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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Poultry Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Poultry Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 37, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 37, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 37, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 37, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
Selecting the target year
Effects of Feeding Colloidal Silver and Rare Earth Elements on Growth Performance in Broilers
Jo, Jong-Kwan ; Kim, Jin-Soo ; Yun, Ku ; Kim, Young-Woo ; Kim, Kwang-Hyun ; Kwon, Il-Kyung ; Chae, Byung-Jo ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 37, issue 1, 2010, Pages 1~8
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2010.37.1.001
An experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation of rare earth, individually and in combination with colloidal silver on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, carcass characteristics and immune response in broiler chicks. A total of 3,872 day-old chicks were randomly allotted to four dietary treatments in a randomized complete block design. There were four pens per treatment and 242 chicks per pen. The dietary treatments were T1) CON (control diet), T2) colloidal silver (control diet+20 ppb colloidal silver), T3) rare earth elements (control diet+500 ppm rare earth), T4) colloidal silver +rare earth elements (control diet+20 ppb colloidal silver+500 ppm rare earth). There were no significant differences in feed intake and feed conversion ratio (FCR) among dietary treatments during the whole experimental period (0 to 5 weeks). Body weight gain was greatest in birds fed T3 and T4 diets (p<0.01). Apparent digestibility of dry matter, crude protein, ether extract and calcium were greatest in birds fed T4 diet (p<0.05), while apparent digestibility of phosphorus was lowest in birds fed T3 diet (p<0.05). There was no significant difference in bone strength, carcass characteristics and immune response among dietary treatments. Dry matter content of bone was greatest in birds fed T4 diet (p<0.05), and phosphorus content of bone was greater in birds fed T3 diet than in birds fed T2 and T4 diets (p<0.05). Thus, the results of this study suggest that rare earth elements supplementation, individually and in combination with colloidal silver could improve performance of broilers.
Effect of Dietary Supplementation of Yellow Loess on Performance, Blood Component Profile and Concentration in Feces in Broiler Chickens
Park, Sung-Bok ; Kang, Hwan-Ku ; Bang, Han-Tae ; Kim, Min-Ji ; Choi, Hee-Chul ; Chae, Hyun-Seok ; Yu, Dong-Jo ; Suh, Ok-Suk ; Na, Jae-Cheon ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 37, issue 1, 2010, Pages 9~13
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2010.37.1.009
This experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation of yellow loess on performance and blood component profile in broiler chickens. A total of three hundred sixty, 1 day old broiler chicks (Ross) were randomly divided into 3 groups with 4 replicates of 30 birds each. The experiment feeds were; control (basal diet), 0~10 days (basal diet with yellow loess T1 4%, T2 2%), 11~21 days (basal diet with yellow loess T1 2%, T2 1%), 22~35 days (basal diet with yellow loess T1 1%, T2 1%). The body weight and weight gain of the broilers fed T2 diet was significant higher than the T1 and control treatment (P<0.05). Feed intake was significantly higher than the control during overall period (P<0.05). Total cholesterol in all yellow loess supplemented treatments were significantly higher than the control treatment (P<0.05), and the triglyceride of broiler fed the diet containing T1 was significantly higher than the control and T2 treatment (P<0.05). No significant differences were observed on the total white blood cell (WBC), neutrophil (NE), monocyte (MO) and eosinophil (EO) in all yellow loess supplemented treatments compared to the control. Lymphocyte of T2 treatment was significantly higher than T1 and control treatment (P<0.05). No significant difference was observed on fecal ammonia gas emission, but broiler fed yellow loess was lower than the control treatment. Aa a result, dietary supplementation of yellow loess was improve to weight gain and feed intake of broiler.
Effect of Dietary Supplementation of Acanthopanax senticosus and Eucommia ulmoides on Antioxidant Defense System in Laying Hens
Kang, Sun-Young ; Lee, Min-Hee ; Ko, Young-Hyun ; Sohn, Sea-Hwan ; Moon, Yang-Soo ; Jang, In-Surk ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 37, issue 1, 2010, Pages 15~21
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2010.37.1.015
To investigate the effect of dietary supplementation of Acanthopanax senticosus (AS) and Eucommia ulmoides (EU) on antioxidant defense system in laying hens, a total of three hundreds sixty 20-wk old Hyline brown commercial laying hens were assigned to five dietary groups for 10-wk: (1) control diet, (2) control diet supplemented with AS at 0.5%, (3) control diet supplemented with AS at 1.0%, (4) control diet supplemented with EU at 0.5% and (5) control diet supplemented with EU at 1.0%. Total antioxidant status (TAS) in blood and antioxidant enzymes including superoxide dismutase (SOD), gluthathione -S- transferase (GST) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and lipid peroxidation in the small intestine and liver were measured. There were no changes in body weight for 10-wk dietary treatment. TAS in blood significantly (P<0.05) increased in birds fed the diet supplemented with 1% AS and 0.5 and 1.0% EU compared with those fed control diet. Especially, dietary EU showed much higher (P<0.05) TAS compared with AS. In the antioxidant defense enzymes, GST activity of the small intestine was shown to be significantly (P<0.05) increased in birds fed the diets supplemented with 0.5 and 1.0% EU compared with those fed the control diet. In addition, intestinal SOD activity significantly (P<0.05) increased in birds fed the diets supplemented with 0.5% of AS and EU. However, we could not observe any significant dietary treatment effect of those antioxidant parameters in the liver. In conclusion, dietary supplementation of 0.5% AS and EU in a laying hen diet could be applied as a potential antioxidant source to improves bio-activity of antioxidant and economical aspect in laying hens.
Effects of Dietary Supplementation of Ginkgo Leaf and Pumpkin on the Growth Performance, Intestinal Microflora, Blood Biochemical Profile and Antioxidant Status in Broiler Chickens
Ko, Young-Hyun ; Lee, Seong-Sil ; Jang, In-Surk ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 37, issue 1, 2010, Pages 23~33
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2010.37.1.023
The current study was performed to develop natural bio-active substances as additives for the production of high quality broiler chickens. A total of 120 male 3 day-old broiler chicks were randomly allocated to CON (control), GK2.5 (ginkgo leaf 2.5%), GK5.0 (ginkgo leaf 5.0%), PK2.5 (pumpkin 2.5%) and PK5.0 (pumpkin 5.0%) of five groups in cages (24 birds per group). All birds were fed corresponding diets from 3 to 35 d of age and determined growth performance and biological parameters including blood biochemical profiles, antioxidant status and intestinal microflora. During the entire feeding trial, GK5.0 and PK5.0 groups resulted in a significantly (P<0.05) higher FCR than GK2.5 and PK2.5 groups. Plasma triglyceride significantly (P<0.05) increased in GK5.0 group compared with the other groups, and the level of alanine transaminase (ALT) increased (P<0.05) in GK5.0 and PK5.0 groups compared with that in PK2.5 group. Dietary addition of ginkgo leaf and pumpkin significantly (P<0.05) increased superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) in the small intestine. Also, the addition of 2.5% ginkgo leaf significantly (P<0.05) increased the activities of SOD, GSH-Px and glutathione-S-transferase (GST) in the liver. Futhermore, muscle GST activity significantly (P<0.05) enhanced by dietary addition of ginko leaf and pumpkin. However, the level of lipid peroxidation (MDA) in the small intestine and muscle turned to be higher (P<0.05) in PK5.0 group. The colony forming units (CFU) of E. coli in intestinal digesta significantly (P<0.05) decreased in both ginko leaf and pumpkin supplemented groups compared with CON group. In conclusion, dietary addition of 2.5% ginko leaf and pumpkin as dietary sources can be applicable for the production of high quality broiler chickens.
Effect of Combination of Chitosan Coating and Gamma Irradiation on the Foodborne Pathogen Reduction and Nutritional Properties of Chicken Egg
Kim, Hyun-Joo ; Yun, Hye-Jeong ; Jung, Samooel ; Jung, Yeon-Kuk ; Ham, Jun-Sang ; Jin, Shil ; Jo, Cheorun ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 37, issue 1, 2010, Pages 35~41
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2010.37.1.035
The effect of combination of chitosan coating and gamma irradiation on Escherichia coli inactivation and nutritional properties of shell egg was investigated. The E. coli inoculated on shell egg was not detected by 2 kGy of gamma irradiation at day 0 and/or chitosan coating (1%, pH 5.0) after 3 days of storage. There was no E. coli detected thereafter. In the contents of moisture, crude fat, crude protein, ash, retinol, phospholipid, and minerals, no difference was found by treatment combination. However, the contents of cholesterol and carotenoids were reduced by irradiation of 2 kGy (P<0.05). Results suggest that the combination of gamma irradiation (2 kGy) and chitosan coating (1%) can be a good method to improve the safety and prolonged shelf-life of egg because of effective pathogen inactivation without significant adverse changes in nutritional quality.
Influence of Sex Ratio on Behavior and Welfare Indexes in Broiler Chicken
Son, Jang-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 37, issue 1, 2010, Pages 43~49
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2010.37.1.043
The effect of sex ratio on behavior and welfare indexes in broiler chickens was investigated. Five variants of the sex ratio (male to female), namely, 100:0 (T1), 75:25 (T2), 50:50 (T3), 25:75 (T4) and 0:100 (T5) were tested in broilers between the ages of 7 to 35 days. It was found that the most common behavior in all sex ratios was resting behavior, ranging over 74.4 % of total behavioral frequency. The ranges of other behavior traits of total behavior traits were as follows: pecking, 5.4 to 23.1 %; standing, 1.8 to 24.8 %, and moving, 0.6 to 11.5 %. The behavioral frequency of resting, pecking, standing and moving were not affected by the sex ratio and between male and female. But the percentage of pecking, resting and moving behavioral frequency was significantly different by the age of birds (P<0.05). Age of birds had no effect on standing behavioral frequency. It seems that gait, food pad and hock burn score were no affect by sex ratio but tend to decreased in female than male. Claw length of 21 and 35 days was not affected by sex ratio and between male and female. The duration of tonic immobility (TI- reaction) was tend to decreased age of 21 than 35 days, and female than male. Both male and female of the study, hock burn score, claw length and TI-reaction were tend to lower in T4 than other treatments. The results suggest that, when male and female broilers are reared together, sex ratio can influence broiler welfare indexes in this study.
Effects of Supplementary Multiple Probiotics or Single Probiotics on the Performance, Intestinal Microflora, Immune Response of Laying Hens and Broilers
Kim, Chan-Ho ; Woo, Kyung-Chun ; Kim, Geun-Bae ; Park, Yong-Ha ; Paik, In-Kee ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 37, issue 1, 2010, Pages 51~62
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2010.37.1.051
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary supplementation of multiple probiotics on the performance, small intestinal microflora and immune response in laying hens and broilers. In Exp.1, a total of 800, 82 wk old Hy-line Brown
laying hens were assigned to one of the following five dietary treatment; Control, Antibiotics (avilamycin 6 ppm), Probiotics; PB-M (Micro-ferm
0.2%), PB-L (Lacto-sacc
0.1%), PB-Y (Y University probiotics 0.2%). Each treatment was replicated eight times with 20 birds in each replicate and two birds were housed in each cage. Twenty birds units were arranged according to completely randomized block design. Feeding trial lasted 6 wk under 16 h lighting regimen. The Exp. 2, was conducted with a total of 1,000 broilers chicks (Ross
). They were divided into five treatments, same as those of Exp. 1. Birds were fed starter (0~3 wk) and grower (4~5 wk) diets. Each treatment was replicated four times with 50 birds per pen comprising of deep litter. In Exp. 1, egg production parameters, such as hen-day and hen-house egg production, egg weight, broken and soft shell egg production, feed intake and feed conversion were not significantly different among treatments. However, strength and thickness of eggshell were significantly (P<0.05) different. Among the probiotics, PB-Y showed the highest strength and thickness of eggshell. Eggshell color, egg yolk color and Haugh unit were not significantly influenced. In Exp. 2, overall weight gain (0~5 wk) and mortality were not significantly different among treatments. However, weight gain of birds from PB-Y treatment during starter (0~3 wk) was significantly lower than the birds from Control and Antibiotic treatment. During the whole period (0~5 wk), birds from Antibiotics treatment had higher feed intake and Production Index (PI) and lower feed conversion than birds from Control treatment. Probiotics treatments were not significantly different from the Control on feed intake and feed conversion. In Exp.1, there were significant (P<0.05) differences in leukocytes parameters, such as white blood cell (WBC), hetrophil (HE), lymphocytes (LY), monocyte (MO), eosinophil (EO) and stress index (SI; HE/LY) in the blood of layers. Birds from Antibiotics and probiotics treatments tended to increase these parameters. In Exp. 2, however, only SI was significantly (P<0.05) decreased in Antibiotics treatments. Concentration of serum immunoglobulin (IgG) were higher (P<0.05) in PB-M and PB-Y treatments when compared with Control treatment in Exp. 1. The population of E. coli significantly (P<0.05) decreased in birds from Antibiotics, PB-L and PB-Y treatments when compared with birds from Control treatment in Exp. 1. Metalbolizability of crude fat decreased significantly (P<0.05) in birds from probiotic treatments in Exp. 2. It was concluded that the response of probiotics on the productivity of layers and broilers were different. Probiotics increased strength and thickness of eggshell in layers, and decreased feed conversion and increased PI in broilers. Leukocytes and IgG tended to increase by supplementation of antibiotics and probiotics in layers. Intestinal E. coli tended to decrease in layers. Digestibility of crude fat of diet decreased in probiotics treatments broilers. Parameters of blood and microbial were more sensitive in layers than broilers.
Effects of Feed Supplementations for Fermented Apple Pomace and Cinnamon on Egg Quality and Performance in Laying Hens
Kang, Hwan-Ku ; Seo, Ok-Suk ; Choi, Hee-Chul ; Chae, Hyun-Seok ; Na, Jae-Cheon ; Yu, Dong-Jo ; Kang, Guen-Ho ; Bang, Han-Tae ; Park, Sung-Bok ; Kim, Min-Ji ; Lee, Ji-Eun ; Kim, Dong-Wook ; Kim, Sang-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 37, issue 1, 2010, Pages 63~68
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2010.37.1.063
This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary supplementation of fermented apple pomace (FAP) and cinnamon on laying performance, egg quality and blood characteristics in laying hens. A total of two hundred 57-wk-old Hy-Line laying hens were divided into five groups with 4 replicates of 10 birds each; control, 0.1% probiotics, 1.0% fermented apple pomace 1.0%, 0.1% cinnamon and 1.0% fermented apple pomace with 1.0% cinnamon. Chickens fed the diets containing 1.0% of fermented apple pomace showed higher egg production than the chickens fed the other diets. No synergic effect on laying performance was found when fermented apple pomace and cinnamon were added to the diets in laying hens. There was no significant major differences in egg quality and serum blood biochemical profiles. These results suggest the possibility that fermentation of apple pomace could be used as the alternative of antibiotic growth promoters.
Comparative Effects of Dietary Isolated Soy Protein and Casein on Plasma Cholesterol Levels in Young Chicks
Chee, Kew-Mahn ; Kim, Young-Mee ; Juhn, Jee-Young ; Choi, In-Sook ; Oh, Mi-Hyang ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 37, issue 1, 2010, Pages 69~80
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2010.37.1.069
Hypocholesterolemic effect of soy protein was examined in comparison with casein and three other dietary protein sources in chicks. In two feeding trials, 40 (Expt.1) or 50 (Expt. 2), three-day-old, male chicks were forced-fed each of five semi-purified-type diets containing isolated soy protein (ISP, cp 82%), casein (cp 92%), rice protein (RP, cp 70%), corn gluten meal (CGM, cp 65%) or fish meal (FM, cp 70%) for two weeks. The diets for Expt. 2 were supplemented with 0.3% cholesterol by replacing glucose. Each protein source was the only source of protein of each diet. Essential amino acids were added to the diets to satisfy their requirements according to NRC. The diets were forced-fed to equalize the intake of all nutrients except the amino acids which were inherently variable in the diets. Chicks fed casein showed lower body weight gain than those fed the other proteins in both experiments. Birds fed ISP and FM gained better body weight than the others. Chicks fed casein showed significantly higher levels of plasma total cholesterol, non-HDL cholesterol and triacylglycerol (TG) than those fed ISP and the other protein sources. Meanwhile, the chicks fed ISP, RP, CGM and FM showed comparable levels of plasma total cholesterol, non-HDL cholesterol and TG. In Expt. 2, the birds fed casein and FM showed markedly elevated plasma total cholesterol and non-HDL cholesterol levels. Liver weight and levels of total lipids and cholesterol of chicks fed casein appeared significantly higher than those of the other protein diets, whereas those of the chicks fed ISP, RP, CGM and FM appeared comparable except cholesterol in FM group. In conclusion, only the chicks fed casein diets in both experiments always showed significantly higher levels of plasma cholesterol and TG compared to those fed ISP and the other protein sources. These results support the views that casein, which has unique lysine-arginine ratio, is inherently hyper-cholesterolemic, and ISP is hypocholesterolemic only when compared to casein.
Estimation of Genetic Characteristic and Cumulative Power of Discrimination using the Microsatellite Markers in Korean Native Chicken
Lee, Kun-Woo ; Oh, Jae-Don ; Lee, Jin-Ah ; Cho, Kyu-Ho ; Nam, In-Sik ; Lee, Jun-Heon ; Seo, Ok-Suk ; Jeon, Gwang-Joo ; Lee, Hak-Kyo ; Kong, Hong-Sik ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 37, issue 1, 2010, Pages 81~87
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2010.37.1.081
To estimate the genetic characteristics and cumulative power of discrimination (CPD) Korean Native Chicken. We used a total of 195 genomic DNAs from four breeds population (Korean Native Red chicken: R, Korean Native Yellow chicken: Y, Korean Native Black chicken: L, Ogal chicken: S). Frequencies of microsatellites markers were used to estimate heterozygosities and genetic distances. The lowest distance (0.05) was observed between the R and L strains and the highest distance (0.158) between the L and S strains. Korean native chicken strains (R, Y, K) have each other comparatively near genetic distance. Cumulative power of discriminate (CPD) was 99.999% by including the 10 microsatellites loci individual identification system. And then matching probability in that two different individuals incidentally have same genotype was estimated to
. The system employing the 10 markers therefore provided to be applicable to individual identification in Korea native chicken.