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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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Korean Society of Steel Construction
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 6 - Dec 2004
Volume 16, Issue 5 - Oct 2004
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Aug 2004
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Jun 2004
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Apr 2004
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Feb 2004
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Improvement of Enhanced Assumed Strain Four-node Finite Element Based on Reissner-Mindlin Plate Theory
Chun, Kyoung Sik ; Park, Dae Yong ; Chang, Suk Yoon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 16, issue 3, 2004, Pages 295~303
In this paper, an improved four-node Reissner-Mindlin plate-bending element with enhanced assumed strain field is presented for the analysis of isotropic and laminated composite plates. To avoid the shear locking and spurious zero energy modes, the transverse shear behavior is improved by the addition of a new enhanced shear strain based on the incompatible displacement mode approach and bubble function. The "standard" enhanced strain fields (Andelfinger and Ramm, 1993) are also employed to improve the in-plane behaviors of the plate elements. The four-node quadrilateral element derived using the first-order shear deformation theory is designated as "14EASP". Several applications are investigated to assess the features and the performances of the proposed element. The results are compared with other finite element solutions and analytical solutions. Numerical examples show that the element is stable, invariant, passes the patch test, and yields good results especially in highly distorted regimes.
Evaluating the Wind-induced Response of Tall Building Changed by Arrangements of the Buildings
Cho, Sang Kyu ; Ha, Young Cheol ; Kim, Jong Rak ; Kim, Kyu Suk ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 16, issue 3, 2004, Pages 305~314
Many residential buildings and mixed-use (i.e., residential and commercial) buildings that are currently under construction in the country mainly consist of building clusters rather than single structures. Recent trends show single buildings that actually consist of two houses. The lower part of the building consists of a single dwelling space. However, the upper part of the building is split into two dwellings, considering the aspects of commercialism and appearance, such as ventilation and lighting. These tall and complex buildings not only have low mass and damping. They also depend on wind loads for their structural stability and serviceability, due to the interaction between the building groups and the wind. In architectural design, however, the interaction effects among neighboring houses within a building group have yet to be identified. In addition, it is difficult to predict these interaction effects. In this regard, this thesis aims to model patterns of architecture, which consist of two houses that are existing or under construction. Current structures are investigated by comparing their wind-reduced response interaction effects, based on the measured distance between two buildings, and the acceleration response through the wind tunnel test. The results of this study are expected to provide basic data for wind-induced response interaction effects of building groups. Furthermore, the outcomes are also intended to be used as data for more rational and economical structure design.
Application limit of Yield Line Analysis on Welded T-joints in Cold-Formed SHS Sections
Kang, Chang Hoon ; Bae, Kyu Woong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 16, issue 3, 2004, Pages 315~324
This study performs a yield line analysis of welded T-joints in cold-formed Square Hollow Sections (SHS) with the branch in axial compression. The existing yield line models proposed by Koto, Packer, Zhao, and CIDECT and the proposed yield line model of the previous study are compared, using the existing test results of welded T-joints in cold-formed SHS. The yield line model suggested in the previous paper, which is based on the simplified yield line analysis, is reviewed to evaluate its application limit on cold-formed SHS T-joints. In the proposed model, the round corner of the cold-formed SHS section and weld size are taken into account. Finally, the validity range of yield line analysis is determined by observing the actual failure modes and comparing the test value with the analysis value, set as
Analytical and Experimental Studies on Partially Composite of Steel-Plate Girder Bridges Using Slab Anchors
Han, Sang Yun ; Park, Nam Hoi ; Yoon, Ki Young ; Kang, Young Jong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 16, issue 3, 2004, Pages 325~332
Cross sections of steel-plate girder bridges are divided into three cross sections of non-composite, partially composite, and fully composite sections, according to their composite characteristics. The Korean provision for the partially and fully composite sections specifies general usage of the stud of shear connectors, whereas the one for the non-composite section specifies empirical usage of slab anchors. However, the actual behavior of the cross sections of steel-plate girder bridges using slab anchors is close not to the non-composite action, but to the partially composite action. Therefore analytical and experimental studies on partial composites of steel-plate girder bridges using slab anchors are performed in this study. Intial stiffness of the slab anchor is obtained by the experimental study for the first time, and the composite characteristic of simple-span and two-span continuous steel-plate girder bridges is investigated by the finite element analyses for the second time. Based on the obtained initial stiffness, the reduction effect of tensile stresses in the concrete-slab on the intermediate support of the continuous bridge is also considered herein.
Size Effects in the Failure of Specially Orthotropic Sandwich Slab Bridges
Han, Bong Koo ; Lee, Yong Ho ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 16, issue 3, 2004, Pages 333~344
In civil engineering applications, the establishment of standards and procedures for analysis, design, fabrication, construction, and quality control are essential in facilitating the economic and efficient use of composite materials. Many bridge systems, including girders. cross beams, and concrete decks, function as specially orthotropic plates. in general, the analytical solution for such complex systems is very difficult to achieve. Thus, the finite difference method is used for the analysis of the problem. The rate of tensile strength reduction due to increased size is considered. Strength reduction is necessary to ensure the safe design of building structures. This paper suggests the use of a strength-failure analysis procedure using the reduced tensile strength. A numerical study is conducted for different cases. The Tasi-Wu failure criterion for stress space is also used.
A Study on the Characteristics of Nonlinear Unstable Phenomenon According to the Shape Variation of Cable Domes
Kim, Seung Deog ; Back, In Seong ; Kim, Hyung Seok ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 16, issue 3, 2004, Pages 345~353
One of the key issues in spatial structures with large spaces is how to carry the weight of the roof. This can be solved by the effective use of tension members. A cable dome structural system facilitates the construction of a large space structure. As external load increases, however, the cable dome structural system is put at risk due to global buckling. This study measures the shape of the Geiger and Flower-type cable dome by applying an initial stress. This unstable phenomenon is also examined using a perfectly shaped model and an imperfect model, which are both subjected to an axisymmetric load.
Determination of the Accurate Effective Length for Buckling Design of Cable-Supported Bridges
Jin, Man Sik ; Kyoung, Yong Soo ; Lee, Myung Jae ; Kim, Moon Young ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 16, issue 3, 2004, Pages 355~363
In order to obtain the effective length factor of beam-column members of plane frames, this paper extensively used an alignment chart approach, based on the nomograph given in LRFD-AISC specification commentaries. However, it should be noted that various simplifications and assumptions were introduced in constructing the alignment chart. To overcome the practical limitations of the alignment chart, this paper proposes a simple but accurate procedure that determined the effective buckling length for stability design of main members of cable-supported bridges. This method requires the full system buckling analysis. The numerical examples showing the suitability of the present scheme are discussed and some conclusions are drawn.
Strength and Stress Distribution Behavior for the Connections of Corrugated Steel Plates
Hwang, Won Sup ; Kang, Seung Pyo ; Wi, Young Min ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 16, issue 3, 2004, Pages 365~375
This paper presents the numerical results in strength and stress distribution behavior for the connections of corrugated steel plates (CSP). The results obtained using the finite element method indicate that the CSP with =30mm of longitudinal edge lap, by the current standard specification, has very conservative values. The results also indicate the difference of strength behavior from the bolt arrangement. The strength behavior of standard corrugated type with staggered holes is only affected by circumferential edge lap, but the edge lap and bolthole spacing have an effect on the strength behavior for the deeply corrugated type with parallel holes. Based on these results, this paper examines the current specification of the connections for CSP.
A Study on the Behavior of Wall-Support Joint of Steel Plate-Concrete Structure
Kim, Woo Bum ; Kim, Kang Sik ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 16, issue 3, 2004, Pages 377~385
An experimental and analytical study on the behavior of the wall-support joint in SC(steel plate-concrete) structure was performed. Nine full-scale specimens were tested with a horizontal monotonic load, all acting in the same plane, causing a uni-axial moment on the SC structure's wall-support beam joint. The main focus is to examine thenonlinear behavior and ultimate strength of the SC wall-support joint. The effects of parameters, such aslocation of support, thickness of the steel plate, and size of support, were studied. The yield strength and ultimate strength of the plate-concrete wall was defined by examining the load-deflection relationship, showing the tension membrane action.
Analysis of Stress Behavior on Field Welded Joints of U-rib in Steel Bridge
Kang, Chang Ib ; Choi, Seong Min ; Kook, Seung Kyu ; Lee, Dong Uk ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 16, issue 3, 2004, Pages 387~396
In this paper, stress analysis anda 3-point bending fatigue test were conducted on the full-scale specimen to investigate the effects of misalignment at the U-rib welded joint due to misfitting in the steel deck bridge. In addition, the researchers investigated the direction and starting point of fatigue cracks by SEM (Scanning Electron Microscope) and beach mark. The results of the stress analysis show that maximum stress occurred at the bottom corner of the U-rib, and that the stress was large when the magnitude of the misalignment was large. On the other hand, the results of the static loading test of the full-scale specimen show that stress was large at the bottom corner of the U-rib. In addition, fatigue life was short when the misalignment was large and fatigue life was short when the misalignment was large and fatigue life was short when the misalignment was large and fatigue life was large when the misalignment was small, as indicated by the results of both the static loading test and the fatigue test. From the observation of the failure surface, fatigue cracks began manifesting at the root of the base metal and proceeded to the bead surface (weld toe).