laying period and weighed individually. Egg specific gravity, egg breaking strength, shell thickness and shell percentage of eggs were measured, and then correlation coefficients (r) and regression equations were calculated. By feeding the split diets for a.m. and p.m. differing in ME, CP, and Ca levels, and as the Ca level of the p. m. diet increased, eggshell qualities were improved(P<0.05). The correlation coefficient values indicate that shell percentage, shell thickness and egg specific gravity are highly correlated with the egg breaking strength(P<0.01).