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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Steel Construction
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Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 22, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
The Influence of the Application Methods of Direct Analysis Method for the Evaluation of Frame Stability
Kim, Hee-Dong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 22, issue 4, 2010, Pages 293~303
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of the methods of application of the direct analysis method, using the load amplification factor suggested by the KBC 2009 design code, for the evaluation of frame stability. For this purpose, the direct analysis method was performed for three-story-one-bay and five-story-three-bay unbraced steel frames with various notional loads, bending stiffness reductions, and factor B2s. The results of the analyses were compared with the results of the second-order inelastic analysis to evaluate the influence of the applied methods. The scale of the frame, the axial load ratio, and the axial load distribution pattern were added to the main parameters to investigate the external effects. The research results showed that the influence of the methods of application of the direct analysis method is not significant in the case of the required axial strength and the application of the additional notional loads; and that the application of the factor B2 with the story stiffness concept to the direct analysis method is appropriate for the required flexural strength.
Structural Performance Evaluation of Seismic Wide-flanged Beam-to-Rectangular Steel Tube Column Connection Details
Jang, Bo-Ra ; Shim, Hyun-Ju ; Kim, Yong-Ick ; Chung, Jin-An ; Oh, Young-Suk ; Kim, Sang-Seup ; Choi, Byong-Jeong ; Lee, Eun-Taik ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 22, issue 4, 2010, Pages 305~312
The objective of this paper is to examine the structural performance of steel moment-resisting frames on the various connection details of Seismic Wide-flanged Beam-to-Rectangular Steel Tube Column connections. Although compared to an H-shaped steel tube, a rectangular steel tube has many advantages and is more efficient, its application is limited due to the lack of experience in using it and the connection details. Existing steel moment connections using the rectangular steel tube are mainly used through plate diaphragms. The processing of construction of the rectangular steel tube is so complicated that it is hard to apply it in the field. In this study, the structural performance and the earthquake capacity of the connection details that do not cut the rectangular steel tube column were investigated. A comparative analysis of the strength, rigidity, and energy absorption capacity of the welded connection details using an end-plate and a haunch was also performed.
Inelastic Time History Analysis of an Unbraced 5-Story Steel Framed Structure for Arrangement of Semi-Rigid Connection
Kang, Suk-Bong ; Kim, Sin-Ae ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 22, issue 4, 2010, Pages 313~324
In this study, an unbraced five-story steel-framed structure was designed in accordance with KBC2005 to understand the features of structural behavior for the arrangement of semi-rigid connections. An inelastic time history analysis of structural models was performed, wherein all the connections were idealized as fully rigid and semi-rigid. Additionally, horizontal and vertical arrangements of semi-rigid connections were used for the models. A fiber model was utilized for the moment-curvature relationship of a steel beam and a column, a three-parameter power model for the moment-rotation angle of the semi-rigid connection, and a three-parameter model for the hysteretic behavior of a steel beam, column, and connection. The base-shear force, top displacement, story drift, required ductility for the connection, maximum bending moment of the column, beam, and connection, and distribution of the plastic hinge were investigated using four earthquake excitations with peak ground acceleration for a mean return period of 2,400 years and for the maximum base-shear force in the pushover analysis of a 5% story drift. The maximum base-shear force and story drift decreased with the outer vertical distribution of the semi-rigid connection, and the required ductility for the connection decreased with the higher horizontal distribution of the semi-rigid connection. The location of the maximum story drift differed in the pushover analysis and the time history analysis, and the magnitude was overestimated in the pushover analysis. The outer vertical distribution of the semi-rigid connection was recommended for the base-shear force, story drift, and required ductility for the connection.
Pushover Analysis of an Unbraced 5-Story Steel Framed Structure for Arrangement of Semi-Rigid Connection
Kang, Suk-Bong ; Kim, Sin-Ae ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 22, issue 4, 2010, Pages 325~334
In this study, an unbraced five-story steel-framed structure was designed in accordance with KBC2005 to understand the features of structural behavior for the arrangement of semi-rigid connections. A pushover analysis of the structural models was performed, wherein all the connections were idealized as fully rigid and semi-rigid. Additionally, horizontal and vertical arrangements of the semi-rigid connection were adopted for the models. A fiber model was utilized for the moment-curvature relationship of the steel beam and the column, and a three-parameter power model was adopted for the moment-rotation angle of the semi-rigid connection. The top displacement, base-shear force, required ductility for the connection, sequence of the plastic hinge, and design factors such as the overstrength factor, ductility factor, and response modification coefficient were investigated using the pushover analysis of a 2D structure subjected to the equivalent static lateral force of KBC2005. The partial arrangement of the semi-rigid connection was found to have secured higher strength and lateral stiffness than that of the A-Semi frame, and greater ductility than the A-Rigid frame. The TSD connection was found suitable for use for economy and safety in the sample structure.
Experimental Study of Steel Transmission Tower using Partially Scaled Model
Kim, Jong-Min ; Kim, Seung-Jun ; Park, Jong-Sup ; Kang, Young-Jong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 22, issue 4, 2010, Pages 335~344
This paper presents both of an investigation on the ultimate responses and a verification study on the structural methodology using beam-truss element of steel transmission towers using experimental study. The partially scaled tower which verified with analytical model was fabricated and the horizontal load was applied up to failure in the laboratory. The structural methodology for finite element analyses was verified against experimental results and both the ultimate load capacity and collapse mechanism were shown in the test to give sufficiently accurate results with those of analytical study. It was shown as well that the ultimate failure is primarily attributed to instability of the main posts in the leg parts.
Experimental Investigation of Large-Span Girder with Under-Tension System
Kim, Young-Min ; Park, Dae-Ha ; Lee, Ki-Hak ; Lee, Jae-Hong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 22, issue 4, 2010, Pages 345~354
This paper presents an experimental investigation of the structural performance of a large-span girder bridge with an under-tension system. Typical long-span structures with beam and girder members have greater structural member depths and sizes to carry the moment and deflection. An under-tension system can be an effective structural system, as it allows the cables to resist some portions of the vertical loadings and deflections. To evaluate the serviceability and ultimate strength of the under-tension system, two
experimental under-tension systems were built and tested. One was developed with an H-beam section, and the other was made with a PF500 section that had the advantages of fast construction and lower construction cost. In the test, the maximum deflections at the mid-point of both beams were effectively reduced using under-tension systems. Also, the increased tension forces in the cable reduced the deflections. The PF500 members, which had a new shape and were developed using the module systems, performed better than the typical H-beam sections in terms of the deflections and ultimate strength.
Performance Evaluation of Connection of Seismic Rectangular Steel Tube Column-H Beam Using One-side Bolts
Shim, Hyun-Ju ; Jang, Bo-Ra ; Chung, Jin-An ; Lee, Eun-Taik ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 22, issue 4, 2010, Pages 355~363
The objective of this study is to examine the structural performance on the Rectangular Steel Tube Column-to-H Beam connections using one-side bolts and T-stub. Although a rectangular steel tube comparing with a H-shaped steel has many advantages and is more efficient, its application is limited due to the lack of experiences and connection details. Existing steel moment connections using the rectangular steel tube are mainly using through plate diaphragms. Its processing of construction is so complicated that it is hard to apply in the field. In this study, the structural performance and the earthquake capacity for T-stub connection with one-side bolts were investigated. And it is performed a comparative analysis of strength, rigidity, total rotation and energy absorption capacity for the various connection details.
Evaluation for Confined Effects by the Sectional Properties of Concrete Filled Steel Tube Columns
Park, Kuk-Dong ; Hwang, Won-Sup ; Kim, Hee-Ju ; Jun, Myung-Il ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 22, issue 4, 2010, Pages 365~375
Concrete-filled steel tube columns are expected to have confined effects of the steel on the concrete and reinforced local buckling effects of the concrete. After comparing the results of existing studies with the experimental results from this study, the stress-strain relations were modified by evaluating the load-displacement with consideration of the confined effects. The effects of the parameters on the load-displacement and moment-curvature relationship according to the sectional and material properties were analyzed.
Flexural Behavior of Composite HSB I-Girders in Positive Moment
Cho, Eun-Young ; Shin, Dong-Ku ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 22, issue 4, 2010, Pages 377~388
The flexural behavior of composite HSB600 and HSB800 I-girders under a positive moment was investigated using the material non-linear moment-curvature analysis method. Three representative composite sections with different ductility properties were selected as the baseline sections in this study. Using these baseline sections, the moment-curvature program was verified by comparing the flexural strength and the moment-curvature curve obtained from the program with those obtained using the non-linear FE analysis of ABAQUS. In the FE analysis, the composite girders were modeled three-dimensionally with flanges, the web, and the concrete slab as thin shell elements, and initial imperfections and residual stresses were imposed on the FE model. In the moment-curvature and FE analyses, the 28-day compressive strength of the concrete slab was assumed to be 30-50 MPa, and the HSB600 and HSB800 steels were modeled as elasto-plastic strain-hardening materials, with the concrete as the CEB-FIP model. The effects of the ductility ratio of the composite girder, the type of steel, the compressive strength of the concrete deck, and the location of the plastic neutral axis on the flexural characteristics were analyzed.
Flexural Strength of Composite HSB Girders in Positive Moment
Cho, Eun-Young ; Shin, Dong-Ku ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 22, issue 4, 2010, Pages 389~398
The flexural strength of composite HSB I-girders under a positive moment was investigated using the moment-curvature analysis method to evaluate the applicability of the current AASHTO LRFD design specifications to such girders. A total of 2,391 composite I-girder sections that satisfied the section proportion limits of the AASHTO LRFD specifications was generated by the random sampling technique to consider a wide range of section properties. The flexural capacities of the sections were calculated inthe nonlinear moment-curvature analysis in which the HSB600 and HSB800 steels were modeled as an elasto-plastic strain-hardening material, and the concrete, as a CEB-FIP model. The effects of the ductility ratio and the compressive strength of the concrete slab on the flexural strength of the composite girders made of HSB and SM520-TMC steels were analyzed. The numerical results indicated that the current AASHTO LRFD equation can be used to calculate the flexural strength of composite girders made of HSB600 steel. In contrast, the current AASHTO LRFD equation was found to be non-conservative in its prediction of the flexural strength of composite HSB800 girders. Based on the numerical results of this study for 2,391 girders, a new design equation for the flexural strength of composite HSB800 girders in a positive moment was proposed.