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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Poultry Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Poultry Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 35, Issue 3 - Sep 2008
Volume 35, Issue 2 - Jun 2008
Volume 35, Issue 1 - Mar 2008
Selecting the target year
Effect of Dietary Herb Mix on the Physicochemical Quality of Cooked Chicken Egg during Refrigerated Storage
Liu, X.D. ; Jang, A. ; Shin, M.H. ; Lee, B.D. ; Lee, S.K. ; Kim, E.M. ; Jo, C. ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 35, issue 1, 2008, Pages 1~7
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2008.35.1.001
Three dietary herbs, Coptis japonica Makino (48.5%), Lonicera japonica Thunb (48.5%), and Morus alba L. (3%) were mixed and used as additives in hen's feed. One hundred-eight, 28-wk-old Lohmann Brown hens were assigned randomly with three diet treatments (0, 0.3, and 1% of herb mix). Hens were fed for 6 wks to investigate the effect of herb mix on the physicochemical quality of eggs during storage at
for 0, 3, 7, and 14 days. Proximate composition including the content of water, protein, fat, and ash had no difference among 3 diet treatments. Objective color of cooked whole egg from hens fed herb mix did not show any effect compared with control except for the color
-values at day 3. However, color
-values increased during storage regardless of treatment. From the texture analysis, eggs from hens fed with the herb mix were not different compared with control remove for springness at day 14. However, it was observed that springness and gumminess were decreased as storage period increased. Therefore, a dietary supplementation of herb mix to hen may not affect on proximate composition, color and texture of eggs.
Rapid Detection and Discrimination of the Three Salmonella Serotypes, S. Pullorum, S. Gallinarum and S. Enteritidis by PCR-RFLP of ITS and fliC Genes
Cha, Se-Yeoun ; Jang, Du-Hee ; Kim, Sang-Min ; Park, Jong-Beom ; Jang, Hyung-Kwan ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 35, issue 1, 2008, Pages 9~13
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2008.35.1.009
Salmonella enterica serotype gallinarum biovar Gallinarum or Pullorum and Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis are the most important diseases in poultry industry. Transitional diagnosis methods of these diseases such as direct isolation and identification by a biochemical test are time consuming with low specificity. In this study, we have focused on the suitable procedure for the rapid and accurate diagnosis of diseases derived from the three Salmonella strains. We initially confirmed Salmonella species by PCR using a specific ITSF/ITSR primer pair instead of biochemical test, and then the PCR-amplified phase 1 flagellin (fliC) using a specific fliCF/fliCR primer pair was digested with a restriction endonuclease, Bpm I and/or Bfa I, to discriminate among S. Pullorum, S. Gallinarum, and S. Enteritidis. We found that these methods could be applied to field isolates of the three Salmonella strains to detect and to discriminate rapidly for convenient diagnosis.
Evaluation of Laying Performances in Laying Hens Molted by Dietary Induction
Hong, E.C. ; Na, J.C. ; Chung, I.B. ; Choi, Y.H. ; Park, H.D. ; Chung, W.T. ; Lee, H.J. ; You, D.C. ; Kim, H.K. ; HwangBo, J. ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 35, issue 1, 2008, Pages 15~20
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2008.35.1.015
This study aimed at evaluating the effects of a molting diet method in molt induction and post-molt performance of laying hens. Eighty-one ISA Brown hens at 62 wk of age were randomly divided into three groups. After a 4-wk preliminary period, a control group was fed a corn-soybean-based layer diet, and for the other groups, molting was induced by starvation (MS) or feeding a molting diet (MD). For the MS group, feed was withdrawn for 2 wk; this was followed by feeding a layer diet every other day for 1 wk and then the control diet. The MD group was fed a molting diet containing low-protein and low-energy diet based for 4 wk; this was followed by feeding a layer diet. They had a free access to their diet and water. Egg production, egg quality, feed intake, and ovary and oviduct weights were measured throughout the experimental period. During molting, the feed intake in the MD group was lower than that of the control. Body weight of the molted groups was significantly reduced. The MS group feeding totally ceased egg production within 4d; after the initiation of feeding and decreased; in the MD group, egg production to 9.3% by d 10. On d 14, the ovaries and oviducts of the molted groups were distinctly lighter than those of the control. Throughout the post-molt period, egg production and egg shell thickness of the molted group improved; but there were no significant differences. Eggs from the MD-fed or control group were heavier than those of the MS-fed or control group. Finally, feeding of a low-protein and low-energy diet effectively induces molting and increase post-molt production, but further research will be conducted to determine the effects of the molt diet with other ingredients and to reduce the energy level of the molt diet for maximizing molt induction and post-molt egg quality.
Effects of Mineral- and Vitamin- Enhanced Supplementation on Egg Production, Egg Quality and Concentration of Calcium and Phosphorus in Serum of Spent Laying Hens
Shin, S.O. ; Cho, J.H. ; Chen, Y.J. ; Yoo, J.S. ; Kim, H.J. ; Wang, Y. ; Huang, Y. ; Kim, I.H. ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 35, issue 1, 2008, Pages 21~27
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2008.35.1.021
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of mineral and vitamin-enhanced supplementation on egg production, egg quality and concentrations of calcium and phosphorus in serum of spent laying hens. A total of 240 (72-wk-old) Hyline brown commercial hens were used in the current trial for 4 weeks. Dietary treatments included 1) CON (basal diet), 2) ESS1 (basal diet + Egg shell strengthen 0.1%), 3) ESS2 (basal diet + Egg shell strengthen 0.2%) and 4) FESS (basal diet + Fe egg shell strengthen 0.2%). During the overall period, egg production was increased in CON and ESS2 treatments compared with ESS1 treatment (P<0.05). Egg shell breaking strength and final egg shell thickness were significantly higher in ESS2 treatment than CON and FESS treatments (P<0.05). Egg yolk color index was significantly lower in ESS1 treatment than other treatments (P<0.05). Moreover, Haugh unit was significantly lower in ESS1 and FESS treatments than CON treatment (P<0.05). Mineral- and vitaminenhanced supplementation did not affect either egg shell color or calcium and phosphorus concentration in serum. In conclusion, mineral- and vitamin- enhanced supplementations of laying hens diet are helpful in improving egg shell breaking strength and thickness by supplementation of Egg shell strengthener 0.2%.
Effect of Dietary Medicinal Herb Extract Mix and Antibiotics (Albac G150) on the Oxidative Stability of Chicken Meat
Jung, S. ; Song, H.P. ; Choe, J.H. ; Kim, B. ; Shin, M.H. ; Lee, B.D. ; Jo, C. ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 35, issue 1, 2008, Pages 29~37
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2008.35.1.029
This study was evaluated the oxidative stability of the breast and leg meat from chicken fed extract of medicinal herb mix (Lonicera japonica Thunberg : Morus alba L. : Coptis chinensis = 48.5 : 48.5 : 3.0%) and antibiotics (Albac G150). Ross chickens were divided into three treatments: basal diet (control), basal diet with antibiotics (0.05%) and basal diet with extract of medicinal herb mix (0.3%). They were fed the experimental diets for 35 days and slaughtered. After that, the breast and leg meat samples were stored at
for 10 days. Total phenol content of breast meat in Ross chicken fed extract of medicinal herb mix was higher than that of antibiotics treatment and control during storage. DPPH radical scavenging activity was the highest in leg meat of Ross chicken fed extract of medicinal herb mix at 0 day.
reduction activity was higher in chicken meat fed extract of medicinal herb mix than antibiotics treatment and control. This results showed that the diet with extract of mixed medicinal herb was more effective in oxidative stability of chicken meat than basal diet and diet with antibiotics.
Infection and Pathogenesis Mechanisms of Marek's Disease Virus
Jang, H.K. ; Park, Y.M. ; Cha, S.Y. ; Park, J.B. ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 35, issue 1, 2008, Pages 39~55
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2008.35.1.039
Like the other herpesviruses, the virion of MDV consists of an envelope, which surrounds an amorphous tegument. Within the tegument, and icosahedral capsid encloses a linear double-stranded DNA core. Although the genome structure of MDV indicates that it is an
like herpes simplex and varicella-zoster viruses, biological properties indicate MDV is more akin to the
group, which includes Epstein-Barr and Kaposi's sarcoma herpesviruses. These herpesviruses replicate lytically in lymphocytes, epithelial and fibroblastic cells, and persist in lymphoblastoid cells. MDV has a complex life cycle and uses two means of replication, productive and non-productive, to exist and propagate. The method of reproduction changes according to a defined pattern depending on changes in virus-cell interactions at different stages of the disease, and in different tissues. Productive (lytic) interactions involve active invasion and take-over of the host cell, resulting in the production of infectious progeny virions. However, some herpesviruses, including MDV, can also establish a non-productive (abortive) infection in certain cell types, resulting in production of cell-associated progeny virus. Non-productive interactions represent persistent infection, in which the viral genome is present but gene expression is limited, there is no structural or regulatory gene translation, no replication, no release of progeny virions and no cell death. Reactivation of the virus is rare, and usually the infectious virus can be re-isolated only after cultivation in vitro. MDV establishes latency in lymphoid cells, some of which are subsequently transformed. In this review article, recent knowledges of the pathogenesis mechanisms followed by MDV infection to sensitive cells and chickens are discussed precisely.
Effect of Dietary Organic Acid Mixture on Growth Performance, Organ Weight, Blood Immunological Parameter and Intestinal Villi Morphology in Broilers
Jang, H.D. ; Yoo, J.S. ; Kim, H.J. ; Shin, S.O. ; Hwang, Y. ; Zhou, T.X. ; Chen, Y.J. ; Cho, J.H. ; Kim, I.H. ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 35, issue 1, 2008, Pages 57~62
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2008.35.1.057
The study was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary organic acid mixture(lactic acid 12%, formic acid 9%, citric acid 5%, butyric acid 5% and phosphoric acid 6%) on growth performance, organ weight, blood immunological parameter and intestinal villi morphology in broilers. Dietary treatments included 1) CON (basal diet), 2) OA1 (basal diet + 0.1% organic acid mixture) and 3) OA2 (basal diet + 0.2% organic acid mixture). Four hundred eighty hatched Arbor Acre broiler chickens were housed in 24 pens of 20 birds each. Eight replicate pens were allotted into each treatment by completely randomized design. Daily weight gain, feed intake and feed/gain were not significantly different among the treatments. In organ weight, that of gizzard was significantly heavier in OA2 than CON (Linear effect = 0.034). However, those of spleen and intestine were not significantly different among the treatments. Blood immunological parameters such as RBC, WBC and lymphocyte were not significantly difference. In intestinal villi morphology, villi length was increased in OA1 compared to CON (Quadratic effect = 0.050). In conclusion, 0.2% organic acid mixture was effective to improve gizzard weight of broilers.
Effects of Restricted Feeding during Growing Period on Laying Performance and Egg Quality in Layers
Kang, H.K. ; Cho, J.H. ; Kim, J.H. ; Kang, H.G. ; Yu, D.J. ; Na, J.C. ; Kim, D.W. ; Lee, S.J. ; Kim, I.S. ; Kim, S.H. ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 35, issue 1, 2008, Pages 63~69
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2008.35.1.063
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of restricted feeding to laying performance and egg quality in brown layers. A total of 1,080 brown layer chicks were divided into three treatments; conventional feeding (ad libitum) and two restricted feedings (80% of conventional diet) for 70 weeks. One of restricted feeding started from six to eighteen weeks of age, and the other started from twelve to eighteen weeks of age. Diets were formulated by NRC (1994) recommendation. Overall laying performance and feed intake were the highest in
restricted group. But there was no significant difference among treatment group (P>0.05). Feed intake was higher in
restricted group during maximum production (P<0.05), but there was no difference between treatments after the peak. Egg quality tended to decreased by aging, but there was no significant difference among the treatments (P>0.05). The result of present study indicated that restricted feeding in rearing period of layers is beneficial to improve egg productivity and to reduce feed cost.
Effect of Supplementary Herbs and Plant Extracts on the Performance of Laying Hens
Kim, C.H. ; Paik, I.K. ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 35, issue 1, 2008, Pages 71~78
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2008.35.1.071
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary supplementation of herbs and plant extracts (PE) on the performance, small intestinal microflora and immune response in laying hens. A total of 1,440 Hy-Line Brown laying hens of 67 wks old were assigned to one of the following 9 dietary treatments : T1 : Control (C), T2 : C + Avilamycine 6 ppm, T3 : C + Herb
0.2%, T4 : C + Biostrong
0.02%, T5 : C +
0.02%, T6 : C +
0.02%, T7 : C +
0.1%, T8 : C +
0.05%, T9 : C + CRINA
0.05%. Each treatment was replicated 8 times with twenty birds housed in 2 bird cages. Twenty bird units were arranged according to completely randomized block design. Feeding trial lasted 6 wks under 16 hours lighting regimen. Hen-day egg production was not significantly different among the treatments, but that of supplemented groups tended to be higher than the control. There were significant differences among treatments in feed intake and feed conversion ratio. Feed intake was higher in the supplemented groups than the control. Feed conversion ratio was higher in T8 than other treatments. Egg shell color index and egg yolk color index were significantly different among treatments. Egg shell color was affected by supplements and egg yolk color index of T9 (PE-CRINA) was significantly higher than the control. Haugh unit was not significantly different among treatments. There were significant differences in leukocytes and erythrocytes parameters. The level of serum WBC and stress index (heterophil/lymphocyte) were higher in supplemented groups than the control. The level of RBC tended to be lower in the herb or PE groups than the control. The concentration of serum IgG was not significantly different among the treatments, but all those of the supplemented groups were higher than the control. The number of Lactobacilli spp. tended to increase and that of Cl. perfrigens decrease in the supplemented groups. The number of E. coli significantly decreased in the supplemented groups. The results of this experiment showed that feeding herbs and plant extracts to laying hens tended to improve the egg production and affect positively on the level of blood parameters and small intestinal microflora.
Effect of Feeding Herb Extract on Growth Performance, Intestinal Microflora and Blood Component Profile in Broiler Chickens
Park, S.B. ; Na, J.C. ; Yu, D.J. ; Bang, H.T. ; Hwang, I.H. ; Ryu, K.S. ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 35, issue 1, 2008, Pages 79~84
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2008.35.1.079
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of feeding herb extract (HE) on productivity, intestinal microflora and blood component profile in broiler chickens. A total of three hundred twenty, 1-d-old male chicks (Ross) were divided into 4 treatments with 5 replicates, 16 birds per replicate. Dietary treatments consisted of four diets; the corn-soybean based control diet, the diet containing HE 0.1%, the diet containing HE 0.2%, and the diet containing HE 0.4%. The Control diet contained 3,100, 3,100, 3,200 kcal/kg ME and 22%, 20%, 18% CP for starter (
), grower (
), and finisher (
) periods, respectively. There were no significant differences in feed intake and BW gain among treatments in starter period. In grower period, the BW gain of HE 0.2%, and HE 0.4% were significantly higher (p<0.05) compared to Control. The 7-wk BW gain of HE 0.2% was significantly higher than Control (p<0.05). The feed intake tended to increase in HE 0.1%, but no difference was detected in feed conversion ratio among treatments. No significant differences were found in blood total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL-cholesterol, glucose, total protein, and albumin among treatments, but total cholesterol in HE 0.4% decreased significantly as compared with Control. The cfu of Lactobacillus spp., yeast, and E. coli in the guts of chickens fed HE were not different form each other, but tended to increase as compared with Control.
Epidemiological Studies of Avian Reovirus Infection in Broilers in Korea
Kim, J.M. ; Kim, M.J. ; Song, J.S. ; Mo, I.P. ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 35, issue 1, 2008, Pages 85~99
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2008.35.1.085
Avian reovirus (ARV) is a causative agent of viral arthritis/tenosynovitis, and malabsorption syndrome in broiler. The characteristics of malabsorption syndrome caused by ARV are diarrhea, poor feed conversion and stunting. Therefore, ARV infection has been recognized as one of the most important disease in the poultry industry because of economical losses. However, few study of ARV infection in broiler industry has been conducted in Korea. To evaluate the presence of ARV infection in broiler farms, epidemiological survey such as serological test and virus isolation has been conducted. For the serological survey using ELISA method, we selected five broiler farms which were located at different area and had a history of growth retardation, lameness, diarrhea and poor feathering. From these farms serum samples were collected at 1 day, 14 days and market age. All these farms had no history of vaccination against ARV. In addition to serological survey, we tried to isolate ARV from birds of designated farms at market age and collected feces and tissue samples such as cecal tonsil, intestine and liver. We were identified ARV by RT-PCR and transmissible electron microscopy. The samples were inoculated into 9-day-old embryonated eggs via the chorioallantoic membrane to observe the pock formation. For the pathogenicity test of ARV isolates, we inoculated with the isolates to the right footpad of 3-week-old SPF chicks and observed clinical signs and pathological changes for 14 days after challenge. Most broilers sampled for serological survey have maternal antibodies which were widely distributed at 1 day and decreased by 14 days. However, at the market age several broiler farms showed fairly high antibody titer against ARV. This increase of antibody titer at market age means the possible infection of ARV during the grow-out period. Among total 15 samples for the isolation of ARV. 2 samples were positive by RT-PCR and finally identified as a ARV. We inoculated these isolates in the SPF birds and observed that the antibody titer was increased from 7 days after challenge. However, we did not find any clinical signs both control and challenge groups. Based on the above results, it is clear that the ARV infection has been circulated in the broiler industry and caused significant economic losses. Further study is needed to evaluate the virulence of the isolates in the digestive system of broiler and the molecular characteristics of isolates.