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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Steel Construction
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Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 6 - Dec 2005
Volume 17, Issue 5 - Oct 2005
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Aug 2005
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
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Behaviors According to the Reinforcing Method of the Support Diaphragm Manhole in Steel Box Girder Bridge
Lee, Seong Haeng ; Kim, Kyoung Nam ; Jung, Kyoung Sup ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 17, issue 6, 2005, Pages 649~660
Since the diaphragm manhole of steel box girder bridges is designed generally from experience, it has become the primary factor in the excessive cost of steel bridge construction. For the economical and efficient manufacture of diaphragm manholes, it is necessary to study the exact behavior of the diaphragm manhole in a steel box girder bridge. In this study, both an experimental test and a structural analysis are performed to verify the behavior of the diaphragm manhole in a steel box girder bridge. A detailed structural analysis was performed according to various diaphragm manhole shapes, and in conclusion, the suitable reinforcement method for the support of diaphragm manholes in steel box bridges is presented.
Design of Steel Structures Using the Neural Networks with Improved Learning
Choi, Byoung Han ; Lim, Jung Hwan ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 17, issue 6, 2005, Pages 661~672
For the efficient stochastic optimization of steel structures for which a large number of analyses is required, artificial neural networks,which have emerged as a powerful tool that could have been used to replace time-consuming procedures in many scientific or engineering applications, are applied. They are utilized for the solution of the equilibrium equations resulting from the application of the finite element method in connection with the reanalysis type of problem, for which a large number of finite element analyses are required in this study. As such, the use of artificial neural networks to predict finite element analysis outputs simplifies and facilitates the performance of the stochastic optimal design of structural systems where a trained neural network is used to replace the structural reanalysis phase. Moreover, to improve efficiency of used artificial neural networks, genetic algorithm is utilized. The stochastic optimizer used in this study is an algorithm based on the evolution theory. The efficiency of the proposed procedure is examined in problems with both volume (weight) functions and real-world cost functions
The Effect and Countermeasures of the Vertical Track Settlement Caused by Expand and Contract Behavior of the High-Speed Railway Bridge Girder
Kang, Kee Dong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 17, issue 6, 2005, Pages 673~679
According to continuous welded rails on a bridge, temperature changes bring about the expansion of the bridge deck,adding axial forces on the track. Moreover, the ballast on the bridge deck expansion joint is moved due to the bridge deck. The longer the bridge deck is, the greater the influence will be, loosening the ballast, causing track irregularities, and deteriorating passenger comfort. Considering the structure of the bridge itself and tolerance for track irregularities caused by the loosened ballast on the bridge, the maximum length of the deck should be less than 80 m, which is the same as the standard of French railways. In this study, the interaction between the expansion related to the bridge length and the irregularity in the longitudinal level, referring to measurements and maintenance work performed in high-speed railways, was analyzed. This research shows that the installation of a sliding plate or a vertical ballast stopper is not a good option, since it is difficult. On the other hand, the installation of a ZLR fastener or gluing is easy, but its influence is insignificant. In conclusion, switch tie tamping or manual tamping is more effective than other methods of what?
Monitoring of a Steel Plate Girder Railroad Bridge with Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors
Chung, Won Seok ; Kang, Dong Hoon ; Choi, Eun Soo ; Kim, Hyun Min ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 17, issue 6, 2005, Pages 681~688
This study investigates an existing steel plate girder railroad bridge after superstructure rehabilitation to monitor static and dynamic responses using Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) sensors. This paper also presents an experimental technique to estimate the vertical deflection of the bridge using FBG sensors. Seven FBG sensors are multiplexed in a single optical fiber and installed in parallel pairs along the length of the bridge, with one set at the top flange and the other at the bottom flange. In addition to FBG sensors, a conventional electric strain gauge and anLVDT are installed at the mid-span of the bridge for comparison. A test train consisting of one locomotive is placed at the center of the bridge to produce the maximum static effect. The train is also made to pass over the bridge at different speeds ranging from 10 km/h to 90 km/h to monitor the dynamic response of the bridge. This study demonstrates that the measured strains using the FBG sensor compared well with the readings from the electric strain gauge. The results show that the proposed instrumentation technique is capable of estimating the vertical deflection of the bridge for various loading conditions, which is crucial in structural health monitoring. Several dynamic characteristics of the bridge were also identified.
Seismic Design and Testing of Reduced Beam Section Steel Moment Connections with Bolted Web Attachment
Lee, Cheol Ho ; Kim, Jae Hoon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 17, issue 6, 2005, Pages 689~697
Recent test results on reduced beam section (RBS) steel moment connections show that specimens with a bolted web connection tend to perform poorly due to premature brittle fracture of the beam flange at the weld access hole. A review of previous test results indicates that the higher incidence of base metal fracture in bolted-web specimens is related, at least in part, to the web bolt slippage and the high stress concentration at the weld access hole with the lowest material toughness. The practice of providing web bolts uniformly along the beam depth based on the classical beam theory is questioned in this paper. A new seismic design procedure, which is more consistent with the actual load path identified from the analytical and experimental studies, is proposed together with improved connection details. A test specimen designed following the proposed procedure exhibited a cyclic connection rotation capacity sufficient for special moment frames without fracture.
Critical Loads of Tapered Cantilever Columns with a Tip Mass
Jeong, Jin Seob ; Lee, Byoung Koo ; Kim, Gwon Sik ; Kim, Jong Ung ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 17, issue 6, 2005, Pages 699~705
This paper investigates critical loads of tapered cantilever columns with a tip mass, subjected to a follower force. The linearly tapered solid rectangular cross-sections are adopted as the column taper. The differential equation governing free vibrations of such columns, also called Beck's columns, is derived using the Bernoulli-Euler beam theory. Both divergence and flutter critical loads are calculated from the load-frequency curves that are obtained by solving the differential equation. The critical loads are presented as functions of various non-dimensional system parameters, namely, the taper type, the subtangential parameter, and the mass ratio.
Elastic Interactive Shear Buckling Behavior of Trapezoidally Corrugated Steel Webs
Yi, Jong Won ; Gill, Heung Bae ; Lee, Hak Eun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 17, issue 6, 2005, Pages 707~715
Corrugated webs have been used for composite prestressed concrete box girder bridges. Innovative steel plate girders using corrugated webs have been proposed. It has been found that analytical and experimental researches conducted to determine the strength of trapezoidally corrugated webs can fail with respect to three different buckling modes: local, global, and interactive shear buckling. Shear buckling capacity equations based on classical and orthotropic plate buckling theories have been proposed,but these equations show some differences. In this paper, geometric parameters that influence interactive shear buckling behavior with interaction effects are identified via extensive bifurcation buckling analysis using the finite element meth.
A Study on the Design of H-Section Steel Column Baseplate under Concentric Loadings
Lee, Seung Joon ; Lee, Jae Han ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 17, issue 6, 2005, Pages 717~726
This study investigates the bearing pressure distribution and design of an H-section steel column baseplate under concentric loading. In general, the size and thickness of the baseplate are determined with the assumption that the bearing pressure of the column baseplate is distributed uniformly. When the column is loaded lightly, however, the baseplate becomes smaller andthinner and the bearing pressure of the baseplate is distributed non-uniformly. In this study, the distribution of the bearing pressure is investigated using the experimental method and the analytical method. Seven specimens of the H-section steel column baseplate were fabricated and tested. The analysis of the specimens was performed using the finite element analysis program, ANSYS. It is not appropriate to use the Limit State Design,which assumes that the bearing pressure of the baseplate is distributed uniformly,because the bearing pressure is distributed non-uniformly and is concentrated under the column sectio.
Determination of an Optimum Initial Cable Tension Force for Cable-Stayed Bridges using the Least Square Method
Park, Yong Myung ; Cho, Hyun Jun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 17, issue 6, 2005, Pages 727~736
This study presents a method of determining the optimum cable tension forces for the proper initial equilibrium state of a cable-stayed bridge using the least square method. The proposed method minimizes the errors, i.e., the differences, such as the deflection and the moments of the girder and the tower, between the target values from a continuous beam by considering the cable anchor point as supports of the girder and the responses obtained from the analysis of the entire cable-stayed bridge system. Especially, the proposed method can selectively control the adjustment of the tower moment, the girder moment, and the deflections by introducing the weighing matrix. Through numerical analysis and comparisons with existing studies, the usefulness and validity of the proposed method was verified.
Analysis of a Load Carrying Behavior of Shear Connection at the Interface of the Steel-Concrete Composite Beam
Shin, Hyun Seop ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 17, issue 6, 2005, Pages 737~747
The connection of the slab with the steel beam and thus, the transmission of shear force at the interface of the steel-concrete composite beams is achieved with shear connectors, in general, with shear studs. The composite action through these shear studs has a significant influence on the load carrying behavior of the composite beams. The load carrying capacity of studs is determined through push-out tests. At present, the transferability of this load carrying capacity of studs to composite beams, especially in cases of partial interaction, is being questioned by experimental and theoretical investigations. In this study, a finite element model for the simulation of the behavior of the standard push-out specimen and the composite beams without the implementation of the load-slip curve of the stud connectors from the push-out test is developed. The load carrying behavior of the studs in the composite beams is estimated and compared with the results of the push-out test. The reason for the difference in the load carrying behavior of the studs in the push-out test specimen and in the composite beams is found.