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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Poultry Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Poultry Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Dec 2006
Volume 33, Issue 3 - Sep 2006
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
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DNA Sequence and Characteristics of Muscle Development cDNA Clone Derived from Korean Native Chicken
Sun, S.S. ; Myung, K.H. ; Kuk, K. ; Kim, N.O. ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 33, issue 4, 2006, Pages 249~254
This experiment was conducted to examine the effective DNA related with muscle growth of Korean native chicken. cDNA library was constructed with mRNA subtraction from Korean native chicken to Cornish. Total mRNA was purified from pectoralis muscle of adult chicken. Five clones were compared their DNA sequence and characteristics based on GenBank. Clone NDS-1 (618nt) was low homology (10%) with other species, but it is closely related with triosephosphate isomerase which is play an important role in glycolysis. Clone NDS-6 (651nt) is corresponding to glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. These two clones are encoding to enzymes in key role in glycolysis. However, other three clones (NDS-2, NDS-10, NDS-12) have low homology with other species about 5.0%. These clones were not similar with any other eukaryotics. Therefore, three clones (NDS-2, NDS-10, NDS-12) are high possibility of specific DNA for muscle growth in Korean native chicken.
Effects of Dietary Organic Selenium Levels on Performance and Selenium Retention in Broiler Chickens and Laying Hens
Na, J.C. ; Kim, S.H. ; Jang, B.G. ; Kim, J.H. ; Yu, D.J. ; Kang, G.H. ; Kim, H.K. ; Lee, D.S. ; Lee, S.J. ; Lee, J.C. ; Lee, W.J. ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 33, issue 4, 2006, Pages 255~262
Two experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of dietary organic selenium levels on performance and selenium retention in broiler chickens and laying hens. In experiment 1, the effects of dietary organic selenium levels on the weight gain, feed intake, feed conversion, and selenium retention of meat and liver in broiler chickens were investigated. For each growth phase, the basal diet was supplemented with 0 (control), 0.60, 1.20, 1.80 and 2.40 ppm Se from selenium yeast(SY). Weight gain, feed intake, and feed conversion were not affected by the selenium addition in diets. Breast muscle Se levels were linearly increased (P<0.05) as dietary Se level increased by SY. Selenium concentration of liver tissue was increased (P<0.05) in supplemental SY compared to the control, and was increased (P<0.05) in supplemental 1.20, 1.80 and 2.40 ppm SY compared to the 0.60 ppm SY. In Experiment 2, 12-week-experiment using Hy-Line laying hens (68 wk of age) was conducted to examine the effects of dietary organic selenium on egg Production, egg weight, daily egg mass, feed intake, feed conversion, egg quality, and selenium concentration of eggs. A corn-soybean meal basal diet was supplemented with 0 (control), 0.30, 0.60, 0.90 and 1.20 ppm Se from selenium yeast (SY). Egg Production was significantly improved(P<0.05) in supplemental 0.30 and 0.90 ppm SY compared to the control and 0.60 ppm SY during week 1 to 12, but daily egg mass, feed intake, and feed conversion showed no difference in supplemental SY and control. Haugh unit, yolk color and eggshell breaking strength showed no difference in supplemental SY and control. Eggshell thickess was significantly (P<0.05) higher in supplemental 0.60 and 1.20 ppm SY compared to the 0.90 ppm SY in week 9. Egg Se levels were linearly increased (P<0.05) as dietary Se level increased by SY.
Effects of Dietary Yellow Clay on Growth Performance and Body Composition in Broiler Chicks
Yang, C.J. ; Oh, J.I. ; Choi, Y.J. ; Kim, C.B. ; Mun, S.T. ; Han, S.G. ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 33, issue 4, 2006, Pages 263~271
This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary Hwangto on growth performance and body composition in broiler chicks. A total of 216 one-day old 'Ross' broilers were assigned to 6 treatments in a completely randomized design. The six dietary treaoents were control no Hwangto added and diets containing 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 4.0 and 8.0% of Hwangto supplementation. The weight gain of broilers tended to reduce with increasing level of Hwangto. However, there were no significant differences in feed intake and feed conversion ratio of broilers fed control and diets containing different level of Hwangto supplementation (P>0.05). There were no significant differences in TBA value of meat from broilers fed control and Hwangto supplemented diets (P>0.05). The meat cholesterol content was significantly lower in Hwangto treatment than of the control (P>.0.05).
concentration in feces was reduced in all Hwangto treatments (P<0.05). The Mg and Mn concentrations of meat we.e significantly higher in 8.0% Hwangto treatment than that of the control (P<0.05). The large intestine weight was significantly reduced in 2.0, 4.0 and 8.0% treatments (P<0.05).
Effect of Singeing Time on Physico-Chemical Characteristics of Duck Meat
Chae, H.S. ; Yoo, Y.M. ; Ahn, C.N. ; Jeong, S.G. ; Ham, J.S. ; Lee, J.M. ; Singh, N.K. ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 33, issue 4, 2006, Pages 273~281
Singeing has always been equated with meat color alteration through lipid oxidation and microbial population. Singeing method has always been employed far removing duck feathers, however, the effect of singeing on storage characteristic of duck meat has not been investigated extensively. The study was therefore, designed to Investigate the effect of singeing on duck meat during storage extensively. For the purpose, study was categorized into three groups namely A, B, and C, representing 0, 50 and 70 seconds of singeing time. Singeing was performed on 100 birds in each group, however, only 20 singed birds from each treatment groups were further selected to analyse them subsequently during storage. Analysis revealed that with 70 seconds singeing time drip loss was significantly (p<0.05) higher at
compared to 50 seconds of singeing. With 70 seconds treatment breast meat apparently appeared black, where as with 50 seconds treatment no change was observed. Breast showed low redness with more duration of treatment compared to less treatment duration. Yellowness increased, springiness declined and no change was observed in cohesiveness and chewiness with high treatment time. There was increase in the TBARS and VBN, freshness did not change for first 5 days, however, K values started to increase later on indicated decline in freshness. Conclusively, it was inferred from the study that 50 seconds singeing does not make much alternation in the quantitative traits and at the same time maintains the microbial level under permissible limit.
Effects of Dietary Supplementation of Activated Charcoal Mixed with Wood Vinegar on Broiler Performance and Antibiotics Residue in Eggs
Sung, E.I. ; You, S.J. ; Ahn, B.K. ; Jo, T.S. ; Ahn, B.J. ; Choi, D.H. ; Kang, C.W. ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 33, issue 4, 2006, Pages 283~293
Two experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of dietary activated charcoal mixed with wood vinegar (AC) on broiler performance and antibiotics residue in eggs. In experiment 1, a total of low hundred fifty, 1-day-old male broile. chicks (Ross) were divided into 6 groups, consisting 3 replicates of 25 birds each, and 134 one of the six experimental diets: devoid of AC and antibiotics (negative control), devoid of AC with 0.1% antibiotics (positive control), devoid of antibiotics with 1% AC, with 0.1% antibiotics and 1% AC, devoid of antibiotics with 2% AC, with 0.1% antibiotics and 2% AC, for 5 wks. Feed consumption and body weights were measured weekly. At the end of the experiment, eight birds from each group were selected and sacrificed. The relative weight of organs and characteristics of breast muscle were investigated. There were no significant differences in feed intake, body weight gain and feed conversion rate among the treatments. There were also no significant differences in the relative weight of breast meat, leg and liver. The abdominal fat tended to be decreased by the dietary AC. Significant differences were shown (P<0.05) in meat redness (a) and yellowness (b) among the treatments. However, the sensual characteristics of breast muscle was not affected by the dietary treatments. There were significant differences in total microbes, Coli forms and lactic acid bacteria (P<0.05) among the treatments. In experiment 2, a total of ninety, 40-wk-old Hy-line Brown laying hens were divided into 3 groups, consisting 3 replicates of 10 birds each and fed medicated control diet devoid of AC or diets containing 1% AC and 2% AC for 2 wks. The residue of antibiotics in Plasma and egg Yolk were significantly decreased (P<0.05) in 2% AC group compared to that of control. This study suggest that dietary AC may improve the external quality of edible meat and reduced antibiotics residue in chicken eggs without affecting laying performance.
Efficacy of In-Ovo Vaccination against Marek's Disease in Commercial Broiler
Um, H.J. ; Won, M.Y. ; Lee, D.W. ; Go, D.W. ; Mo, I.P. ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 33, issue 4, 2006, Pages 295~301
This study has been designed to evaluate the efficacy of MD in-ovo vaccination in broiler and to find the contamination level of MD virus in broiler farms. A nested PCR test was used to find the level of filed contamination of pathogenic MD virus in the commercial broiler farms. The positive rate of farms contaminated with pathogenic MD virus was 26.09%. And to evaluate the efficacy of MD vaccination, performance factors such as the mortality, feed conversion rate and body weight at market age has been recorded and compared among farms. There was no difference on these factors between vaccinated and non-vaccinated farms except performance. We need further investigation of the film with low performance index. The B/B ratio, which is common index for the evaluation of bursal changes, was calculated and compared between vaccinated and non-vaccinated group There were significant decreases of B/B ratio in the both group without any statistical difference between groups. The reason of decreased bursal size may be due to other infection such as IBD. From this study, we can know that the contamination rate of fm with pathogenic MD virus was very low and not different from previous study. However, the difference of the contamination rate in different locations recommends periodical monitoring on these areas.
Effects of Mud Flat Bacteria Origin Protease Supplementation on Egg Quality, Nutrient Digestibility and Total Protein Concentration of Serum in Laying Hens
Kim, H.J. ; Cho, J.H. ; Chen, Y.J. ; Yoo, J.S. ; Min, B.J. ; Park, B.C. ; Kim, I.H. ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 33, issue 4, 2006, Pages 303~308
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of mud flat bacteria origin pretense supplementation on e99 qualify, nutrient digestibility and total protein concentration of serum in laying hens. A total of two hundred fifty two laying hens were randomly allocated into three treatments with seven replications for eight weeks. Dietary treatments included 1) CON (basal diet), 2) PRO1 (basal diet + 0.05% pretense) and 3) PRO2 (basal diet + 0.1% pretense). During the entire experimental peripd, hen-day egg production was not affected by treatments (P>0.05). Difference of yolk height was increased in PRO1 treatment compared with CON treatment (P<0.05). Difference of egg weight was increased in PRO2 treatment compared with CON and PRO1 treatments (P<0.05). Shell quality, yolk color unit, haugh unit and egg yolk index were not affected by treatments (P>0.05). DM digestibility was improved in CON and PRO2 treatments compared with PRO1 treatment (P<0.05). N digestibility was improved in PRO2 treatment compared with CON treatment (P<0.05). Total protein concentration in serum were not affected by treatments (P>0.05). In conclusion, mud flat bacteria origin pretense was effective for improving egg weight, yolk height and nutrient digestibility in laying hens.
The Effect of Natural Mineral Complex and Chitosan Supplementation on Egg Production and Characteristics in Laying Hens
Yoo, J.S. ; Kim, J.D. ; Cho, J.H. ; Chen, Y.J. ; Kim, H.J. ; Min, B.J. ; Kang, D.K. ; Kim, I.H. ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 33, issue 4, 2006, Pages 309~316
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary natural mineral liquid complex on egg production and characteristics in laying hens. A total of two hundreds fifty two, 63-weeks-old, Hy-line brown commercial layers were used for 6 weeks. Seven dietary treatments included CON (Control), C1-M0.25 (CON diet+1% chitosan+0.25% natural mineral complex), C1-M0.5 (CON diet+1% chitosan+0.50% natural mineral complex), C2-M0.25 (CON diet+2% chitosan+0.25% natural mineral complex), C2-M0.50 (CON diet+2% chitosan+0.50% natural mineral complex), C3-M0.25 (CON diet+ 3% chitosan+0.25% natural mineral complex) and C3-M0.50 (CON diet+3% chitosan+0.50% natural mineral complex). For overall period, egg production, egg shall breaking strength, haugh unit, K and Fe concentrations of blood and Fe concentration of yolk were improved in additive natural mineral treatments compared to control treatment(P<0.05). K and Fe concentrations of blood and Fe concentration of yolk were increased in added 0.5% mineral treatment compared to added 0.25% mineral treatment(P<0.05). Additive 3% chitosan + 0.5% mineral treatments were improved on egg Production and egg shall breaking strength in laying hens(P<0.05). In conclusion, chitosan and natural mineral complex supplementation in lay hens diet improved egg oduction, egg all strength and mineral concentrations of blood and yolk.
Effects of Supplemental Humic Substances on Egg Production and Quality in Laying Hens
Wang, Q. ; Yoo, J.S. ; Chen, Y.J. ; Kim, H.J. ; Cho, J.H. ; Min, B.J. ; Park, B.C. ; Kim, I.H. ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 33, issue 4, 2006, Pages 317~321
The effects of dietary humic substances (HS) on egg Production and egg Quality were studied using 252(55-wk old) ISA brown laying hens. laying were divided into 21 groups of 12 hens each and seven groups (experimental units) were assigned to 1) CON (basal diet), 2) HS5 (basal diet 4- 5% humic substances) or 3) HS10 (basal diet +10% humic substances) in a completely randomized block design. Hens had free access to diets and water fur 6 wk. Egg Production and egg quality were monitored over the 6-wk Period. Results showed that 10% dietary HS decreased egg Production and yolk diameter (P<0.05) compared to CON. Egg weight and yolk cole. were improved (P<0.05) in HS10 compared to CON. Egg shell breaking strength was increased significantly (P<0.05) when hens were fed HS5 diet compared to the others. There were no effects of treatments on egg shell thickness, yolk index, albumen height and Haugh nit. The results suggest that the dietary supplementation of HS at 5% or 10% decreases egg Production, but HS at 5% can increase egg shell breaking strength. Hens fed 10% HS could increase egg weight and yolk color and decrease yolk diameter.
Effects of Feeding Betaine on Performance and Blood Hormone in Laying Hens
Park, J.H. ; Kang, C.W. ; Ryu, K.S. ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 33, issue 4, 2006, Pages 323~328
An experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary betaine on egg production, estradiol, progesterone, and melatonin secretion in laying hens. Seventy two ISA-Brown laying hens were placed into individual cage and fed four different levels of betaine (0, 300, 600, 1,200 ppm) in diets for four weeks. Basal diets were mainly mixed with corn-soybean and contained 2,800 kcal/kg ME and 16% CP. Dietary supplementation of betaine showed significantly higher (p<0.05) egg weight and daily eggmass than controls, but did not have consistent influence on the egg production. The serum estradiol was statistically different in betaine treatments compared to that of control (p<0.05). No significant changes in serum progesterone concentrations were observed by the addition of betaine in diets. Serum melatonin concentrations also increased with betaine supplementation in diets (p<0.05). The results of this study indicate that the dietary betaine may contribute to increase daily eggmass, serum estradiol and melatonin concentration in laying hens.