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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Steel Construction
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Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 22, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
Fatigue Life Estimation Method Considering Traffic Properties for Steel Highway Girder Bridge
Lee, Hee-Hyun ; Kyung, Kab-Soo ; Jeon, Jun-Chang ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 22, issue 3, 2010, Pages 209~218
The fatigue phenomenon, which is induced by stress accumulation due to the repeated loading of vehicles in the long term, is one of the main factors of the span of life of a steel bridge. In this paper, the effects of traffic properties on the fatigue life of ordinary short- and medium-span steel plate girder bridges that are exposed to relatively large dynamic effects are investigated. From the analysis, it was known that the fatigue life of the bridge becomes shorter with increasing traffic volume and number of large vehicles, and is affected by the weights of the vehicles. Based on the analysis results, a new parameter that can represent the traffic property that affects the fatigue life of the subject bridge is suggested, and the validity of the parameter is confirmed.
The Compressive Strength of Longitudinally Stiffened Plates Undergoing Local and Distortional Buckling
Park, Ho-Sang ; Seo, Sang-Jung ; Kwon, Young-Bong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 22, issue 3, 2010, Pages 219~228
This paper describes an experimental research on the structural behavior and the ultimate strength of longitudinally stiffened plates subjected to local, distortional, or mixed-mode buckling under compression. The stiffened plate undergoes local, distortional, or interactive local-distortional buckling according to the flexural rigidity of the plate's longitudinal stiffeners and the width-thickness ratios of the sub-panels of the stiffened plate. A significant post-buckling strength in the local and distortional modes affects the ultimate strength of the longitudinally stiffened plate. Compression tests were conducted on stiffened plates that were fabricated from 4mm-thick SM400 steel plates with a nominal yield stress of 235MPa. A simple strength formula for the Direct Strength Method based on the test results was proposed. This paper proves that the Direct Strength Method can properly predict the ultimate strength of stiffened plates when the local buckling and distortional buckling occur simultaneously or nearly simultaneously.
Evaluation of Seismic Performance Factors of Diagrid Structural System
Kim, Kyoung-Hwan ; Ju, Young-Kyu ; Kim, Sang-Dae ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 22, issue 3, 2010, Pages 229~239
As a new structural system, the diagrid system resists both gravity and lateral loads with diagonal columns. In current seismic design provisions, however, the response modification factor for a new structural system is not provided yet. ATC-63 provides a new methodology for defining various seismic performance factors, including the response modification factor. ATC-63 includes the collapse margin ratio in modifying the response modification factor, which can vary with many structural systems. In this paper, a non-linear static analysis and a dynamic analysis were conducted for four different diagrid models with 4-to 36-story heights. From these analyses, the response modification factor of the diagrid system was evaluated.
Analytical Investigation on Elastic Behaviors of Isotropic Annular Sector Plates Subjected to Uniform Loading
Kim, Kyung-Sik ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 22, issue 3, 2010, Pages 241~251
This paper presents the development of a new analytical solution to the governing differential equation for isotropic annular sector plates subjected to uniform loading in a three-dimensional polar coordinate system. The 4th order governing partial differential equation (PDE) was converted to an ordinary differential equation (ODE) by assuming the Levy-type series solution form and the subsequent mathematical operations. Finally, a series-type solution was assembled with homogeneous and nonhomogeneous solution parts after operating real values and complex conjugates derived from the characteristic equation. To demonstrate the convergence rate and the accuracy of the featured method, several examples with various sector angles were selected and solved. The deflections and internal moments in the example annular sector plates that were obtained from the proposed solution were compared with those obtained from other analytical studies and numerical analyses using the finite element analysis package program, ABAQUS. Very good agreement with the results of other analytical and numerical methodologies was shown.
A Study on the Behaviors of Column-to-Footing Connections for Concrete Filled Tube(CFT) System
Kim, Cheol-Hwan ; Kim, Seong-Eun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 22, issue 3, 2010, Pages 253~260
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the behavior of concrete-filled tube columns for footing connections. Eight specimens were tested to investigate such structural behavior according to the column base type. The specimens consisted of concrete-filled steel tube columns (or bare steel tube columns), reinforced concrete footings, and base plates (or stud connectors). The specimens were subjected to lateral cyclic load. The cyclic load was applied according to a predetermined strength sequence. The results of the experiment indicated that the flexural strength of the stud-connector- type column base is higher than that of the base-plate-type column base. The structural behavior of the concrete-filled tube column base was similar to that of the bare steel column base.
Experimental Evaluation for Structural Performance of Diagrid BRB Structural System
Lee, Jong-Hyock ; Ju, Young-Kyu ; Kim, Young-Ju ; Kim, Sang-Dae ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 22, issue 3, 2010, Pages 261~269
It is now possible to design buildings in various forms using a diagrid structural system, which is the one of the most useful structural systems. It is difficult to design and construct the connections, however, and the bucklings in braces weaken the seismic performance of structures. In this study, the initial stiffness, ductility, and energy-dissipated capacity of a diagrid and a diagrid BRB were evaluated via frame tests. The results of the cycling load tests showed that the diagrid BRB had better initial stiffness and ductility, and dissipated extra energy after the BRBs were yielded.
Evaluating Seismic Performance of Steel Welded Moment Connections Fabricated with SN Steel
Oh, Sang-Hoon ; Choi, Young-Jae ; Yoon, Sung-Kee ; Lee, Dong-Gue ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 22, issue 3, 2010, Pages 271~280
This study was programmed to fabricate a beam-to-column connection that is limited to a steel-welded moment connection with full-scale members, using SN steel. A cyclic seismic test was conducted of the nine specimens that were fabricated by choosing the test variable for the weld access hole geometry, connection design method, and RBS. From the test results, failure modes, the moment-drift behavior, and the strain distribution were provided. From the specimen material properties, the beam's nominal plastic flexural capacity and classified qualified connection as a special moment flame were calculated. By analyzing the skeleton part and the baushinger part, a range of strength-raising effects, and deformation ratios were provided, with which the seismic performance of the specimens were evaluated. The test results showed that the specimens eliminated their weld access holes that demonstrated higher seismic performance than the specimens' existing weld access holes, and that the WUF-W connection that was reinforced by the supplemental fillet weld around the shear tap that was fastened by five bolts demonstrated superior seismic performance.
Inelastic Time History Analysis of a Five-Story Steel Framed Structure Considering Rigidity of TSD Connection
Kang, Suk-Bong ; Lee, Jae-Hwan ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 22, issue 3, 2010, Pages 281~291
In this study, a five-story steel frame was designed in accordance with KBC2005 to evaluate the effects of the beam-column connection on the structural behavior. The connections were designed as fully rigid and semi-rigid. The fiber model was used to describe the moment-curvature relationship of the steel beam and the column, the power model for the moment-rotation angle of the semi-rigid connection and the three-parameter model for the hysteretic behavior of the steel beam, column, and connection. The structure was idealized as separate 2-D frames and as connected 2-D frames. The peak ground accelerations of four earthquake records were modified in a time-history analysis for the levels of the mean return period and for the maximum base-shear force in a pushover analysis. The top story displacement, base-shear force, story drift, demanded ductility ratio for the semi-rigid connection, maximum bending moment of the column, beam, and connection, and distribution of the plastic hinge were examined in the time-history analysis. The frame with the semi-rigid connection yielded a lower base-shear force, less magnitude, and increasing ratio in the bending moment of the column, beam, and connection than the frame with a fully rigid connection. The TSD connection was deemed to have secured the economy and safety of the sample structure that was subjected to seismic excitation for the Korean design level.