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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Poultry Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Poultry Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Dec 2002
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Sep 2002
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
Selecting the target year
Effects of Probiotics Supplementation on Growth Performance , Blood Composition, and Fecal Noxious Gas of Broiler Chickens
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 29, issue 1, 2002, Pages 1~6
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of feeding probiotics on the growth performance, blood composition, and fecal noxious gas in broiler chickens. Two hundred eighty eight broiler chickens were randomly allocated into three treatments with eight replications for live weeks. Dietary treatments included 1) Control (basal diet), 2) PB 0.5 (basal diet +0.5% probiotics), 3) PBI.0 (basal diet + 1.0% Probiotics for 0 to 1 wk of age, 0.5% probiotics for 1 to 3 wk of age, 0.25% probiotics for 3 to 5 wk of age) . There were no significantly difference among treatments for the body weight gain, but the feed intake of control group significantly (p<0.05) increased as compared with the PBI.0 group in overall experimental period. Digestibility of DM in PB0.5 group (80.84%) was significantly (p<0.05) improved as compared with those in PB 1.0 (79.34%) or control group (79.15%). Although N digestibility was slightly higher in broiler chicks fed probiotics than Control, there was no significance between probiotic groups. Total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL- and LDL-cholesterol were not significantly different among the treatments. NH
-N concentration in feces with PBI .0 treatment was lower (p<0.05) than Control or PB 0.5 treatments. These results indicated that locally obtained probiotics can be effectively used for reduction of ammonia nitrogen.
Influence of Dietary Supplemental Germanium Colloid on Egg -Quality and Immune Response in Layers
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 29, issue 1, 2002, Pages 7~12
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of feeding germanium colloid(GC) on the egg quality and immune response in 1aying hens. One hundred forty four layers, 32-wk-old ISA Brown, were used in a 40-d experimental assay with a 7-d adjustment Period. Dietary treatments included 1) control (basal diet; CON), 2) 0.5ppm GC (basal diet + 0.Sppm germanium), 3) 1.0ppm GC (basal diet + 1.0 ppm germanium) . For overall Period, hen-day e99 Production tended to be increased as the concentration of GC in the diets was increased with significant difference (linear effect, p<0.01) . Laying hens fed 0.5ppm GC diet were significantly (P<0.01) lower in egg shell breaking strength than laying hens fed CON or 1.0 ppm GC diets. Egg shell thickness and yolk color were not influenced by GC supplementation. Laying hens fed 1.0ppm GC diet were h19her in egg yolk Index than laying hens fed CON and 0.5ppm GC diets with significant difference (quadratic effect, p<0.02) . As adding level of germanium colloid increased in the diets, the total serum cholesterol and triglyceride tended to be decreased. However, the effect of GC supplementation did not show significant in the levers of total serum cholesterol and triglyceride. Also, HDL- and LDL+VLDL-cholesterol in serum were not statistically different among the treatments. Red blood cell and white blood cell count in blood tended to be increased as the concentration of GC in the diets was increased with significant difference (P<0.01) . Hematocrit concentration in blood was successfully Increased by supplementation of GC (P<0.01) . In conclusion, although egg quality was not influenced by GC supplementation, supplementing GC Improved Immune status in laying hens.
Influence of Dietary Activated Coconut Charcoal on Egg Quality and Plasma Cholesterol Level in Laying Hens
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 29, issue 1, 2002, Pages 13~18
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary activated coconut charcoal (ACC) on Performance, e99 quality and Plasma cholesterol level of Plasma in laying hens. One hundred forty four, 47-wk-old, ISA Brown commercial layers were used in a 28-d feeding trial after a 7-d adjustment Period. Four dietary treatments were 0, 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5e% levees of ACC supplemented to a corn-soybean meal basal diet. Egg Production was significantly increased as the levels of ACC increased. However, egg weight was significantly decreased by the addition of ACC in diets. Egg shell breaking strength tended to decrease as the level of ACC increased, however, no significance was found in this respect. As the levels of ACC increased, egg shell thickness decreased significantly. Although not significant, yolk color tended to increase by the addition of ACC. Egg folk index were significantly increased by the addition of ACC In diet. No significant difference was found among four treatments in total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and LDL+VLDL cholesterol concentrations in plasma. In conclusion, dietary supplementation of ACC to layer diets could be used to increase egg Production, and yolk index.
Influence of Dietary Carbohydrase on Egg Quality and Nutrient Digestibility in Laying Hens
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 29, issue 1, 2002, Pages 19~23
This studs was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary carbohydrase (multi-enzyme:
-galactosidase and mannanase) on egg quality and nutrient digestibility in laying hens. One hundred forty four, 47-wk-old, ISA Brown commercial layers were used in a 28-d feeding trial after a 7-d adjustment period. Dietary treatments were 1) CON(basal diet), 2) ME 0.1 (basal diet +0.1% multi -enzyme), 3) ME 0.2 (basal diet + 0.2% multi-enzyme). Fer overall Period, hen-day egg Production, egg weight, egg shell breaking strength and egg shell thickness were not influenced by the multi-enzyme. As the adding levels of multi-enzyme increased in the diet, egg Yolk color and egg Yolk index tended to increase with significant differences. Digestibility of DM was not affected by multi-enzyme. However, digestibility of N increased significantly as the concentration of multi-enzyme in the diet was increased. In conclusion, supplemental carbohydrase in laying hen diets nay have some roles in improving the egg Yolk color and N digestibility.
Effects of Early-life Feed Restriction Severities, Ages and Duration on Compensatory Growth, Feed Efficiency, and Abdominal Fat, Pad Deposition in Broilers
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 29, issue 1, 2002, Pages 25~35
Two experiments were conducted to studs the effects of early-life feed restriction, ages and duration on compensatory growth, feed efficiency, and abdominal fat pad deposition in broilers. The chicks were randomly assigned to four treatments (experiment 1) or seven treatments (experiment 2) . Each dietary treatment was replicated with three floor pens in both experiments, and twenty chicks were assigned to each pen. In experiment 1, birds in control group (C) were full-fed throughout the study. For treatments 1, 2, and 3, bards were fed diets containing 0.75 kcal ME/gB
/d for 3 d(T1), 1.5 ㎉ ME/gB
/d for 5 d (T2), and 2.25 local ME/gB
/d for 7 d (T3), all imposed beginning at 7 d of age. The selected value seems appropriate for maintenance feeding because the feed restriction at T1 resulted no growth in virtually. Although the birds previously subjected with restricted feeding significantly (P<0.05) enhanced growth partly (in 22~49 d) , the weight gain over the entire growth period (7-49 d) was not influenced by the restricted feeding Programs. Whereas, the restricted feedings had effects with significant (P<0.75) increase in feed intake not only in 22~49 d, but in overall period (7-49 d) . The feed conversion for the birds previously subjected with restricted feeding was significantly (P<0.05) improved after 21 d. The birds with restricted feedings (T1,T2,T3) showed better (P<0.05) feed conversion ratio than C both in 22-49 d and in 7-49 d. The restricted feeding programs did not show effects in reducing for abdominal fat pad deposition or mortality In experiment 2, the birds of C were full-fed in overall period. But for treatments 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 (T1-T6),the birds were fed diets containing 0.75 ㎉ ME/gB
/d for 3 or 5 d, starting at either 4, 7 or 10 d of age. The selected value seems appropriate for maintenance feeding because the feed restriction resulted no growth in virtually; which was same as experimentmentment
Effects of Early-life Feed Restriction with Diet, Dilution or Skip-feeding Programs on Compensatory Growth, Feed Efficiency, and Abdominal Pat, Pad Deposition in Broilers
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 29, issue 1, 2002, Pages 37~43
This experiment was conducted to study the effect of early-life feed restriction with diet dilution on compensatory growth, feed efficiency and abdominal fat pad deposition in broilers. In this study, the chicks were randomly assigned to five treatments. Twenty chicks were assigned to each floor pen, and each dietary treatment was replicated with three pens. Birds In control group (C) were full-fed a starter diet throughout the experimental period, and all birds in four dietary treatments (T1-T4) were fed as starter diet diluted with 50% rice hulls. Birds in T1 were fed with a diluted starter diet ad libitum from 7- to 74-d. In T2,the feeding program was 1-d withdrawal alternating with 3-d feed and in T3 1-d withdrawal alternating with 2-d feed. The feeding Program in T4 was alternate days withdrawal and feeding. The feeding with the diluted starter diet (T1) did not significantly affect to growth rate as compared to the birds of C. When periods of 24 h feed withdrawal were Imposed in conjunction with the diluted diets, birds were under weight at 49 d. As the diluted diet treatment was combined with feed withdrawal (T2-T4), there were further less growth. During the 22 to 49 d Period,T1 birds had greater weight gain compared to other treatments (P<0.05) . Birds consumed less feed from 7- to 49-d when the rice hull dilution was used, and this effect was increased by imposition of feed withdrawal (P<0.07) . If rice hull was excluded from the calculation of feed intake (assumed indigestible) then Intake of the starter diet was markedly less for restricted vs. control birds. After 22 d and from 7 to 49 d, restricted birds had superior feed conversion (P<0.05) compared to control birds. Abdominal fat pad deposition and mortality were not influenced by early feed restriction by diluted diet (P<0.05) .
Effects of Trehalose and Oligosaccharide as Cryoprotectant in Chicken Surimi
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 29, issue 1, 2002, Pages 45~52
Cryoprotective effects on chicken surimi during storage were investigated. Chicken surimi from mechanically deboned spent layer meat was prepared with 4 volumes of 0.5% NaCl washing, and then blended with or without cryoprotectants (8% trehalose, 8% oligosaccharide) prior to frozen storage at
to 10 weeks Redness (a) of all surimi decreased during storage. Color stability increased during storage when lightness increased but redness decreased. At this Point, surimi maintained a better color quality as followed order; trehalose > oligosaccharide ) non-additive. Gel strength such as compressive force, hardness, adhesiveness and gumminess tended to decrease during frozen storage. Cryoprotectants provided significantly better textural properties than non-auditive. Surimi with trehalose showed the highest adhesiveness. In conclusion, trehalose and oligosaccharide seemed to be good cryoprotectants of chicken surimi. Especially, trehalose resulted in better cryoprotectant than oligosaccharide because of better color stability, better textural properties, and lower sweet characteristics.
Comparison of Chemical Composition in Different Portions of Domestic Broiler Meat
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 29, issue 1, 2002, Pages 51~57
This study was conducted to investigate the chemical composition in different portions of domestic broiler meat. The broilers were obtained from slaughtering house, where the scale of slaughtering was more than 50,000 heads per day. The carcasses were separated by cutting into 7 portions such as wing, drumstick, drummette, breast, skin, thigh, and tenderloin. Moisture contents of drummette and thigh were 73.37% and 73.19%, whereas those of drumstick and wing were 75.65% and 75.76%, respectively. The portions of breast parts contained 4.20% higher protein, but 4.17% lower fat than those of leg parts. Overall mineral contents were relatively high for thigh when compared with breast. The content of Fe was higher by 1.8 folds(7.3ppm) in thigh than that in tenderloin(4.0ppm) and the content of Zn was higher in drummette than that in tenderloin. For amino acid compositions, the tenderloin contained more glutamic acid and methionine than the other portion meats. The portions of drumstick(3.97mg/g) and thigh (3.24mg/g) were higher in collagen contents than the other Parts. Wing portion had the lowest collagen content of 2.64mg/g, which was due to the removal of its skin.
Comparison of Resistance to Fowl Typhoid among Crossbreed
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 29, issue 1, 2002, Pages 59~75
The present study was conducted to compare the disease resistance to fowl typhoid among White Leghorn (WL) known as possessing greater genetic resistance to Salmonella, Rhode Island Red (RIR) susceptible to the disease and their mating crossbreed, WL
RIR. Also, it was carried out to compare fowl typhoid-resistance among Hyline white
Hyline brown(HwHb), Hw
lsa brown(Hwlb), Isa white
Hb(IwHb) and Ib
Iw(IbIw) in order to select crossbreed chickens which have disease resistance to fowl typhoid and simultaneously produce the brown eggs which our domestic consummers prefer There was no death of WL chickens challenged with Sal. gallinarum at each 2, 5 and 8 wk of age, while average 86.2 to 64.1% of RIR chickens tested died at the same challenge age during the test period of 2 weeks. Their maiting crossbreed, WL
RIR were intermediate between the two breeds. weight gains of tested chickens were significantly higher in WL and WL
RIR without difference between them than RIR. In recovery rate of tested strain of Sal. gallinarum from braun, heart, fiver, spleen and cecum of chickens challenged, WL
RIR fell between the other two breeds, with somewhat higher rate then WL but much lower then RIR. In the disease resistance determination test using HwHb, Hwlb, Iwlb, IwHb and IbIw
crossbreed chickens experimentally infected with Sal. gallinarum, it was recognized that all of crossbreeds tested developed marked resistance to fowl typhoid, based on the results judged by the measurement parameters of mortality, weight gain, recovery rate of challenged strain of bacteria, and positive rate of agglutination antibody, and HwHb had a tittle higher disease resistance then ethers.