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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Steel Construction
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 6 - 00 2006
Volume 18, Issue 5 - 00 2006
Volume 18, Issue 4 - 00 2006
Volume 18, Issue 3 - 00 2006
Volume 18, Issue 2 - 00 2006
Volume 18, Issue 1 - 00 2006
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Diaphragm Design Method of Steel Box Beam and Circular Column Connections
Kim, Young Pil ; Hwang, Won Sup ; Park, Moon Su ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 18, issue 2, 2006, Pages 123~135
This paper investigates the design equations and the strength behavior of the diaphragm for steel box beams and circular-column connections. The strength of the connection is decided by the strength of the diaphragm and the strength of the beam and the column, because the connection diaphragm supports the concentration forces from the box beam's lower flange. In previous researches, however, the calculation procedure of the diaphragm stress from the indeterminate curved-beam model is to complicated to apply in process of the equation. Moreover, no reasonable design has yet ben made because the diaphragm's effect on the strength of the connection has not ben considered. Therefore, through nonlinear FEM analysis of the connection diaphragm, this study examines the strength behavior of a connection with diaphragm details. In addition, a great difference is confirmed between the theoretical and analytic behaviors. Fi naly, considering the strength of the connection and the rigidity capacity of the diaphragm, the diaphragm design method is proposed.
Redundancy of the Composite Twin Steel Plate Girder Bridgeaccording to the Dimension and Spacing of Cross Beams
Park, Yong Myung ; Joe, Woom Do Ji ; Baek, Sung Yong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 18, issue 2, 2006, Pages 137~146
In this paper, a numerical study on the evaluation of the redundancy according to the dimension and spacing of cross beams in the composite twin steel plate girder bridges that are generally recognized as a non-redundant load path structures, has been performed. Specifically, a two-lane three-span continuous (40+50+40m) bridge with I-section cross beams which serve as cross bracing, and without a lateral bracing were considered. The material and geometric nonlinear analyses were conducted to evaluate the ultimate loading capacity of the intact and damaged bridge in which one of the two girders is seriously fractured. Through the numerical analyses, it was recognized that there is little difference in redundancy according to the variation of the dimension and spacing of the cross beams for both intact and damaged bridges.
Fuzzy Optimum Design of Plane Steel Frames Using Refined Plastic Hinge Analysis and a Genetic Algorithm
Lee, Mal Suk ; Yun, Young Mook ; Shon, Su Deok ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 18, issue 2, 2006, Pages 147~160
GA-based fuzzy optimum design algorithm incorporated with the refined plastic hinge analysis method is presented in this study. In the refined plastic hinge analysis method, geometric nonlinearity is considered by using the stability functions of the beam-column members. Material nonlinearity is also considered by using the gradual stiffness degradation model, which considers the effects of residual stresses, moment redistribution through the occurence of plastic hinges, and the geometric imperfections of the members. In the genetic algorithm, the tournament selection method and the total weight of the steel frames. The requirements of load-carrying capacity, serviceability, ductility, and constructabil ity are used as the constraint conditions. In fuzzy optimization, for crisp objective function and fuzzy constraint s, the tolerance that is accepted is 5% of the constraints. Furthermore, a level-cut method is presented from 0 to 1 at a 0 .2 interval, with the use of the nonmembership function, to solve fuzzy-optimization problems. The values of conventional GA optimization and fuzzy GA optimization are compared in several examples of steel structures.
Three-Dimensional Vibration Analysis of Rectangular Laminated Composite Plates with Combination of Clamped and Free Boundary Conditions
Kim, Joo woo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 18, issue 2, 2006, Pages 161~171
paper presents the results of a three-dimensional study of the natural vibration of laminated composite rectangular plates with various combinations of clamped and free boundaries. The Ritz method was used to obtain the stationary values of the associated Lagrangian, with displacements approximated using mathematicaly complete, characteristic orthogonal polynomials. The correctness of the three-dimensional model was established through a convergence study of the non-dimensional frequencies, followed by a comparison of the analytical findings in the existing literature. The wide scope of additional three-dimensional frequency results explains the influence of a number of geometrical and material parameters for angle-ply and cross-ply laminated plates, namely aspect ratio (
), thickness ratio (
), orthotropy of material, number of plies (
), fiber orientation angle (
), and stacking sequence.
Nonlinear Seismic Analysis of Steel Buildings Considering the Stiffnesses of the Foundation-Soil System
Oh, Yeong Hui ; Kim, Yong Seok ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 18, issue 2, 2006, Pages 173~180
The seismic responses of a building are affected by the base soil conditions. In this study, linear time-history seismic analysis and nonlinear pushover static seismic analysis were performed to estimate the base shear forces of 3-, 5-, and 7-story steel buildings, considering the rigid and soft soil conditions. Foundation soil stiffness, based on the equivalent static stiffness formula, is used for the damper, one of the Link elements in SAP 2000. The base shear forces of the steel buildings, estimated through time-history analysis using the general-purpose structural-analysis program of SAP 2000, were compared with those calculated using the domestic seismic design code, the UBC-97 design response spectrum. and pushover static nonlinear analysis. The steel buildings designed for gravity and wind loads showed elastic responses with a moderate earthquake of 0.11 g, while the elastic soft-soil layer increased the displacement and the base shear force of the buildings due to soil-structure interaction and soil amplification. Therefore, considering the characteristics of the soft-soil layer, it is more reasonable to perform an elastic seismic analysis of a building's structure during weak or moderate earthquakes.
The Optimum Design for PSC Box Girder Bridges Considering Friction Coefficient and Material Strength
Kim, Ki Wook ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 18, issue 2, 2006, Pages 181~189
This study analyzes the effects of the curvature friction coefficient, the wobble friction coefficient, and the increased strength of concrete, reinforced tendon on optimum de signs by using the optimum-design program, to minimize the cost of a PSC box girder bridge using the full staging method. The objective of this study is to find a proper tendon for the friction coefficient, and thereafter, to indicate the direction of the study development about tendons and to indicate the direction of a study on the increased strength of used materials. This program used the SUMT procedure and Kavlie's extended-penalty function to allow infeasible design points in the process. Powel's direct method was used in searching design points, and the gradient approximate method was used to reduce the design hours.
Modified Moment Gradient Correction Factor of Nonprismatic Beams
Park, Jong Sup ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 18, issue 2, 2006, Pages 191~201
New design equations for calculating the lateral-torsional buck ling moment resistances of stepped I-section beams with/without continuous lateral top-flange bracing subjected to a point load, a series of point loads, and a uniformly distributed load, are suggested based on the results of elastic finite-element analyses. The new equations presented in this study are compared with the current moment gradient modifiers presented by other researchers and specifications. Although the study paper presents mainly stepped-beam cases subjected to a point load and a uniformly distributed load. The proposed equations include the length-to-height ratio effects for stepped beams with continuous lateral top-flange bracing. The new moment gradient correction factors could be easily used to calculate the lateral-torsional buckling moment resistance of stepped I-beams.
Torsional Analysis of Thin-Walled Open Beams Using Effective Torsional Constants
Back, Sung Yong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 18, issue 2, 2006, Pages 203~211
This paper presents a new, effective torsional constant for thin-waled open beams under concentrated and uniformly distributed torques. The proposed constant can be used directly, instead of the St. Venant torsional constant, for any generic comemrcial finite-element program, without modifying the algorithm. The derived torsional constant accounts for both the pure torsion and the warping torsion, and is equal to the St. Venant torsion constant times a correction factor. It is also shown, in the case of the St. Venant torsion, that the derived constant is identical to the torsional constant. The derived effective torsional constant is different from the one given by Elhelbawey et al. The pure torsional shear stress, the warping shear stress, and the warping normal stress were also determine d, using the maximum twisting angle. The accuracy of the proposed torsional constant was validated by comparing the numerical results with the closed-form solutions or other numerical results available in the literature.
Design of Truss Structures with Real-World Cost Functions Using the Clustering Technique
Choi, Byoung Han ; Lee, Gyu Won ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 18, issue 2, 2006, Pages 213~223
Conventional truss optimization approaches, while often sophisticated and computationally intensive, have been applied to simple, minimum weight-cost models. These approaches do not perform well when applied to real-world trusses, which have costmodels that are complex and which often involve multiple objectives. Thus, this paper describes the optimization strategies that a clustering technique, which identifies members that are likely to have the same product type, uses for the optimal design of truss structures with real- world cost functions that consider the costs on the weight of the truss, the number of products in the design, the number of joints in the structures, and the costs required in the site.At first, the clustering technique is applied to identify the members and to generate a proper initial solution. A simple taboo search technique is then used, which attempts to generate the optimal solution by starting with the solution from the previous technique. For example, the proposed approach is a plied to a typical problem and to a problem similar to relative performances. The results show that this algorithm generates not only better-quality solutions but also more efficient ones
Improved Stability Design of Plane Frame Members
Kim, Moon Young ; Song, Ju Young ; Kyung, Yong Soo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 18, issue 2, 2006, Pages 225~237
Based on the study conducted by Kim et al. (205a, b), an improved stability design method for evaluating the effective buckling lengths of beam-column members is proposed herein, using system elastic/inelastic buckling analysis and second-order elastic analysis. For this purpose, the stress-strain relationship of a column is inversely formulated from the reference load-carrying capacity proposed in design codes, so as to derive the tangent modulus of a column as a function of the slenderness ratio. The tangent stiffness matrix of a beam-column element is formulated using the so-called "stability functions," and elastic/inelastic buckling analysis Effective buckling lengths are then evaluated by extending the basic concept of a single simply-supported column to the individual members as one component of a whole frame structure. Through numerical examples of several structural systems and loading conditions, the possibilities of enhancement in stability design for frame structures are addressed by comparing their numerical results obtained when the present design method is used with those obtained when conventional stability design methods are used.
A Experimental Study on Bending Behaviors of Prestressed Hot-rolled H-Beam
Yhim, Sung Soon ; Jeong, Chan Haek ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 18, issue 2, 2006, Pages 239~250
In this study, the experimental bending behaviors of an H-secti on-steel-beam-attached high-strength steel plate or steel beam were analyzed. Its structural performance was verified by comparing the results of the experiment and the analysis that were conducted. In fabricating an unprestressed composite beam using two members that have different strengths, the generated slip on the joint in proport problem because of the redistribution of force caused by the lose state of the joint. Therefore, when fabricating composite beams, it is important to load them with prestressed forces. Based on the results of the experiment that was conducted, the prestressed composite-steel-beam-attached steel plate or beam has a higher bending resistance and load-carrying capacit
Elasto-plastic behaviour of joint by inserting length of H-beam and structural laminated timber
Kim, Soon Chul ; Yang, Il Seung ; Moon, Youn Joon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 18, issue 2, 2006, Pages 251~259
In some cases, wooden structures are used for medium-rise buildings. It is therefore necessary to develop and test a new structural system for medium-rise buildings using wooden structures. This study deals with high-performance, laminated, timber-based composite members, which consist of structural laminated timber and H-beam. Simple beam tests were performed to determine the strength, stress distributions, and failure patterns of laminated timber. The main parameters are the insertinglength (1, 1.5, and 2 times the H-beam height) and the epoxy between the top/bottom flange of the H-beam and the top/bottom flange of the laminated timber. The results of the test show that the specimen with an inserting length that is 2 times the H-beam height was characterized by fairly god strength and stiffness.
An Experimental Study on Flexural Strength of Lip-Type Modular Steel Concrete Beam
Ahn, Hyung Joon ; Shin, Il Kyoun ; Ryu, Soo Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 18, issue 2, 2006, Pages 261~270
In this paper, the basic data regarding the application of the MSC (Modular Steel Concrete) beam are presented by comparing the experimental value with the theoretical value, focusing on the bending behavior of the Lip-type MSC beam, which is composed of steel and concrete. Considerable manpower is needed to fabricate the traditional MSC beam, particularly for the tasks of cutting, welding, etc. Because much time is needed to fabricate the traditional SC beam, the prefabrication concept is introduced, easily produce the required size of the SC beam by prefabricating the side module and the lower module, which is made up of a steel sheet. The result indicates that the method of uniting the modules, an d the composition method with concrete, should be improved. The proposed MSC beam can be used as a new structural member by increasing its coherent reinforcement with modules and the composition ratio of steel and concrete through a future study.
A Proposal on the Stress-Strain Curve of Stainless Steel STS 304
Shin, Tae Song ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 18, issue 2, 2006, Pages 271~278
This paper is to investigate into the stress-strain curves for austenite stainless steel STS 304 over the full strain range. The Ramberg-Osgood expression is useful up to the beyond the0.2% proof stress in the ultimate state. The Rasmussen curve has developed for stresses beyond 0.2% proof stress, based on the Ramberg-Osgood concept. These expressed curves don't good agree with the test results. It is here proposed the based on the analysis of the test results better curve.
An Evaluation on the Shear Strength for Different Forms of Shear Connector in T-type Composite Beam
Kim, Sung Bae ; Kim, Sang Seup ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 18, issue 2, 2006, Pages 279~288
A stud connector was used by the shear connector of a composite beam. The shear connector is an important element in heightening the composition rate of a composite beam .study was based on the experiments conducted on 15 specimens using the push-out test.In this paper, through an experiment, the shear connector of other forms was analyzed instead of the stud connector. It is hoped that this application can be used in composite beams.