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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Steel Construction
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
Resonance Characteristics of a Arch Bridge for High-Speed Railways
Nam, Deok Woo ; Choi, Hong Kil ; Kim, Kyoung Nam ; Jung, Kyoung Sup ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 4, 2008, Pages 455~467
The dynamic vehicle running tests were performed to analyze dynamic behavioral characteristics such as displacement, strain history loop and vibration acceleration in arch bridges. Also, the validity of the modeling was verified by comparing the results of the tests and those of the structural analysis modeling. With the resonance revision of verified modeling, when the ratio of excited frequencies to natural frequencies exceeds
, the stability of the bridge is obtained. Also, in the event of resonance by speed parameter, the second mode shape is dominant to the dynamic behaviors of arch bridges. It is found that manipulating the parameters involving arch ribs can increase the second mode natural frequency. It makes critical velocity greater than operational velocities to guarantee the stability of arch bridges.
Inelastic Design of Continuous-Span Composite Plate Girder Bridges by LRFD Method
Cho, Eun Young ; Shin, Dong Ku ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 4, 2008, Pages 469~481
The inelastic design of the three-span continuous composite plate girder with consideration of moment redistribution over the interior pier is performed using the LRFD method. The design of the girder section, based on the inelastic method, is compared with that by the conventional elastic design. The length of the center span for the three-span continuous bridge ranges from 40m to 70m and the relative ratio of the span length is assumed to be 4:5:4. Although the AASHTO- LRFD specifications are applied in the design of the composite girder, the recently proposed new design live load is used. After determining the maximum positive and negative sections by the elastic design for various limit states, the amount of moment redistributed to the maximum positive moment section is calculated. With the increased design moment due to moment redistribution from the interior pier, the maximum positive section designed by the elastic method is checked for the strength limit state and the service limit state. The maximum negative moment section is redesigned by reducing the size of the steel girder relative to the section designed by the elastic method and the new section is checked for the service limit state. Based on the design results for the five bridges considered in this study, it is estimated that about 23% of steel can be saved in the interior pier section if it is designed by the inelastic method compared with that designed by the elastic method.
Cyclic Testing of Bracket and WUF-B Type Weak-Axis Steel Moment Connections
Lee, Kang Min ; Jeong, Hee Taek ; Yoon, Seok Ryong ; Lee, Eun Mo ; Oh, Kyung Hwan ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 4, 2008, Pages 483~491
There has been much focus on the strong axis steel moment connections after the Northridge earthquake in 1994. However, research studieson the seismic behavior of weak axis moment connections could be hardly found despite the fact that these connection details have been frequently used as seismic details of MRF in Korea. Therefore, the objective of this research is to provide better knowledge on the seismic behavior of weak-axis steel moment connections, which can be widely applicable to many structures with similar characteristics. For this purpose, an experimental program was designed and performed with twotypes of weak-axis steel moment connections, namely the bracket type and WUF-B type, based on the survey of existing field data and literatures. Using the experimental results obtained from the quasi-static cyclic testing of these specimens, structural performances of the joints such as hysteretic curves, maximum strength capacities and the strain of reinforced bars were investigated. From the test results, the bracket-type connection was shown to have more than a 5% story drift capacity, compared with the WUF-B type connection's 4%. These specimens were also shown to have higher strength capacities than the nominal design strength. The bracket-type connection showed a slow strength degradation after maximum strength was researched. However,the WUF-B type connection showed a rapid strength degradation that caused brittle behavior.
Flexural Behaviour of Encased Composite Beam with Precast Hollow Core Slabs and Channels
Heo, Byung Wook ; Kwak, Myong Keun ; Bae, Kyu Woong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 4, 2008, Pages 493~504
This paper deals with the experimental analysis of the flexural behaviour of encased composite beams with hollow core slabs and channels. The shear force between steel beams and hollow core slabs are transferred by channels. Three full-scale specimens were constructed and tested with different steel beam heights, which were compared with those of previous studies. Based on observation of the experiments, the encased composite beams exhibited full shear connection behaviour without any other shear connectors due to their inherent mechanical and chemical bond stress. Experimental results show a behaviour similar to steel-concrete composite beams with classical connectors: elastic and yield domains, great ductility, flexural failure mode (plastic hinge), low relative movement at steel-concrete interface and all specimens failed in a very ductile manner. Consequently, this study enables the validation of the proposed connection device under static loading and shows that it meets modern structural requirements.
Nonlinear Analysis of Slender Double Skin Composite Walls Subjected to Cyclic Loading
Eom, Tae Sung ; Park, Hong Gun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 4, 2008, Pages 505~517
A numerical analysis method was studied to predict the nonlinear behavior of slender double skin composite walls. For convenience in numerical analysis, the model for the double skin composite wall was developed as a macroscopic model that can predict nonlinear behavior with relatively simplified models. For the wall showing flexure-dominant behavior, a multiple layer model was used. Each layer was modeled with composite elements of concrete and steel plate. An X-type truss model was used for coupling beams showing shear-dominant behavior. To describe the cyclic behavior of concrete and steel elements, simplified cyclic models for the materials were proposed. The proposed analysis model was applied to isolated walls and coupled walls with rectangular or T-shaped cross-sections. The analytical results were compared with existing test results.
An Evaluation on the Shear Strength of New Type Shear Connectors for a Simple Steel-Concrete Composite Deck
Yoon, Ki Yong ; Kim, Sang Seup ; Han, Deuk Cheon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 4, 2008, Pages 519~528
A simple steel-concrete composite deck is developed for preventing the lateral torsional buckling of girders that are under construction and for reducing the term of works using H-shaped rolled beams as bridge girders. A new type of shear connectors is also developed for the composite behavior between a simple steel-concrete composite deck and the rolled beams by the connecting conditions between the deck and the girders. One is a connector bolt that is lengthened and split or tightened with two nuts and the other is an I-shaped rolled beam welded on a steel plate with a number of holes punched through the web. In this study, to estimate the shear strength of those shear connectors the push-out tests are performed and the test results are compared with that of the previous studies and the codes. The result of the push-out tests of the connector bolts showed that the shear performance is similar to that of the stud connector and revealed that the equation for the shear strength in the Korean Specification of Highway Bridge overestimates the shear capacity of the connector bolt whose diameter is larger than 19mm. From the push-out tests of punched I-shaped rolled beams with varying welding amounts, with the small amount of welding, shear capacity is governed by the shear capacity of welding. On the other hand, shear capacity is governed by the size of the punched I-shaped rolled beams, regardless of the amount of welding.
Seismic Retrofit Design of RHS Column-to-H Beam Connections
Kim, Young Ju ; Oh, Sang Hoon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 4, 2008, Pages 529~537
The objective of this paper is to propose retrofit design methods of theRHS column-to-H beam connections with floor slabs. Referring to previous studies on the retrofitting of moment connections, it is clear that connections retrofitted with a stiffened RBS (SR) or a lengthened horizontal stiffener (LH) has an effect on decreasing the stress/strain concentration. A new design procedure using these two retrofitting methods was thus presented. In addition, this paper addressed various design or detailing options and recommended a procedure for designing the improved retrofitting method of steel moment connections. Finally, a pilot test was conducted to verify the design procedure.
An Experimental Study on the Behavior of T-type Modular Composite profiled Beams
Ahn, Hyung Joon ; Lee, Seong Won ; Ryu, Soo Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 4, 2008, Pages 539~548
This study aims to determine the applicability of the previously published T-type modular profile beam in the manner of producing specimens designed specially for the said purpose, determining their bending and shear behaviors depending on the presence of shear reinforcement, and analyzing the results in comparison with the theoretical equation of plastic deformation. The modular profile beam contributes to bending and shear resistance with the addition of the profile to the form function, and enhances the molding performance through the modular concept. The experimental results showed that the TS series specimens with shear reinforcement have bending behaviors superior to those of the T series specimens without shear reinforcement, which suggests that the used shear reinforcement appropriately bears the shear force. However, it was considered that all the specimens except for the T1-1 specimen failed to have adequate bending performance because of the intermodular slipping caused by the shear failure of the bolts. It is expected that further studies on the T-type modular profile beam, in which shear connectors will be considered as a variable,be performed to develop optimal intermodular connection methods.
Compression Tests for Stiffened Steel Plate-Concrete Structures with Variation of B/t Ratio
Choi, Byong Jeong ; Han, Hong Soo ; Kim, Won Ki ; Lee, Seung Joon ; Kim, Woo Bum ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 4, 2008, Pages 549~559
The objective of this paper is to identify the compression forces and inelastic failure mode using stiffened steel plate-concrete structures. The compression tests were carried out for the three types of B/t ratios by 25, 33 and 50. The test results proved that the compressive strength of the stiffened SC structures can be estimated by the summation of the strengths both stiffened steel plate and concrete. The buckling of the steel plates had been occurred at the plates between studs. The empirical estimation of compressive strength for the stiffened SC structures under compressive loadings was suggested. The buckling behavior also compared with the results of the finite element analysis. The good agreement has been achieved between the experimental results and finite element results.
Compression Tests for Unstiffened Steel Plate-Concrete Structures with Variation of B/t Ratio
Choi, Byong Jeong ; Han, Hong Soo ; Kim, Won Ki ; Lee, Seung Joon ; Kim, Woo Bum ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 4, 2008, Pages 561~570
The primary object of the paper is to identify the compression forces and inelastic failure behavior using steel plate-concrete structures. The compression tests were carried out for the three types of B/tratios by 25, 33 and 50. The tests proved that the compressive strength of the SC structures can be estimated by the summation of strengths both of the steel plate and concrete. The buckling of the steel plates had been occurring at the plates between studs. The empirical estimation of compressive strength for unstiffened SC structures under compressive loadings was suggested. The buckling behavior was also compared with the results of the finite element analysis.
Evaluation of Steel Plate Reinforced Concrete Panels under In-plane Shear
Lee, Myung Jae ; Lee, Hyun Wook ; Jin, Seong Chan ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 4, 2008, Pages 571~581
The steel plate reinforced concrete structure(SC structure) is suggested for the reasons of the saving of construction period, the saving of manpower and the advantage of quality control. The objective of this study is to evaluate basic structural behavior of SC structure under pure shear load, and shear with axial load condition and to suggest the method of in-plane pure shear loading. From the test results, structural behaviors of SC structure under pure shear load and shear with axial load were investigated the combination of validity of pure shear loading method by using 4 hinge frames was verified.