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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Steel Construction
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 6 - Dec 2004
Volume 16, Issue 5 - Oct 2004
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Aug 2004
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Jun 2004
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Apr 2004
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Feb 2004
Selecting the target year
Shear Resistance of Light-gauge Steel Stud Wall infilled with light-weight foamed mortar
Lee, Sang Sup ; Bae, Kyu Woong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 16, issue 4, 2004, Pages 397~406
This paper presents the test and evaluation results on the shear strength and stiffness of a light steel stud wall from a lightweight foamed mortar (lightweight hybrid wall). The use of a lightweight foamed mortar was aimed at improving structural performance, thermal performance, and finish. Studiesshowed that it did not affect thermal performance, but it contributed to structural performance and finish when the unit weight was more than 0.8 (Editor's note: Please indicate the unit of measurement.). In this study, 14 specimens-whose parameters included the specific gravity of the lightweight foamed mortar (0.6, 0.8, 1.0, 1.2), the spacing of the stud (450 mm, 600 mm, or 900 mm), finishing materials (such as lightweight foamed mortar, OSB, and gypsum board), and bracing-were manufactured. Three typical, steel house-framing specimens were added to compare the test results with the 14 specimens. The results of in-plane shear tests show that the use of lightweight foamed mortar (1.15~5.38 times stronger, 1.45~13.7 times stiffer) results in ultimate strength and initial stiffness. In addition, it was possible to widen the stud spacing to up to 900 mm without decreasing shear strength. It was very important to prevent the lightweight foamed mortar from shrinking and to secure the adhesion between the steel stud and the lightweight foamed mortar to improve structural performance.
3D Finite Element Analysis of High Tension Bolted Joints
Shim, Jae Soo ; Kim, Chun Ho ; Kim, Dong Jo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 16, issue 4, 2004, Pages 407~414
Bridges in common use are expected to have more varieties of load in their connected members and bolts than in construction. Faults in connection members or bolts occur so often according to the time flow. One of the purposes of this study is to find out the behavior and structural features of high-tension bolted joints with faults that are very difficult and cost much to find out through experimentation with finite element analysis. Another purpose of this study is to provide sufficient data, estimated experimental results, and the scheme of the test plate for an economical experimental study in the future. Surveys of bridges with a variety of faults and statistical classifications of their faults were performed, as was a finite element analysis of the internal stress and the sliding behavior of standard and defective bridge models. The finite element analysis of the internal stress was performed according to the interval of the bolt, the thickness of the plate, the distance of the edge, the diameter of the bolt, and the expansion of the construction. Furthermore, the analysis explained the sliding behavior of high-tension bolt joints and showed the geometric non-linear against the large deformation, and the boundary non-linear against the non-linear in the contact surface, including the material non-linear, to best explain the exceeding of the yield stress by sliding. A normally bolted high-tension bolt joint and deduction of bolt tension were also analyzed with the finite element analysis of bridge-sliding behavior.
Long-term corrosion-resistance of an uncoated weathering steel and its on-line and in-situ measurements
Park, Jeong Real ; Kim, Kyoo Young ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 16, issue 4, 2004, Pages 415~423
To investigate the long-term corrosion resistance of an uncoated weathering steel, an important outdoor constructional steel material, skyward surfaces of the weathering steel and a control steel initially exposed to rural and industrial atmospheres for 9 years were electrochemically tested in neutral artificial rain in terms of electrochemical potentials, impedances, and anodic potentiodynamic polarization curves. Their results were then discussed. A quite passive and stable rust layer to the artificial rain was well formed on the skyward surface of the weathering steel exposed to the industrial and rural atmospheres, and its corrosion rate in the artificial rain was measured to be about a low
. Continuous immersion of all the weathered surfaces in the artificial rain revealed the gradual degradation of the weathered corrosion layers on the steel, resulting in a cathodically controlled corrosion of the substrate steel by the electrochemical measurements. Alloy components of the weathering steel were found to retard the degradation of the weathered corrosion layers on the steel in the artificial rain. For better corrosion evaluation of the weathering steel, more electrochemical measurements of surfaces that have been exposed for more than 9 years to more closely simulated atmospheric waters are needed. These measurements are almost non-destructive and can provide online and in situ information on the corrosion rate, the development of corrosion and the conditions of rust layers on any interested surface and at any exposure time of the steel, so they can be effectively applicable to the corrosion evaluation of steel structures such as bridges, towers, and architectures by forming an electrochemical cell on an interested structural surface and by using a portable electrochemical instrument.
Evaluation of Structural Behavior of Large Studs Using Partial Composite Beams
Shim, Chang Su ; Lee, Pil Goo ; Ha, Tae Yul ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 16, issue 4, 2004, Pages 425~432
Large studs were suggested not only for the design of steel-concrete composite bridges with simplified sections but also for the shear connection in precast decks requiring uniform distribution of shear pockets. Based on the push-out test results on studs with diameters of more than 25 mm, partial composite beams with 40%-degree shear connection were fabricated, and static tests were performed. The ultimate strength and horizontal shear load redistribution of partial composite beams, which have parameters of stud shank diameters and distribution, were evaluated, and group failure in the shear span was observed. Since the flexural strength of composite beams are dependent on the strength of their shear connection, the strength of the stud connection was estimated and it showed considerably higher shear strength. From the load-slip curves, the sufficient ductility and load redistribution of large studs were confirmed. Uniformly distributed large studs can provide proper ultimate behavior of composite beams.
Local Buckling Behavior of Cold-Formed Channel Columns under Compression at Elevated Temperatures
Baik, Tai Soon ; Kang, Sung Duk ; Kang, Moon Myung ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 16, issue 4, 2004, Pages 433~442
This paper discusses the development of a computer program to analyze elastic local buckling stress based on Eurocode 3 Part 1.3 for the flange and web of cold-formed channel columns under compression at elevated temperatures. The high-temperature, stress-strain relationships of the steel used in this paper were determined according to Eurocode 3 Part 1.2. The critical temperatures and the elastic local buckling stresses of cold-formed channel columns under compression at elevated temperatures were analyzed with the computer program developed in this study. Analysis examples were given to show the applicability of the computer program.
A Study on the Multi-Level Artificial Neural Networks Using Genetic Algorithm for Preliminary Structural Design
Choi, Byoung Han ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 16, issue 4, 2004, Pages 443~452
Recently, the Artificial Neural Network(ANN) which can organize complex non-linear problems by effectively applying the parallel computational model that is similar to the human brain, was adopted in the wide department of technology and resulted in many successful applications. In this study, a more appropriate formal method is suggested for the preliminary structural design stage controlled merely by the designer's experience and intuition. To do so, this study proposes a multi-level ANN according to the general progressive structural design procedure, using Back-Propagation Algorithm (BP) and Genetic Algorithm (GA) for the ANN learning. The preliminary structural design of cable-stayed bridges was applied to illustrate the applicability of the study formulated as stated above, and the results of two different learning methods were compared.
Behavior and Design of H-Section Steel Column Base Plates for Light Concentric Load
Sim, Ki Chul ; Kim, Eun Hwa ; Kim, Won Ki ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 16, issue 4, 2004, Pages 453~461
Since there are no specifications in Korea regarding the design of steel column baseplates that are subjected to concentric axial load, this paper proposes a more accessible stress design method for baseplates based on AISC specifications and guidelines.Some designs included in this paper were: (1) a full area ofconcrete bearing pressure under normal axial load and subsequent failure in external cantilevers at 0.95 d or 0.8 bf, and (2) a partial area of the pressure under a light axial load and subsequent failure as an internal cantilever model.
Bearing Pressure and Design of Rectangular Steel Tubular Column Baseplate under Concentric Loadings
Lee, Seung Joon ; Kim, Jeong Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 16, issue 4, 2004, Pages 463~470
In this study, the bearing pressure distribution and design method of rectangular steel tubular column base plates under concentric loading were investigated. In general, the size and thickness of the baseplate are determined with the assumption that the bearing pressure of the column baseplate is uniformly distributed. When the column is loaded lightly, however, the size of the baseplate becomes smaller, the thickness becomes thinner and the bearing pressure of the baseplate is not distributed evenly. In this study, the distribution of the bearing pressure was investigated using the experimental and analytical methods. Four test specimens of the rectangular steel column baseplate were fabricated and tested. The analysis of the specimens was done using the finite element analysis program ANSYS. The result was that it was appropriate to use the effective width method to design the lightly loaded column baseplate, because the bearing pressure was not distributed evenly and was only concentrated under the column section.
Structural Behavior of Circular Tube Column Bases under the Axial Load
Lee, Tae Kyu ; Lee, Myung Jae ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 16, issue 4, 2004, Pages 471~478
The object of this study is to experimentally investigate the structural behavior of circular tube column bases under axial loads and to ascertain the test results using elastic numerical analysis. A literature survey was conducted on the AISC design code and a few design formulae. Tests were axially conducted under compressive loads. The thickness of the base plate was the main parameter of the specimens. Nine base plate specimens were used, with thicknesses ranging from 9 millimeters to 35 millimeters. The relationship of the load and the vertical displacement of base plates and the relationship of the load and the strain of the base plates were tested. Ansys version 6.1 was used for the elastic numerical analysis, to ascertain the test results. he test results and the elastic numerical analysis results will be used to suggest design formulae for inelastic numerical analyses that will be conducted later on.
A Shape Control of Welded Joints to Improve Fatigue Strength
Kang, Chang Ib ; Kook, Seung Kyu ; Lee, Dong Uk ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 16, issue 4, 2004, Pages 479~492
When U-ribs of steel deck plates are connected at the field, overhead welding should be done with backing strips. Misalignments may occur and lead to eccentric moments as well as high stress concentrations at welded joints. In this study, stress analyses and fatigue tests were carried out. Stress analyses for U-ribs' welded joints with backing strips were performed with different misalignments, root shapes, root gaps, and backing strip sizes. From the stress analyses, the stress concentration factors increased with increasing misalignments and root gaps. With the fixed misalignments and root gaps, the stress concentration factors obtained in the case of the semi-circle root shape were lower than those in the case of the right-angle root shape. It was verified that backing strip sizes have little influence on stress concentration factors. The fatigue tests for U-ribs' welded joints with backing strips indicated that increased misalignments shorten fatigue life drastically and cracks usually initiate at the root of the base metal and are propagated to the weld bead surface. Based on the results of the stress analyses, root-shape control methods were developed to mitigate stress concentration by changing welding condition control, radius curvature, and flank angle.
Study on Buckling of Composite Laminated Cylindrical Shells with Transverse Rib
Chang, Suk Yoon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 16, issue 4, 2004, Pages 493~500
In this study, the effects of ring stiffeners for buckling of cylindrical shells with composite materials were analyzed. The finite element method was used: 3-D beam elements were used for stiffeners and flat shell elements were used for cylindrical shells and were improved by introducing a substitute shear strain. The ring stiffeners were of the transverse rib type. The buckling behaviors of the cylindrical shells were analyzed based on various parameters, such as locations and sizes of stiffeners, diameter/length ratios and boundary conditions of shells, and fiber-reinforced angles. Effective reinforcement was examined by understanding the exact behaviors for buckling. The results of the analysis may serve as references for designs and future investigations.