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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Poultry Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Poultry Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Sep 2003
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Jun 2003
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Mar 2003
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Jan 2003
Selecting the target year
Comparison of Egg Production among Crossbreds with Resistance to Fowl Typhoid in Egg Type Chickens
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 30, issue 1, 2003, Pages 1~10
The objects of this study were to develop a new strain which has resistance to fowl typhoid, high performance in laying, and producing brown shell eggs favored by domestic consumers. Several White Leghorn (WL) breeds known as possessing genetic resistance to fowl typhoid and several brown shell egg breeds such as susceptible to the disease were used to produce the controlled strains with cross mating between the strains within the breeds and the experimental strains with crossbreeding between the breeds. The crossbred strains were Chungnong(CN) 21, 22, 23, 24, 25 and 26. The controlled strains were ISA brown CC, Hyline brown CC and Lohman brown CC. The survival rates were 99.95% for chicks of age 0∼l7 weeks and 91% for adult chickens of age 18∼72 weeks. There was no difference in survival rate between the crossbred and the controlled strains. The means of age of lst egg laying were 147 to 148 days and no difference was observed between the crossbred and the controlled. The egg Production rates of a9e 18∼72 weeks were 83.76% far the crossbred strains and 77.82% for the controlled strains, which is significantly higher in the crossbred than controlled strains by 6%. The numbers of the hen housed egg Production of age 18∼72 weeks were 292.33 eggs for the crossbred strains and 271.31 eggs fur the controlled strains. The difference of 21 eggs more produced by the crossbred than by the controlled was statistically significant. The mean egg weights of age 18∼72 weeks were 64.32g for the crossbred strains and 60.73g for the controlled strains, and the difference of 3.59g was statistically significant. The feed conversion rates during the age of 18 to 72 weeks were 2.297 for the crossbred strains and 2.454 for the controlled strains. The crossbreds were reduced feed consumption by 157g for 1kg of egg Production which was statistically significant. Haugh unit(H
u) at the age of 72 weeks were 82.20 for the crossbred strains and 77.82 for the controlled strains. The crossbred strains were superior quality by 4.38 H
u. There were no significant differences in the yolk color and the eggshell thickness between the crossbred strains and the controlled strains. The eggshell color of the crossbred strains was light brown which is the medium color of the white eggshell strains and the brown eggshell strains. The body weights at the ages of 8, 12, 18, 42 and 71 weeks were not different between the crossbred strains and the controlled strains.
Chemical and Sensory Characteristics of Boiled Soup Extracted from Crossbred Ogol Chicken as Affected by the Level of Flavourzyme
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 30, issue 1, 2003, Pages 11~16
This study was conducted to investigate chemical and sensory characteristics of boiled soup extracted from crossbred ogol chicken as affected by the level of Flavourzyme produced from Aspergillus oryzae and composed with endo-proteinase(674U/g) and exoproteinase(8,053U/g). It was hydrolyzed by different concentrations of the protease enzyme (Flavourzyme)(0%(Control), 0.01％(T
) and 0.5%(T
)) at 45
for 4hrs. Manufacture of the extract was performed by boiling treated meats with medicinal herbs(Sipchun daebo) at a higher pressure condition. Minerals, free amino acid content, sensory properties of the extract were as follows. The sodium contents were increased as the treatment levels of enzyme increased. The iron contents were lowest when the enzyme treated by 0.5% level, however there were not significantly different among the treatments. The copper and mangan contents had no significantly different among the enzyme treatment levels. Higher contents of fee amino acid were observed as the amount of the protease increased with the treatment of higher than 0.1％ enzyme, no significant effect was observed. In sensory properties, the extract manufactured by addition of 0.01∼0.1% of Flavourzyme resulted in a similar or better appearance, flavor, taste and overall palatabilitycompared to control(no enzyme treatment). However, the extract manufactured with 0.5% of Flavourzyme resulted in lower scores in appearance, flavor, taste and overall palatability than the control. In addition, this product showed more off-flavor than control.
Effect of Feeding Lactobacillus reuteri to Broiler on Growing Performance, Intestinal Microflora and Environmental Factor
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 30, issue 1, 2003, Pages 17~28
A feeding trial was carried out to evaluate the effects of feeding Lactobacillus reuteri culture(LRC) on the performance, nutrients digestibility, intestinal microflora, serum metabolites, ammonia generation and litter dampness in broiler chicks. Four hundred eighty, one day old male chicks were fed into none, 0.1, 0.2 and 0.4% of LRC supplementation fer seven weeks. Basal diets excluded antibiotics contained ME 3,100, 3,100 kcal/kg, and CP 22.0, 20.0% for starter and grower, respectively. Weight gain of chicks fed LRC was significantly higher than no supplemental group in overall period(P<0.05). Feed intake was the highest in the 0.1% LRC, but not statistically different from other treatments. Feed conversion showed no significance among treatments. Viable Lactobacillus spp. number of chicks fed 0.2 and 0.4% LRC was significantly higher in cecum at seven weeks of age compared to the none(P<0.05). The tendency of anaerobes number was similar to Lactobacillus spp in ileum and cecum. Total number of E. coli and Salmonella were no difference in all treatments. In serum metabolites, feeding LRC increased triglyceride, and inorganic phosphorus, but no different total protein, albumin, total cholesterol, glucose, blood urea nitrogen and Ca. Nutrients digestibility improved significantly in 0.4% LRC compared to that of none(P<0.05). Fecal NH
, gas generation was greatly decreased in the LRC supplemental groups(P<0.05). Moisture contents of bedding was also significantly decreased in LRC feeding group. It was concluded from the present study that feeding Lactobacillus reuteri culture improved the growth performance and nutrients digestibility of broiler chicks and minimize the fecal noxious gas emission.
Consumer Preference for Eggshell Color in Korea - Eggs from the Research of Developing Fowl Typhoid Resistant Strains -
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 30, issue 1, 2003, Pages 29~34
It has been well documented that white egg layers are far more resistant to fowl typhoid than the brown egg layers. In Korea, however, most consumers prefer brown eggs to white ones. Therefore, a study was conducted to Produce fowl typhoid-resistant crossbred layers producing somewhat brown-colored eggs. Several crossbred strains were obtained from crossbreeding white egg lines (W) with brown egg lines (B). These crossbred layers (W
B) produced eggs with varying degrees of brown-colored shells between the white eggs obtained from W (White) and the brown eggs from B (Brown). Eggs from the peak stage of production were collected and their eggshell color values were measured. The mean eggshell color values of White and Brown were 81.9 and 36.4, respectively. Eggs from the crossbred lines (W
B) were collected, and their eggshell color values were measured to re-group these eggs according to their color. The mean eggshell color values of Trt-White, Middle, and Trt-Brown were 70, 60, and 50, respectively (Fig. 1). A total of 247 people living in Daejeon area, mainly housewives, took part in this survey. First, they were offered eggs with varying degrees of eggshell color in a paper egg-tray, together with a questionnaire. After they filled out the first questionnaire, they were instructed that the eggshell color has nothing to do with its nutritive value. In the second questionnaire, their preference on both eggshell color and price, i.e., purchasing will, were investigated. In the first questionnaire, the Brown (eggshell color lightness 36.4) were most preferred, and the Trt-white (eggshell color lightness 70) were least preferred. No statistical significance was detected between Brown and Trt-Brown, and White and Trt-White. In the second questionnaire, the trend was the same as in the first. Although no significant difference was found between Trt-Brown and Brown, however, the Trt-Brown were most preferred, surpassing the Brown. In conclusion, regardless of the nutritive values, the Korean consumers prefer brown eggs to white ones, and this trend could be changed gradually through consumer education.
Influence of Dietary Natural and Synthetic figments on Growth Performances, Skin Pigmentation and Color Difference in Broiler Chicks
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 30, issue 1, 2003, Pages 35~40
This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of natural and synthetic commercial pigments on the growth performances, skin pigmentation and color difference of broiler chicks. Experimental diet was formulated to have isocalories and isonitrogen for experimental period, and xanthophyll concentration in the diet was 8.45g/1on. The experiment was conducted for six weeks with 450 broiler chicks. The birds were assigned to 10 treatment groups and each group had 15 chicks with three replications. Results showed that the types of pigments did not have any effect on body weight, feed intake and feed efficiency. The mortality was lower with higher pigment supplementation and greater in the natural pigment groups than in the synthetic ones. Dressed carcass, abdominal fat pad and gizzard weight were not significantly different among treatments. The pigmentation of shank skin was increased with high pigment supplementations, and the pigmentation effect was greater with synthetic pigments than in natural pigments. In the shank meat or skin, the color difference(L*, a*, b*, c* and h*) was not consistently related to pigmentation.
Effect of Fucoidan Extracted from Hizikia fusiforme on Intestinal Villi and Salmenolla spp. in Broiler Chicks
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 30, issue 1, 2003, Pages 41~47
This study was conducted to investigate the in vivo and in vivo antibiotic effect of crude fucoidan extracted from Hizikia fusiforme, and to investigate any possible structural changes of broiler chick's intestinal villi by the supplementation of fucoidan. Total 84 broiler chicks were randomly assigned to 7 treatments, control and Salmonella typhimurium infection groups. The broiler chicks was infected with Salmonella typhimurium at third days, and antibiotics, fucoidan, dried Hizikia fusiforme, dried Undaria pinnatifida and yeast cell debris was respectively supplemented for each group. Each treatment had 4 chicks with three replications. Extraction yield of crude fucoidan from Hizikia fusiforme was 5.453%. Antibiotic effect of fucoidan was not detected in vitro, inhibition zone and micoorganism growth test. Weight gains of broiler chicks were tend to higher in fucoidan treatment group and yeast cell significance was not found. In in vivo test, the number of viable Salmonella typhimurium was low in the antibiotics and fucoidan treatment groups. The intestinal villi were short in the fucoidan and marine algae treatment groups. The intestinal villi were densely distributed on the large intestinal wall, but the morphology was not different among treatments.
Effects of Inoculated Diet with Paecilomyces japonica on Broiler Performance
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 30, issue 1, 2003, Pages 49~54
This study was carried out to investigate the effects of the inoculated diet with Paecilomyces japonica on weight gain, feed efficiency and cordycepin contents in the breast and thigh meats of broilers. One hundred and twenty broiler chicks were divided into four dietary groups ; 1) control (basal diet), 2) T1 (substituted with 5% inoculated diet), 3) T2 (substituted with 10% inoculated diet) 4) T3 (substituted with 20% inoculated diet) during 4 weeks. Cordycepin contents of inoculated diet with Pacilomyces japonica was significantly higher than before inoculation (P<0.05). Body weight gain and feed efficiency were highest in T1 group when fed starter diet (P<0.05) but these were lowest in T3 group fed when fed finished diet (P<0.05). Body weight gain and feed efficiency were the lowest in T2 group for overall period than other groups. Cordycepin contents of breast and thigh meats were significantly higher in Pacilomyces japonica groups than control at 5 weeks of age (P<0.05). However, it was similar among the T1, T2 and T3 groups. These results indicated that body weight gain and feed efficiency tended to increase in birds fed replaced 5% inoculation diet Cordycepin contents of breast and thigh meats would be increased significantly in birds fed inoculated diet (P<0.05).
Pathological Findings of Necrotizing Skeletal Myopathy in Layer Breeder Chickens
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 30, issue 1, 2003, Pages 55~59
A necrotizing skeletal myopathy was diagnosed in three flocks of 30,000 thirty-eight-week-old layer breeder chickens. The mortality attributed to the myopathy was 17.7%, 12.3% and 21.1% in flock A, B and C, respectively. Clinically, chickens were showed depression, anorexia, posterior paresis, inability to rise, incoordination, reluctance to move, and leg trembling and weakness. The most striking findings at necropsy was pale streaking in the muscles of the thighs and legs. Microscopic lesions included myofiber degeneration and necrosis with massive cellular proliferation interpreted as sarcolemmal nuclei proliferation. Plasma creatine kinase, asparte aminotransferase and akaline phosphatase were markedly elevated. In conclusion, author suggested that submitted chickens were affected by ionophores poisoning.
Influence of Dietary Germanium Biotite on Egg Quality and Fecal Noxious Gas Content in Laying Hens
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 30, issue 1, 2003, Pages 61~66
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary germanium biotite supplementation on egg quality and fecal noxious gas content in laying hens. One hundred and forty-four 40-wk-old, ISA Brown layers were used in this experiment. Dietary treatments were 1) CON(control diet), 2) GB0.5(control diet + 0.5% germanium biotite), 3) GB1.0 (control diet + 1.0% germanium biotite) and 4) GB1.5(control diet + 1.5% germanium biotite). Hen-day egg Production and egg shell breaking strength were not influenced by germanium biotite supplementation. However, egg weight decrease as the level of germanium biotite supplementation increased in the diets increased(Cubic effect, p<0.02). Eggshell thickness, yolk color and yolk index were not influenced by garmanium biotite supplementation. Serum triglyceride concentration as dietary germanium biotite increased (linear effect P<0.02; quadratic effect, p<0.05). Dietary supplementation of germanium biotite reduced fecal NH
-N concentration (P<0.01), propionic acid(P<0.01), butyric acid( P<0.05) and acetic aicd(P<0.01) concentrations in the feces. In conclusion, the results of this experiment indicated that dietary germanium biotite supplementation did not affect egg shell quality, but reduced fecal NH
Effects of Dietary Germanium Biotite on Growth Performance and Blood Characteristics in Broiler Chicks
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 30, issue 1, 2003, Pages 67~72
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of germanium biotite on the growth performance, blood composition , fecal NH
-N and volatile fatty acid(VFA) in broiler chicks. Two hundred forty broiler chicks were randomly allocated into five treatments with four replicates for five weeks. Dietary treatments included 1) Control, 2) GB1(basal diet + 200 mesh 0.5%), 3) GB2(basal diet + 325 mesh 0.5%), 4) GB3(basal diet + 200 mesh 1.0%) and 5) GB4(basal diet +325 nesh 1.0%) For overall period, weight gain, feed intake and feed conversion were not significantly different among treatments (P>0.05). Digestibilities of nutrients were not affected by adding GB(P>0.05). No differences occurred in red blood cell(RBC), white blood cell(WBC), hematocrit(HCT), hemoglobin(Hb), lymphocyte, monocyte and platelet of blood among the treatments (P>0.05). Fecal NH
-N concentration of chicks fed GB1.0 diets(GB3 and GB4) was lower(P<0.03) than chicks fed GB0.5 diets(GB1 and GB2). Propionic acid and butyric acid in feces of chicks fed GB diets were lower(P<0.04) than in chicks fed control diet. GB diets reduced fecal acetic acid significantly compared to control (P<0.01). Also, acetic acid of feces in chicks fed GB1.0 diets(GB3 and GB4) was lower(P<0.02) than GB 0.5 diets(GB1 and GB2) treatments. In conclusion, dietary germanium biotite was an effective means of decreasing fecal NH
-N and volatile fatty acid(VFA) emission.