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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Steel Construction
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
Experimental Study on Behavior of High Strength Bolted Friction Joint with Oversized and Slotted Holes
Kim, Yong Hwan ; Roh, Won Kyoung ; Lee, Seong Hui ; Kim, Jin Ho ; Choi, Sung Mo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 6, 2008, Pages 683~690
When steel fabricators erect structural members in field, temporary tightening of fastener should be useful. However, if bolt holes are not aligned by production error or natural condition, additional effort andpain should be provided to align bolt holes. It lead to longer period than times of construction (a primarily day of construction) and more cost than originally cost. This problem will be overcomed by oversize or slotted holes. Early, AISC and Eurocode have included provision for design process such oversize or slotted holes. But, domestic design method is not refered about oversize and slotted holes. Meanwhile, domestic design method and construction environment are variance with Europe and the United States of America. Therefore, a suitable design method for oversize and slotted holes in domestic real condition is needed. In this study, we evaluated behavior of the joints and decided the friction coefficient on oversize and slotted holes of friction joints with high strength bolts.
Study on Elasto-Plastic Behavior of Column to Beam Connection with 600MPa High Performance Steel(SM 570 TMC)
Kim, Jong Rak ; Kim, Seung Bae ; Kwon, June Yeop ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 6, 2008, Pages 691~700
Contemporary architectural structures have diverse and complex forms. Such structural variety demands requisite performance from the connections in the steel structure so that the latter could resist a horizontal force, such as an earthquake. The connections are the all-important components that create the discontinuous form and that support stress concentration, determining the stiffness and toughness of the entire steel frame. In this study, a real-scale column-to-beam connection was constructed in the 600MPa-grade high-strength and high-performance steel, to test its behavior. Its material and welding characteristics were examined in this study, and its structural performance was analyzed by conducting seismic-resistance tests on the full-scale, cross-shaped column-to-beam welded connections with non-scallop, ordinary-scallop, and reinforced-scallop details. The weld ability of the high-strength, high-performance steel was also evaluated, and data regarding the seismic design for practical application were provided.
Test on the Structural Performance of the TOX Deck plate - Evaluation of Structural Safety during Construction Stage -
Oh, Sang Hoon ; Kim, Young Ju ; Yoon, Myung Ho ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 6, 2008, Pages 701~709
Owing to the decreased work term and the convenience of construction work in Korea, the steel deck plate system has been widely used in the construction field. Most of all, due to its good stiffness and economic consideration, the steel-wire-integrated deck plate system (or truss deck plate system) has become very popular in recent years. But although it has many advantages, the truss deck plate system has a critical defect: it gets rusty in the welding joints between the lattice steel wire and the deck plate, resulting in the cracking of such welding joints and water leakage. To address these problems, a new type of truss deck plate system, which need not be welded and does not rust, was proposed herein: the TOX deck plate system. In this study, tests were conducted on 15 specimens to evaluate the structural safety of the proposed deck plate system during the construction stage. The test parameters were as follows: the depth of the slab the length of the span the diameters of the top, bottom, and lattice steel wire and the material properties of the zinc-coated steel sheets. The test results show that the TOX deck plate system can guarantee structural safety owing to its deflection and strength
Structural Characteristics of Welded Built-up Square CFT Column to Beam Connections with External Diaphragm
Lee, Seong Hui ; Jung, Hun Mo ; Kim, Dae Jung ; Kim, Jin Ho ; Choi, Sung Mo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 6, 2008, Pages 711~722
Existing tube for concrete filled tubular structure is made through welding of four plates irrespective of tube thickness, so production performance is poor and special welding technique is needed to weld the internal diaphragm and through the diaphragm. Therefore, through manufacturing by cold forming development of beam to column connections that is no welding in position of stress concentration is needed. In this study the proposal of beam to column connections details and to making tube specimens by method of bending steel plates, we want to know the compositeeffect between internal anchor and concrete by processing on stress distribution and internal force evaluation of concrete filled tube beam to column connections with a variable of flange welding existence between column and beam, welding quantity between column and diaphragm, existence of concrete in tube, column with diaphragm and general column.
Reliability Assessment of Fatigue Crack Propagation using Response Surface Method
Cho, Tae Jun ; Kim, Lee Hyeon ; Kyung, Kab Soo ; Choi, Eun Soo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 6, 2008, Pages 723~730
Due to the higher ratio of live load to total loads of railway bridges, the accumulated damage by cyclic fatigue is significant. Moreover, it is highly possible that the initiated crack grows faster than that of highway bridges. Therefore, it is strongly needed to assess the safety for the accumulated damage analytically. The initiation and growth of fatigue-crack are related with the stress range, number of cycles, and the stiffness of the structural system. The stiffness of the structural system includes uncertainties of the planning, design, construction and maintenance, which varies as time goes. In this study, the authors developed the design and risk assessment techniques based on the reliability theories considering the uncertainties in load and resistance. For the probabilistic risk assessment of crack growth and the remaining life of the structures by the cyclic load of railway and subway bridges, response surface method (RSM) combined with first order second moment method were used. For composing limit state function, the stress range, stress intensity factor and the remaining life were selected as input important random variables to the RSM program. The probabilities of failure and the reliability indices of fatigue life for the considered specimen under cyclic loads were evaluated and discussed.
Fatigue Strength Evaluation of Steel-Concrete Composite Bridge Deck with Corrugated Steel Plate
Ahn, Jin Hee ; Sim, Jung Wook ; Jeong, Youn Joo ; Kim, Sang Hyo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 6, 2008, Pages 731~740
This paper deals with the fatigue behavior and strength of a new-type of steel-concrete composite bridge deck. The new-type composite bridge deck consists of corrugated steel plate, welded T-beams, stud-type shear connectors and reinforced concrete filler. A total of eight composite bridge deck specimens were fabricated, the fatigue tests were conducted under four-point bending test with three different stress ranges in constant amplitude. According to the test results, the fatigue crack generated at the welding part of the corrugated steel plate, progressed down to the bottom of the steel plate and encountered the crack, which came out from the opposite side at the same position. After the two cracks were connected at the bottom of the steel plate, the lower flange was cut off and the fatigue crack developed up to the T-beam. And the displacements and strains of fatigue test specimens were increasing with cyclic loading number, these were changed sharply at the fatigue failure. The fatigue results are compared with the design S-N curves specified in the Korea Highway Bridge Design Specifications and data in NCHRP 102 and NCHRP 147 report. The new-type composite bridge deck has a stress category of C, which means that new-type composite bridge deck can be designed by the current fatigue design specifications provided for steel members.
An Experimental Study on 3-Dimension Aerodynamic Properties of Composite Cable Stayed Bridge
Min, In Ki ; Chae, Young Suk ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 6, 2008, Pages 741~750
The aim of this study was to analyze the aerodynamic properties of the composite cable-stayed bridge by conducting three-dimensional wind tunnel tests. Focusing on the improved section of the bridge in the two-dimensional wind tunnel tests, the bridge's aerodynamic stability was estimated based on the angles of attack and the wind angles. The aerodynamic properties of vertical galloping, torsion galloping,and torsion flutter were also estimated based on the design wind velocity, and because much of the cable-stayed bridge was constructed using FCM, it was not sufficiently stiff during the bridge's construction. Therefore,the experience progressed by stages: from the full stage to the tow stage, and until the bridge became a single tower. Since the original plane was designed to be a steel box girder, the aerodynamic properties of the steel-box-type and composite-type girder could be compared. The results of this study can be utilized as basic data regarding the aerodynamic properties of medium-length and short composite cable-stayed bridges.
Study on Unsteady Flow Field around Rectangular Cylinders using Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD)
Lee, Jae-Hyung ; Matsumato, Masaru ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 6, 2008, Pages 751~759
In this study, the effect of an unsteady flow field around a body of aerostatic/aerodynamic forces were investigated using rectangular cylinders (B/D = 2, 3, 4, 5). Proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) was introduced to the analysis of the fluctuating pressure field that was measured on the stationary/oscillatory B/D=4 rectangular cylinder, and the characteristics of the proper functions with flow patterns were identified. In addition, the physical decoupling and interactions in the different co-existing flow patterns were investigated through POD. The comparison with the identified proper function associated with a particular flow pattern revealed that the Karman vortex is almost not affected by the separation bubble, but that the Karman vortex considerably interferes in the development of the separation bubble around the trailing edge. It can be considered that the Karman vortex induces the increment of the curvature of the substantial separated flow.
Extracting Modal Parameters of Railway Bridge under the Action of High-speed Train Using TDD Technique
Kim, Byeong Hwa ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 6, 2008, Pages 761~771
When the crossing frequency of a train meets the natural frequency of a railway bridge, the bridge is bound to become resonant. There are few available time response samples involving a train that passes a bridge at high speed. Very effective modal-parameter extraction techniques for such special high-speed railway bridge conditions are introduced in this paper. Utilizing the cross-correlations of the free-vibration responses after the train passes, mode shapes and the temporal modal parameters (e.g., natural frequency and damping ratio) are extracted using the TDD and SI techniques, respectively. This approach has been applied to a two-span steel composite bridge in the Kyung-Bu high-speed railway system. The estimation results were compared with those obtained using the existing methods. The results fully coincide with those that were extracted using the existing aforementioned technique.
A Study on the Material Characteristics and the Welding Properties of 600MPa Grade Steel (SM 570 TMC)
Kim, Jong Rak ; Kim, Sang Seup ; Lee, Chul Ho ; Lee, Eun Taik ; Beak, Ki Youl ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 6, 2008, Pages 773~781
As buildings are becoming taller and longer-spanned, the requirements of high-strength and reliable steels are becoming increasingly stringent. Structural steels, however, acquire significantly different mechanical properties when their strength becomes higher. In this study, the mechanical properties, welding characteristics, and conformities of the 600MPa-grade high-strength steel were tested. The 600MPa-grade steel plates exhibited stable criterion strengthvalues and showed low carbon equivalents (
) and composition (
) as well as excellent welding hardness. In the tensile strength test, all the specimens were found to have strengths of over 600MPa. In the Sharphy impact test, the impact-absorbed energy of the V-notch specimens was shown to be 47J at the KS limit. Moreover, the maximum hardness of the specimens in the weld-heat-affected zone at a normal temperature was the same as that before welding. Their weld metal properties, however, were found not to be as good as those of high-strength steel. As such, the details of high-strength steel must be determined.
A Study on Elasto-Plastic Behavior of Column-to-Beam Welded Connection with 600MPa Class High Performance Steel
Kim, Jong Rak ; Oh, Young Suk ; Baek, Ki Youl ; Chang, Sung Yun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 6, 2008, Pages 783~792
While the recent high demand for mega-tall buildings has led to the development of high-performance and high-strength steels, the requirements for architectural-structure-performance steel have been raised as engineers recognize the potential damage that an earthquake can wreak on a tall building. A 600MPa-class steel has emerged to meet such need, and many studies are currently exploring its practical applications on civil engineering works and mega-tall buildings. The available data on the horizontal-force behaviors of structures built with such new steel, however, are still insufficient. There is an urgent need to look into its design data, especially its toughness, and to compare the plastic strain ratios of column-to-beam connections using high-strength steel and regular steel. One of the first studies on the behavior of a column-to-beam connection using 600MPa-class steel (SM570 TMC), this thesis analyzes such steel's structural performance by conducting a structural test on seismic resistance on a full-scale column-to-beam welded connection with non-scallop and recommended-scallop details. Compared with the previous studies on SM490, this thesis evaluates the weldability of SM570 TMC and presents the latter's seismic design data for use in testing its practical application.
Structural Performance of Beam-Middle Column Connection of 12m × 3m Steel Modular System
Shim, Sung Chul ; Lee, Sang Hyun ; Jo, Bong Ho ; Woo, Sung Sik ; Choi, Mun Sik ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 6, 2008, Pages 793~805
Recently, steel modular systems are developed and have been applied to the projects requiring fast construction such as military barracks and vertical expansion of school buildings. The existing modular system with standard module of
has a problem that many columns are duplicated in the module connection and the wall thickness increases. In this study,
module is proposed to solve this problem. Various types of beam-middle column connection which are essential for realizing the
module are proposed and their maximum load capacity and failure mode are analytically and experimentally evaluated. The comparison between analytical and experimental results shows that the maximum axial load and failure mode can be accurately estimated by finite element analysis. Some connection types which have higher failure load than the design load of the column, can be used as the beam-middle column connection detail of the
An Experimental Study on the Hysteresis Behavior of WUF-B Beam-Column Connection using SN Steel
Kim, Sun Hee ; Lee, Seong Hui ; Kim, Jin Ho ; Kim, Dae Jung ; Choi, Sung Mo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 6, 2008, Pages 807~815
The brittle failure where is occurred the welding position of column-beam flange of WUF-B connection that consider about a seismic detail possess a superior ductility capacity before Northridge earthquake 1994, require newly study about WUF-B connection. SAC Steel Project suggests a seismic detail to FEMA-350 by supporting of FEMA. It revise shape of weld access holes of WUF-B connection, welding processand welding material etc, In spite of these revision, AISC Seismic Provisions (2005) prescribe WUF-B connection using an only OMF. Recently in Korea, as the earthquake of about seismic intensity 5 occur, the necessity of revision for connection seismic detail comes to the front in Korea and FEMA-350 connection seismic details are going to include in KBC-2008 as it is. In this study, two column-beam connection specimens were marked by using SM490, SN490 built-up H-section, and based on WUF-B detail prescription of FEMA350. The parameters of the specimens are types of steel (SM, SN), and evaluate the capacities of structure and seismic by experiment. Finally we confirm a superior ductility capacity aboutspecimens JB-1 and JB-2, using SM490 and SN490,and these specimens had sufficient OMF and SMF seismic capacity, as indicated in AISC Seismic Provisions (2005).
Experimental Evaluation of Seismic Column Splice with Partial Joint Penetration Welds
Lee, Cheol Ho ; Kim, Jae Hoon ; Kim, Jung Jae ; Oh, Sang Hoon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 6, 2008, Pages 817~827
The seismic performance of a column splice fabricated with PJP (partial joint penetration) welds for special moment frames was experimentally evaluated in this study. The steel materials that were used for the specimens included SHN490 and SN490 steel, or the newly developed structural steel for seismic application. Fabricating the column splice with PJP welds is highly attractive from the perspective of reducing the welding cost and the construction time. PJP welds in column splices are viewed apprehensively, however, because several tests have shown that PJP welds in thick members tend to become brittle under tensile loads. The column splices in this testing program were designed for the expected plastic moment of the column that current seismic codes typically require. The design strength of partial-penetration welded joints was determined according to the 2005 AISC-LRFD Specification. Three-point loading was applied monotonically, using a universal testing machine, such thatthe column splice joints were subjected to pure tension. The test results showed that the PJP welded splices, if designed properly, can develop a strength exceeding that of the actual plastic moment of the column. The specimen made of the SM490 rolled section, however, showed a brittle fracture at the splice soon after achieving the actual plastic moment of the column. The tensile coupon test results also showed that the material properties of SM490 steel are more unpredictable. Overall, although the test data are limited, the SHN490 and SN490 steel specimens showed a superior and reliable performance.
Seismic Performance Evaluation of Welded Beam-Column Connections abricated with SHN Steel Sections
Kim, Tae Jin ; Park, JongWon ; Cho, Jeong Hyuk ; Kim, Hee Dong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 20, issue 6, 2008, Pages 829~838
In this study, cyclic tests of beam-column connections composed with members applicable to the domestic low-middle rise steel buildings were conducted to develop seismic connection details and its evaluation. Connection types and material properties of the steel were testing variables and the difference between the newly developed seismic rolled section (SHN490) and existing rolled section (SM490) was also investigated. Distributions of the yield strength and the ultimate strength of the SHN490 rolled section were relatively uniform comparing to those of the SM490 rolled section Brittle fracture in the weldments of the test specimens was not observed. Instead, fracture occurred at heat-affected zones or the stress-concentrated point near the weld access hole of the beam flanges. In the case of identical rolled-section specimens, the rotational capacity and dissipated energy of the WUF-W connection was larger than those of the WUF-B connection. In the case of identical connection types, the rotational capacity and dissipated energy of the SHN490 section connection was larger than those of the WUF-B section connection.