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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Poultry Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Poultry Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Dec 2002
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Sep 2002
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
Selecting the target year
Recovery Pattern of Abdominal Eat, Visceral Organs, and Muscle Tissues in Induced Molting Hens
M. Akram ; rahman, Zia-ur ; Park, J.H. ; M.S. Ryu ; C.S. Na ; K.S. Ryu ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 29, issue 4, 2002, Pages 237~241
To observe the effect of Induced molting on the recovery patterns of abdominal fat, visceral organs, and muscle tissues in spent laying hens after induced molting, three hundred sixty 77-wk-old, Babcock White hens were divided into 36 experimental units of 10 hens each and subjected to molt induction for seven wk. The post-molt production phase was spread over 84 to 126 wks of age. Thirty-six birds were randomly slaughtered and dressed at the pre-molt, 5% egg production, Peak, and end Phases of e99 Production. The body weight, abdominal fat, relative weight and length of visceral organs were measured. Proximate compositions of breast and thigh muscles were analyzed at each stage. The body weight was found to be minimal at the 5% egg Production stage, but increased as the egg Production increased for the rest of production. The pattern of abdominal fat change was very similar to that of body weight. The relative weight of the liver decreased to the lowest at the start of Post molting stage, but Peaked at the end Phase of egg Production (P<0.05). However, he heart and gizzard were observed to reach their maximum weight at the 5% egg Production (P<0.05), whereas they were, similar to those of the pre-molt phase for the rest of the production stages. Both intestine and reproductive tracts were found o be significantly smaller at 5% egg Production than at the other stages; however, their sizes increased gradually, reaching leak at the end Phase of e99 Production (P<0.05). Fat contents in breast and thigh muscles decreased significantly to the lowest at the start of the Post-molt stage, but increased to the highest at the end Phase of e99 Production (P<0.05). Thus, he Present study indicated that the molting process reduced body weight by decreasing the weights of abdominal fat and other visceral organs. Molting also influenced the breast and thigh muscle composition by decreasing fat content.
Effect of Induced molting on the Relative Weights and Hormone Levels of Thyroid, Ovary, and Adrenal Glands in Spent Laying Hens
M. Akram ; rahman, Zia-ur ; C.S. Na ; Kim, S.H. ; K.S. Ryu ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 29, issue 4, 2002, Pages 243~247
A study was conducted to investigate the effect of induced molting on the relative weight and hormone levels of thyroid, ovary, and adrenal glands in spent laying hens. Three hundred sixty 77-wk-old, Babcock White hens were divided into 36 experimental units of 10 hens each and induced to molt for seven weeks. A diet containing 16% CP and 2,800 kcal ME/kg was fed ad libitum from 84 to 126 weeks of age. Thirty-six birds were randomly selected for blood collection and slaughtered at Pre-molt, 5% egg Production, Peak, and end Phase of the egg Production. Weights of the thyroid, ovary, adrenal glands, and plasma T3, T4, cortisol, and estradiol contents were measured at each stage. Weight of the thyroid reached its highest level at 5% e99 Production stage. The ovary weight was greatly reduced during molting, but started to increase after induced molting until the end of the egg Production Phase (P<0.05). Plasma T3,T4 and cortisol were found to be the highest at the start of the Post-molt Production stage, but reached their minimum at the end Phase of e99 Production. Plasma estradiol was the lowest at the 5% egg Production stage. The Present study demonstrated that molting is a complex Process that require the involvement of endocrine glands to trigger their specific hormones, which play a key role in molt induction.
Effect of Cecectomy on Nitrogen Utilization ]Rate and Uric Acid Excretion in Growing Chicks
Son, J.H. ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 29, issue 4, 2002, Pages 249~253
2 factorial experiment was conducted to determine the effect of cecectomy and urea supplementation on nitrogen utilization In growing chicks. Birds were either cecectomized or shamoperated and fed a 19% protein diet with or without 1% urea supplementation. All chicks were provided ad libitum access to feed and water throughout the six-day experimental period. In the cecectomized chicks, fred efficiency was significantly decreased when fed a 19% protein diet supplemented with 1% urea (P<0.05). When chicks were fed a 19% protein diet, cecectomy significantly shortened gastrointestinal passage time (GPT) of food (P<0.05). However, the GPT was significantly lengthened in chicks fed a 19% protein diet supplemented with urea (P<0.05). Regardless of diets, cecectomized chicks increased the moisture contents of the excreta (P<0.05) and feeding a 1% dietary urea also significantly increased (P<0.05). Cecectomy significantly decreased uric acid N excretion by about 30 mg per 100 g body weight per day (P<0.05) and uric acid N/ total N excretion when fed both diets (P<0.05). The present study suggests that cecectomy improves nitrogen utilization rate by decreasing uric acid excretion in growing chicks. These results are in good agreement with those obtained previously in a cecectomy study of adult chickens.
A Study on the Correlation of Cecal Anaerobic Bacterial Counts with Cecal Length in Growing Chicks
Son, J.H. ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 29, issue 4, 2002, Pages 255~258
A study was conducted to investigate the correlation of cecal anaerobic bacterial counts with the cecal length in growing chicks. Half of 160 chicks of five weeks old were housed in cages and the remainings were kept with goats in free-range and allowed to have free access to goat's feed and faeces. All the experimental birds were fed ad libitum on a commercial chick formula diet during the period of 5 to 12 weeks of age. Body weight was larger in birds reared in the cage than in those reared on the field at 8 weeks of age (P<0.05), but vice versa at the end of experiment (P<0.05). The cecal length was longer in field-rearing than in cage-rearing at 6, 9, 10 and 11 weeks of age (P<0.05). The cecal length was correlated with body weight gain in both rearing groups (r=0.816 f3r cage-rearing, r=0.816 for field-rearing). The cecal anaerobic bacterial counts were significantly higher in field- rearing than in cage-rearing at 6, 9, 10 and 11 weeks of age (P<0.05). The cecal length was highly correlated with cecal anaerobic bacterial counts in cage- (r=0.9549) and field-(r=0.9866) rearing. It is concluded that the correlation of increase cecal length with increased cecal anaerobic bacterial counts ted a libelous of goat's faeces in growing chicks.
Effects of Cecal Ligation and Colostomy on Food and Water Intake and loafer Excretion in Chickens Fed Restrictedly and Freely
Son, J.H. ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 29, issue 4, 2002, Pages 259~263
It was examined whether the ceca and the back-flow of urine into the lower intestine are involved in water intake and excretion in chickens and food intake affects those. Colostomy significantly increased water intake, total water excretion and the ratio of the water intake to food intake in the ceca-ligated chickens under restrict and ad libitum feeding conditions (P<0.05), but the increases were much larger in chickens fed ad libitum than in those fed restrictedly. Cecal ligation increased water intake, total water excretion and the ratio of water intake to food intake in the colostomised chickens which were fed freely (P<0.05). but not in those fed restrictedly, None of colostomy and cecal ligation affected the resultant water balances in chickens under both feeding conditions. Colostomy increased food intake in the ceca-ligated chickens (P<0.05), but no increase by cecal ligation was observed in colostomised chickens. It is concluded that the lower intestine takes a very important role in water recovery from urine to maintain water balance in chickens.
Effects of Aluminum Sulfate Addition on Six-Week-Old Broiler Performance and Nitrogen Contents in Litter at the Sixth Week
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 29, issue 4, 2002, Pages 265~270
This study was conducted to determine the effect of aluminum sulfate[Al
O], commonly referred to as ALUM, addition to broiler litter on 3 and 6 week old broiler performance and the nitrogen content of the litter at 6 weeks of age. The two treatment groups were 134 identical diets with the same protein levels, but one group(T
) had ALUM added as a top dressing to the litter at a rate of 200 g ALUM / kg of rice bran, while T
did not have ALUM added to the litter. Feed consumption for T
was higher in the 22 to 42 day-old and 0 to 42 day-old periods (P<0.05). Body weight in T
was also higher in the 0 to 42 day -old period (P<0.0l). There was no difference, however, in the feed : gain ratio between T
During the first 5 weeks, T
had significantly less(P<0.05 or 0.01) ammonia emission from the litter than T
but at 6 weeks there was no difference in ammonia concentration between the two groups. At 6 weeks, T
had a lower litter pH than Ta (P<0.05) and total Kjeldahl nitrogen(TKN) was higher far T
(P<0.05). However,71 did not show any difference from T
in the content of NH4-N and NO3-N. In summary, the addition of ALUM to broiler litter improved broiler performance at 6 weeks, while increasing nitrogen content from the litter used as the nitrogen fertilizer although ammonia emission was increased in T
at 6 weeks.
Effects of Natural or Synthetic Pigment Supplementation on Egg Production, Egg Quality and Fatty Acid Contents in the Egg Yolk of Laying Hen
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 29, issue 4, 2002, Pages 271~278
Two experiments were conducted to compare the effects of the natural and synthetic commercial pigments on the laying Performance, Pigmentation and fatty acid contents in e99 yolk of laying hens. The experimental diets were formulated to have isocalories and isonitrogen. In experiment I, the diet does not contain the com in which the xanthophylls are free, and in experiment II, the diet contained 54% of corn in which the level of xanthophylls are 19.34 ppm/kg (calculated levels). In the experiment 1, 480 ISA Brown laying hens were divided into eight groups. Each group has 60 birds fed the 0% of corn with 8 types of pigment levels for 4 weeks. in the experiment 2, 600 ISA Brown laying hens were divided into ten groups. Each group has 60 birds fed the 54% of com diet with 10 types of pigment levels for 4 weeks. Feed intake, e99 Production, egg weight and feed efficiency did not have significant difference in experiments I and II. Albumen height and haugh unit did not have significant difference in both experiments. In order to approach the yolk pigmentation to 12∼13 of Roche color fan, addition level of natural red pigment was 25∼30 ppm. In the case of synthetic red pigment, the level was 15∼20 ppm. In this experimental condition, the pigmenting effect of the synthetic pigment was better than that of the natural pigment. In the experiment 2, the pigmenting effect of mixing pigments were investigated between TM2 mixed with natural red pigment, and TM6 mixed with synthesis red pigment. The pigmenting effect of synthetic red pigment was greater than that of the natural red pigment. However, the pigmenting effect of natural pigment was greater than that of synthetic pigments when the levels of synthetic and natural red pigments in diet are higher in TM3 and TM8. The fatty acid content in yolk was not affected by pigment addition.
Quality Stability of High Pressure Boiled Extract of Ogol Chicken during Storage Periods
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 29, issue 4, 2002, Pages 279~286
This study was conducted to examine quality stability during storage periods, herb high pressure boiled extract(HPBE)(T
), Korean Ogol chicken HPBE(T
), cross-bred Ogol chicken HPBE(T
), cross-bred Ogol chicken meat hydrolyzed with flavourzyme(T
) were pouch packaged and stored at 37
. After each period, TBARS, VBN, pH, total microbial counts and sensory properties were determined and the results were as follows. There was no noticeable difference in TBARS value until 42 days at the ambient environment among the treatments, but T
showed a significantly higher TBARS value at 56 days. There was a tendency for a higher protein decomposition as storage time increased, and in particular at 56 days, T
group showed a significantly higher values than other groups. Given to the sensory properties in which overall sensory preference decreased after 42 day, it was considered that the maximum storage time for the extract was less than 42 days at 37
Changes of pH TBA, Meat Color and Sensory Evaluation on Duck Meat Fed Supplemental Bamboo Vinegar during Storage Period at 4
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 29, issue 4, 2002, Pages 287~292
This study was conducted to investigate the changes of pH, TBA, meat color and sensory evaluation on duck meat fed supplemental Bamboo vinegar during storage period at 4
. Experiment animals (five-wk-old, Cherry Valley F
, 100 chicks) were randomly assigned in four treatment groups. Treatments were control, 1%, 2% and 4% based on Bamboo vinegar addition. There was no PH difference in breast meat between groups on day 1 of storage, while pH of bamboo vinegar supplemented group was sustained hi호 after 3 days. TBA values of Bamboo vinegar treated groups were significantly lower than control group (P<0.05) and were steady change during storage. The color value in lightness no difference between groups during the storage. The control was significantly increased in 6 d and 9 d, while the bamboo vinegar treated groups no difference during storage. The redness and yellowness in bamboo vinegar treatment were decreased in 3 d and 9 d storage. The decrease in yellowness was outstandingly observed in bamboo vinegar 1% and 2% treatment (P<0.05). The odor in terms of sensory evaluation was improved by supplemental bamboo vinegar treatment. The significant differences were observed on 1 d, 3 d and 6 d storage (P<0.05). The appearance of sensory evaluation of supplemental Bamboo vinegar treated groups (P<0.05) was significantly different in 1 d and 3 d storage. The results of this study indicate that the supplemental Bamboo vinegar 1% and 2% may improve meat quality during storage period in duck meat.
Effect of Supplemental Bamboo Vinegar on Production and Meat Quality of Meat-type Ducks
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 29, issue 4, 2002, Pages 293~300
This experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of the supplemental Bamboo vinegar on production and meat quality of broiler ducks for 35 days. One hundred broiler ducks were divided into 4 groups of 25 ducks. Dietary levels of bamboo vinegar 0%, 1%, 2% and 4% were added to experimental diets ot each of the groups. The wei핌t gain and feed intake of ducks f3d with supplemental bamboo vinegar significantly high compared to those of the control. The carcass rate of the ducks fed with supplemental Bamboo vinegar 1% and 2% were increased compared to that of control, but the ducks fed with 4% treatment was decreased in carcass rate. The lipid and cholesterol content of breast meat of the ducks f3d bamboo vinegar 2% and 4% were significantly decreased (P<0.05). The color values in redness and yellowness were increased by supplemental Bamboo vinegar. Palmitic acid of fatty acid composition in breast meat was decreased by supplemental bamboo vinegar groups, whereas linoleic acid was increased, this difference was especially observed in supplemental Bamboo vinegar 2% (P<0.05). The odor, appearance and taste of sensory evaluation were improved by supplemental bamboo vinegar, especially in supplemental bamboo vinegar 1% and 2% (P<0.05). The results of this study indicate that the supplemental bamboo vinegar 1% and 2% may improve the production and meat quality of broiler ducks.