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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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Korean Society of Steel Construction
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
Seismic Performance of a Hollow Composite Column
Han, Taek Hee ; Kim, Jung Hun ; Lim, Nam Hyoung ; Kang, Young Jong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 2, 2008, Pages 215~226
A column test was performed for a hollow composite column to evaluate its seismic performance. The seismic performances of a hollow composite column and a reinforced concrete (RC) column were evaluated and compared by quasi-static tests. Lateral displacements and lateral loads of the column specimens were measured during tests. Ductilities, absorbed energy, equivalent damping ratios, and damage indices were calculated from the recorded data. From the test results, the hollow composite column showed a seismic performance superior to the column in terms of double moment capacity, ultimate energy, and energy absorption.
Behavior of Stud Shear Connectors in Precast Deck using Lightweight Concrete
Cho, Sun Kyu ; Lee, Jong Min ; Youn, Seok Goo ; Choi, Yun Wang ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 2, 2008, Pages 227~236
The kind of concrete generally used in steel concrete composite bridges is normal-weight concrete whose unit weight is
. However, using lightweight concrete in composite bridges diminishes the sectional forces due to the self-weight of concrete decks. As a result, this will make the bridge design more economical. The type of concrete deck that could be adopted in composite bridges using lightweight con crete may be classified into Cast-In-Place (C.I.P.) concrete deck and precast concrete deck. These two types of decks have some differences with respect to structural behavior and constructional method, and hence,structural behavior of stud shear connectors that connect a concrete deck to a steel girder is changed with the type of deck used. In this study, push-out tests were conducted to evaluate the characteristics of static behavior of the stud shear connectors with a precast deck using lightweight concrete. Also, additional precast deck specimens with bedding layer that had shear keys and devices for transverse confinement of the bedding layer for the prevention of cracks occurring in the bedding layer were tested. These cracks The efficiency of these devices was then evaluated.
A Study on Inelastic Lateral-Torsional Buckling of Stepped I-Beams Subjected to Pure Bending
Kim, Jong Min ; Kim, Seung Jun ; Park, Jong Sup ; Kang, Young Jong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 2, 2008, Pages 237~246
The cross-sections of continuous multi-span beams sometimes suddenly increase, or become stepped, at the interior supports of continuous beams to resist high negative moments. The three-dimensional finite-element program ABAQUS (2006) was used to analytically investigate the inelastic lateral-torsional buckling behavior of stepped beams subjected to pure bending moment and resulted in the development of design equations. The flanges of the smaller cross-section were fixed at 30.48 by 2.54 cm, whereas the width and/or thickness of the flanges of the larger cross-section varied. The web thickness and height of beam was kept at 1.65 cm and 88.9 cm, respectively. The ratios of the flange thickness, flange width, and stepped length of beams are considered analytical parameters. Two groups of 27 cases and 35 cases, respectively, were analyzed for double and single stepped beams. The combined effects of residual stresses and geometrical imperfection on inelastic lateral-torsional buckling of beams are considered. First, the distributions of residual stress of the cross-section is same as shown in Pi, etc (1995), and the initial geometric imperfection of the beam is set by central displacement equal to 0.1% of the unbraced length of beam. The new proposed equations definitely improve current design methods for the inelastic LTB problem and increase efficiency in building and bridge design. The proposed solutions can be easily used to develop new design equation for inelastic LTB resistance of stepped beams subjected to general loading condition such as a concentrated load, a series of concentrated loads or uniformly distributed load.
Experimental study on Static Behavior of H-beam prestressed with Multi-Stepwise TPSM
An, Jin Hee ; Jung, Chi Young ; Kim, Jun Hwan ; Kim, Sang Hyo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 2, 2008, Pages 247~258
In this study, static loading tests were performed on H-beam specimens to assess the static behavior of H-beam prestressed with multi-stepwise thermal prestressing method (TPSM). The amount of induced thermal prestress and connection type were differentiated among the 400-mm-high and 6,000-mm-long H-beam specimens to evaluate their effect on the behavior of the beams. From the experimental results, it between the H-beam and the cover-plate increased in yielding load by 13~18%, whereas stiffness increased by 27~34%. In case of specimens with both bolting and welding connection, yie lding load increased by 18~29% and stiffness increased by 43~51%. Multi-stepwise initial stress distribution was also observed from the prestressed specimens, verifying the effectiveness of the multi-stepwise TPSM. By application of the multi-stepwise TPSM, a significant increase in yielding load and stiffness can be achieved, hence increasing sectional and prestressing efficiencies.
System-Level Maintenance Strategy for Steel Bridges based on Life-Cycle Analysis
Park, Kyung Hoon ; Lee, Sang Yoon ; Kim, Jung Ho ; Cho, Hyo Nam ; Kong, Jung Sik ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 2, 2008, Pages 259~268
This paper proposes a method to establish an optical lifetime maintenance strategy for deteriorating bridges in consideration of life-cycle performance and cost. A program is developed based on the proposed method, which can generate optimum maintenance scenarios not only at the individual member level but also at the system level of the bridge. By applying the developed program is studied through the comparative analysis of maintenance strategies generated at each level. According to the results of comparison between maintenance strategies of the member-level analysis and system-level analysis. It is expected that the establishment of a maintenance strategy through the bridge system-level analysis considering target, members reflects practical and reasonable results.
Analytical Studies on the Steel Plate-Concrete Structures under Compressive Load
Choi, Byong Jeong ; Han, Hong Soo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 2, 2008, Pages 269~278
The primary object of the paper is to understand the compressive buckling characteristics of steel-concrete structures through the finite element analysis. The buckling pattern, compressive strength and stiffness of the steel plate concrete structures were investigated by the FEM analysis using the variations of B/t ratios and stud pitches. The investigation was focused on steel plate concrete structures with and without ribs placed on the surface of steel plates. The results of the FEM analysis were compared with the previous results from the theoretical equations. Conclusively, the buckling of the steel plate concrete structures occurred in the transverse direction of the loading direction. The stiffness of the steel plate concrete structure with ribs is greater than the one without the stiffened rib. The compressive strength in the FEM analysis is similar to that of JEAG 4681 and it showed 20% greater value than that of the proposed equations.
Slip Behavior of High-Tension Bolted Joints Subjected to Compression Force
Han, Jin Hee ; Choi, Jong Kyoung ; Heo, In Sung ; Kim, Sung Bo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 2, 2008, Pages 279~288
In this study, the slip behavior of high-tension bolted joints subjected to compression force is investigated through 3D finite element analysis and experiments. The relation with sliding load, bolt deformation, and failure load are studied with the metal thickness affecting the bolted joint. The post-sliding behavior considering bolt stiffness is presented and compared with the results by finite element and experiments. The finite element model is constructed by solid elements in ABAQUS, in consideration of all the friction effects between metal plates and bolts. The stress-strain relations in the literature are used, and the sliding displacements and axial stresses around the bolt connection are investigated. The flexural buckling of species happened when the plate thickness is less than the bolt diameter. However, the shear failures of bolt occurred in the opposite case.
Experimental Study on Double Skin Composite Walls Subjected to Cyclic Loading
Eom, Tae Sung ; Park, Hong Gun ; Kim, Jin Ho ; Chang, In Hwa ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 2, 2008, Pages 289~301
Double skin composite (DSC) wall is a structural wall that is filed with concrete between two steel plate skins connected by tie bars. This type of wall was developed to enhance the structural performance of wall, to reduce wall thickness, and to enhance constructibility, eliminating the use of formwork and re-bars. In this study, cyclic tests were performed to investigate the inelastic behavior and earthquake resistance of isolated and coupled DSC walls with rectangular and T-shapedcross-sections. The DSC walls showed stable cyclic behaviors, exhibiting excellent energy dissipation capacity. The te st specimens failed by the tensile fracture of welded joints at the wall base and coupling beam and by the severe local buckling of the steel plate. The deformation capacity of the walls varied with the connection details at the wall base and their cross-sectional shapes. The specimens with well-detailed connections at the wall base showed relatively god deformation capacity ranging from 2.0% to 3.7% drift ratio. The load-carrying capacities of the isolated and coupled wall specimens were evaluated considering their inelastic behavior. The results were compared with the test results.
Transient Analysis of High-rise Wall-Frame Structures with Outriggers under Seismic Load
Kim, Jin Man ; Choe, Eun Hui ; Park, Dae Gyu ; Lee, Jae Hong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 2, 2008, Pages 303~312
In this paper, the seismic behavior of shear wal-frame systems is analyzed. The governing equations of the wall-frame systems with outrigger truss are formulated through the continuum approach and the whole structure is idealized as a shear-flexural cantileverwith rotational spring. The effect of shear deformation and flexural deformation of the wall-frame and outrigger trusses are considered and incorporated in the formulation of the wall-frame structures with and without outriggers are compared by using finite element analysis incorporated with the Newmark-
method. Numerical results are obtained and compared with the finite element package MIDAS. The proposed method is found to be simple and efficient, and provides reason ably accurate results in the early design stage of tall building structures.
Local Corrosion and Fatigue Damages of Steel Plates at the Boundary with Concrete
Kim, In Tae ; Kainmua, Shigenobu ; Cheung, Jin Hwan ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 2, 2008, Pages 313~321
Recently in Japan, fracturing was observed on the diagonal member of a through truss bridge at the boundary region with the concrete slab. Local corrosion damage where the diagonal member was enclosed in the concrete slab is an important factor in the fracture. In this study, accelerated exposure tests were carried out on concrete-steel model specimens simulating steel members at the boundary with concrete. Fatigue tests were then performed on the corroded model specimens. Accelerated exposure tests of the S6-cycle, which is carried out on the model specimens for 150, 300, 450 and 600 da ys. Their surface geometry was then measured. From the accelerated exposure test results, change in maximum and mean corrosion depths was determined according to the testing periods. The effect of local corrosion on fatigue strength was also presented based on the fatigue test results.
A Study on the Structural Behavior of Eccentrically Loaded Steel Column Base Plates
Lee, Seung Joon ; Song, Hyun Seok ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 2, 2008, Pages 323~332
The behavior of eccentrically loaded steel column base plates is investigated experimentally and analytically. A total of 8 test specimens are fabricated and tested. The effects of eccentricity and thickness of baseplate on the behavior of base plates are investigated. Analytical study is performed using the Finite Element Analysis Program ANSYS 8.1 to investigate distribution of bearing pressure. The results from to the distribution of bending strain of the base plate. However, the distribution of the bearing pressure obtained from the analysis is different from that assumed in the current design method. The results from the analysis show that the bearing pressures of the baseplate are concentrated under the compressively stressed column flange, as the eccentricity is increased. Also the results from the analysis are different from the results of design using the existing design method and the design method according to the AISC-Steel Design Guide.
Evaluation of Static Strength of Group Stud Shear Connection in Precast Concrete Deck Bridges
Shim, Chang Su ; Jeon, Seung Min ; Kim, Dong Wook ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 2, 2008, Pages 333~345
concrete deck bridges are increasingly aplied to twin- girder bridges and open-stel box girder bridges.One of the most dificult isues in the design of shear conect ors is the mater of achieving ful composite action. Many connectors in smal area require a significant section los of precast decks resulting in difficult reinforcement details. In this closer spacing than the required minimum spacing in the design codes was evaluated through static tests. Test results s howed that the ultimate strength decreased as the conector spacing was reduced. The strength enhancement was observed due to aditional reinforcement for precast slabs or for shear pockets. Thus, the design of group stud shear connection needs to anticipate failure modes and the conector failure should be induced. Based on the test results, an empirical equation consi dering stud spacing was proposed to evaluate the ultimate strength of group stud shear conection. Fatigue tests showed n o reduction in fatigue life of the group stud shear conection in the range of this research. Details of the precast decks wer e enhanced using the findings of the study.
Behavior and Strength of Wall-Slab Connection in SC Structure
Kim, Hyeong Gook ; Kim, Woo Bum ; Kim, Won Ki ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 2, 2008, Pages 347~354
Steel plate-concrete (SC) structure has recently been used in nuclear power structure because of its construction efficiency. In this study, experimental and analytical study to investigate the behavior of the SC structure's wall slab connection was carried out. Experiments were performed for typical SC and RC connections in order to examine the basic difference between each structure. Finite element analysis was performed and the result of the analysis was found to closely reflect the experimental result. By varying the thickness of the shear plate and friction coefficients and the distance of applied load from the wall, the influence of the parameters on the joint strength and failure modes were examined. Finally, it was confirmed that the joint strength formula proposed in th this research gives conservative results.
Structural Performance Evaluation of Buckling-Restrained Braces Made of High-Strength Steels
Park, Man Woo ; Ju, Young Kyu ; Kim, Myeong Han ; Kim, Ji Young ; Kim, Sang Dae ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 2, 2008, Pages 355~364
The Buckling-Restrained Braces (BRB) has been developed to inhibit buckling and exhibit stable behavior under both tensile and compressive cycles. In this study, an experimental has been conducted by using the strength of its members and loading protocols as parameters to evaluate the structural performance of BRB (without in-filled concrete). Specimens are composed of an inner core and an outer tube with different steel strengths. When high-strength steels were used as inner cores, the ductility of BRB decreasedm and the requirements (Cumulative Plastic Ductility) of the AISC Seismic Provisions were not satisfied. However, when high-strength steels were used as inner cores instead of conventional strength steel cores, the maximum capacity increased significantly and displayed similar performance in total energy dissipation