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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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Korean Society of Steel Construction
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Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 6 - Dec 2005
Volume 17, Issue 5 - Oct 2005
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Aug 2005
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
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Frequency Domain Pattern Recognition Method for Damage Detection of a Steel Bridge
Lee, Jung Whee ; Kim, Sung Kon ; Chang, Sung Pil ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 17, issue 1, 2005, Pages 1~11
A bi-level damage detection algorithm that utilizes the dynamic responses of the structure as input and neural network (NN) as pattern classifier is presented. Signal anomaly index (SAI) is proposed to express the amount of changes in the shape of frequency response functions (FRF) or strain frequency response function (SFRF). SAI is calculated using the acceleration and dynamic strain responses acquired from intact and damaged states of the structure. In a bi-level damage identification algorithm, the presence of damage is first identified from the magnitude of the SAI value, then the location of the damage is identified using the pattern recognition capability of NN. The proposed algorithm is applied to an experimental model bridge to demonstrate the feasibility of the algorithm. Numerically simulated signals are used for training the NN, and experimentally-acquired signals are used to test the NN. The results of this example application suggest that the SAI-based pattern recognition approach may be applied to the structural health monitoring system for a real bridge.
Advaced analysis and optimal design of steel arch bridges
Choi, Se Hyu ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 17, issue 1, 2005, Pages 13~21
Advanced analysis and optimal design of steel arch bridges is presented. In the design method using an advanced analysis, separate member capacity checks after analysis are not required because the stability and strength of the structural system and its component members can be rigorously treated in the analysis. The geometric nonlinearity is considered by using the stability function. The Column Research Council tangent modulus is used to account for gradual yielding due to residual stresses. A parabolic function is used to represent the transition from elastic to zero stiffness associated with a developing hinge. An optimization technique used is a modified section increment method. The member with the largest unit value evaluated by AASHTO-LRFD interaction equation is replaced one by one with an adjacent larger member selected in the database. The objective function is taken as the weight of the steel arch bridge and the constraint functions account for load-carrying capacities and deflection requirements. Member sizes determined by the proposed method are compared with those given by other approaches.
The Modified Coefficient of the Orthotropic Rigidity for Stiffened Plates with Open Ribs
Chu, Seok Beom ; Choi, Young ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 17, issue 1, 2005, Pages 23~32
In this paper, the modified coefficient of the orthotropic rigidity for stiffened plates with open ribs is proposed to improve the inaccurate results of the orthotropic plate analysis. For stiffened plates with rectangular and angle ribs having various aspect ratios and boundary conditions, the aspect ratio and the rigidity ratio are selected as parameters and the parametric study on the modified coefficient is performed. Analyzed results of stiffened plates modeling with the isotropic and orthotropic plate element show that the modified coefficient can be expressed as a function of the rigidity ratio for each rib space regardless of the aspect ratio in case of the aspect ratio under 1 and can be represented as a single union function without regard to rib spaces and aspect ratios in the other case. The results also shows that the effects of the boundary condition on the modified coefficient is small and coefficient functions have different values according to rib shapes. The application to examples shows that the modified coefficient of the orthotropic rigidity improves accuracy. Therefore, the orthotropic plate analysis of stiffened plates with open ribs can easily achieve more accurate results using the coefficient function proposed in this study
Evaluations of Shear performance and Compressive strength of Light-weight hybrid panel
Lee, Dong Hyuck ; Lee, Sang Sup ; Bae, Kyu Woong ; Moon, Tae Sup ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 17, issue 1, 2005, Pages 33~43
This paper presents the test results and evaluations for the energy dissipation capacity and compressive performance of light-weight hybrid panels. A total of 26 full-scale specimens of light-weight hybrid panels were tested. The parameters include the presence of light-weight foamed mortar, the specific gravity of light-weight foamed mortar (0.6, 0.8, 1.0, 1.2), the finishing materials (light-weight foamed mortar, OSB [Oriented Strand Board], gypsum board), the shape of bracing (x, ~), and the size of panels (1P-900 mm 2,400 mm, 2P-1,800 mm 2,400 mm). The results of the cyclic tests are somewhat different from those of monotonic tests, due to the different specific gravity of light-weight foamed mortar. It was found from the compressive tests that the ultimate strength and initial stiffness are increased by means of light-weight foamed mortar (2~2.5 times in ultimate strength and 2~3 times in initial stiffness).
Programming of Beam/Column Analytical Process for Composite Wall Panels
Lee, Young Ki ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 17, issue 1, 2005, Pages 45~52
The object of this study was a cold-formed steel wall stud panel sheathed by gypsum boards. In the beam-analysis, the panel was treated as a simple beam with a uniform lateral loading. The deflections were calculated by considering the primary factors that reduced the stiffness of the panel. In the column-analysis, the panel was treated as a bearing wall with an axial load. By using an energy method, nominal axial strength could be evaluated by considering both flexural buckling and torsional-flexural buckling. All calculations were programmed and compared with the results of the experiment. In the beam-analysis, experimental deflections were close to theoretical deflections. In the column-analysis, the experimental values were also close to theoretical values in axial strength.
Seismic Behavior of Concrete-Filled HSS Bracing Members Reinforced by Rib
Han, Sang Whan ; Yeo, Seung Min ; Kim, Wook Tae ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 17, issue 1, 2005, Pages 53~62
The purpose of this study is to improve the seismic behavior of the bracing members. Lee and Goel's (1987) concrete filling in the hollow structural section (HSS) reduced the severity of local buckling and increased the fracture life. However, concrete filling in the HSS did not prevent the occurrence of local buckling in the midsection of the bracing member, which resulted in continuous strength degradation. This study investigated the seismic behavior of the concrete-filled HSS bracing member, which is reinforced by ribs in the midsection of the bracing member. The main variable of the specimens is rib length. The test results showed that buckling mode, cyclic compression strength, and energy dissipation capacity of the bracing members were affected by rib length. Specimen reinforced with ribs with a length of 63% had better structural performance.
Inelastic Analysis of Steel-Concrete Composite Column with Non-Compact Steel Section
Oh, Myoung Ho ; Jang, Tae Young ; Kim, Myeong Han ; Kim, Dae Joong ; Kim, Sang Dae ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 17, issue 1, 2005, Pages 63~71
There were already several studies conducted on the steel-concrete (SC) composite column, which was developedcomplement the weaknesses and maintain the advantages of previous composite columns. The axial compressive capacity of the SC composite column was estimated by the tests in previous studies, but the experiments for the large-scale column could not be performed because of the limitation with the laboratory's capacity. In this study, the analytical study was performed using the general finite element analysis program to reflect the interaction of concrete and steel and the local buckling of steel flange composed of the non-compact section. The appropriateness of the analytical model was verified by the comparison between experimental and analytical results. The nonlinear behavior of full-scale SC composite column was analyzed using the verified analytical model. From these analytical studies, it was concluded that the width-to-thickness ratio of the steel cross-section of the SC composite column should not exceed 25:0. The section area of the link is best when it is over 0.025 dt, and the link distance is to be less than D/2 or 300mm.
The Maximum Strength of Stainless Steel Rectangular Hollow Section Columns and Beam-Columns
Lee, Myung Jae ; Kim, Hee Dong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 17, issue 1, 2005, Pages 73~82
The objective of this study is to investigate the maximum strength of stainless steel rectangular hollow section columns and beam-columns by using numerical analysis. Stress-strain relationships are modeled based on coupon tests results, and their influences on the maximum strength of columns and beam-columns are discussed. The analysis results are compared with the formula for the limit state design code of steel structures. It is ascertained that the design code for the stainless steel is needed to use stainless steel for the members of architectural structures.
Load Carrying Capacities of Cold Formed Steel Structural Columns subject to Combined Axial Load and Bending Moment
Shin, Tae Song ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 17, issue 1, 2005, Pages 83~92
This paper is to evaluate the load carrying capacities of cold-formed steel columns subject to combined axial load and bending moment. A combined strength experiment is carried out using full-scale 24 specimens of lipped channel section with embossment in web. An eccentric axial load is applied in varying member-length and eccentric distance which produces an end-moment of the column. The predictions of the AISI specification and the Eurocode are compared with the experimental results, and it is shown that all of these codes are reasonable on the whole in relation to the experimental results.
Experimental Study on Flexural Capacity of Column Base Plate Made of Cast Steel
Lee, Sung Ho ; Park, Hyung Chul ; Oh, Bo Hwan ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 17, issue 1, 2005, Pages 93~102
Manufacturing conventional column base plate requires much manpower and time. In this research, a new method for constructing column base plate is introduced to improve on conventional methods through the use ofcast steel that is available for adjusting base plate thickness and enlarging base plate stiffness. The main purposes include reducing welding work, enlarging base plate stiffness, and clarifying the stress flow. Also, construction convenience and improvement in quality can be expected. For developing this cast steel base plate, test specimens of conventional and cast steel base plates are made and tested to analyze strength and stiffness. Also, the efficiency for long-term use is checked by fatigue tests. From these comparative tests, cast steel base plates have the same strength and stiffness as conventional base plates.
Application of Direct Inelastic Design for Steel Structures
Eom, Tae Sung ; Park, Hong Gun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 17, issue 1, 2005, Pages 103~113
In the present study, the Direct Inelastic Design (DID) for steel structures developed in the previous study was improved to expand it applicability. The proposed design method can perform inelastic designs that address the design characteristics of steel structures: Group member design, discrete member sizes, variation of moment-carrying capacity according to axial force, connection types, and multiple design criteria and load conditions. The design procedure for the proposed method was established, and a computer program incorporating the design procedure was developed. The design results from the conventional elastic method and the DID were compared and verified by the existing computer program for nonlinear analysis. Compared with the conventional elastic design, the DID addressing the inelastic behavior reduced the total weight of steel members and enhanced the deformability of the structure. The proposed design method is convenient because it can directly perform inelastic design by using linear analysis for secant stiffness. Also, it can achieve structural safety and economical design by controlling deformations of the plastic hinges.