Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Steel Construction
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Dec 2007
Volume 19, Issue 5 - Oct 2007
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Aug 2007
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Jun 2007
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Apr 2007
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Feb 2007
Selecting the target year
A Study of Dynamic Behavior of Track and Train Interaction on Rail Open Gap
Kang, Yun Suk ; Kang, Young Jong ; Yang, Shin Chu ; Cho, Sun Kyu ; Han, Sang Yun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 19, issue 4, 2007, Pages 345~355
During winter, the CWR (continuous welded rail) may be broken when a temperature drop below the neutral level changes the axial force, causing tensile fracture and creating a rail gap. The passage of a train on a rail with an open gap may lead to very costly derailments. In this paper, the use of a track-and-train-coupled model whose rail has an open gap is proposed for dynamic interaction analysis. Linear track and train systems were coupled in this study by a nonlinear Herzian contact spring, and the complete system matrices of the total track-train system were constructed. Moreover, the interaction phenomenon considering the presence of an open gap in the rail was toughly defined by assigning the irregularity functions between the two sides of the gap. Time history analysis, which has an iteration scheme such as the Newmark-
method (based on the Modified Newton-Raphson methods), was conducted to solve the nonlinear equation. .Finally, numerical studies were conducted to assess the effect of the various parameters of the system when applied to various speeds, open-gap sizes, and support stiffnesses of the rail.
A Study on the Fire Resistance Capacity of Slimfloor Beam with Asymmetric H Beam
Han, Sang Hoon ; Choi, Seng Kwan ; Kim, Hee Ju ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 19, issue 4, 2007, Pages 357~366
This paper is a pilot study regarding an experimental and parametric study to investigate the structural behavior of slimfloor beam(ASB) in fire. The objective of this research is to obtain the rational fire resistance design method through understanding the structural behavior of composite members in fire. The flexural capacity of slimfloor section under various thermal conditions is examined on a basis of the strength retention of the materials at elevated temperatures and full bonding assumption. The effect of web thickness and ASB depth to the moment capacity in fire is also examined.
Suggestion of Reasonable Analysis Model for Steel Transmission Tower Based on KEPCO Design Specifications
Chang, Jin Won ; Kim, Seung Jun ; Park, Jong Sup ; Kang, Young Jong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 19, issue 4, 2007, Pages 367~381
A transmission tower was designed using the structural methodology to assume a simple truss behavior. However, there is a big difference between a simple truss behavior and a real one. A suitable explanation of structural stability is that it is a semi-rigid connection and not the assumed hinged connection. This study proposes an alternative structural-analysis modeling strategy for the transmission tower design. The element models that were considered were the truss element model, the beam element model, and the combined beam-truss element model. This study includes linear static analysis, free-vibration analysis, and elastic buckling analysis with respect to the design load. The results of the analysis indicate that the axial forces, axial stresses, and maximum displacements of the three analytical models are very similar. However, the bending moments and stresses of the beam element model and of the combined beam-truss element model are significantly high. The results of the free-vibration and elastic buckling analyses show that the beam-truss model can be conservatively used for the transmission tower design.
Simplified Nonlinear Static Progressive Collapse Analysis of Steel Moment Frames
Lee, Cheol Ho ; Kim, Seon Woong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 19, issue 4, 2007, Pages 383~393
A simplified model which incorporates the moment-axial tension interaction of the double-span beams in a column-removed steel frame is presented in this paper. To this end, material and geometric nonlinear parametric finite element analyses were conducted for the double-span beams by changing the beam span to depth ratio and the beam size within some practical ranges. The beam span to depth ratio was shown to be the most influential factor governing the catenary action of the double-span beams. Based on the parametric analysis results, a simplified piece-wise linear model which can reasonably describe the vertical resisting force versus the beam chord rotation relationship was proposed. It was also shown that the proposed method can readily be used for the energy-based progressive collapse analysis of steel moment frames.
Probabilistic Risk Assessment of a Steel Composite Hybrid Cable-Stayed Bridge Based on the Optimal Reliabilities
Yoon, Jung Hyun ; Cho, Hyo Nam ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 19, issue 4, 2007, Pages 395~402
Probabilistic risk assessment was conducted on a hybrid cable-stayed bridge consisting of a steel-composite plate girder and a concrete girder with a long span, designed using the working stress design and strength design methods. The component reliabilities of the bridge's cables, pylons, girders, and steel-concrete conjunction were evaluated using the AFOSM(Advanced First Order Second Moment) algorithm and the simulation technique at the critical sections, based on the maximum axial force, shear, and positive and negative moments of the selected sections. For the analysis of system reliability, the hybrid cable-stayed bridge consisting of cables, pylons, and plate girders was modeled into combined failure modes, and for system reliability, the probabilities of failure and reliability index of the structural system were evaluated. Based on the results of this study, the critical failure modes of the hybrid cable-stayed bridge based on the bridge's structural characteristics are suggested, and the efficiency of the partial ETA technique for use in the risk assessment method was confirmed.
An Experimental Study on TR-CFT Columns subjected to Axial Force and Cyclic Lateral Loads
Park, Jai Woo ; Kim, Jin Ho ; Hong, Young Kyun ; Hong, Gi Soup ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 19, issue 4, 2007, Pages 403~411
CFT (Concrete filled steel tube) column has become popular for building construction due to not only its composite effect but also economic effect. However, the conventional CFT column also has its own disadvantages having plastic buckling at the end of column followed by the reduction of strength by yielding of steel tube. An experiment on TR-CFT (Transversely reinforced CFT) column are conducted for making up for conventional CFT column's disadvantages. The experiment parameters are strength of concrete, the layer numbers of carbon fiber sheet. In this study, hysteretic curve, initial stiffness, strength, plastic deformation capacity, and dissipated energy are compared and analyzed between CFT and TR-CFT columns.
Flexural Capacity of the Profiled Steel Composite Beams with Truss Deck Plate
Heo, Byung Wook ; Kwak, Myong Keun ; Bae, Kyu Woong ; Jung, Sang Min ; Kang, Suk Kuy ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 19, issue 4, 2007, Pages 413~423
Slimfloor composite-beam systems could considerably reduce the story height of a building if the steel beam would be installed deep into the concrete floor slab. However, as the depth of the steel beam's installation is limited, it cannot cope with the various demands of building systems. To address this problem, a profiled steel beam section that can control the depth of the steel beam's and slabs' installation was developed in this study. Presented herein are the results of an experiment that was conducted focusing on the flexural behavior of the partially connected composite beams with profiled steel beams encased in composite concrete slabs. Five full-scale specimens with different slab types, with or without shear connection and reinforcement bars, were constructed and tested in this study. As a result, the shear bond stress without an additional shear connection was found to be
due to the inherent mechanical and chemical bond stress.
Experimental Study on the Fire Resistance of SC Composite Coloumn
Lee, Sueng Jea ; Kang, Seong Deok ; Oh, Myoung Ho ; Kim, Myeong Han ; Kim, Sang Dae ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 19, issue 4, 2007, Pages 425~434
The SC (steel-concrete) composite column was developed to take advantage of the relative economy of using concrete as opposed to steel in carrying large compressive forces. As the SC composite column is pre-fabricated, its use can minimize laborand can speed up the erection of a steel building. In this study, an experiment was conducted to analyze the influence of several parameters, such as the load ratio, the concrete ratio of an area, and its performance with or without fire protection, on the performance of the SC composite column. This paper proposes that the calculation of the strength reduction ratios of columns be done by increasing the temperature. Theoretical equations were used to evaluate the effectiveness of the fire resistance of the SC composite column, and the results of the test and analysis were compared. The fire resistance of the SC composite column was increased by decreasing its load ratio, but the concrete ratio of an area has minimal influence on the fire resistance of the SC composite column.