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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Poultry Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Poultry Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Dec 1996
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Sep 1996
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Jun 1996
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Mar 1996
Selecting the target year
Effects of Dietary Supplemental Phosphate from Different Sources on Performance of Young Broiler Chicks and It's Biological Availability
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 23, issue 4, 1996, Pages 169~175
An experiment was conducted with male broiler chicks to determine the effect of different dietary phosphorus sources and evaluate the biological availability of phosphorus sources. The biological availability of phosphorus from dicalcium phosphate (DCP) was used as a reference standard (100%) compared to defluorinate phosphate (DFP). DCP and DFP was supplemented to a corn-soy basal diet at levels of 0.05, 0.15, 0.25, 0.35%. Each of 24 pens of 10 male broiler chicks with three replications was used for three weeks. The results indicated that weight gain, feed in-take, feed efficiency, nonphytic phosphorus (NPP) and tibia ash were significantly different among treatments. Dietary supplemental phosphorus of DFP improved weight gain, NPP intake and feed efficiency consistently, whereas supplements of DCP did not show consistent increase. Regression equations was used for the availability of DPP compared with DCP when percent bone ash was a function of total phosphorus in the diet. The percent (%) bone ash of DFP groups compared to that of DCP groups showed a value of 59.98% as a slope ratio. DFP indicated lower biological availability compared to DCP, but it's dietary supplementation tended to increase bone ash and maximize the growth of young broiler chicks.
Analysis of Genetic Characteristics of Korean Native Chicken Using DNA Marker
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 23, issue 4, 1996, Pages 177~183
This study was conducted to analyze genetic characteristics of Korean Native Chicken three lines classified on the basis of the feather color and appearance (Red, Yellow, and Black) using DNA fingerprinting method. To estimate the genetic relatedness among breeds and similarities within breeds, we collected blood samples from Korean Native Chicken (KNC), Rhode Island Red (RIR), White Leghorn (WL), and Cornish(CN) and obtained genomic DNA from the blood of 10 individuals randomly selected within the breeds and lines. The genomic DNA samples were digested with restriction enzymes (Hinf J, Hae Ill) and hybridized with various probes (Jeffreys' probes 33.15, 33.6 and M13) after Southern transfer. Genetic similarities within breeds were characterized by band sharing (BS) value, estimated by the DFP band pattern between the pair of lanes. BS values within WL, RIR, and KNC were 0.82, 0.70 and 0.56, respectively. Relative genetic diversity (BS value) of KNC was higher than those two breeds (WL, RIR). Estimation of genetic similarity between KNC lines and control breed (RIR) was 0.32, whereas similarity within KNC lines (6 groups) was 0.50. In this analysis, KNC was showed to have a highly genetic diver-sity at the DNA level, and to be closer in genetic distance to RIR (0.67) than any other breeds.
Effects of Skip-a-day Feeding Program in Early Growing Stage on Compensatory Growth and Development of Visceral Organs Following Realimentation in Male Broiler Chicks
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 23, issue 4, 1996, Pages 185~191
A feeding trial was conducted to investigate the effect of skip-a-day feeding program in early growing stage of male broiler chicks on the compensatory growth, and development of visceral organs during the later realimentation period. Day-old 328 male broiler chickens( Avian x Avian) were divided into control(ad libitum feeding) and skip-a-day feeding(limited feeding) treatments. Each treatment was consisted of 4 pens( replicates) of 41 birds each. Chickens on the skip-a-day program were fasted every other day during the second wk of age(8~15 d of age). During the starter period(0~4 wk), chickens were fed a commercial crumble diet. A commercial pellet diet was fed to chickens during the finishing period( 5~8 wk). Chickens were group-weighed every week, and one bird was selected from each pen to measure carcass characteristics. The skip-a-day program delayed the growth rate of male broilers up to 4 wk of age(P
Effect of Packing Method on Physico-chemical Properties of Frozen Chicken
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 23, issue 4, 1996, Pages 193~201
This experiment was carried out to find out the effect of packing methods on physico-chemical properties of breast and thigh meats in chicken, which was dried by air spray chilling method. The chicken carcass was cut into breast and thigh muscles, which were either vacuum packed or atmosphere packed, and stored at -2O˚C for 1, 4, 8, 12 and 16 wk after quick freezing at -45˚C for 35 min. The pH values of atmosphere-packed breast meat and vacuum-packed breast meat after one wk of storage were higher than those of atmosphere-packed thigh meat and vacuum-packed thigh meat(P< .05). The pH values increased as storage period extended, but no significant difference was detected between two packing method(vacuum vs. atmosphere). Total moisture contents of breast meats after one wk of storage were higher than those of thigh meats. The total moisture contents decreased slowly as storage period extended, but no significant difference was detected between two packing method(vacuum vs. atmosphere). The shear force value of thigh meat was higher than that of breast meat. The shear force values of both meats decreased as storage period extended, regardless of packing method. The water soluble protein extractability of thigh meats was higher than that of breast meat, and the water soluble protein extractability of all treatments decreased until 8 wk after storage, but increased gradually after 8 wk of storage period. The salt soluble protein extractability of breast meat was higher than that of thigh meat, and the salt soluble protein extractability of all treatments decreased as storage period extended. With regard to the packing method, the vacuum packing showed higher value than that of atmosphere packing method until 8 wk of storage. Total lipid contents of atmosphere- and vacuum-packed thigh meats at 1 wk of storage were higher than those of breast meats, and the total lipid contents of all of treatments decreased as storage period extended. However, no significant difference was detected between two packing methods. The fatty acid contents of breast and thigh meats were in order of o1eic(33,5~42.4), palmitic(19.7~30.8) and linoleic acid(10.8~17.4).
Effect of Packing Method on Shelf-life and Microbiology of Frozen Chicken
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 23, issue 4, 1996, Pages 203~207
This experiment was carried out to find out the effects of packing methods on shelf-life and hy-giene of breast and thigh meats in chicken. The carcass weights were about 1.6 kg per bird, and chilled by air spray method. The breast and thigh meats were packed by either vacuum or atmosphere packing methods. Samples were analyzed at 1, 4, 8, 12 and 16 wk after quick freezing at -45˚C for 35 min. Regardless of packing method. The thiobarbituric acid(TBA) values of thigh meats after 1 wk of storage were higher than those of breast meats. The TBA values of both treatments were increased as storage period extended. In addition, the TBA values of vacuum packed meats were lower than those of atmosphere packed meats. The VBN(volatile basic nitrogen) values, regardless of packing method, at 1 wk of storage were higher than those of breast meats. The VBN contents of breast and thigh meats after 16 wk of storage increased markedly, but failed to show significant difference between the two packaging methods. Total plate counts of breast and thigh meats were increased gradually as storage period extended, and the total plate count of breast meat was higher than that of thigh meat. The coliform bacteria were not detected until 16 wk after storage.
A Survey on Current Situation of Computer System Utilization for Poultry Farm Management
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 23, issue 4, 1996, Pages 209~219
This research was carried out to get the basic information on the current situation of personal computer utilization for poultry farm management, and the results obtained could be used in developing of the software system for the poultry farm management. Survey method by interview and mail was adopted to carry out the research, and the total number of data used to statistical analyses was k6 poultry farmers. 1. The ratio of the poultry farmers who had the personal computer(P/C) was about 25%, and the most of the layer farmers from age 30 to 40 who manage the flock size 20,000 or above had the P/C. 2. About 70% of the farmers who had P/C have bought the system after 1993, and 83% of those farmers had the P/C-486 or above level system. They bought the P/C with intent to apply it to farm management(39%) and education for children(31%). 3. About 50% of the farmers who had P/C obtained the relevant knowledge for operating computer system by themselves, and the 33% of the P/C-possessed farmers used P/C for word-processor. 4. About 35% of the farmers who had P/C applied their system to analyse the management analyses, and the sarne ratio of the farmers answered that they didn't apply the system to their farm management. 5. About 25% of the farmers who had P/C used package software, and the company which installed the automated cage system offered the software. 6. Most of the farmers considered the computerization of the farm management positively, and they answered that they will apply P/C to their management actively from now on. 7. About 56% of the farmers didn't think that they had sufficient knowledge for operating computer system, and a quarter of them pointed that the difficulty of the buying software for poultry farm management was the most biggest problem to spread out the computerization in the poultry farm. 8. Most of the poultry farmers didn't buy P/C because they didn't have the relevant knowledge for computer system, but they wanted to learn basic knowledge for computer, and they had the intention to apply computer to their management positively. In order to expand the computerization for poultry farm management, appropriate education system for the farmers from age 30 to 40 who manage the flock size 20,000 or above and the development of the software that could be applied to poultry farm management on the spot efficiently should be made.