Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Steel Construction
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 22, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
An Experimental Study on the Evaluation of Residual Tensile Load-carrying Capacity of Corroded Steel Plates of Temporary Structure
Kim, In-Tae ; Chang, Hong-Ju ; Cheung, Ji-Young ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 22, issue 5, 2010, Pages 399~409
Steel structures are threatened to reduce load-carrying capacity as the cross section is decreased by corrosion. However, there has been no method in definitely evaluating residual load-carrying capacity and the effect of corrosion to the load-carrying capacity of steel. This study evaluated tensile residual load-carrying capacity of corroded steel plates by using tensile tests of specimens, which were selected from the web of temporary structure's main beam. After the surface shapes were measured and tensile tests were examined, the rust of 21 corroded specimens was, first of all, removed using a chemical method. From the tensile test result, which of reference specimens that was picked off at the flange of the same main 13-mm-thick beam and corroded specimens were based, surface geometry and correlation with the reduction of corroded thickness and strain, yield strength or tensile strength was established as constant numbers. Effective thickness of corroded steel with irregular cross sections could be calculated using average residual thickness and standard deviation. The irregular cross sections could be the evaluated tensile strength that is equalized to non-corroded uniform steel's regardless of corrosion. Also, reasonable measuring intervals of residual thickness could be proposed by using this result to apply for executive work.
Analysis of Electric Power Effect of Piezoelectric Element on Steel-concrete Composite Bridge
Kim, Sang-Hyo ; Jung, Chi-Young ; Chung, Ha-Min ; Ahn, Jin-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 22, issue 5, 2010, Pages 411~420
In general, moving vehicles generate continuous and repetitive strain of energy on bridges. The strain energy can convert to electric energy due to its piezoelectric element. However, some factors should be considered in order to reasonably assess the feasibility such as load distribution applied on bridges and the relationship of strains generated according to loads. This study was carried out to estimate the generated voltage when piezoelectric elements were installed to a bridge. A steel-concrete composite specimen was fabricated and loads were applied, considering vehicle load-effects. As a result, the voltage generated in the element was evaluated and compared with the analysis equation of the piezoelectric effect.
A Fundamental Study on Evaluation of Web Crippling Strength of Corroded H-Beams
Kim, In-Tae ; Shin, Chang-Hee ; Cheung, Ji-Young ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 22, issue 5, 2010, Pages 421~433
The most typical deterioration of steel structures is corrosion damage. However, a method to evaluate residual load-carrying capacity of corroded steel structures is not yet established. It is difficult to check current serviceability and safety of the structures. In this study, compressive tests and finite element analyses were conducted on H-beams with corroded web. Then, the effect of corrosion damage on web crippling strength and evaluation methods of the web crippling strength are studied. Based on the tests, 4 H-beam specimens used in a subway construction site and 9 H-beam specimens with different web-thickness and damaged-height underwent compression-tests. To consider loading and supporting areas in the site, compressive loading was applied in the entire region of the upper and bottom flange in 5 H-beam specimens and applied partially on the regions of the upper and bottom flange in 8 specimens. The finite element analysis of 38 parametric model specimens simulating different corrosion damages was also carried out. From experimental and analytical results, the relationships between corrosion damages in the web and residual web crippling strength are presented. Factors web crippling strength was reduced are formulated by using residual average thickness and the standard deviation of the corroded web thickness. Also, a simple evaluation method of residual web crippling strength was proposed.
A Study on the Ultimate Load of Electric Transmission Tower Considering Member Strength and Joint Strength
Kim, Woo-Bum ; Jeon, Bum-Jun ; Suh, Yong-Pyo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 22, issue 5, 2010, Pages 435~443
The current design practice of an electric transmission tower is based on the allowable stress design. Design strengths of the electric transmission tower's compression member are determined by buckling the strength of the member itself without considering joint strength. There is a possibility of a joint failure prior to the buckling of a member. Therefore, in this study, joint strength is calculated for various member forces, and the shape of joint and database of strength were established. These data was compared with the member strength obtained from previous research studies based on an equivalent nonlinear analysis technique. Finally, practical evaluation and design method to distinguish failure mode in an electric transmission tower member is proposed.
Vibration Characteristics of a Building Before and After Damage by Actual Measurement
Yoon, Sung-Won ; Park, Yong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 22, issue 5, 2010, Pages 445~453
Recently, the remodeling projects of old low-rise buildings were launched in Korea. However, most of them were not satisfied with the value set forth by the KBC2005. Even though there are some research studies on how to improve the seismic performance of such buildings as newly constructed buildings, there is little research in measuring the actual vibrations on low old buildings to prove the effect of retrofit. There also has not been any in-depth research on the dynamic characteristics of full-scale structures using vibration measurements of the building that was damaged to failure. Using an actuator, the dynamic characteristics of reinforced three-storey concrete buildings were evaluated before and after they were damaged. After an 80-mm horizontal displacement by the actuator, frequency in the long and short directions were reduced to 20.85% and 5.77% respectively ; damping ratio was also reduced to 53.9% and 23.15% respectively.
An Experimental Study on Flexural Properties of SC(Steel Plate Concrete) Beam Structure with Reinforced Concrete Joint
Lee, Kyung-Jin ; Hahm, Kyung-Won ; Park, Dong-Soo ; Kim, Woo-Bum ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 22, issue 5, 2010, Pages 455~463
This paper describes the experimental study on the mechanical characteristics of a steel plate-reinforced concrete joint. As an alternative reinforced concrete structure, the SC modular construction method is widely used and studied in the field ofindustrial facility field. However, the structure characteristics of RC and SC joint are not yet studied completely. In this paper, the beam-type construction joint of RC and SC walls was made to simulate the application of SC module to the large RC structure. Also, an out-of-plane loading was applied to the test specimen in order to evaluate flexural strength and structural properties of the beam-type RC-SC joint.
Ultimate Strength Interaction of Steel/Concrete Composite Trapezoidal Box Girders Subjected to Concurrent Action of Bending and Torsion
Kim, Kyung-Sik ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 22, issue 5, 2010, Pages 465~475
In the horizontally curved bridges, girders are subjected to the combined action of vertical bending and torsion due to their curvatures without any eccentric loads. As subjected to bending and torsion, the ultimate strength of steel/concrete composite box girders are limited by the diagonal tensile stress in the deck concrete induced by the St. Venant torsion. To determine the ultimate strength of composite box girders in bending and torsion and their interactions, this study conducted a 3-dimensional FEA and classical strength of materials investigation. Using ABAQUS, the FEA fully utilized advanced nonlinear analysis techniques simulating material/geometrical nonlinearity and post-cracking behaviors. The ultimate strength from numerical data were compared with theoretically derived values. Concurrent compressive stresses in the concrete deck improve the shear-resisting capacity of concrete, thereby resulting in an increased torsional resistance of the composite box girder in positive bending. The proposed interaction equation is very simple yet it provides a rational lower bound in determining the ultimate strength of concrete/steel composite box girders.
A Damage Measurement of Steel Beam using PZT Sensor
Seo, Hye-Won ; Park, Min-Suk ; Lee, Swoo-Heon ; Shin, Kyung-Jae ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 22, issue 5, 2010, Pages 477~485
Various monitoring sensors are used to predict and detect structural damage. Smart sensors, such as glass-fiber sensors, PZT, and MEMS, among others, have replaced traditional sensors. They are now being used in many areas. This study aims to predict the damage by measuring the PZT voltage attached on the specimen by the applied impact load. In the experiment to detect damages in beam connection, simple
beams were spliced with bolts. The results of FFT between PZT sensor and accelrometer were compared to measure the sensitivity of the PZT sensor. The damage to the beam was presumed by loosening the bolt, and then the damage measurement was accompanied. Secondly, a steel
plate beam was fabricated for the purpose of experimenting on damage measurement. Impact loading test on three different locations was carried out. Damage width varied between 6~42mm on both sides by cutting, using a steel saw. The ratio of frequencies before and after the damage was computed to quantify the damage level by using FFT, and the change in mode pattern with the increased damage was investigated to measure the damage.
Damping Ratios for Seismic Design of SC Structures
Lee, Seung-Joon ; Kim, Won-Ki ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 22, issue 5, 2010, Pages 487~496
The structural damping ratios for seismic design of nuclear power plant structures are specified in Regulatory guide 1.61 of the United States NRC for RC structures of 4%(OBE) and 7%(SSE), and for steel structures of 3%(OBE) and 4%(SSE), but not for steel-plate concrete (SC) structures that have been developed recently. The objective of this study is to investigate the damping ratios of SC structures by identifying the relative differences in the damping ratios between RC and SC structures. An experimental study was performed on four specimens, RC-S, RC-M, SC-S and SC-M, where S stands for shear-governed and M for moment-governed. The conducted method was free vibration testing by rupturing a brittle steel plate that linked the actuator and the mass center. The test results were analyzed to determine fundamental frequencies and damping ratios at various load levels. By examining the relative differences in damping ratios of four specimens, it is proposed for SC structures to use the same damping ratio of 4% as RC one at OBE, but 1% less damping ratio than RC one resulting in 6% at SSE.
Structural Performance of Concrete-encased Steel Columns using 800MPa Steel and 100MPa Concrete
Kim, Chang-Soo ; Park, Hong-Gun ; Choi, In-Rak ; Chung, Kyung-Soo ; Kim, Jin-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 22, issue 5, 2010, Pages 497~509
Five concrete-encased steel columns using high-strength steel(
=801MPa) and high-strength concrete(
=97.7MPa) were tested to investigate the eccentric axial load-displacement relationship. Test parameters included the type, yield strength, and spacing of lateral reinforcement, and also the eccentricity of axial load. To analyze the behavior of the column specimens, the nonlinear sectional analysis using strain-compatibility and confinement effect was performed. To examine the applicability of existing design codes for the composite sections using high-strength materials, the test results were also compared with the predictions by the nonlinear analysis and the design codes. The confinement effect of lateral reinforcement increased the ductility of concrete, and the moment capacity of the column specimens increased with the ductility of concrete. The prediction by the nonlinear analysis gave good agreement with the test results. On the other hand, the ACI 318 neglecting lateral confinement effect underestimated the strength of the column specimens, and the Eurocode 4 using complete plastic capacity of steel section overestimated.