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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Poultry Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Poultry Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Dec 1997
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Sep 1997
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Jun 1997
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Mar 1997
Selecting the target year
Effects of Genetic, Physiological, and Other Variations on Yolk Cholesterol Level
Y. O. Suk ; K. W. Washburn ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 24, issue 4, 1997, Pages 169~177
Four experiments were conducted to investigate the association of yolk cholesterol level with egg trails, serum cholesterol level, body weight (BW) and breed differences and other variations. Athens Canadian Randombred (ACRB), a commercial layer breed (CL) and two commercial broiler breeds (BR1 and BR2) were used for this studies. Egg weight of CL was heavier by 8.7g per egg than that of ACRB, but the yolk percentage and yolk cholesterol were lower by 7.8％ per egg and 5.5mg per g yolk than those of ACRB, respectively. Yolk cholesterol content had no significant relation with the average egg weight or yolk weight in ACRB, but was significantly related with yolk fat level. However, yolk cholesterol level in CL showed inverse relationship with other egg traits compared to that of ACRB. In the CL female group, the association of yolk cholesterol level with BW was significant(P
0.05) at 25 weeks of age, but was not significant different at 26 wks of age. The relationship of yolk cholesterol with serum was not significantly different at 25 weeks of age, whereas it showed significant negative(-) correlation coefficient(P
0.01) at 26 wks of age. The association of yolk cholesterol level with egg age in CL population was not high comared to that of other treatments. The serum cholesterol content of CL was not significantly different with BR1 and BR2 populations at 25 weeks of age, but was significantly(P
0.05) higher than that of BR1 or BR2 at 26 weeks old.
Effects of Dietary Quartz Porphyry Supplementation on Moisture Content of Excreta, Intestinal Ammonia Contents and Blood Composition of Growing Broilers
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 24, issue 4, 1997, Pages 179~184
Seven-day-old 40 broiler chicks of both sexes were fed the conventional diet containing 0, 0.3, 6 and 0.9％ Quartz porphyry(QP) and water ad libitum until 28 days of age. The excreta water content and nitrogen balance were measured during the experimental period. At the end of the trial, blood samples were collected to measure ammonia, glucose, triglyceride, and total cholesterol concentrations. In addition, intestinal ammonia concentrations were measured. The excreta moisture contents decreased significantly(P < 0.05) as QP levels increased(r= -0.96). Ammonia contents in the intestine tended to increase as QP levels increased, but the ammonia concentration in the blood was not affected by the QP levels. The blood glucose concentration was not changed but blood triglyceride concentration was lower in the 0.3％ QP treatment than the other groups(P < 0.05), Total cholesterol concentration in the blood tended to increase as QP levels increased. The QP 0.3％ treatment showed somewhat higher positive N balance than the other groups. The results of this experiment indicate that the dietary supplementation of QP could offer some benefits to broiler growers.
Chemical Composition and Biological Feed Value of Autoclaved Poultry By-products for Poultry
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 24, issue 4, 1997, Pages 185~191
In order to obtain the basic information needed to utilize poultry by-products as feed resources, the yielding ratio, chemical composition and nutrient bioavailability of 5 offal components such as autoclaved head, feet, viscera, blood and feathers were investigated. Yielding ratios of head, feet, viscera, blood and feathers were 2.93％ 4.78％, 10.98％, 3.91％ and 4.83％, respectively. The crude protein contents of feathers (86.71％) and blood (82.99％) were higher than those of viscera (64.67％), feet (58.76％) and head (49.51％) , Inversely, the crude fat contents of blood (6.96％) and feathers (2.96％) were lower than those of head (26.19％), viscera (23.96％) and feet (13.73％). The crude ash contents of feet (21.69％) and head (20.38％) were higher than those of other by-products (0.96∼8.62％). The macro-mineral contents of head and feet were higher than those of other components, and the iron content of blood was higher than the other by-products. The total amino acid contents of poultry by-products showed the same trend as the crude protein contents. In addition, the Iysine content of feathers was very low compared to its high protein content. The essential amino acid contents of feathers were poorer than those of other offal components. Among the 5 offal components, the feathers showed the poorest amino acid availabilities. The ME contents were highest in viscera, and head, blood, feathers and feet. in decreasing order.
Chemical Composition and Biological Feed Value of Autoclaved Hatchery By-products for Poultry
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 24, issue 4, 1997, Pages 193~198
This study was conducted to obtain the basic information for hatchery by-products as feed resources. Four kinds of by-products from a commercial hatchery, i. e., autoclaved day-old broiler or egg type chicks, dead embryos ＆ infertile eggs of both chicks were used for chemical composition and bioavailability test. Chemical compositions were obtained by AOAC (1990) method, and amino acid and energy bioavailabilities were determined by the method of Sibbald (1976). The crude protein contents of day-old chicks (60.27∼62.59) were higher than those of dead embryos ＆ infertile eggs (39.24∼40.09) , whereas the crude fat contents of all by-products were not different. The crude ash contents were higher in dead embryos ＆ infertile eggs (29.18∼34.49％) than in day-old chicks (6.50∼6.71％). The Ca contents of dead embryos ＆ infertile eggs (8.79∼10.82％) were higher than those of day-old chicks (1.29∼l.30％). The total amino acid contents, overall amino acid availabilities and ME contents were higher in day-old chicks than in dead embryos ＆ infertile eggs. It seems that the day-old chicks of egg strain can be used as a high protein - high energy feed resources and the dead embryos ＆ infertile eggs of broiler or egg type as a high protein-high calcium feed ingredients.
Effects of Feeding Autoclaved Poultry By-product and Hatchery By-product Meals on Laying Hen Performances
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 24, issue 4, 1997, Pages 199~206
In this experiment, three kinds of autoclaved poultry by-product meals, P1 (head+feet+viscera), P2(P1+blood), and P3(P2+feathers), mixed as to the yielding ratios, and three kinds of autoclaved hatchery by-products meals, H1 (male d-old chicks of egg strain), H2(dead embryos ＆ infertile eggs), and H3(H1+H2, 2:1) were formulated into the layer diets each at 5％ level, respectively, and compared with the control diets(C) containing fishmeal on laying performances and egg qualifies. The egg production, average egg weight, feed intake and feed conversion were not significantly affected by the poultry or hatchery by-product meals. The egg shell qualities, such as the egg specific gravity, egg breaking strength and shell thickness, were not different among treatments. The egg yolk colour was improved by the feeding of hatchery by-products meals (P<0.05). In conclusion, pultry and hatchery by-product meals could be used in layer diets without any adverse effects on laying performances to substitute for fishmeal at about 5％ level.