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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Steel Construction
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Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
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A Study on the Moment Capacity of H-Section Flexural Members with Local Buckling
Seo, Gun-Ho ; Seo, Sang-Jung ; Kwon, Young-Bong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 23, issue 6, 2011, Pages 647~657
This paper describes the moment capacity of flexural members with local buckling based on a series of FE and experiment results. Thin-walled flexural members undergo local, lateral-torsional, or interactive buckling according to the section geometries and lateral boundary conditions. Flexural members with large width-to-thickness ratios in the flanges or the web may undergo local buckling before lateral-torsional buckling. Local buckling has a negative effect on the flexural strength based on the lateral-torsional buckling of flexural members. This phenomenon should be considered in the estimation of the flexural strength of thin-walled sections. Flexural members with various width-to-thickness ratios in their flanges and web were analyzed. Initial imperfections in the local buckling mode, and residual stresses, were included in the FE analyses. Simple bending moment formulae for flexural members were proposed based on the FE and test results to account for local and lateral-torsional buckling. The proposed bending moment formulae for the thin-walled flexural members in the Direct Strength Method use the empirical strength formula and the grosssection modulus. The ultimate flexural strengths predicted by the proposed moment formulae were compared with the AISC (2005), Eurocode3 (2003), and Korean Highway Bridge Design Specifications (2010). The comparison showed that the proposed bending moment formulae can reasonably predict the ultimate moment capacity of thin-walled flexural members.
A Numerical Study on Wind Pressure Characteristics of Super-tall Protype Model considering the Effect of Turbulence Intensity
Jeong, So-Young ; Lee, Kyung-Soo ; Han, Sang-Eul ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 23, issue 6, 2011, Pages 659~667
Wind tunnels tests have been evaluating wind load estimation by discussing the most important design elements in very tall buildings. Such tests have some uncertainties, however, with respect to the data of the reduced model and the calculated empirical values. In contrast, CFD analysis can simulate the actual scale and shorten the time of simulation. Nevertheless, the utilization of CFD analysis is negligible because of its low reliability. In this paper, the reliability of CFD analysis will be proven by comparing the results of a wind tunnel test and CFD analysis for the prototype models shown in previous studies. The effect of the turbulence intensity on the reliability is also presented.
Equivalent Suspension Bridge Model for Tower Design of Multi-span Suspension Bridges
Choi, Dong-Ho ; Na, Ho-Sung ; Yi, Ji-Yop ; Gwon, Sun-Gil ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 23, issue 6, 2011, Pages 669~677
The multi-span suspension bridge generally has more than three towers and two main spans. To economically and effectively design a multi-span suspension bridge, the proper stiffness ratio of the center tower to the side tower must be determined. This study was conducted to propose a method of figuring out briefly the structural behavior of the towers in a multi-span suspension bridge. In the equivalent suspension bridge model, the main cable of the multi-span suspension bridge is idealized as an equivalent cable spring, and the external loads of horizontal and vertical forces that were calculated using the tensile forces of the main cable were applied on top of the towers. The equilibrium equations of the equivalent multi-span suspension bridge model were derived and the equations were solved via nonlinear analysis. To verify the proposed method, a sample four-span suspension bridge with a main span length of 3,000 m was analyzed using thefinite element method. The displacements and moment reactions of each tower in the proposed method were compared with the FEM analysis results. Consequently, the results of the analysis of the equivalent suspension bridge model tended to be consistent with the results of the FEM analysis.
A Study on Flexural Strength and Buckling Behavior of Compressional Flange for Box Girder
Kim, Hong-Jun ; Jung, Hee-Hyo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 23, issue 6, 2011, Pages 679~690
Since the elastic buckling problem of the plate has been studied both experimentally and theoretically, the buckling loads with various boundary conditions and loads can be easily determined. Currently, flange and web design specifications are based on the buckling stress and the post-buckling strength and include a safety-factor. Therefore, this study extended suchresearch to the linear buckling theory with ideal conditions and to the ultimate state with post-buckling. The current specifications are based on elastic buckling stress; and therefore, further research on the ultimate behavior of the plate is required. The ultimate strength design concept, which allows finite deflection, is used in this studyto maximize the post-buckling strength in a steel box. An empirical equation, which provides the ultimate strength of the steel box due to the change in the slenderness and optimum rigidity, are suggested based on the experiment results. Moreover, the appropriateness of the current design specifications was analyzed and discussed.
Analytical Study for Ultimate Behavior of Steel Cable-stayed Bridges under Construction Stage
Lee, Joo-Tak ; Kim, Seung-Jun ; Kim, Jong-Min ; Choi, Jun-Ho ; Kang, Young-Jong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 23, issue 6, 2011, Pages 691~704
This paper presents an investigation on the ultimate behavior of steel cable-stayed bridges in the construction stage, considering various geometric nonlinearities and material nonlinearities. To numerically determine the state of cable-stayed bridges in the construction stage, initial shape analysis and construction stage analysis via backward process analysis were done sequentially. Then nonlinear analysis of the state under the construction load condition, considering the weight of the derrick crane and the key segment of the girder loaded onto the tip of the center span, was performed to investigate the ultimate behavior of the structure. The effects of the girder-mast stiffness ratio, the cable-arrangement types, and the area of the stay cables on the ultimate behavior were also extensively investigated. Moreover, the results of the ultimate analysis, considering both geometric nonlinearities and material nonlinearities, were compared with the results of the geometric nonlinear analysis, for a more meaningful investigation of the ultimate behavior of steel cable-stayed bridges in the construction stage.
An Experimental Study on the Vibration and Fire Resistance of Steel Void Deck Plate Slab for Omega-steel plate
Kim, Sang-Seup ; Ryu, Deog-Su ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 23, issue 6, 2011, Pages 705~713
This study was conducted to assess the vibration capacity and the fire resistance capacity of a deck plate slab using an omega steel plate as the void deck plate. First, to evaluate the vibration capacity of the deck plate slab after the insertion of the omega steel plate, three 150mm specimens and three 200mm specimens were made using the slab depth as the main variable. Each specimen consisted of an existing deck plate and two specimens, using the topping depth as the variable according to the slab depth. Second, two real-size specimens were made to evaluate the fire resistance capacity. The results of the test showed that the steel-wire-integrated deck plate slab that was inserted in the omega steel plate did not have a vibration problem due to the void deck plate, because the natural frequency was 12.66-14.09 Hz in the vibration test, and each specimen satisfied the appraisal standards for the load capacity, heat block quality, and chloride inhibition for two hours in the fire resistance test. Consequently, the steel-wire-integrated deck plate slab that was inserted in the omega steel plate can be reduced using the concrete volume and can have higher vibration and fire resistance capacities, similar to the existing deck plate.
Analysis and Test for Turn-buckle of Capacity for Measuring Tensile Force
Shin, Kyung-Jae ; Lee, Swoo-Heon ; Lee, Hee-Du ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 23, issue 6, 2011, Pages 715~724
A turn buckle inserted between tension members that sustain the structural loads in a suspension structure system is a device that is capable of adjusting the tensile force. The tension member is an important element of a tension structure, but no simple and economical method of measuring a tensile force applied to members has been proposed yet. Thus, a turn buckle for measuring the tensile force in a tension member was developed in this study. The turn buckles of the measurement limit loads of 100kN, 200kN, and 300kN were tested through a theoretical analysis and a finite element analysis. There was no significant difference in the results of the theoretical analysis, FEA, and the test. In addition, the ultimate strength of the turn buckle using FEA showed that a new turn buckle is sufficiently safe to use even when there is a five-times overload in the measurement limit load.
Development and Performance Evaluation of the Shear Connector of Composite Beam with Vertical Bars
Kim, Sang-Seup ; Park, Dong-Soo ; Boo, Yoon-Seob ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 23, issue 6, 2011, Pages 725~736
In a composite beam, a shear connector is installed to resist the horizontal shear on an interface between steel beams and reinforced concrete slabs. The steel-wire-integrated deck plate slab is commonly used at the wide section beam. Then vertical bars are installed at the upper wire of the ends of the steel truss girder to ensure safety during the construction. The new type of shear connector is made of deformed bar and steel plates, and must function as vertical bars but must have higher shear capacity. This paper examines the ways to develop and utilize this new shear connector. From the push-out experiments, a shear connector made of a continuous deformed bar and steel plate showed a higher shear capacity and ductility than a
stud connector, and functioned as a vertical bar.
Structural Behavior of Beam-to-Column Connections of Circular CFT Structures Improving Concrete Filling
Park, Min-Soo ; Kim, Hee-Dong ; Lee, Myung-Jae ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 23, issue 6, 2011, Pages 737~745
A concrete-filled tube is a concrete-filled steel tube structure. The steel tube confines the concrete to increase the compressive strength, and the concrete contains the buckling of the tube. CFT structures require a diaphragm to prevent buckling of steel at connections. An outer diaphragm has better concrete filling than a through diaphragm due to a large bore, but being larger than the through diagram, it has poorer constructability and cooperation with building equipment. In this study, a CFT structure that uses different types of diaphragms in its upper and lower connections to improve the concrete filling was tested and analyzed via the FEM program. The building structure had a floor slab that was unified with the upper diaphragm, so the outer diaphragm was placed at the upper bound. Moreover, the through diaphragm was placed at the lower connection to avoid obstruction from building equipment. The CFT structure with the improved concrete filling showed the same structural behavior as the CFT structure with the use of the same type of diaphragms at the upper and lower connections.
Change of Statical Behavior and Ultimate Capacity of Steel Cable-stayed Bridges after Cable Failure
Kim, Seung-Jun ; Choi, Jun-Ho ; Won, Deok-Hee ; Han, Taek-Hee ; Kang, Young-Jong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 23, issue 6, 2011, Pages 747~761
This paper presents an investigation on the change in the statical behavior and the ultimate capacity of steel cable-stayed bridges after cable failure. Cable failure can occur due to fire, direct vehicle clash accidents, cable or anchorage fatigue, and so on. Moreover, the cable may be temporarily disconnected during cable replacement work. When cable failure occurs, the load, that was supported by the broken cable is first transferred to another cable. Then the structural state changes due to the interaction between the girder, mast, and cables. Moreover, it can be predicted that the ultimate capacity will decrease after cable failure, because of the loss of the support system. In this study, the analysis method is suggested to find the new equilibrium state after cable failure based on the theory of nonlinear finite element analysis. Moreover, the ultimate analysis method is also suggested to analyze the ultimate behavior of live loads after cable failure. For a more rational analysis, a three-step analysis procedure is suggested and used, which consisted of initial shape analysis, cable failure analysis, and live load analysis. Using this analysis method, an analytical study was performed to investigate the changes in the structural state and ultimate behavior of steel cable-stayed bridges.
Evaluation of Wake Galloping for Inclined Parallel Cables by Two-Dimensional Wind Testes Tests
Kim, Sun-Joong ; Kim, Ho-Kyung ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction, volume 23, issue 6, 2011, Pages 763~775
The wake galloping phenomenon is evaluated for two cylinders via two-dimensional wind tunnel tests. The two cylinders are deployed parallel to the inclination of the vertical plane, which simulates the inclined stay cables of a cable-stayed bridge. The upstream and downstream displacements of the cylinder are observed with varying center distances between the two cylinders. The effect of structural damping on the mitigation of wake galloping is also investigated. The amplitude of the vibration is very sensitive to center distance between the two cylinders. The maximum amplitudes exceededthe allowable limit of the design guidelines for small center distances of less than or equal to six times the diameter of the cylinder. The overall results conformedto the conventional design practice for the wake galloping of parallel cables. It was found, however, that the increase in the damping was not effective in reducing the amplitude of the vibration in the wake galloping phenomenon.