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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Steel Construction
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Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 21, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
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Analysis of Gas Pipeline Movement and Stress Estimation
Kim, Joon Ho ; Kim, Dong Hyawn ; Lee, Sang Geun ; Hong, Seong Kyeong ; Jeong, Sek Young ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 21, issue 3, 2009, Pages 203~210
If there are some construction works that affect the stability of buried pipelines, the pipelines should be moved to guarantee their safety. In this paper, modeling methods for analyzing the movement of pipelines were sought, and the step-by-step stress estimation method of moving pipelines was developed. Some factors affecting of pipeline response such as the element type, the element size, boundary modeling, and geometric non-linearity were quantitatively investigated. In addition, some conditions in which accuracy and effectiveness can be compromised in the analysis of long pipelines were identified. A neural network was used to estimate the pipeline stress. The inputs to the neural network included step-by-step displacements, and the output was the resulting stress at each movement step. After training the neural network, it can be used to estimate pipeline stresses at some sub-steps that are not included in the training. A Windows-based stress estimation program was developed.
An Experimental Study on the Flexural Behavior for T-joints with Square Hollow Structural Sections
Park, Keum Sung ; Lee, Sang Sup ; Choi, Young Hwan ; Bae, Kyu Woong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 21, issue 3, 2009, Pages 211~219
The purpose of the study described in this paper was to experimentally investigate branch squared T joints with cold formed hollow structural sections under the in plane moment in a Vierendeel Truss. The branch in the T joints was welded to the upper flange of the chord. The main experimental parameters were the ratio of the width to the thickness of the chord (
, and the width ratio of the branch to the chord (
. Nine specimens were tested and manufactured in joints under the in plane bending moment. Based on the results of the test, the in plane moment strength of the branch squared T joints was determined according to the bending deformation of the chord flange yielding, regardless of the ratio of the width to the thickness of the chord and the ratio of the width of the branch to the width of the chord. Also, the in plane moment strength of the branch squared T joints in the hollow structural sections can be defined as 1.5 times the moment load at M1%B the strength of the joints that governed the serviceability in the control group. Finally, the experimental results with the branch squared T joints show that the in lane moment strength of the joint increased as
A Numerical Study on Load Distribution Factors for Simplified Composite H-Beam Panel Bridges
Park, Jong Sup ; Kim, Jae Heung ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 21, issue 3, 2009, Pages 221~232
The load distribution factor (LDF) values of simplified composite H beam panel bridges (SCHPBs) that were subjected to one lane and two lane loads were investigated using three dimensional finite element analyses with the computer program ABAQUS (2007). This study considered some design parameters such as the slab thickness, the steel plate thickness, the span length, and the continuity of the SCHPBs in the development of new LDFs. The distribution values that were obtained from these analyses were compared with those from the AASHTO Standard, LRFD, and the equations presented by Tarhini and Frederick, Huo et al., Back and Shin, and Cai. The AASHTO Standard distribution factors for SCHPBs were found to be very conservative. Sometimes, the distribution values from the finite element analyses for interior girders were similar to the results of the AASHTO LRFD, whereas the values for exterior girders were conservative in most cases. The new distribution values that were presented in this study produced LDFs that are more conservative than those from the finite element method. For the simple application of the design to SCHPBs, bridge engineers can use 0.42 for the interior girder and 0.32 for the exterior girder. The proposed values improve the current design procedure for the LDF problem and increase SCHPB design efficiency.
An Analytical Study on the Structural Behavior of SC walls with Opening
Lee, Seung Joon ; Choi, Byong Jeong ; Kang, Shin Kyun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 21, issue 3, 2009, Pages 233~243
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of openings on the structural behavior of SC walls. The FEM program ABAQUS was used in this analytical study. The main parameters were the locations and sizes of the openings: a total of 20 locations and a total of four opening sizes were adopted. The analysis results were compared with the results of the currently applied evaluation methods. The strength reduction factor method may be used to safely design SC walls with openings. The strength reduction factor of the effective strut method is more similar to that of the analysis results.
Characteristics of Peak External Pressure Acting on the Roof and Wall of the Low-Rise Buildings with Gable Roofs
Jo, Won Geun ; Won, Jong Ho ; Ha, Young Cheol ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 21, issue 3, 2009, Pages 245~255
The low-rise buildings with gable roofs are commonly used in a number of industries. In order to study the characteristics of peak external pressure coefficient on low-rise buildings with gable roofs, wind-tunnel test have been carried out. Wind-induced pressures were measured simultaneously at many points on wind-pressure models, typical of simple low-rise buildings with gable roofs, which have seven different roof slope with constant width(D), height(H), and length(D). The pressure measurements were made in one kind of turbulent boundary layer, which simulated the natural winds over typical suburban terrains at a geometric scale of 1/150. The results indicate that peak external pressure coefficient on the roof and wall edges were increased. The results compared with wind standard of KBC-2005 and standards of various nations. The comparative resultant, experimental result appeared very similar at AIJ-2004. But the results were somewhat larger then wind standard of KBC-2005.
Resistance of Web-Separated Diagrid Nodes Subjected to Cyclic Loading
Kim, Young Ju ; Jung, In Yong ; Ju, Young K. ; Kim, Sang Dae ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 21, issue 3, 2009, Pages 257~266
The results of the analysis of the structural behavior of diagrid nodes that were subjected to cyclic loads such as wind and earthquakes was not fully understood due to difficulties in considering the welding type. In this study, diagrid nodes were tested to determine their behavior when they are subjected to seismic or wind loads. Five specimens were designed and fabricated. The corresponding test parameters were the welding type for each point and the length of the overlap of the side stiffener and the brace web. Tensile force was applied to one diagrid brace member, and compression force was applied to the other diagrid brace member. Cyclic loading was applied until the failure. The test showed that failures are due to axial stress from axial force and the additional bending moment of the two combined axial forces that have different directions. Tensile failure was observed from the tensile force, and local buckling was observed from the compressive force at the flange of the brace member. In addition, the welding type and the length overlap affected the initial stiffness, the yielding stress, and the energy absorption of the diagrid node.
Simplified Nonlinear Dynamic Progressive Collapse Analysis of Welded Steel Moment Frames Using Collapse Spectrum
Lee, Cheol Ho ; Kim, Seon Woong ; Lee, Kyung Koo ; Han, Kyu Hong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 21, issue 3, 2009, Pages 267~275
This paper presents the behavior of column-removed double-span beams in welded steel moment frames and proposes a simplified nonlinear dynamic analysis method for the preliminary evaluation of progressive collapse potential. The nonlinear finite element analysis and the associated analytical study showed that the column gravity load and the beam span-to-depth ratio govern the maximum dynamic deformation demand of the double-span beams. Based on these results, the concept of a collapse spectrum, which describes the relationship between the gravity load parameter and the maximum chord rotation of the double-span beams, was newly proposed. A procedure for the application of the collapse spectrum to multi-story welded steel moment frames was then suggested. The inelastic dynamic finite element analysis results showed that the proposed method gives satisfactory prediction of the nonlinear progressive collapse behavior of welded steel moment frames.
An Experimental Study on the Behavior of Steel Plate-Concrete Wall with Vertical Ribs
Lee, Seung Joon ; Choi, Byong Jeong ; Kim, Tae Kyoung ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 21, issue 3, 2009, Pages 277~287
The objective of this study was to experimentally investigate the structural behavior of steel plate concrete walls with vertical ribs (SSC walls), to compare the experimental results with the currently applied evaluation equations, and to obtain information that would be useful in the development of design equations for SSC walls. SSC test specimens that were subjected to in plane shear forces and bending moments were fabricated and tested. The experimental results show that the effect of vertical ribs on the structural behavior of SSC walls may be neglected, and that the confinement effect of concrete on the steel plates on both sides of the walls was negligible. The comparison of the experimental results with the evaluation equations showed that the structural behavior of SSC walls under shear control is close to that of the evaluation equations, but that the behavior of SSC walls under larger bending moments is not very close to that of the evaluation equations. The current evaluation equations for USC walls may be applied to the design of SSC walls because the structural walls of nuclear power plants are not subjected to large in plane bending moments.
A Proposal of the Wind Pressure Coefficient and Simplified Wind Load Estimating Formula for the Design of Structural Frames of the Low-Rise Buildings
Park, Jae Hyeong ; Chung, Yung Bea ; Ha, Young Cheol ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 21, issue 3, 2009, Pages 289~299
This study summarizes basic results on the characteristics of mean wind pressure distribution on rectangular low-rise buildings with various breadths and depths through simultaneous multi-point wind pressure test. 5 types of rectangular wind pressure test models with various breadths and depths have been made for this study. Wind pressure tests are conducted on the Boundary Layer Wind Tunnel at Kumoh National Institute of Technology. The characteristics of mean wind pressure distribution with respect to various breadths and depths of low-rise buildings are analyzed into windward face, leeward face and side faces of building. From the results, new wind pressure coefficients and simplified wind load estimating formula for the resonable design of the structural frames of low-rise building were proposed.
Evaluation of Corrosion Thickness Loss of Temporary Steel Members Exposed to A Subway Construction Site
Kim, In Tae ; Jeon, Sang Hyuck ; Hur, Jung Ok ; Cheung, Jin Hwan ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 21, issue 3, 2009, Pages 301~310
Steel has been widely used as a material in temporary structures. Corrosion attack often reduces the long-term durability of temporary steel members that are not protected from corrosion. In designing temporary steel structures, it is difficult to evaluate their long-term durability, since the thickness loss of steel members is not clear. In this study, laboratory and field exposure corrosion tests were performed on structural steel plate specimens, and the loss of thickness of specimens that were exposed to a subway construction site for 11 months and of specimens that were exposed to environments with controlled humidity and calcium chloride for six months were measured. Finally, a thickness loss equation was formulated based on the environmental conditions and the testing periods.
The Experimental Study on Axial Loaded Concrete Filled Steel Tube Confined by Carbon Fiber Sheet
Park, Jai Woo ; Hong, Young Kyun ; Hong, Gi Soup ; Lee, Seoung Hee ; Choi, Sung Mo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 21, issue 3, 2009, Pages 311~320
This paper presents the experimental results of an experiment on the current rectangular CFT columns and rectangular CFT columns additionally confined by carbon fiber sheets(CFS) under axial loading. The main experimental parameters were the layer numbers of the CFS and the depth-to-thickness ratio. Nine specimens were prepared according to the experimental parameter plans, and axial compression tests were conducted. From the tests, the failure procedure, the load-axial deformation curve, the maximum axial strength, and the deformation capacity of the CFT columns and the confined CFT columns were compared. Finally, it was seen that the maximum axial strengths of the CFT increased more significantly than that of the current CFT columns because of delayed local buckling.
Numerical Evaluation of Lateral-Torsional Buckling Strength in I-section Plate Girder Bridges
Park, Yong Myung ; Hwang, Soon Young ; Park, Jae Bong ; Hwang, Min Oh ; Choi, Byung H. ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 21, issue 3, 2009, Pages 321~330
This paper presents numerical analysis results for the lateral-torsional buckling (LTB) strength of steel I-girder bridges. Current Korean and AASHTO design specifications for LTB consider the buckling strength of a single girder with both its ends constrained. The I-girder bridges are composed of more than one girder, and the girders are interconnected with intermediate cross-beams or cross-frames. Therefore, it should be required to evaluate the effects of cross-beam stiffness and the interactionof girders on LTB strength. It is also necessary to consider the effects of transverse web stiffeners on LTB strength. By considering these parameters, a series of four-girder systemswere numerically modeled using 3D shell elements to estimate the LTB strength while considering initial imperfections and residual stresses.
Analysis of Fatigue Truck Model for LRFD Code
Cho, Eun Young ; Shin, Dong Ku ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 21, issue 3, 2009, Pages 331~342
A reliability analysis of the fatigue failure of highway steel bridges was performed by applying the Miner's fatigue damage rule for the fatigue design truck proposed for the LRFD code and for the current DB 24 truck. The limit state function for fatigue failure is expressed as a function of various random variables that affect fatigue damage. Among these variables, the statistical parameters for the equivalent moment, the impact factor, and the loadometer were obtained by analyzing recently measured domestic traffic data, and the parameters for the fatigue strength, the girder distribution factor, and the headway factor were obtained from the measured data reported in literature. Based on the reliability analysis, the fatigue truck model for the LRFD code was proposed. After applying the proposed fatigue truck to the LRFD code, 16 composite plate and box girder bridges were designed based on the LRFD method, and the LRFD design results for the fatigue limit state were compared with those by the current KHBDC.