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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Steel Construction
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Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 6 - Dec 2005
Volume 17, Issue 5 - Oct 2005
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Aug 2005
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
Indirect Cost Effects on Life-Cycle-Cost Effective Optimum Design of Steel Box Girder Bridge
Lee, Kwang Min ; Cho, Hyo Nam ; Cha, Chul Jun ; Eom, In Su ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 17, issue 2, 2005, Pages 115~130
This paper presents the effects of indirect costs on Life-Cycle-Cost(LCC) effective optimum design of steel-box girder bridges. The LCC formulations considered in the LCC optimization of the bridges consist of initial cost and expected rehabilitation costs including repair/replacement costs, loss of contents or fatality and injury losses, and indirect costs such as road user costs and indirect socio-economic losses. To demonstrate the LCC-effectiveness for optimum design of the bridges, an actual steel box girder bridge having two continuous spans(2@50m=100m) is considered as a numerical example. And also, in this paper, various sensitivity analyses are performed to investigate the effects of indirect costs caused by traffic conditions such as number of detour route, number of lane on detour route, length of detour route, and traffic volumes on the LCC-effective optimum design. From the numerical investigations, it may be concluded that indirect costs caused by traffic network may sensitively influence on the LCC-effective optimum design of steel-box girder bridges. Therefore, it may be stated that the traffic conditions should be considered as one of the important items in the LCC-effective optimum design of the bridges.
Simplified Load Distribution Factor Equation for the Design of Composite Steel Girder Bridges
Chung, Wonseok ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 17, issue 2, 2005, Pages 131~138
The AASHTO wheel load distribution factor (LDF) equation has been with us since 1931 and has undergone minor modifications. In 1994, an entirely new procedure was introduced in the AASHTO LRFD code based on parametric studies and finite element analyses. However, this LDF equation involves a longitudinal stiffness parameter, the design of which is not initially known. Thus, an iterative procedure is required to correctly determine the LDF value. The increased level of complexity puts undue burden on the designer resulting in a higher likelihood for misinterpretation and error. In this study, based on current AASHTO LRFD framework, a new simplified equation is developed that does not require an iterative procedure. A total of 43 representative composite steel girder bridges are selected and analyzed using a finite element model.The new simplified equation produces LDF values that are always conservative when compared to those obtained from the finite element analyses and are generally greater than the LDF obtained using AASHTO LRFD specification. Therefore, the proposed simplified equation is expected to streamline the determination of LDF for bridge design without sacrificing safety.
Inelastic Cyclic Behavior of Locally Buckled Steel Members
Lee, Eun Taik ; Song, Keum Jung ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 17, issue 2, 2005, Pages 139~149
Post-local buckling behavior is a very important consideration in plastic and seismic design of steel structures. It describes the structural behavior up to the final collapse state. In order to assess the actual reliability of structures under severe repeated loading, such as strong earthquakes, it is necessary to evaluate the progressive cyclic deterioration of stiffness as well as the strength and energy dissipation capacity of the structures after local buckling happens. In this study, a simple analytical model developed for predicting post-local buckling behavior for cyclic and non-proportional loading histories, has been proposed. This analytical model uses the stress resultant model based on the two surface model. Analytical moment-curvature relationship using this model compare well with the experimental results in constant amplitude cycling, and linearized energy deterioration which is very important in seismic design can be predicted from the proposed model.
Capacity Evaluation of Composite Beams Composed of End-Reinforced Concrete and Center-Steel
Lee, Seung Jo ; Park, Jung Min ; Kim, Ki Wook ; Kim, Wha Jung ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 17, issue 2, 2005, Pages 151~159
This study investigated the capacity evaluation of composite beam of the end-reinforced concrete, the center steel with attached main-bar of stud-bolt welting and flange with main parameter, such as shear span depth ratio (a/d=1.5, 2.5, 3.5), reinforcing method, reinforcing length, and steel main-bar ratio. The test results are summarized as follows: As the RC section becomes longer, the capacity ratio of Vsrc, test/Vsrc, the gradually decreased, with the tendency of decrease being remarkably more than a/d=3.5. The reinforcing method showed superior result both vertically and horizontally. And, capacity increase ratio displayed tendency that main-bar fixing length is obvious in 0.15L, and underestimate experimental value usually in Vsrc, Eq(3)~(5) equation. The capacity estimation was proposed equation by regression analysis with change of shear span depth ratio and main-bar fixing, steel main-bar ratio.
In-plane elastic buckling strength of parabolic arch ribs subjected symmetrical loading
Moon, Ji Ho ; Yoon, Ki Yong ; Kim, Sung Hoon ; Lee, Hak Eun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 17, issue 2, 2005, Pages 161~171
When the in-plane flexural rigidity is small in relation to the applied load, the arch ribs may buckle to the in-plane direction. Designers should therefore determine the in-plane buckling strength. To determine the buckling strength of arch ribs, designers have to consider the material nonlinear response. But in the case of arch ribs having large slenderness ratio, arch ribs may buckle in the elastic range, and when the arch ribs have low slenderness ratio, elastic buckling strength is useful in the preliminary design. In this paper, elastic buckling strength of arch ribs, which are frequently used in practical design, is studied using nonlinear finite element method. In general, the relation between flexural rigidity and elastic buckling strength is linear. As seen from the results, however, when the arch ribs have low slenderness ratio, the relation between flexural rigidity and elastic buckling strength is nonlinear.
Nondestructive Damage Identification of Free Vibrating Thin Plate Structures Using Micro-Genetic Algorithms
Lee, Sang Youl ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 17, issue 2, 2005, Pages 173~181
This study deals with a method to identify damages of free vibrating thin plate structures using the combined finite element method (FEM) and the advanced uniform micro-genetic algorithm.To solve the inverse problem using the combined method, this study uses several natural frequencies instead of mode shapes in a structure as the measured data. The technique described in this paper allows us not only to detect the damaged elements but also to find their numbers, locations, and the extent of damage.To demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed method, the algorithm is applied to a free vibrating steel thin plate structures with arbitrary damages. From the standpoint of computation efficiency, the proposed method in this study has advantages when compared with the existing simple genetic algorithms. The numerical examples demonstrate that the method using micro-genetic algorithms can possibly detect correctly the damages of thin plates from only several natural frequencies instead of their natural modes.
The Development of Improved Construction and Design Method on Continuous Preflex Girder Bridge
Koo, Min Se ; Park, Young Je ; Kim, Hun Hee ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 17, issue 2, 2005, Pages 183~194
In the previous construction method of continuous preflex composite girder bridge, we raised the inner support, and cast slab concrete innegative moment section, then lowered it to introduce compressive force in the slab. There were a few problems in the process such as the time required in raising the support and the bending of the camber. Therefore, this paper represents an improved construction method of continuous preflex composite girder by only moving downward the inner and outer supports to figure out problems in previous construction method. This paper proposes a design formula to find a proper cross section of preflex girder.
Crack Width Control and Flexural Behavior of Continuous Composite Beams
Shim, Chang Su ; Kim, Hyun Ho ; Yun, Kwang Jung ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 17, issue 2, 2005, Pages 195~206
Experimental research was performed on the 6m-6m two-span, continuous composite beams. Background research for the crack width control of continuous composite bridges in the Eurocode-4 is reviewed and equationsfor the calculation of crack width considering tension stiffening are presented. The behavior of the continuous composite beams was investigated using the initial and stabilized cracking process of the concrete slab in tension. Test results showed that the current requirement of minimum reinforcement for ductility in Korea Highway Bridge Design Codes could be reduced. The flexural stiffness of cracked continuous composite beams can be evaluated by the uncracked section analysis until the stabilized cracking stage. An empirical equation for the relationship between the stress of tensile reinforcements and crack width was obtained from the test results.
A Study on the Buckling Strength of Centrally Compressed Stainless Steel Tubular Columns
Jang, Ho Ju ; Yang, Young Sung ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 17, issue 2, 2005, Pages 207~216
The maximum strength of the stainless steel square and the circular hollow section columns, which are cold-formed and TIG welded, is experimented on and analyzed. The paper presents centrally compressed experiments, including stub column tests and coupon tests, on stainless steel pipe columns. A total of 24 stainless steel pipe column experiments are conducted, using the slenderness ratios (
= 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70) as parameters. The experimental results were compared with the design standard curves, AIK-LSD and AISC-LRFD, AIJ-LSD, SIJ-ASD curves, and multiple column curves.
An analytical study on the structural behavior of H shape column base plates under axial loads and moments
Kim, Jeong Hyun ; Lee, Seung Joon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 17, issue 2, 2005, Pages 217~225
The purpose of this study is to investigate the behavior of H-shape column base plates subjected to axial loads and moments. In this study, the behavior of H-shape column base plates is investigated using finite element analysis method and an analytical modelingof the base plates is obtained. The variations of six test specimens include ratiosof axial load, sizes of anchor bolts, and thicknesses of base plates. The experimental results are compared with the results from the finite element analyses and those of the analytical modeling. Bearing pressures of base plates from the finite element analyses are compared with those that are assumed in the design of the base plates. From the results of the research, it is observed that the initial stiffness and yield strengths in the analytical study are very similar to the experimental results. And bearing pressures are concentrated under column section with thin base plates.
Life-Cycle Cost-Effective Optimum Design of Steel Bridges Considering Environmental Stressors
Lee, Kwang Min ; Cho, Hyo Nam ; Cha, Cheol Jun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 17, issue 2, 2005, Pages 227~241
This paper presents a practical and realistic Life-Cycle Cost (LCC) optimum design methodology for steel bridges considering the long-term effect of environmental stressors such as corrosion and heavy truck traffics on bridge reliability. The LCC functions considered in the LCC optimization consist of initial cost, expected life-cycle maintenance cost, and expected life-cycle rehabilitation costs including repair/replacement costs, loss of contents or fatality and injury losses, road user costs, and indirect socio-economic losses. For the assessment of the life-cycle rehabilitation costs, the annual probability of failure, which depends upon the prior and updated load and resistance histories, should be accounted for. For the purpose, Nowak live load model and a modified corrosion propagation model, which takes into consideration corrosion initiation, corrosion rate, and repainting effect, are adopted in this study. The proposed methodology is applied to the LCC optimum design problem of an actual steel box girder bridge with 3 continuous spans (40m+50m+40m=130m). Various sensitivity analyses are performed to investigate the effects of various design parameters and conditions on the LCC-effectiveness. From the numerical investigation, it has been observed that local corrosion environments and the volume of truck traffic significantly influence the LCC-effective optimum design of steel bridges. Thus, these conditions should be considered as crucial parameters for the optimum LCC-effective design.
Fracture Mechanics Analysis of a Crack in the Weld using the J-integral
Chang, Kyong Ho ; Lee, Chin Hyung ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 17, issue 2, 2005, Pages 243~251
The fracture mechanics analysis of a crack in a weld must consider residual stress generated during welding. The standard definition of the J-integral requires a path dependent value in the presence of a residual stress field. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a path independent J-integral definition for a crack in a residual stress field. This paper addresses the modification of the Rice-J-integral to produce a path- independent J-integral when residual stresses and external forces are present. The residual stress problem is treated as an initial strain problem and the J-integral proposed for this type of problems is used. A program which can evaluate the J-integral for a crack in a weld is developed using the proposed J-integral definition. The situation when only residual stress is present is examined as is the case when mechanical stresses are applied in conjunction with a residual stress.