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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Steel Construction
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Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 21, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
Analysis on Characteristic of Construction Cost for Steel Box Bridge
Sun, Chang Won ; Kyung, Kab Soo ; Kang, Shin Hwa ; Kwon, Soon Cheol ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 21, issue 1, 2009, Pages 1~14
Estimating appropriate construction cost at the design phase is judged with one important issue to the efficient security and the execution of budget. Therefore, in this paper, to build fundamental data of appropriate construction cost for steel box bridges, the existing calculated document such as the quantity, unit price document and detail items etc.. was analyzed and the basic specification of the bridges was investigated. Also, by estimating the relationship between predetermined cost and construction items on the bridges, the paper is intended to produce basic data for the calculation of appropriate construction cost in planning phase. From the result, it was calculated ratio of construction item in the total construction cost and unit cost. And then it was deduced effect factor of construction cost in steel box bridge.
Push-out Performance Test of Composite Steel Truss Deck using Light Weight Concrete
Choi, Byong Jeong ; Moon, Hyo Jin ; Han, Hong Soo ; Han, Kweon Gyu ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 21, issue 1, 2009, Pages 15~26
Push-out tests were performed to evaluate the shear capacity of a composite steel truss deck slab system, called an automatic prefabrication bar-mesh system, using lightweight concrete. The six specimens were classified into three groups: DP, NDP, and Solid, according to the variations between the bar mesh and the zinc plate automatic prefabrications. This paper focused on the failure behaviors, load-displacement characteristics, and a performance comparison based on design codes.
An Analysis and Evaluation of Fire Resistance Performance for the Protected Steel Columns in Korea
Shin, Tae Song ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 21, issue 1, 2009, Pages 27~35
Main structural steel members need fire-resistance measures to ensure their fire-resistance performance for a prescribed time. This paper analyzes and evaluates the fire-resistance performance of approved Korean fire-protection products for steel columns. These products are classified into products for board protection and for spray protection, samples of which were selected for the analysis. The fire-resistance performance was analyzed on the basis of Korean and European standards. The Korean standards are considered additional to the Euro-code standards for performance design. The Korean standards generally take more precautions to ensure safety on the temperature side, but require the reflection of material properties, the steel temperature calculation methodology, the profile factor, and the strength verification in a fire.
Structural Behavior of Steel Wire Truss Deck with Continuous Lattices to the Longitudinal Direction
Lee, Sung Ho ; Park, Hyung Chul ; Oh, Bo Hwan ; Cho, Soon Bo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 21, issue 1, 2009, Pages 37~44
A truss deck system that has replaced the slab form conventional method has become widely used in the construction of reinforced concrete structures as well as steel structures. The current commercial products, however, have some problems. The discontinuity between the lattice wires on the joint of the bottom wire induces vierendeel behavior, which increases the deflection of the system. In this research, a new truss deck system with continuous lattice wires on the level of the bottom wire was developed to reduce the system's vierendeel behavior and to improve its deformation capacity. To investigate the system's structural behavior, an experimental test and an analysis were performed. The main parameters of the test and analysis were the longitudinal shape and spacing of the lattices. To simulate the loading condition in the construction field, uniform construction loads were directly applied on the deck plates of the analysis model and the test specimens. The results of such analysis and test revealed that the longitudinal shape of the lattice wires is a major factor affecting the structural behavior of a steel wire truss deck. Thus, continuous lattice wires could result in decreased vierendeel behavior in the steel wire truss deck. It was also found that the truss deck system with lattices spaced longer than in the conventional products could be effectively used without increasing the member stresses.
Seismic Risk Analysis of Track-on-Steel Plate Girder Railway Bridges
Park, Joo Nam ; Choi, Eun Soo ; Kim, Sung Il ; Cho, Sung Cheol ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 21, issue 1, 2009, Pages 45~53
More than 40% of railway bridges on the conventional lines in Korea consist of track-on-steel plate girder (TOSPG) bridges. This type of bridge is typically designed without considering seismic loadings, as most of them were built before 1970. The seismic performance of this particular type of bridge could be upgraded through various seismic retrofit schemes, and seismic risk assessment could play a key role in decision-making on the level of the seismic retrofit. This study performed a seismic risk assessment of TOSPG bridges in Korea. The seismic damage of several crucial components of TOSPG bridges--fixed bearings, free bearings, and piers--were probabilistically estimated, and their seismic fragility curves were developed. The probability that the components would exceed their predefined limit states was also calculated by combining the fragility curves and the seismic hazard function. The analysis showed that the piers of TOSPG bridges, which are made of plain concrete without rebars, have relatively low risk against seismic loadings in Korea. This is because the mass of the superstructures of TOSPG bridges is relatively small, and hence, the seismic loading being transferred to the piers is minimal. The line-type bearings typically used for TOSPG bridges, however, are exposed to a degree of seismic risk. Among the bearings, the probability of the free-end bearings and the fixed-end bearings exceeding the slight damage state in 50 years was found to be 12.78% and 4.23%, respectively. The gap between these probability values lessened towards more serious damage states. This study could effectively provide an engineering background for decision-making activities on the seismic retrofit of railway bridges.
Effect of Blast Cleaning on Fatigue Behavior of Non-load-carrying Fillet Welded Cruciform Joints
Kim, In Tae ; Jung, Young Soo ; Kim, Kwang Jin ; Lee, Dong Uk ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 21, issue 1, 2009, Pages 55~62
Blast cleaning has been applied in steel bridges for cleaning forged surface and increasing adhesive property of applied coating systems. Blasting is the operation of cleaning or preparing a surface by forcible propelling a stream of abrasive metals against it. Blast cleaning may improve surface geometry and induce compressive residual stress, and eventually may increase fatigue life of weld joints. In this paper, fatigue tests were carried out on three types of non-load-carrying fillet welded cruciform joints, as-welded joints, blast-treated joints, and stress-relieved joints after blasting, in order to investigate effect of blast cleaning on fatigue behavior of the weld joints. By Blast cleaning, the weld toe radius was increased by 29% and compressive residual stress was induced near weld toes. Blast cleaning increased fatigue life and fatigue endurance limit of the weld joints. When the applied stress ranges decreased, the increment in fatigue life became larger. About a 150% increase in fatigue limit could be realized by using blast cleaning.
Analytical Study of Net Section Fracture in Special Concentrically Braced Frames
Yoo, Jung Han ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 21, issue 1, 2009, Pages 63~70
Failure modes result in fracture or tearing, which may cause deterioration of resistance and reduction of inelastic deformation capacity. The potential failure modes for Special Concentrically Braced Frames (SCBFs) include fracture or tearing of the brace, net section fracture of the brace or gusset plate, fracture of the gusset plate welds, shear fracture of the bolts, block shear, excessive bolt bearing deformation, and buckling of the gusset plate. HSS tubular braces are commonly used in SCBFs, and net section fracture of the tubular brace may also occur through the brace net section at the end of the slot cut into the tube to slip over the gusset plate. This failure mode is categorized as a tension failure mode, and may cause dramatic loss of resistance and brittle behavior. Net section reinforcement is required according to AISC design specifications (AISC 2001). In this paper, the need to reinforce the net section area was discussed. Initially, the results of the net section fracture tests done by the University of California in Berkeley were presented with the modeling of these tests using FE models. To investigate the possibility of net section fracture in an actual frame, the slot end hole model was adapted to the frame FE model, and alternate near-fault histories were applied with tension-dominated cycles, since previous analyses showed that loading history was the most critical factor in net section fracture. The need for this reinforcement (cover plate) and the tension-dominated near-fault history were investigated.
Experimental Study on Buckling Restrained Knee Bracing Systems using Channel Scetions
Lee, Jin ; Lee, Ki Hak ; Lee, Han Seon ; Kim, Hee Cheul ; Lee, Young Hak ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 21, issue 1, 2009, Pages 71~81
In this study, the seismic performance of the Buckling Restrained Knee Bracing (BRKB) system was evaluated through a pin-connected one-bay, one-story frame. The BRKB system developed in this study was composed of a steel plate as a load-resisting core member and two channel sections to restrain local and global buckling of the core plate. The main purpose of the BRKB system is to restrengthen/rehabilitate old low- and mid-rise RC buildings, which, it is assumed, were designed with non-seismic designs and details. The main variables for the test specimens were the size of the core plates and the stiffeners, and the condition of the end plates. The test results showed that the size of the core plate, which was the main element of the load-resisting member, was the most important parameter in achieving a ductile behavior under tension as well as compression until the maximum displacement exceeds twice the design drift limit.
Experimental Study on the Vibration Control Capacity of Hybrid Buckling-Restrained Braces
Kim, Do Hyun ; Ju, Young Kyu ; Kim, Myung Han ; Sung, Woo Gi ; Kim, Sang Dae ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 21, issue 1, 2009, Pages 83~91
Buckling Restrained Braces (BRBs) show good seismic behavior. They do not dissipate energy, however, when they are subjected to minor earthquakes or wind. Hybrid Buckling Restrained Braces (H-BRBs), which can improve the wind performance of the BRB system, are a kind of hybrid damper system composed of a viscoelastic damper and BRBs. In this paper, two H-BRB specimens with different cores were experimentally investigated to ensure the structural behavior of the H-BRB system in an elastic range. The axial deformation of the primary resisting system was compared with that of the secondary resisting system, and the equivalent damping ratio of the H-BRBs was estimated. It was concluded that H-BRBs with double shear dampers show good structural behavior and are applicable to tall buildings, to improve the building performance at a comfortable level.
A Study on the Fatigue Design of Joint Detail of Vertical Stiffener in Two-Girder Bridge
Kwon, Soon Cheol ; Kyung, Kab Soo ; Park, Jin Eun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 21, issue 1, 2009, Pages 93~103
Two-girder bridge is composed of primary members such as deck slab and main girder, and secondary member such as cross beam, vertical and horizontal stiffeners etc,. Two-girder bridge is prescribed as a non-redundant load path structure in the ASSHTO and the Korean Highway Bridge Design Code. Such structure is that if one girder is damaged, problems of function and safety of the bridge are caused. From the reasons, fatigue cracks in two-girder bridge can affect safety of the bridge seriously. Therefore, in this paper, fatigue evaluation was performed at connection parts of vertical stiffener and web with radius of curvature of scallop of vertical stiffener and thickness of web as variables. Such joint is known as a detail which has high possibility of fatigue crack in the bridge. Based upon the analytical results, preferable joint detail in terms of fatigue and simple empirical formula for fatigue evaluation of the detail were suggested.