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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Poultry Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Poultry Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 41, Issue 4 - Dec 2014
Volume 41, Issue 3 - Sep 2014
Volume 41, Issue 2 - Jun 2014
Volume 41, Issue 1 - Mar 2014
Selecting the target year
Effect of Addition Levels of Duck Meat on Quality Characteristics of Emulsion Type Sausages during Cold Storage
Kang, Geunho ; Ham, Hyoung-Joo ; Seong, Pil-Nam ; Cho, Soohyun ; Moon, Sungsil ; Park, Kyoungmi ; Kang, Sun Mun ; Park, Beom-Young ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 41, issue 2, 2014, Pages 77~85
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2014.41.2.77
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of duck and pork meat mixing ratio on quality characteristics of emulsion type sausage at
during 5 weeks. Treatments on the basis of the meat content were subjected to 100% duck meat (T1), 100% pork meat (T2), 50% duck meat + 50% pork meat (T3), 40% duck meat + 60% pork meat (T4), and 30% duck meat + 70% pork meat (T5). The moisture content was significantly (p<0.05) higher in TI sample but significantly (p<0.05) lower in T2 sample than those in comparison to the other treatments. Crude protein and fat content were significantly (p<0.05) higher in T2 sample compared to the other treatments. CIE
value was significantly (p<0.05) lower in T1 sample than those of other treatments until 5 weeks of cold storage. CIE
value was significantly (p<0.05) higher in T1 sample but significantly (p<0.05) lower in T2 sample than those in comparison to the other treatments until 5 weeks of cold storage. Hardness was significantly (p<0.05) higher in T4 sample compared to the other treatments during all cold storage. Cohesiveness was significantly (p<0.05) higher in T5 sample compared to the other treatments until 2 weeks of cold storage. The results of sensory evaluation showed that the meat flavor, taste and texture were significantly (p<0.05) lower in T5 sample compared to the other treatments whereas no difference among treatments except T5 sample. Overall acceptability was significantly (p<0.05) lower in T5 sample compared to the other treatments. Therefore, these results suggested that the ratio of 40% duck meat and 60% pork meat is appropriate levels for hardness and palatability when manufacturing emulsion type sausage with duck meat.
Normal Development and Hatchability of Korean Oge Chickens in White Leghorn Surrogate Eggshells
Choi, Hee Jung ; Kang, Kyung Soo ; Lee, Hyung Chul ; Lee, Hyo Gun ; Rengaraj, Deivendran ; Park, Tae Sub ; Han, Jae Yong ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 41, issue 2, 2014, Pages 87~92
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2014.41.2.87
The avian embryos have been used as a good model to study embryonic development. Due to its unique development in the eggshell, avian embryos can be cultured and hatch in the surrogate eggshell system. In this study, we examined the viability, normal development and hatchability of Korean Oge (KO) chicken embryos in White Leghorn (WL) surrogate eggshells. Donor KO embryos at 3-day and 4-day-old were transferred into recipient WL eggshells, incubated for further 18 days at
with 70% of humidity until hatching. The viability of 3-day-old KO embryos at 7, 14 and 21 day in surrogate eggshell were 70.0%, 43.8% and 23.1%, respectively. In contrast, the viability of 4-day-old KO embryos at 7, 14 and 21 day in surrogate eggshells were 87.1%, 55.6% and 36.0%, respectively. The hatchability of KO embryos transferred into surrogate eggshells at 3-day-old was 23.1%, whereas embryos transferred at 4-day-old was 36.0%. Furthermore, the development of all viable embryos from 3-day group and 4-day group were normal. Our results suggested that culture of KO embryos in WL surrogate eggshells is highly possible, and transfer of donor embryos at 4-day-old may yield higher percentage of hatchability. This study may provide potential knowledge for the conservation of wild and endangered birds through surrogate system.
Analysis of HACCP System Implementation on Productivity, Advantage and Disadvantage of Laying Hen Farm in Korea
Nam, In Sik ; Kim, Hyung Sik ; Seo, Kang Min ; Ahn, Jong Ho ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 41, issue 2, 2014, Pages 93~98
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2014.41.2.93
This study was conducted to analysis the reason for implementing HACCP system, advantage and disadvantage of HACCP system implemented laying hen farm. The study was carried out by randomly selected fifteen laying hen farms located in all around Korea. All data were collected from fifteen laying hen farms before and after the implementation of HACCP system. The results were as follows: The egg production rate, livability rate and monthly used animal medicine fee did not changed after HACCP system implementation. However, monthly used disinfectant fee tended to be higher in HACCP farm compared to non-HACCP farm. 26.92% of the laying hen farmer responded enhancement of their farm competitiveness as the major propose for implementing HACCP system. The advantages of HACCP implemented laying hen farms were methodical farm management (22.39%), improvement of awareness (21.18%), improvement of the farm sanitation management level (15.30%), safety egg production (15.05%), productivity enhancement (7.29%), reduction of mortality rate (6.82%), and improvement of labor's welfare (5.89%). The disadvantages of HACCP implemented laying hen farms were HACCP recording (43.30%), alteration of consciousness (22.60%), HACCP monitoring (11.11%), HACCP education (9.97%), HACCP verification (6.90%), and A high turnover of labor (6.13%). In conclusion, implementation of HACCP system to laying hen farm did not affect on the productivity or the use of animal medicine. However, the HACCP system may enhance safety and sanitation of egg production for consumer.
A Case Study on the Exogenous Factors affecting Extra-large Egg Production in a Layer Farm in Korea
Lee, Hyun-Chang ; Jang, Woo-Whan ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 41, issue 2, 2014, Pages 99~104
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2014.41.2.99
The objective of this study is to analyze the production of extra-large egg and assess the impacts of exogenous factors in feeding the layer chicken. The main results of this study are as follows; First, feeding rations on the basics of statistics, internal maximum and minimum temperature and, the age at first egg affect the production of extra-large egg. Second, implicating the standardized coefficients from the conclusion of regression model estimating suggest that the amount of feed has the greatest impact on production followed by the age at first egg. Third, by using the elasticity of output and the volatility in the production, the result suggest that among the independent variable factors in the external volatility, the biggest one goes to feed ration, and the age at first egg follows. In order to control the production volatility in the extra-large egg production of the farms, it is necessary to manage an efficient feeding based on feed ration, age at first egg and, the maximum and minimum temperature inside the farm. Taken together, the results demonstrates that it should be concentrated by controlling the exogenous factors affecting extra large egg production and the management system construct, to increase extra-large egg production and the income of farmers at the same time.
Effects of Dietary Supplementation of Coffee Meal on Intestinal Enzyme Activity, Biochemical Profiles and Microbial Population in Broiler Chicks
Ko, Young-Hyun ; Yun, Seo-Hyun ; Song, Min-Hae ; Kim, Se-Yun ; Kim, Jong-Sun ; Kim, Hyoun-Wook ; Jang, In-Surk ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 41, issue 2, 2014, Pages 105~113
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2014.41.2.105
The current study was performed to investigate the effects of dietary supplementation of dried coffee meal (CM) on growth performance, intestinal and blood biochemical index, intestinal enzymes, and cecal microbial populations. A total of 162, 3-day-old male broiler chicks were randomly allocated into three dietary groups: control group (CON), basal diet added with 0.5% CM (CM I), and basal diet added with 1.0% CM (CM II). Dietary supplementation of CM did not change bird performance and the relative weight of intestinal mucosal tissues. The birds fed the diet supplemented with CM (0.5 and 1.0%) significantly decreased mucosal glucose concentration (P<0.05) without affecting blood glucose level compared with those fed control diet. The level of blood aspartate aminotransferase (AST) significantly increased in CM II group (P<0.05) without affecting
-glutamyl transpeptidase (
-GTP) compared with that in the CON group. The specific activity of intestinal maltase, leucine aminopeptidase (LAP) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were not affected by dietary supplementation of CM, whereas sucrase activity in birds fed the diet supplemented with CM was decreased (P<0.05) compared to that in the control birds. The colony forming units (CFU) of E. coli in the cecum of CM-fed birds was significantly decreased (P<0.05) compared with that of control birds without changing the CFU of Lactobacillus. In conclusion, dietary supplementation of lower level of CM (0.5%) can be used as a beneficial feed resource without liver toxicity in broiler chicks.
Comparison of Stress Response between Korean Native Chickens and Single Comb White Leghorns subjected to a High Stocking Density
Sohn, Sea Hwan ; Cho, Eun Jung ; Park, Dhan Bee ; Jang, In Surk ; Moon, Yang Soo ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 41, issue 2, 2014, Pages 115~125
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2014.41.2.115
With Single Comb White Leghorn (WL) and Korean Native Chicken (KNC) breeds, we compared the stress response with chicken breeds that were subjected to a high stocking density. Stress response was analyzed by the quantity of telomeric DNA, the rate of DNA damage and the expression levels of heat shock proteins (HSPs) and hydroxyl-3-methyl-glutaryl coenzyme A reductase (HMGCR) genes on tissues and blood. The telomere length and telomere shortening rates were analyzed by quantitative fluorescence in situ hybridization on the nuclei of lymphocytes and tissues. The DNA damage rate of lymphocytes was quantified by the comet assay. The expression levels of HSP70, HSP90-
and HMGCR genes were measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction in lymphocytes. There was no significant difference between KNC and WL in body weight, weight gain, telomere shortening rate and DNA damage rate. However, the growth rate significantly decreased in chickens raised under high stocking density conditions, as compared to the control group. The telomere-shortening rate, DNA damage and HSPs expression of the lymphocytes were significantly higher in the high stocking density group than the control. The stress condition and breeds had a significant effect on the expressions of HSP70, HSP90-
in lymphocytes, except HMGCR. The stress response of WL was higher than that of KNC, as analyzed to the expression of HSP70 and HSP90-
. Therefore, we concluded that the chickens which were exposed to a high stocking density had increased the individual physiological stress response regardless of breeds, and White Leghorns are more susceptible to stress condition than Korean Native Chickens.
Effect of Adding Lactobacillus-Fermented Solution on Characteristics of Chicken Breast Meat
Kim, Sun Hyo ; Jayasena, Dinesh D. ; Kim, Hyun-Joo ; Jo, Cheorun ; Jung, Samooel ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 41, issue 2, 2014, Pages 127~133
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2014.41.2.127
The effect of Lactobacillus-fermented solution (LFS) at a concentration of 0, 1 and 2% on shelf-life extension in terms of total aerobic bacteria and on color, lipid oxidation, and sensorial characteristics of injected chicken breast meat was tested during a 9-day storage period at
. Throughout the whole storage days, addition of LFS showed the significant inhibition of total aerobic bacteria counts in chicken breast meat compared with that of control. However, the addition of LFS to chicken breast meat resulted in the decrease of pH, the increase of
values, and the increase of lipid oxidation in chicken breast meat when compared with those of control at any given storage period (P<0.05). In addition, the chicken breast meat added with LFS was subjected to low scores in sensorial properties such as flavor, taste, tenderness, and overall acceptability. The results suggested that LFS can be used for improving the shelf-life of chicken meat processing product, however, further study to prevent the deterioration of quality such as lipid oxidation and sensorial property is needed.
The Dietary Effects of Marigold Extracts on Egg Production, Egg Quality and the Production of Lutein Fortified Chicken Eggs
Kim, Eun-Jib ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 41, issue 2, 2014, Pages 135~142
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2014.41.2.135
This study was conducted to evaluate dietary effects of Marigold extract on laying performance, egg quality, oxidative stability of egg yolk and lutein transfer into chicken eggs. A total of one-hundred eighty nine 55-wk-old Hy-Line Brown layers were divided into seven groups and fed control diet or each experimental diet containing 0.1, 0.3, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 or 2.0% Marigold extract. Egg production, egg weight and daily egg mass were not affected by dietary treatments. The yolk colors in groups fed diets containing Marigold extract were significantly higher than that of control. The Haugh unit were tended to be improved by feeding of diets containing Marigold extract although there were no significant difference in egg shell strength and thickness. The MDA (malondialdehyde) contents in groups fed diets containing Marigold extract above 0.5% were significantly reduced than that of control. After 14d of storage, the Haugh unit values in groups feed diets containing 0.3 and 1.0% Marigold extract were significantly higher than that of control (p<0.05). The concentration of lutein in egg yolk increased by feeding of Marigold extract. When 2% Marigold extract was supplemented to the diet, lutein content of egg was increased as much as 1.71 mg/60 g. These results indicated that the use of Marigold extract in layer diets was effective in egg quality and for the production of lutein fortified eggs.
Effects of Dietary Supplementation of Mixed Probiotics on Production Performance and Intestinal Environment in Broiler Chicken
Oh, Seong Taek ; Kang, Chang Won ; Kim, Eun Jib ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 41, issue 2, 2014, Pages 143~149
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2014.41.2.143
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary supplementation of the mixture of probiotics (MP) on growth performance, size of small intestine, cecal microflora and ammonia concentrations in broiler chicks. A total of 700, one-day-old male broiler chicks were randomly allotted to four treatments with seven replications having 25 birds per pen. The birds were fed one of the four experimental diets; containing no antibiotics nor MP (negative control, NC), containing antibiotics without MP(positive control, PC), negative control with MP 0.1% and negative control with MP 0.2% for 5 weeks. During overall experiment, birds in PC and MP treatments had higher final BW and daily BW gains than birds in NC treatments; however, the significance was not identified. The feed conversion ratio of the chicks fed the diet containing MP was significantly improved as compared to those fed the NC diets. The weights of jejunum were increased by the MP (p<0.05), but weights of duodenum, ileum and length of small intestine were similar among the groups. Birds in PC treatment showed lower populations of total microbes and lactic acid bacteria than other groups (p<0.05), cecal ammonia concentrations of the chicks fed the diet containing MP were significantly decreased as compared to those of NC and PC (p<0.01). In conclusion, MP added to the broiler diets improved the feed conversion rate and reduced cecal ammonia concentration.