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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Poultry Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Poultry Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 38, Issue 4 - Dec 2011
Volume 38, Issue 3 - Sep 2011
Volume 38, Issue 2 - Jun 2011
Volume 38, Issue 1 - Mar 2011
Selecting the target year
Effects of Dietary Supplementation of Copper-soy Proteinate on the Performance of Laying Hens
Lee, Mun-Ku ; Kim, Chan-Ho ; Shin, Dong-Hun ; Jung, Byoung-Yun ; Paik, In-Kee ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 38, issue 3, 2011, Pages 165~171
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2011.38.3.165
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary supplementation of copper-soy proteinate (Cu-SP) on the performance of laying hens. A total of 1,000 Hy-Line Brown laying hens of 32 wks old were assigned to one of the following 5 dietary treatments: Control, Cu-SP 50, 100, 150, 200 (50, 100, 150, 200 ppm Cu supplementation as Cu-soy proteinate). Each treatment was replicated 4 times with fifty birds per replication, housed in 2 birds cages. Fifty birds units were arranged according to randomized block design. Feeding trial lasted 5 wks under 16L : 8D lighting regimen. There were no significant differences among treatments in hen-day and hen-house egg production, egg weight, broken & soft egg production. Feed intake and feed conversion rate (FCR) were significantly (P<0.01) lower in Cu-SP treated groups than Control. Eggshell thickness was significantly (P<0.01) higher in Control than Cu-SP 100, 150 and 200. Egg yolk color index was significantly (P<0.01) higher in Cu-SP 200 than other treatments. Egg shell color index was significantly (P<0.05) higher in Cu-SP 150 and Cu-SP 200 than Cu-SP 100. Concentration of copper, iron and zinc of the egg yolk were not significantly influenced by treatment. There were no significant differences in the level of leukocytes and erythrocytes in the chicken blood. The result of this experiment showed that dietary supplementation of Cu-SP at the level of 50ppm of Cu can reduce feed intake and FCR.
Production of Multiple Probiotics and the Performance of Laying Hens by Proper Level of Dietary Supplementation
Kim, Hyung-Jun ; Lee, Bong-Ki ; Seok, Ho-Bong ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 38, issue 3, 2011, Pages 173~179
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2011.38.3.173
This experiment was conducted to evaluate the dietary effects of multiple mixture of probiotics on laying performance and the faecal examination in laying hens (Hy-line Brown) at the early (21~40 wk) and middle (41~65 wk) laying term. Multiple probiotics were produced by developing products and the properties of microorganisms were examined for detecting of acid-resistance, bile salt-resistance and antibacterial activity against pathogenic enteric bacteria. Probiotics produced to the fermenting cultures of four selected organisms and soybean meal substrates by nine steps of NK proliferating system. The most microorganisms were shown higher resistance of acidity and bile salt. High antibacterial activities against Bacillus subtilis, Lactobacillus plantarum and Enterococcus faecium were observed, but was not against Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Total egg production of the treatment was significantly higher than control group but was not statistically different between 0.1% and 0.2% treatments (P>0.05). Average egg weight of the treatment in early laying term was also significantly higher than control but was not significantly different between 0.1% and 0.2% treatments (P>0.05). But the egg weight of the treatment in middle laying term was significantly higher than control and between 0.1% and 0.2% treatments (P>0.05). The mortality of 0.2% treatment was significantly lower than control (P<0.05), and 0.2% treatment in the early laying term was tended to decreased than 0.1% treatment and control. But there was not significantly between 0.1% and 0.2% treatments in middle laying term. In feed intake, 0.2% treatment in middle laying term was significantly increased than control and 0.1% treatment (P<0.05) but not in early laying term. In faecal examination, the total number of Lactobacillus of 0.1% treatment was significantly increased than control in whole laying term (P<0.05), but Coli form of the treatment was decreased than control in middle laying term. In conclusion, dietary long term supplementation of multiple probiotics improved performance of lay hens, egg weight and mortality drop by regulating enteric bacteria.
Monitoring of Major Viral Pathogen Contamination in New and Reused Broiler Farm Litter
Choi, Kang-Seuk ; Jeon, Woo-Jin ; Lee, Eun-Kyoung ; Kwon, Jun-Hun ; Lee, Jin-Hwa ; Sung, Haan-Woo ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 38, issue 3, 2011, Pages 181~189
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2011.38.3.181
A 5-month (May to November in 2009) monitoring program for five viral pathogens in litter, such as avian influenza virus A (AIV), infectious bronchitis virus (IBV), infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV), fowl adenovirus (FAdV), and chicken infectious anemia virus (CIAV) was conducted in 62 flocks at 31 broiler farms (two flocks in each farm) in Korea in 2009. Viral pathogens were examined twice (before and at the end of the rearing period) at 31 broiler farms, and included fresh litter (n = 16) and recycled litter (n = 15) farms. Thirty-seven viruses (14 IBVs, 2 IBDVs, 9 FAdVs, and 12 CIAVs) were isolated from 75% (12/16) and 73% (11/15) of fresh litter and reused litter farms during the period, respectively, indicating no difference in viral contamination rate between farms using new and reused litter. Of these isolates, three (two CIAVs and one IBDV) were isolated from recycled litter samples collected before the rearing period at three broiler farms, whereas the others (n=34) were isolated from fresh and recycled litter samples collected at the end of the rearing period. When the performances, involving viability, body weight, and feed conversion ratio, were compared, no significant differences were found between farms using fresh and recycled litter during the period.
Polymorphic Diversity of UBX Domain D from cDNA Isolated from Pectoral Muscle of Korean Native Chicken
Sun, Sang-Soo ; Kamyab, Abdolreza ; Firman, Jeff ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 38, issue 3, 2011, Pages 191~195
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2011.38.3.191
The objectives of this study are to identify specific functional genes which are related with growth and protein structure of the pectoral muscle of Korean native chicken. Pectoral muscle was isolated from three Korean native chickens (KNC, red brown, 12 months old, 2.41
0.24 kg) and three Cornish chickens (16 month old, 2.76
3.0 kg). The subtraction cDNA library was prepared in PCR4 Blunt-TOPO vector. The DNA sequence homology was compared with other breeds and species in GenBank. A clone NDS-81 was found to be unique for the DNA sequence homology with UBX family. Their partial sequence has high homology (98%) with chicken UBX domain D. Chicken UBX domain has chicken (93%), cattle (68%), dog (67%), mouse (64%) and, human (63%) nucleotide sequence homology. Several regions were mutated from T in chicken to C or G in the NDS-81 clone. The first site is LAD in chicken, but it was expressed as (L)RM in clone NDS-81. In this site, amino acids were changed from Ala to Arg, and from Asp to Met. The second site was changed from ER (Arg) in chicken to ED (Asp) in clone NDS-81. They are both containing functional side chains and play an important role in binding other proteins. Therefore, the clone NDS-81 could be a different candidate gene for the UBX family gene and could related with pectoral muscle structure of Korean native chicken.
Effects of Cordyceps ochraceostromat, Silkworm Cocoon and Conjugated Linoleic Acid Addition on the Quality of Cremi Manufactured using Spent Layer Recovered Protein
Jin, Sang-Keun ; Hur, In-Chul ; Shin, Dae-Keun ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 38, issue 3, 2011, Pages 197~204
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2011.38.3.197
To investigate the effects of Cordyceps ochraceostromat, silkworm cocoon and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) addition on the quality of cremi during storage, this study was conducted. Cremis were prepared using a 20% spent layer breast recovered protein to replace Alaska pollack with the addition of 0.1% silkworm cocoon powder (T1), 0.05% silkworm cocoon powder + 0.05% Cordyceps ochraceostromat powder (T2), and 0.05% silkworm cocoon powder + 0.05% CLA. All manufactured cremis were vacuum-packaged, stored at
and finally evaluated for their quality on 0, 2, 4 and 6 weeks of storage. The pH, whiteness, gel strength and breaking force of cremis from T2 were higher than those of samples derived from either T1 or T3. However, cremis from T2 showed low shear force values when compared to other cremis (p<0.05). Therefore, the results indicate that cremis contained 0.05% silkworm cocoon powder and 0.05% Cordyceps ochraceostromat combination (T2) may be recommendable to induce customers to buy, thereby, it may be beneficial to both manufacturers and consumers in market.
Effect of the Induced Molting with Wheat Bran on the Postmolt Performance of Laying Hens
HwangBo, Jong ; Hong, Eui-Chul ; Kang, Bo-Seok ; Kim, Hak-Kyu ; Heo, Kang-Nyeong ; Choo, Hyo-Jun ; Na, Jae-Cheon ; Choi, Yang-Ho ; Kim, Won ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 38, issue 3, 2011, Pages 205~211
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2011.38.3.205
This work was carried out to investigate the effect of the induced molting diet based on wheat bran on the postmolt performance of layers. Two hundred White Leghorn layers (65-old-wk) with over 80% egg production were used for 8 weeks in this work. Treatments were non-molt control (CO), fasting treatment for 10 days (FW), molt treatment with used molting diet for 4 wk (UM), molt treatment with molting diet based on corn-wheat bran for 4 wk (CW), and molt treatment with molting diet based on wheat bran for 4 wk (WM) as 5 treatments (4 replications/treatment and 10 birds/replication). Feed intake decreased at molting treatments at first weeks and increased after the 3rd week compared to control (P<0.05). Body weight (BW) loss were 18.6% of initial BW at first week in FW treatment, and were 11.4, 14.2 and 17.4% in UM, CW and WM treatments at 4th weeks (P<0.05). Egg production decreased at 1 week in molt treatment and stopped at 2 week in FW, whereas, other molting treatments didn't stop laying eggs. The birds started to lay egg at 4 week in FW and recovered at 5 week in other molting treatments. Egg quality (eggshell thickness, eggshell breaking strength, haugh unit) was high in molting treatments compared with control at 8th weeks (P<0.05). Finally, molting diet based on wheat bran affected BW loss and egg quality such as eggshell thickness, eggshell breaking strength and haugh unit.
Effect of Feeding Plum and Red Ginseng Marc on Vital Reaction in Broiler Stress
Bong, Mi-Hee ; Ji, Sang-Yoon ; Park, Jun-Cheol ; Moon, Hong-Kil ; Lee, Sang-Cheul ; Lee, Jun-Heon ; Hong, Joon-Ki ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 38, issue 3, 2011, Pages 213~223
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2011.38.3.213
This study was conducted to test the efficacy of plum (Prunus mume) and red ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A Meyer) marc as stress inhibitors under heat stress and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge in broilers by investigating their effects on blood biochemical parameters, immunoglobulin concentration and splenic cytokine mRNA expressions. A total of one hundred ninety-two 1-d-old male broiler chicks (Ross 308) were divided into 2 stress conditions (heat and LPS) experiments. Each experiment was divided into 4 treatment groups with 8 replicates of 3 birds in each group. NC (negative control, no immune substances), PC (positive control, 25 ppm
-glucan), PM (1% plum marc) and RGM (3% red ginseng marc) treatments were administered with respective substance through water supplementation. During heat stress, The Ca/Mg ratio in PM and RGM was significantly decreased in comparison with that of NC (P<0.05). The immunoglobulin M was significantly lower in PM than in NC (P<0.05). Expression patterns of splenic cytokine mRNAs (IL-1, IL-2 and IL-6) were similar over the treatment. Expression rates of IL-1 and IL-2 in PM were significantly decreased in comparison with NC. Also, expression rates of IL-1, IL-2 and IL-6 were significantly lower in RGM than in NC (P<0.05). In conclusion, the dietary supplementation of plum and red ginseng marc improved coping ability to heat stress by preventing Ca/Mg ratio increment and by inhibiting inflammatory response in broiler chicks. However, it is necessary to determine optimal dietary level of red ginseng marc for improving growth performances in broiler chickens. These results suggest the possibility that plum and red ginseng marc could be used as the stress inhibitor under heat stress and inflammatory response in broiler chicks.
Physiochemical Characteristics of the Meat from Korean Native Chicken and Broiler Reared and Slaughtered as the Same Conditions
Lee, Kyung-Haeng ; Jung, Yeon-Kuk ; Jung, Samooel ; Lee, Jun-Heon ; Heo, Kang-Nyeong ; Jo, Cheo-Run ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 38, issue 3, 2011, Pages 225~230
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2011.38.3.225
Broilers were raised as the same environmental conditions with Korean native chickens (KNC) and slaughtered at the same age (13 week) to observe the physiochemical differences in breast and leg meat. The crude fat content of broilers was significantly higher than that of KNC in both breast and leg meat. pH of both breast and leg meat of broiler was lower than that of KNC. Redness of breast meat surface was higher in broiler than KNC. Except for the chewiness of raw leg meat, which was higher in KNC than broiler, the results of texture showed no difference between broilers and KNC. However, the collagen content of leg meat of KNC (6.78 mg/g) was significantly higher than that of broilers (3.12 mg/g). Results showed that broilers reared and slaughtered as the same conditions with KNC had significantly higher fat content while lower collagen content. Therefore, these physicochemical differences clearly indicate that the meat characteristics of broilers cannot be similar to KNC even if the environmental conditions and slaughter age are identical.
Investigation of SNPs in FABP3 and FABP4 Genes and Their Possible Relationships with Fatty Acid Composition in Broiler
Maharani, Dyah ; Park, Hee-Bok ; Jung, Yeon-Kook ; Jung, Samooel ; Jo, Cheo-Run ; Lee, Jun-Heon ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 38, issue 3, 2011, Pages 231~237
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2011.38.3.231
There is limited information of the genetic effect for fatty acid composition in chicken meat. This study assessed the association of FABP3 and FABP4 genes affecting fatty acid composition in broilers. Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were detected in FABP3 gene and five SNPs were identified in FABP4 gene. The SNPs located in intron 1 and exon 1 of FABP3 and FABP4, respectively, were used for genotyping using PCR-RFLP method. The SNPg.285C >T in FABP4 showed suggestive association with high arachidonic acid (C20 : 4) in CT genotypes (P = 0.068). However, the SNP g.508C > T in FABP3 showed no significant associations with fatty acid composition. These results are the first report to investigate the SNPs in FABP3 and FABP4 genes and their associations with fatty acid composition, although we only found the possible association of FABP4 SNP with fatty acid composition. These results should provide valuable information for further investigation of the genes affecting fatty acid composition in chicken.
Evidence Suggesting that the Deposition of Pigments into Yolks is Independent of Egg Production: Enhanced Pigmentation of Yolks by Feeding Hens with Canthaxanthin Biosynthesized by Microbials
Kim, Ji-Min ; Kim, Jong-Jin ; Lee, Shi-Hyoung ; Choi, Yang-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 38, issue 3, 2011, Pages 239~245
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2011.38.3.239
Pigments in the diet affect yolk colors. Due to variations in both the bioavailability of pigments in chickens and their amounts occurring in the feed ingredients, concern about egg quality arises in terms of yolk color. In this study, the effects of pigments, produced through cell culture in the laboratory, on yolk colors were determined for 4 weeks in laying hens receiving one of the 6 dietary treatments: control diets containing 1) no synthetic pigments (CON); 2) canthaxanthin (4 ppm) purchased from BASF (BASF); 3) cultured cells so that the diet had canthaxanthin at 4 ppm (CX); 4) cultured cells so that the diet had lycopene at 30 ppm (LP); 5) canthaxanthin (4 ppm) that was purified from cultured cells (SPCX); or 6) lycopene (30 ppm) that was purified from cultured cells. Relation between deposition of pigments into yolks and egg production was also tested. Yolk color of eggs from chickens fed dietary CX was significantly enhanced, which was slightly but significantly below that of BASF. Results from other treatments were lower than those of CX. Deposit rates of pigments into yolks were: BASF > CX > SPCX > LP > SPLP. The amounts of pigments, with the exception of SPLP, in feed were not changed during the storage for 4 weeks at
. Egg production rates varied among treatments during the initial phase of the study but became relatively uniform at the later stage, except for CON and LP groups. The results of the present study indicate that the deposition of pigments into yolks is independent of egg production.