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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Poultry Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Poultry Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 41, Issue 4 - Dec 2014
Volume 41, Issue 3 - Sep 2014
Volume 41, Issue 2 - Jun 2014
Volume 41, Issue 1 - Mar 2014
Selecting the target year
The Line Differences and Genetic Parameters of Linoleic and Arachidonic Acid Contents in Korean Native Chicken Muscles
Jin, Shil ; Park, Hee Bok ; Jung, Samooel ; Jo, Cheorun ; Seo, Dong Won ; Choi, Nu Ri ; Heo, Kang Nyeong ; Lee, Jun Heon ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 41, issue 3, 2014, Pages 151~157
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2014.41.3.151
Korean native chicken (KNC) is classified as five lines (grey, black, red, white, brown) based on the plumage colors. The KNC has superior meat quality and flavor compared with those of the commercial broilers, which can be explained by the high arachidonic acid contents. The current study was conducted to investigate arachidonic acid contents in five lines of KNC and used for the development of commercial KNC. Breast and thigh muscles from 597 F1 KNC birds were used in this study and linoleic (precursor of the arachidonic acid) and arachidonic acid contents were measured by the standard protocol. In addition, heritabilities and genetic correlations were estimated. As the results, arachidonic acid contents were significantly different among the KNC lines. Also, relatively high heritabilities (0.414~0.570) for arachidonic acid contents were estimated in both breast and thigh muscles. The estimated genetic correlation was negative between linoleic and arachidonic acids. This study indicated that selection of KNC is possible for improving meat flavor in relation to the arachidonic acid. Also, this study can be used for making breeding plans for commercial KNC in the future.
Comparison of Water Retention and Loss of Chicken Carcasses by Different Water Chilling Condition
Lee, Jae Cheong ; Kim, Byeong-Ki ; Jun, Jin An ; Yim, Chan Hyok ; Kim, Hyosun ; Lee, Kyung-Woo ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 41, issue 3, 2014, Pages 159~164
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2014.41.3.159
This study was conducted to investigate whether water chilling had effect on water retention, freshness or internal temperature of chicken carcasses during chilling or storage in two different chicken processing plants (designated as A and B). A total of 240 carcasses from chicken processing plants (n = 120 per chicken processing plant) was randomly sampled and evaluated the effect of water chilling on carcass characteristics (i.e., water retention, water loss or freshness during chilling or storage). Torrymeter value was used as an indicator of freshness in chicken carcasses. Water chilling did not affect carcass water retention between the processing plants. However, chicken carcasses processing in B plant exhibited significantly higher freshness (p<0.05) compared with those in A plant. This difference in freshness was mainly due to the longer transit time through the water chiller in A versus B plants. Water loss of carcasses during storage was not different between plants. It was found that carcass freshness can be affected by water chilling time as manifested in this study. Further study is warranted to see whether freshness or microbiological status of chicken carcasses may be affected depending on the chilling methods, i.e., air or water chilling.
Effects of Supplementary Cu-Soy Proteinate (Cu-SP) and Herbal Mixture (HBM) on the Growth Performance, Intestinal Microflroa, Immune Response in Broilers
Kim, Chan Ho ; Shin, Kwang Suk ; Kang, Hwan Ku ; Kim, Ji Hyuk ; Hwangbo, Jong ; Choi, Hee Cheol ; Moon, Hong Kil ; Paik, In Kee ; Bang, Han Tae ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 41, issue 3, 2014, Pages 165~171
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2014.41.3.165
The objective of this experiment was to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation of copper-soy proteinate (Cu-SP) and herbal mixture (HBM) on growth performance, intestinal microflora, and immune response in broiler. A total 1,000 1-d old ROSS 308 (initial
) were randomly allotted to 1 of 5 dietary treatments with 4 replicates during d 35 of the feeding trial. Dietary included: (1) Control : control diet, (2) Antibiotics : control diet + Avilamycin 6 ppm, (3) Cu-SP : control diet + 100 ppm Cu-soy proteinate, (4) HBM : control diet + 0.15% herbal mixture, (5) Cu-SP+HBM : control diet + 100 ppm Cu-soy proteinate + 0.2% herbal mixture. Two-phase feeding program with a starter diet from d 0 to 21, and a finisher diet from d 22 to 35 was used in the experiment. Within each phase, a diet was formulated to meet or exceed NRC requirements of broilers for macro- and micronutrients. The diet and water were available ad libitum. Result indicated that during d 22 to 35 and over all periods of the experiment, feed intake and feed conversion ratio were greater (P<0.05) for other treatment than control. Significant differences were found in lymphocyte (LY), and stress indicator (HE:LY ratio). Lymphocyte was greater (P<0.05) for Cu-SP + HBM treatment than control. However, stress indicator (HE:LY ratio) were greater (P<0.05) for control than Cu-SP + HBM treatment. The plasma IgG was higher (P<0.05) in the antibiotics, HBM, and Cu-SP+HBM treatments groups compared with control. The population of Clostridium perfringens in the antibiotics, Cu-SP, HBM, Cu-SP + HBM treatment groups were lower (P<0.05) than those control. These result suggested that dietary copper-soy proteinate or herbal mixture may be used as an alternative to antibiotics to improve growth performance, and intestinal health of birds.
Serological Survey of Major Avian Viral Diseases Related with Egg Production in Commercial Chicken Flocks in Korea
Jang, Hae-Sun ; Lee, Hae-Rim ; Koo, Bon-Sang ; Jeon, Eun-Ok ; Han, Moo-Sung ; Min, Kyung-Cheol ; Lee, Seung-Baek ; Bae, Yeonji ; Cho, Sun-Hyung ; Mo, Jong-Suk ; Kim, Jong-Nyeo ; Mo, In-Pil ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 41, issue 3, 2014, Pages 173~179
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2014.41.3.173
While use of mass rearing systems improved poultry production, chances of exposing to contagious diseases have been increased, making flocks more vulnerable to diseases. Diseases of interest which affects egg production adversely include Low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI), Infectious bronchitis (IB), Avian meta-pneumoviral infection (aMPV) and Egg drop syndrome'76 (EDS'76). This report collected and analyzed 5,385 serum samples, which were collected from 1,330 different chicken flock, provided by Chungbuk National University, Avian Disease Laboratory at 2009. Serums were analyzed based on rearing stages; 0~1.3weeks (wks) (maternal antibody period), >1.3~3 wks (starting period), >3~10 wks (growing period), >10~22 wks (developing period), >22~40 wks (peak laying period), >40~60 wks (late laying period) and over 60 wks (post-molting period). Results showed the 99.7% of the tested flocks were immunized against ND and73.8%, 97.1%, 78,2% and 78% of the flocks were immunized against other 4 agents (LPAI, IB, EDS'76, aMPV). Maternal antibody was transferred to enough quantity for NDV. Generally, antibody titers which were developed at 22 weeks were stabilized permanently for life. In case of IB and aMPV, infection titer emerged as early as 10 weeks and the titer was increased from 99.4% to 100% for life. EDS76 showed increase in titers, reflecting decreased frequency of vaccination programs. Overall, this study displayed general trends of major viral disease in layers, but considering the trend of development of preventive measures and evolution of pathogens, conducting serological surveys on a regular basis is important.
Effect of Chicken Skin and Pork Backfat on Quality of Dakgalbi-Taste Chicken Sausage
Song, Yeong Rae ; Kim, Dong Soo ; Muhlisin, Muhlisin ; Seo, Tae Su ; Jang, Aera ; Pak, Jae In ; Lee, Sung Ki ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 41, issue 3, 2014, Pages 181~189
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2014.41.3.181
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of chicken skin and pork backfat on quality of Dakgalbi-taste chicken sausage as fat sources. The sausages were manufactured with 100% chicken breast without fat sources, 85% chicken breast meat with 15% chicken skin or 85% chicken breast meat with 15% pork backfat, respectively. Batters for production of chicken sausage were mixed with 5% Dakgalbi sauce and 4.92% ingredients (meat and lipid basis) for 20 min and then stuffed into casing. All cooked sausages were vacuum-packaged and stored at
for 14 days. Moisture and crude protein contents were higher in the control, and crude lipid content was higher in chicken sausage with pork backfat (p<0.05). Unsaturated fatty acids content and monounsaturated fatty acids/saturated fatty acids ratio of sausage with pork backfat were lower than those of control and sausage with chicken skin (p<0.05), which were influenced by fatty acids compositions of fat sources. The chicken sausage with pork backfat showed a lower hardness and chewiness, and higher springiness measured by food texture analyzer. The sausage with pork backfat had a high level of water holding capacity (WHC) during storage (p<0.05). In conclusion, Dakgalbi-taste chicken sausage containing chicken skin had higher unsaturated fatty acid compositions, but showed lower textural quality compared with that containing pork backfat.
Effects of c.494A>C and c.267T>G SNPs in OCX-32 Gene of Korean Native Chicken on Egg Production Traits
Lee, Ji-Yeon ; Choi, So-Young ; Kim, Chong-Dae ; Hong, Yeong Ho ; Jeong, Dong Kee ; Lee, Sung-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 41, issue 3, 2014, Pages 191~196
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2014.41.3.191
The identification and utilization of potential candidate genes with significant effects on economically important traits have become increasingly important in poultry breeding programs. The ovocalyxin-32 (OCX-32) gene is located chromosome 9 in chicken, plays an important role in eggshell formation. This study was performed to assess the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of OCX-32 gene and egg production traits in the Korean native chicken. Four Korean native chicken population (n = 181; including 46 females of Ogol, 46 females of white, 43 females of gray and 46 females of black) were used to analyze two SNPs (c.494A>C and c.267T>G) in the OCX-32 gene by PCR-RFLP (Polymerase Chain Reaction-Restricted Fragment Length Polymorphism). We measured egg production traits of age at first egg, first egg weight, egg production ratio and egg weight. The SNP c.494A>C was significantly associated with egg production ratio in Korean Ogol chickens (p<0.001) and egg weight in Korean white chickens (p<0.05). SNP c.267T>C was significantly associated with egg weight in Korean Ogol chickens (p<0.05). But there was no significant association in Korean gray and black chickens. Results suggest the possibility of using molecular markers in OCX-32 gene as a tool for performance and egg production traits in Korean native chicken breeding program.
Effects of Dietary Supplementation of Red Ginseng Mare and Korean Mistletoe Powder on Performance and Meat Quality of Broiler Chicken
Kim, Young-Jik ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 41, issue 3, 2014, Pages 197~204
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2014.41.3.197
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of different levels of red ginseng mare or Korean mistletoe powder on growth performance and physicochemical properties of thigh meat in broiler. A total of 200 broiler chicks were divided into five groups were fed a basal diet (control), basal diet supplemented with 0.5% red ginseng mare (T1), red ginseng mare 1% added (T2), Korean mistletoe 0.5% added (T3), Korean mistletoe 0.5% added (T4) for five weeks. Growth performance and proximate composition of chicken thigh meat were not influenced by all treatments, except for mortality and crude fat, which was significantly lower in all treatments with red ginseng mare or Korean mistletoe powder compared to control. Dietary red ginseng mare and Korean mistletoe supplementation had no significantly effects on pH, WHC, shear force, CIE
values, triglyceride and glucose but TBARS values total cholesterol, and LDL-cholesterol were decreased (P<0.05) by the addition red ginseng mare and Korean mistletoe powder. CIE
values increased significantly with added red ginseng mare and Korean mistletoe powder relative to the control (P<0.05). It was concluded that the addition of red ginseng mare and Korean mistletoe powder revealed minor improvements in the lipid oxidative stability of chicken meat.
The Effect of Stocking Density and Strain on the Performance and Physiological Adaptive Responses in Broiler Chickens
Jang, In-Surk ; Yun, Seo-Hyun ; Ko, Young-Hyun ; Kim, Se-Yun ; Song, Min-Hye ; Kim, Jong-Sun ; Sohn, Sea-Hwan ; Moon, Yang-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 41, issue 3, 2014, Pages 205~215
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2014.41.3.205
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of stocking density and strain on the performance and physiological adaptive responses including the plasma corticosterone content and the level of mRNA expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and antioxidant enzymes in broiler chicks. A total of 300 birds of two strains (150 Ross strain vs. 150 Cobb strain) aged 3-d old were allotted into two stocking densities (standard stocking density,
vs. high stocking density,
) in battery cages by
factorial designs with ten replicates until 35 d of age. There was no significant strain effect on body weight, feed intakes and feed to gain ratio and the relative organ weights. However body weight, feed intakes and relative organ weight were found to be significantly (P<0.05) affected by the effect of stocking density. Plasma corticosterone level was not affected by both stocking density and strain effects. Hepatic mRNA expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines including interleukin-
), IL-6, IL-18 and interferon-gamma (IFN-
) was not significantly changed by the effects of strain and stocking density. However, the mRNA expression of glutathione peroxidase (GPX) was affected by strain, showing that Ross strain decreased (P<0.05) the GPX expression. With respect to the effect of stocking density, there was a significant (P<0.05) increase in superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) and GPX mRNA expression in the liver from high stocking density group. Splenic pro-inflammatory cytokine expression was not also affected by stocking density and strain, except that IL-18 mRNA significantly (P<0.05) decreased in Cobb strain under high stocking density. The mRNA expression of SOD and CAT was significantly (P<0.05) affected by the effects of stocking density and strain. In conclusion, growth performance was not affected by strain but stocking density. Although mRNA expression of major pro-inflammatory cytokines was not changed by stocking density and strain, antioxidant enzyme was significantly affected by stocking density, strain or even organ in birds under summer conditions. More detailed studies still needed to be explored to elucidate the effects of environmental conditions and genetic background on physiological responses in birds.
Inheritance and Heritability of Telomere Length in Chicken
Park, Dan Bi ; Sohn, Sea Hwan ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 41, issue 3, 2014, Pages 217~225
DOI : 10.5536/KJPS.2014.41.3.217
Telomeres are the ends of the eukaryotic chromosomes and consist of a tandem repetitive DNA sequence and shelterin protein complex. The function of telomere is to protect chromosome. Telomere length in somatic cells tends to decrease with organismal age due to the end replication problem. However, several factors at the genetic, epigenetic and environmental level affect telomere length. In this study, we estimated heritability of telomere length and investigated inheritance of telomeres in a chicken. Telomere length of lymphocytes was analyzed by semi-quantitative polymerase chain reaction using telomere primer and quantitative fluorescence in situ hybridization using telomeric DNA probe. In results, heritability of telomere length was estimated 0.9 at birth by offspring-parent regression analysis and was estimated 0.03 and 0.04 at 10 and 30 weeks old, respectively, by parental variance analysis. There was a significant positive correlation in telomere length between father and their offspring (r=0.348), and mother and their offspring (r=0.380). In inheritance patterns of telomere length, the influence of paternal and maternal effect on their offspring was similar. The influence of inherited telomeres on male and female progeny was also roughly alike. These results implicated that imprinting of parental telomere length was regulated by autosomal genes, not sex linked genes. In addition, telomere length of offspring at birth did not differ along with their maternal age. Thus, maternal age does not affects telomere length in their offspring at birth owing to cellular reprogramming at early embryonic stage.