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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Poultry Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Poultry Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Dec 1999
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Sep 1999
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Jun 1999
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Mar 1999
Selecting the target year
Recent Progress in Development of Vaccines against Avian Coccidiosis
Lillehoj, Hyun S. ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 26, issue 3, 1999, Pages 149~170
Protozoa of the genus Eimeria are the etiologic agents of avian coccidiosis, the most economically important Parasitic disease for the poultry industry. Coccidia multiply in intestinal epithelial cells of a wide range of hosts, including livestock in addition to poultry. Chemotherapy is extensively used to control coccidiosis. However, development of drug resistance by Eimeria parasites, the intensive cost and labor involved in the identification of new anticoccidial compounds and public awareness of drug residues in foods warrant alternative methods to prevent coccidiocic in the fast growing poultry industry. For these reasons, there is a great interest in developing vaccines against avian coccidiosis. Live Eimeria vaccines confer protective immunity, however a significant disadvantage of using these types of vaccines is their pathogenicity. Live parasites with attenuated pathogenicity also usually produce immunity but may revert back to a pathogenic form and may be contaminated with other pathogenic organisms. Killed Eimeria vaccines are safer but, unlike live attenuated vaccines, are not able to generate cytotoxic T lymphocyte responses. Recombinant vaccines are biochemically purified proteins produced by genetic engineering that consist of particular epitopes or metabolites of Eimeria. Unlike live attenuated organisms, recombinant vaccines do not possess as much risk and generally are able to induce both humoral and cell mediated immunity. DNA vaccines consist of genes encoding immunogenic proteins of pathogens that are directly administered into the host in a manner that the gene is expressed and the resulting protein generates a protective immune response. Although all of these different types of vaccines have been applied to coccidiosis, this disease continues to cause substantial morbidity and mortality in the poultry industry. Future development of an effective vaccine against coccidiosis will depend on further investigation of protective immunity to Eimeria infection and identification of important immundgenic parasite molecules.
Histological Studies of the Infundibulum of the Oviduct of the Korean Native Pheasants(Phasianus colchicus korpowi)
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 26, issue 3, 1999, Pages 171~177
This study was conducted for the histological observation of the infundibulum of the oviduct of the laying Korean native pheasants. The results are as follows : 1. The infundibular wall is composed of the epithelium, lamina propria, muscle layer(inner circular and outer longitudinal muscle), and serosa. The funnel lip is divided into the inner, and outer lip of the epithelium and muscle layer. 2. The epithelium of the funnel lip and most region of the cranial part of the funnel are composed of ciliated columnar cells. In the surface and lateral part of the folds, ciliated cells and non-ciliated secretory cells tend to alternate in the epithelium of the caudal funnel and the necks, but are also found in groups of the simple cuboidal epithelium at the bases of the grooves between the ridges and tubular glands found in the subepithelium. 3. The secretory material of the non-ciliated secretory cills contains PAS-positive and alcian blue-positive granules, and these materials show purple colour in the basic fuchsin-methylene blue stain. 4. The cells of the glandular groove and tubular gland of the neck portion of the oviduct mostly show weak PAS-positive, and alcian blue stain negative reaction. The tubular gland cells of the infndibulum contain pink of purple colour granules, and without reaction in the anterior neck portion of the infundibulum in basic fuchsin and methylene blue stain.
The Production of Egg Yolk Immurnoglobulin (IgY) Raised against 3T3L-1 Cell Membrane Protein and the Control of Adipocytes Differentiation
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 26, issue 3, 1999, Pages 179~188
The present was undertaken to establish a model for the control of adipocytes differentiation by using antibody from egg yolk. The emulsion of membrane protein of 3T3L-1 cell membrane protein with the complete Freund's adjuvant was firstly immunized in layer. Second and third boosting were undertaken with two weeks intervals by injection of the emulsion of the same antigen with the incomplete Freund's adjuvant. After 4 week of the first immunization, eggs were collected and antibody (IgY) was purified from egg yolk. The purity of IgY was 60-98% determined by single radial immunodiffusion (SRID) methods. Titer value of the antibody showed high reactiviy for the preadipocytes membrane protein measured by ELISA. When the IgY was added in the test media containing either 2.5% porcine serum or 10% FBS(control), the differentiation of 3T3L-1 cells and Glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase(GPDH) activities was significantly decreased compared to the control cells(p〈0.05). When mice were subcutaneously injected with IgY raised against membrane protein of 3T3L-1 cells for 3 weeks, adipose tissue mass around ovary was tended to be decreased in female mice compared to those of control mice. It is suggested that a potential for manipulating of lipid accumulation through decrease in 3T3L-1 cell differentiation and fat accumulation in female mice by IgY treatment.
Effect of Floor Heating System on Housing Environment and Performance in Broiler Production
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 26, issue 3, 1999, Pages 189~193
This experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of floor heating system on housing environment and performance in broiler production. PVC heating pipes(in 25cm spacing) were covered with concrete under the litter. Floor heating system was compared with conventional direct heating system. Each treatment had two replicates of 110 birds each. Litter moisture content was significantly reduced in floor heating system than conventional direct heating system(P〈0.05). Dust concentration was higher in floor heating system because of low litter moisture content. CO
concentration was 2,900ppm and 1,500ppm on the direct heating system and floor heating system, respectively at the age of 1 week. Body weight was significantly higher in floor heating system at 7 weeks of age(P〈0.05). The results of the trial show that floor heating was useful heating system for broiler production.
Effects of Supplemention of Chinese Medicine Refuse on Performance and Physiology in Broiler Chicks
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 26, issue 3, 1999, Pages 195~201
The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary supplemental dry powder of chinese medicine refuse (CMR) on the growth performance and physiological status of broiler chicks. The treatments consisted of corn-soybean meal control diet, CMR 4 and 8% diets. A total of 120 Arbor Acre broiler chicks were randomly allotted to 12 pens ; four pens per treatment and 10 birds per pen. The body weight gain and feed intake did not show ant differences among the treatment groups, but feed conversion was significantly higher (P〈0.05) in CMR 8% group than that of the control group. Hunt L and b did not show ant differences among the treatment groups, but hunt a was darker (P〈0.05) in CMR 4 and 8% group than that of the control group. The blood concentrations of total protein, sugar, glutamic-oxaloacetic-transaminase (GOT), glutamic-pyruvic-transaminase (GPT) Hemogloben were not different among the treatment groups. The pH of thigh muscle were lower in CMR 4 and 8% groups than that of the control group, but crude fat, crude ash of thigh muscle and bone hardness in brolier chicks did not show ant differences among the treatment groups. The saturated fatty acid content of the thigh muscle tende to decrease dietary CMR increased.
Effects of Various Feed Additives for Hen on Laying Performance and Egg Qualities
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 26, issue 3, 1999, Pages 203~211
This study was performed to develop brand egg. Forty-four week-old Isa Brown were randomly assigned to 8 treatments and the number of hens were 300 per each group. Experimental period was about 10 weeks. The 8 treatment were as follows : astarich 2%(A), astarich 5%(B), chitch chitosan 2%(C), omega-3 powder 2%(D), pyrogreen 1%(E), greenpia 0.2%(F), hydrogenated soy oil 3%(G) and commercial layer feed(H). Eggs were collected at day 0, 7, 14, 40 and 70 for egg quality analyses. Laying rate was significantly higher in astarich groups(B, C) than ant other group, showing average of 88% of laying rate. In terms of egg factors, whole egg weight was the heaviest in control in control(A) and the lightest in omega-3 powder group(E), while egg yolk weight was the heaviest in astarich group(H). Haugh unit(HU) was the mean of 70 for all treatments and there were no significant differences among the treatments. Egg yolk color was significantly different among treatments during experimental period whenever yolk color was measured. At the day 7 after feeding of experimental diets, the yolk color of astarich 5% group(C) was darker and that of omega-3 powder group(E) lighter. The value of yolk color in astarich 5%(C) and 2%(B) was 14.2 and 12.5, respectively. But the rest of the groups did not show any differences in yolk color, showing mean of 11.5. In terms of shell thickness, shell tended to become thinner, but there were no defferences among treatments during experimental period. The mean value of shell thickness was 0.390mm. In conclusion, astarich groups may seem to produce the best possible quality of brand egg.