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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Poultry Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Poultry Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Dec 2001
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Aug 2001
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Apr 2001
Selecting the target year
Establishment of Lines Based on the Yolk to Albumen Ratio in Layers
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 187~192
The repeatabilities on Yolk percentage and yolk to albumen (Y:A) ratio of the eggs produced consecutively were investigated. The differences between two yolk lines in major egg characteristics were also evaluated. The investigations using one hundred ISA-Brown layers were conducted at 29 wk, 33 wk, 38 wk, and 43 wk of age. At the initiated age (29 wk of age) of the experiments, the birds producing eggs with lower or higher Y:A ratio than the overall mean Y:A ratio were classified as Low Yolk Line (LYL) or High Yolk Line (HYL), respectively. Overall, the eggs of LYL were significantly (P<0.05) lighter in yolk weight and lower in yolk percentage for the whole egg weight and Y:A ratio, but heavier in egg weight, albumen weight, and shell weight than those of HYL. The overall mean correlations among the three consecutive laying days in Y:A ratio showed highly significant (P<0.001) in both lines. At four different ages, the mean phenotypic correlation coefficients (r
) among the three consecutive laying days in Y:A ratio also had very high significant(P<0.01 ~ 0.001) positive values. The egg weight was more closely associated with albumen weight than with yolk weight in both yolk lines.s.
The Perception and Consumption Pattern of Broiler Chicken in Korea
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 193~205
The most prevailing consumption pattern of chicken was "Buy fresh and cook at home (79.8%)". The frequency of eating chicken dish was about "Twice a month". Total average of degree of Preference is "2.30". It is very much close to "Like (2.0)" rather than "Average (3.0)". The degree of preference of chicken decrease as the age increase. About 30% of the housewives have the experience of buying chicken "Cut-up". But "Whole chicken (79.7%)" was still used mostly for chicken dish at home. As the education background improves or living expense increases, housewives purchase chicken "Cup-up" more frequently. The major criteria in purchasing chicken was "Hygiene (67.4%)""Quality (55.2%), "Expiration date (36.7%)" follows next. The groups of ′Above 50 years′, ′Graduate school′ and ′More than 3 million won′show greater interest about "Health" than any other groups. Major chicken dish at home in Korea was "Chopped hot chicken (70.7%)". "Boiled chicken soup (43.2%) \" and "Ginseng chicken soup (39.3%)" follows next. "Order for delivery (57.4%)" increased rapidly for chicken consumption. Croup of ′20~30 years′ order chickens for delivery more frequently than other groups. But as the age of housewives increases, they cook at home more frequently. The most preferred chicken dish for dining-out were "Fried chicken (69.4%)" and "Spicy chicken (57.4%)". The preference of Korean traditional dish for dining out was decreasing except "Chuncheon chicken rib (14.2%)".2%)".
Effects of Dietary Supplements of processed Onion on the Growth Performance and Carcass Characteristics in Ducks
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 207~213
The objectives or this study were to examine reed value or waste onion in duck. Experimental chicks (Cherry Valley F
, 1day old, 350 chicks) were randomly assigned in 8 treatment groups, each 45 chicks, and man-aged for 7 weeks (3 kg BW, 49 days old). Treatments were control, 3%, 6% of chopped onion-fed, 5%, 10% of onion extract fed, 6% of onion meal, 3%, 6% of fermented onion-fed. Feed intake was significantly (P<0.05) high in control group, but ADG was high in 3% chopped onion-fed group. Feed requirement was very efficient in all treatment groups except 6% fermented onion-fed group. Dressing rate was high in 5% onion extract-fed group, but it was not significant. Abdominal fat was the highest in control and 6% fermented onion-fed group and lowest in 6% chopped onion-fed group. Cholesterol content was lower in all treatment groups than in control group, but it was not significantly different. Stearic acid (
) content was significantly low in all treatment group (P<0.05). However, arachidonic acid (
) content was higher in treatment group than in control group. In result, onion diet was not significantly effect on palatability, feed intake, ADG in ducks. Duck meat of onion-fed contained low cho-lesterol and high unsaturated fat content.
Causes of Nitrogen Loss during Animal Manure Analysis
Nahm, K.H. ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 215~224
Since nitrogen(N) is a volatile compound affected by many environmental factors, determining the N content of manure tends to be difficult. Upon arrival in the laboratory, the manure should be moist and refrigerated. Manure samples will have variable N contents due to drying temperature, and the presence of soil in the sample will affect N content. Acidification of the sample prevents ammonia volatilization and should be done before drying. It is recommended that manure samples be pretreated with a strong oxidizing agent, KMnO
, followed by digestion under reduced conditions (reduced Fe-
), which achieves a complete recovery of both
-N without a low recovery of
-N, resulting in a more accurate determination of N content. Accuracy of results for N content determined by recently developed rapid analysis techniques in the field should be tested by comparison with results obtained at laboratories using approved standard methods. Most commonly, the Kjeldahl system is used to determine manure N content. More research is needed on the effects of species, breed, age and individuals on the nutrient contents of manure. The procedures for manure sampling on the farm, shipping and handling of the sample until it reaches the laboratory, and the methods of sampling of the manure at the laboratory must be studied. Development of animal agricultural laboratories where feed, manure, soil, and water are all analyzed by appropriate specialists is needed.
Effects of Storage Temperature and Time on Hatchability of Ross Broiler Breeder Eggs
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 225~229
This experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of storage temperature and time on hatch-ability of the commercial Ross broiler breeder eggs. In Trial 1,720 eggs collected in the morning were allotted to four storage time treatments (3, 5, 7 and 9 days), with three replicates per treatment. The storage temperature was fixed at
. In Trials 2 and 3, similar protocol was used as in Trial 1 except that the storage temperature was fixed at
respectively. In Trial 1, hatchability was significantly (P<0.05) reduced when the eggs were stored more than 3 days. In Trial 2, no significant difference was found among all treatments, indicating that, at 17
storage temperature, the eggs could be stored up to 9 days without reducing hatchability. In Trial 3, however, hatchability of eggs stored for 9 days was significantly reduced compared to the other treatments. In conclusion, we found out that optimum hatchability can be achieved with a storage temperature of
for Ross broiler eggs stored for up to 9 days.
Effects of FUll-FEat Flax Seed,
-Tocopherol and Selenium on the Expression of cell Surface Antigen of Broiler Chickens
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 231~237
To examine the effects of feed additives on the expression of perpheral blood cell surface molecules, phagocytosis and antigen specific antibody formation, broilers were randomly assigned to
group was fed diet without any additives for 13 weeks,
was fed diet with full fat flax,
was fed diet with full fat flax containing
was fed diet with full- fat flax containing
-tocopherol and selenium. Since 5 weeks feeding the data were examined by flow cytometry using a panel of monoclonal antibodies. The expression of monocyte in all treated groups was significantly increased, in which the ratio of expression in
group was especially evident. B cell expression of all treated groups was increased more than 2 fold. The expression of CD4+(helper T cell) cell and CD8+(cytotox
pressor T cell) cell of all treated groups also was increased.ed.
Effect of Full-Fat Flax,
-Tocopherol and Selenium on Phagocytes Chemiluminescence of Broiler Chickens
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 239~244
To examine the effects of feed additives on the expression of Perpheral blood cell surface molecules, phagocytosis and antigen specific antibody formation, broilers were randomly assigned to T
, and T
group was fed diet without any additives for 13 weeks, T
was fed diet with full fat flax, T
was fed diet with full fat flax containing
-tocopherol, and T
was fed diet with full-fat flax containing
-tocopherol and selenium. Since 5 weeks feeding the data were examined by luminometer. After 2 weeks adminstration of different feeding, although all treated groups (T
, and T
,) showed slightly increased chemiluminescence (CL) responses than T
, this result was not significant. After 4 weeks feeding there was no significant increase of CL in the Phagocytes like neutrophils and macrophages of T
group compared to T
. But phagocytes from T
group showed in creased
- (6%, 18% respectively) as well as
(9.5% and 10.9%, respectively) induced CL responses. After 8 weeks feeding there was more than 50% increase
- induced CL in T
induced CL responses in T
group was slightly increased (6.6% and 9.3%, respectively).
A Study on the Reducing Pollutants in Non-Ruminant Manure by Increasing Feed Utilization
Nahm, K.H. ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 245~257
Localization of livestock facilities leads to concentration of livestock wastes and subsequent leakage of pollutants into the environment, resulting in public concern about their effects. Nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) are the most harmful components of animal manure, but odor from the manure itself and the livestock facilities is also a problem. Improving the nutrient efficiency of the livestock helps to decrease excretion of these environmental contaminants. Pigs and chickens are the main experimental models used in studies to improve nutrient efficiency. Addition of feed supplements and modifying feeding systems to improve nutrient efficiency can result in significant decrease in the N, P, odor and dry matter (DM) weight of manure. Examples of these methods include the following. 1) Addition of synthetic amino acids and reducing protein contents resulted N reductions of 10∼27% in broilers, 18∼35% in chicks and layers, 19∼62% in pigs, and a 9∼43% reduction in odor in pigs. 2) Enzyme supplementation resulted in a 12∼15% reduction in DM weight in broiler manure. 3) Phvtase supplementation resulted in P reductions of 25∼35% in chickens and 20∼60% in pigs. 4) Use of growth promoting substances resulted in a 5∼30% reduction in N and a 53∼56% reduction in odor of pigs. 5) Formulating diets closer to requirements (diet modification) reduced N and P by 10∼15% each in chickens and pigs, and odor by 28∼ 79% in pigs. 6) Phase feeding reduced N and P excretion by chicken and pigs from 10∼33% and 10∼13% each, as well as odor in growing and finishing pigs by 49∼79%. 7) Use of highly digestible raw materials in feed reduced N and P excretion by 5% in chickens and pigs.
Effects of Korean Medical Herb Residue Supplementation on the Egg Quality and Serum Cholesterol of Laying Hens under Heat Stress
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 259~266
This study conducted to investigate the effects of dietary Korean medical herb residue on egg quality and serum cholesterol of laying hens under heat stress. One hundred forty four, 41 weeks old ISA brown commercial layer, were used in a 28 d growth assay with a 7d adjustment period. Dietary treatments Included 1) Control (basal diet), 2) KMHR1.0 (basal diet+1.0% korean medical herb residue), 2) KMHR2.0 (basal diet+2.0% Korean medical herb residue). For overall Period, laying hens fed KMHR1.0 diet were higher hen-day egg production than laying hens fed Control and KMHR2.0 diets with significant difference (quadratic effect, p<0.01). Egg weight, egg shell breaking strength and egg shell thickness were not influenced by Korean medical herb residue supplementation (P>0.05). As adding level of Korean medical herb residue increased in the diets, yolk color tended to increase, however, the differences failed to reach significance (P>0.05). Also, egg yolk index was not influenced by korean medical herb residue supplementation (P>0.05). Total-, HDL- LDL+VLDL-cholesterol and triglyceride concentrations in serum tended to increase as the concentration of Korean medical herb residue in the diets was increased without significant difference (P>0.05). In conclusion, supplementing 1.0% Korean medical herb residue to a corn SBM meal diet for laying hens increased hen-day egg production.
Morphological Study on the Post-hatching Development of the Pineal Gland in Korean Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus Karpowi)
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 267~274
The pineal gland of the bird occupies a key position in the phylogenetic evolution of this organ. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the developmental changes of the pineal gland during post-hatching period in Korean pheasant. The pheasants were sacrificed at 1-day-, 1-month-, 2-month-, and 6-month-old after hatching. The morphological characteristics of a pineal glands were determined in all pheasants using light microscope, and transmission electron microscope. Connective tissue originated from the capsule divided the pineal parenchyma into incomplete lobules. The parenchyma was consisted of pinealocytes and supportive cells. These parenchymal cells were arranged in the forms of solid lobules as well as incomplete follicles. At the follicular lumen, membraneous lamellar complexes and blob -like structures were present. Pinealocyte, a predominent cell type, had euchromatic nucleus, and showed the segmental organization. The bulbous apical portion had scanty free ribosomes and occasional cilia associated with basal bodies. The constricted neck, transitional portion from apical to pericarya had junctional complexes with adjacent supportive cells, and had microtubules. Cell body contained abundant mitochondria, well-developed Golgi complex, rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) and free ribosomes. Basal processes extended from the base of the cell soma toward the basal lamina and contained 60∼90 nm dense cored vesicles. Supportive cells, another major type of the parenchyma, were characterized by the dense and elongated nucleus, and contained moderate number of mitochondria, RER, developed Golgi complex, free ribosomes and a few dense bodies in the perinuclear cytoplasm. Slender processes of supportive cells interposed between the pinealocytes and often bordered the basal region of the parenchyma. These results indicate that the pinealocytes of the pheasant are not rudimentary photoreceptor cells, and appear to have secretory function. Further studies will be required to confirm the morphological characteristics of pineal gland in adult pheasant during breeding and nonbreeding season.
Effect of Feeding Green Tea and Chitosan on Production, Nutrient Utilization and Cholesterol Level in Serum or Egg Yolk of Laying Hens
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 275~281
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of chitosan and green tea supplementation on laying performance and cholesterol concentrations of serum and egg yolk in laying hens. Total 360 laying hens were divided into four groups for feeding trials with three replication : control, T1 (0.15% chitosan), T2(0.15% green tea) and T3 (0.15% chitosan + 0.15% green tea) group. Feed intake was lower in control group (830g/week) than other treatment groups, but T2 of treatment group shows a tendency to decrease. The egg production and egg weight was significantly higher in T2 and T3 group than control. The cholesterol concentrations of serum with chitosan or green tea supplementation were significantly decreased after 8 week than starting trial, and especially those of T2 was lower than other treatment groups. The cholesterol concentrations of egg yolk were no effect of supplement with chitosan and green tea.
Survey of Marketing Manager′s Perception for Broiler Quality
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 283~288
The broiler marketing managers at department stores were most considered the brand whereas those at supermarket were most considered price when they purchased raw chicken. The whole chicken was distributed as fresh by 100% at department stores, whereas it was distributed as fresh only by 75% and the rest part was distributed as frozen or combination of fresh and frozen at supermarket. Consumers at department stores were most unsatisfied with drip loss whereas consumers at supermarket were most unsatisfied with freshness of chicken. At present, more than 89% broiler are selling by their weight unit of a bird (called as ho) in department stores, food chain stores and supermarket. The marketing periods were 3 days at department stores and 4days at supermarket. Most broiler marketing managers in stores such as 80% those at department stores, 60% those at food chain stores and 50% those at supermarkets were favored for the grading system based on quality of raw chicken. The broiler marketing managers at department stores and food chain stores preferred to the grading system evaluated with 2 quality grades and those at supermarkets preferred to the grading system evaluated with 3 quality grades if the grading system is to be established. The drumsticks and drummette of broiler were the most popular portions when compared to the other portions. In conclusion, marketing stores as well as consumers demanded to produce the best quality chicken by the grading system based on quality. Therefore, the quality improvement is the most important factor to increase consumer preference in chicken production.
Effects of Dietary Supplements of processed Onion on the Physiochemical Characteristics by Store Period in Duck Meat
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 289~295
The objectives or this study were to improve duck meat qualify during storage period in onion-red ducks which contained antioxidants. Experimental animals (1 day old, Cherry Valley
, 360 chicks) were randomly assigned in eight treatment group. Treatments were control, 3%, 6% of chopped onion-fed, 5%, 10% of onion extract fed, 6% of onion meal, 3%, 6% of fermented onion-fed. pH was significantly high (P<0.05) in treatment group after 3 day storage in pectoralis muscle. Meat color was low in r* and a* value. TBA value was not different in day 1, was significantly low (P<0.05) 6% chopped and 6% fermented group after day 3 storage. Also, TBA value was significantly high (P<0.05) in control group and was significantly low in 3% chopped, 5%, 10% extract after day 6 storage. VBN value was lower in all treatment groups except 5% ferment group than control group. Meat order was high score in 3% and 6% chopped group and duck specific smell was reduced in all treatment groups. Meat appearance was higher score in treatment groups than in control group during 9 day storage. In result, onion feeding was reduce duck specific smell and improve meat quality during long period storage in ducks.