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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Steel Construction
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Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 21, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
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Wind Induced Risk Analysis of Highway Facilities
Kim, Dong Hyawn ; Lee, Il Keun ; Jo, Byung Wan ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 21, issue 6, 2009, Pages 553~561
Risk analysis of highway sign supporting structures and sound barriers was done. Stochastic wind load was modeled by using extreme value distribution from site measurement and the variability of structural parameters was considered. Limit state functions were defined to assess structural stability by wind and risk of highway facilities was analyzed by combining wind hazard. According to the numerical analysis results, sound barrier post shows significantly higher risk than highway sign supporting structures. This is caused by the fact that the design codes of the structures are different. To distribute wind induced risk in highway structures, unification and improvement of design codes are required based on risk assessment.
A Development of Analytical Strategies for Elastic Bifurcation Buckling of the Spatial Structures
Lee, Kyung Soo ; Han, Sang Eul ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 21, issue 6, 2009, Pages 563~574
This paper briefly describes the fundamental strategies--path-tracing, pin-pointing, and path-switching--in the computational elastic bifurcation theory of geometrically non-linear single-load-parameter conservative elastic spatial structures. The stability points in the non-linear elasticity may be classified into limit points and bifurcation points. For the limit points, the path tracing scheme that successively computes the regular equilibrium points on the equilibrium path, and the pinpointing scheme that precisely locates the singular equilibrium points were sufficient for the computational stability analysis. For the bifurcation points, however, a specific procedure for path-switching was also necessary to detect the branching paths to be traced in the post-buckling region. After the introduction, a general theory of elastic stability based on the energy concept was given. Then path tracing, an indirect method of detecting multiple bifurcation points, and path switching strategies were described. Next, some numerical examples of bifurcation analysis were carried out for a trussed stardome, and a pin-supported plane circular arch was described. Finally, concluding remarks were given.
An Experimental Study on Simple Tension Connections for Square CFT Column to Beam Using Internal Plate with Holes
Lee, Seong Hui ; Jung, Hun Mo ; Yang, Il Seung ; Choi, Sung Mo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 21, issue 6, 2009, Pages 575~583
As the height of buildings rises, new structural systems are being applied other than theexisting S, RC, and SRC to decrease the weight of buildings and to make their construction more efficient, CFT structureshad been applied in many building construction projects due to their superior structural performance and construction efficiency. CFT structures need a diaphragm to harmoniously transmit the beam flange load to the column and the opponent beam in connections. Especially, on the right and left sides of the column other beams are connected, The establishment of a diaphragm for the lower part flange load delivery of the beam and guarantee for concrete filing capacity difficulty have (What does this mean?). In this paper, connection details are proposed in the form of a welded vertical plate with a circular hole on the CFT column's interior to harmoniously transmit the lower-part beam flange load to the column and the opponent beam. Thesediaphragm details use the concrete anchor effect in the beam flange load delivery, with the concrete-filled CFT column interior piercing the hole of the perforated plate, and a perforated board is established vertically to improve the concrete filling capacity. To analyze the structural performance of the proposed connection details, five simple tension specimens were made with the following parameters: with our without vertical and horizontal perforated plates, shear hole number, concrete filled or not, thickness of the perforated plate, etc. Then experimental tests were performed on these specimens.
An Experimental Study on Structural Characteristics of Beam-to-Column Connections with Plastic Deformation in the End-Plate
Lee, Seong-Hui ; Lee, Se Jung ; Yang, Il Seung ; Kim, Jin Ho ; Choi, Sung Mo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 21, issue 6, 2009, Pages 585~596
In the construction of end-plate connections, the end-plate is welded to the end of the beam in a factory and fastened by bolts in the field. This connection is widely used in advanced countries such as European countries and the U.S. Its design and connection details are prescribed in Eurocode 3, AISC LRFD, and FEMA 350. In Korea, the standards for seismic design in KBC 2005 have been reinforced based on IBC 2000 in the U.S., and it is expected that the connection details in the U.S. will be adopted for the establishment of beam-to-column design standards. In the U.S. thick end-plates are used for the connections to prevent beam rupture. The use of the connections in Korea, however, may lead toover-design. In this experimental study, the design standards for the end-plate connections provided by FEMA-350 were analyzed and structural tests for six specimens were conducted with the variables being the shim plate and the connection shape, to provide the best specifications for connections with plastic deformation in the end-plate for use in Korea.
Large Deformational Elasto-Plastic Analysis of Space Frames Considering Finite Rotations and Joint Connection Properties
Lee, Kyung Soo ; Han, Sang Eul ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 21, issue 6, 2009, Pages 597~608
In this paper, large-deformation elasto-plastic analysis of space frames that considersjoint connection properties is presented. This method is based on the large-deformation formula with finite rotation, which was developed initially for elastic systems, and is extended herein to include the elasto-plastic effect and the member joint connection properties of semi-rigid what?. The analytical method was derived from the Eulerian concept, which takes into consideration the effects of large joint translations and rotations. The localmember force-deformation relationships were obtained from the beam-column approach, and the change caused by the axial strain in the member chord lengths and flexural bowing were taken into account. The effect of the axial force of the member on bending and torsional stiffness, and on the plastic moment capacity, is included in the analysis. The material is assumed to be ideally elasto-plastic, and yielding is considered concentrated at the member ends in the form of plastic hinges. The semi-rigid properties of the member joint connection are considered based on the power or linear model. The arc length method is usedto trace the post-buckling range of the elastic and elasto-plastic problems with the semi-rigid connection. A sample non-linear buckling analysis was carried out with the proposed space frame formulations to demonstrate the potential of the developed method in terms of its accuracy and efficiency.
Analysis of Structural and Thermal Parameters for Evaluating Fire Resistance of Steel Beams
Park, Han Na ; Ahn, Jae Kwon ; Lee, Cheol Ho ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 21, issue 6, 2009, Pages 609~618
This paper proposes a versatile formula which can be used to evaluate the fire resistant time of steel beams under various design conditions. Towards this end, the key parameters which affect the fire performance of steel beams were first determined through thermo-mechanical considerations, and classified into two groups: structural parameters and thermal parameters. Then the degree of influence of each parameter on the fire performance was investigated through a fully coupled thermo-mechanical analysis up to the occurrence of run-away deflection. The accuracy of the numerical model used was verified using an available full-scale fire test before conducting an extensive parametric analysis. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to obtain the formula which can be used to predict the fire resistance time of steel beams under various design conditions. The statistical analysis showed that the proposed formula is very robust. The application of the formula in practical fire design under the current code was illustrated in detail. The economy and other advantages of the proposed formula were clearly shown.
Evaluation of Load-Carrying Capacity Loss due to Corrosion in Thin-Walled Section Steel Members
Chung, Kyung Soo ; Park, Man Woo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 21, issue 6, 2009, Pages 619~626
The use of thin-walled flexural members has proven to be a practical way to achieve the lowest cost in the construction of prefabricated long-span, low-rise building frames in steel. On the other hand, most of these structures are subjected to corrosion due to environmental exposure, which can reduce their carrying capacity. Corrosion damage is a serious problem for these structures as it causes thickness loss. That is, the class of a section (plastic, compact, non-compact, or slender) may change from one to another due to the loss of thickness of the compression flange and web due to corrosion. In this study, the effects of corrosion on thin-walled members in long-span steel frames were evaluated with regard to the moment-rotation curve, initial stiffness, maximum load capacity, stiffness in the post-maximum capacity, and energy absorption.
Evaluation of the Second Order Analysis of Unbraced Frame by using load amplification factor
Kim, Hee Dong ; Lee, Myung Jae ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 21, issue 6, 2009, Pages 627~636
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity of the second-order analysis using the load amplification factor suggested by design codes. For this purpose, the first-order analysis with the B1 and B2 factors suggested by KBC 2005 and the direct analysis with the load amplification factor suggested by KBC 2009 (draft) were performed for three-story -one-bay and five-story-three-bay unbraced steel frames. The results of the analyses were compared with the results of the second-order inelastic analysis to evaluate the validity of the suggested methods. The main parameters of the analysis were the scale of the frame, the axial load ratio of the column, and the methods of analysis. The research results showedthat the method suggested by KBC 2005 does not properly consider the second-order effect under the high axial load ratio, but the direct analysis method suggested by KBC 2009 (draft) properly estimates the second-order effect without any serious problem.
The Composite Action of Composite Truss Using H-Shaped Section Steel
Lee, Myung Jae ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 21, issue 6, 2009, Pages 637~646
The composite actions of truss beams and floor slabs are not reflected on the design of the truss beam in domestic practice. In this research, basic experiments were conducted on a composite truss with the top and bottom chord members consisting of the H-shaped members. The tests were performed to evaluate the mechanical behaviors of the composite truss on the effects with the shear studs and without them. The specimens consisted of the steel truss and non-composite and composite trusses, and one-point-concentrated loading at the center and equivalent loading were monotonically applied. The composite effects were experimentally identified in the composite trusses using the shear stud connectors.
Behaviors of Joints with Perfobond Rib Shear Connectors in Steel-PSC Hybrid System
Kim, Sang Hyo ; Lee, Chan Goo ; Yoon, Ji Hyun ; Won, Jeong Hun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 21, issue 6, 2009, Pages 647~657
This paper studies the behavior of joints in steel-PSC (prestressed concrete) hybrid beams, which is necessary for the application of hybrid beams to spliced girder bridges, and proposes a new type of joint with improved construction convenience and structural behavior. In the proposed joint, perfobond rib shear connectors are attached to the upper and lower plates, which are expanded from the steel girders and located between the steel girder and the PSC girder. The experimental tests were performed on hybrid beams with the suggested joint. The results showed that all the beams had similar ultimate strengths and failure modes, due to the failure of their PSC parts. The composite action of the perfobond ribs was verified by examining the initial stiffness and cracks of the test beams. In addition, the test beams showed a higher degree of ultimate strength than the beams with stud shear connectors in the joints that had been previously studied. Thus, the proposed joint is effective for the steel-PSC hybrid beam.