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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Poultry Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Poultry Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Dec 1996
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Sep 1996
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Jun 1996
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Mar 1996
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The Role of Protein Kinase C for Prolactin Secretion in Chicken Primary Pituitary Cell Culture
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 23, issue 3, 1996, Pages 113~119
A series of experiments were conducted to investigate the role of protein kinase C (PKC) as a second messenger in vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) mediated prolactin secretion. Primary pituitary cells (106 cells/treatment) were separated from laying hens and incubated in M-199 with 5% chicken serum and 5% fetal calf serum. The VIP(0.1
M) treatment enhanced prolactin Secretion into media upto 9-fold during 48-h incubation. The phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), a PKG agonist, increased prolactin secretion upto 2-fold at 0.1 nM PMA (P<0.01), and the prolactin secretion was not significantly higher than this concentration. Staurosporine (ST; 1.0
M) a PKC antagonist, decreased by 70% of 0.1
M VIP-stimulated prolactin secretion and by 48% of 10
M PMA-stimulated prolactin secretion (P<0.01). However, pituitary cell prolactin content did not differ in any treatment (P>0.05). In conclusion, these results indicate that the PKC second messenger system is involved in VIP-stimulated prolactin release in chicken primary pituitary cell culture.
Effects of Supplementing of Aluminosilicate MAXIMINERAL(72) on the Performance of Broiler Chickens
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 23, issue 3, 1996, Pages 121~128
A feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the effect of supplementing MAXIMINERAL(72)(MM), a cornmercial product of Ca, Mg-bentonite, to the broiler diet. One thousand hatched rnale broiler chickens(Cobb strain) were randomly assigned to 4 dietary treatments; MM 0% (control), MM 1%, MM 2%, and MM 2% + tricalciurnphosphate (CaP) 0.5%. Each treatment had 5 replicates of 50 birds each. Birds were grown on floor and fed ad libitum for 5 wk. Through the whole period, weight gain and feed intake were not significantly different among treatments. However, weight gain of MM 2% + CaP 0.5% group was highest and orthogonal contrast showed that the feed intake during the period of 0~2 wk was significantly(p<0.01) lower in MM supplemented groups than the control. Feed efficiency (feed /gain) of MM supplemented groups were significantly better than the control. Feed efficiency of the control was significantly(p<0.05) higher than MM 1% and MM 2% + CaP 0.5% groups but not different from MM 2% group. Contents of ash, Ca and P of tibia were not significantly different among treatments but that of P tended to be low in MM 1% and MM 2% groups. There were significant (p<0.01) differences in plasma alkaline phosphatase (AP) activity among treatments. The highest AP activity was shown in MM 2% + CaP 0.5% group followed by the control, MM 2% and MM 1% group. It was concluded that supplernentation of MM at the level of 1% of broiler diet significantly improves feed efficiency and adjustment of P level rnay further improve the performance of the broiler chickens.
Effects of Dietary Garlic Supplementation on Performance and HMG-CoA Reductase in Broiler Chicks
;;;;S. OHTANI, K. TANAKA;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 23, issue 3, 1996, Pages 129~134
his study was conducted to determine the effect of dietary garlic supplementation on the growing performance and activity of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase in broiler chicks from 3 to 5 wk post hatching. Fifty chicks were divided into 5 groups with 10 replicates per treatment and placed in a wire battery cage. Five levels of dietary garlic(0, 0.1, 0.3, 0.6 and 1.0%) were provided in an one way analysis. Feed and water were given ad libitum. Feed intake, weight gain and feed conversion rate(FCR) were not affected by the garlic supplementations. The HMG-CoA reductase activity decreased significantly(P<0.05) with the supplementation of garlic powder, compared to the garlic free group. As the dietary garlic level was increased, chicks showed decreased lipid contents in liver and blood serum. The results of this study indicate that blood cholesterol of chicks fed garlic supplemented diet might be reduced by inhibition of RMG-CoA reductase activity.
Analysis of Genetic Characteristics by Biochemical Genetic Markers in Korean Native Chicken
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 23, issue 3, 1996, Pages 135~144
This study was carried out to clarify the genetic constitution of biochemical polymorphic loci controlling blood protein and enzymes as genetic rnarkers in Korean native chicken(KNG) population Blood samples were collected from 230 KNG representing three colored-lines(reddish-, yellowish- and blackish- brown) raised in Daejeon branch of National Livestock Research Institute. Eight blood marker loci, transferrin(Tf), post-albumin(Pas), albumin(Alb), amylase-1(Arny-1), es-terase-1(Es-1), alkaline phosphatase(Akp), catalase(Cat) and hemoglobin(Hh) were analyzed by using starch, agarose and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Based on the gene frequencies of polymorphic marker loci, the genetic characteristics of KNF population was analyzed, and the genetic ariability within population was quantified. The genetic relationships between KNC and other native fowls or improved breeds were also estimated. The gene frequencies of Tf, Pas and AIb loci were similar to those of improved breeds among the seven biochemical polymorphic loci, while gene frequencies of Cat and Es-i loci were remarkably different between KNC and improved breeds. Gene frequencies of amy-i and Akp loci were similar to those of New Hampshire and Rhode Island Red and White Leghorn, respectively. However in comparison with other improved breeds, great differences were observed in gene frequencies of these loci The average heterozygosity, effective number of alleles and homogeneity index for the seven loci combined were estimated to be .334, 1.639 and .373, respectively. Based on the dendrogram and genetic distances, the KNC was genetically closer to New Hampshire, Plymouth Rock and Rhode Island Red breeds than to the White Leghorn breed.
Present Status of Research and Commercial Production of Korean Ogol Chicken
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 23, issue 3, 1996, Pages 145~151
The origin and present status of research and commercial production of Korean Ogol chicken are reviewed. The Yeonsan Ogol chicken was designated as a National Monument (No.265) at April 1, 1980. After that, researches have been done on the various aspects of Ogol chicken, i.e., external characteristics, growth and reproductive performance, chemical composition of egg and meat, and carcass characteristics. In addition, several genetic parameters of Ogol chicken have been estimated.
The Present and Future of Pheasant Raising in Korea
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 23, issue 3, 1996, Pages 153~160
Though pheasants (Korean ring-necked pheasant) have been raised for several decades, their behavior and wild nature are far from domestication. The pheasant is a seasonal breeding species and lays a limited number of eggs in a breeding season. The growth rate and feed efficiency of pheasants are very low as compaired with those of chicken for meat purpose. In addition, the breeder's access to one's herd for care is not easy. From these reasons, pheasants seem to be unsuitable for meat production in a large flock at present. However, pheasant raising is expected to increase slowly in accordance with rising demand for special poultry meat. Therefore, it is necessary to improve techniques about raising, feeding and rnanagement, so that the consumer price of pheasant meat can be lowered down reasonably.