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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Academy of Orofacial Pain and Oral Medicine
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Dec 2008
Volume 33, Issue 3 - Sep 2008
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Jun 2008
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Mar 2008
Selecting the target year
Effects of Baicalin on the Proliferation and Activity of Osteoblastic Cells
Ko, Seon-Yle ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 33, issue 2, 2008, Pages 105~110
Baicalin is a flavonoid compound isolated from the medicinal plant Scutellaria baicalensis. It is known to affect multiple biological functions, including of antibacterial, anti-viral, anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. Baicalin can inhibit nuclear factor-kappaB activation. It has been reported that some flavonoids possess the effects of bone metabolism. The present study was undertaken to determine the possible cellular mechanism of action of baicalin in osteoblasts. The effects on the osteoblast were determined by measuring cell proliferation, cell viability, alkaline phosphatase activity, and osteoprotegerin secretion. Baicalin has no effect on the osteoblastic cell proliferation and cell viability. Baicalin treatment showed increase in alkaline phosphatase activity and osteoprotegerin secretion of osteoblasts. Thus, baicalin may be a regulatory protein within the bone.
Interrelationship between the Oral Disease and the Systemic Disease to Inpatient(I)
Chun, Yang-Hyun ; Auh, Q-Schick ; Hong, Jung-Pyo ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 33, issue 2, 2008, Pages 111~120
Purpose : To investigate the actual conditions of diagnosis and treatment of oral disease of inpatient with systemic disease. Methods : A total of 110 subjects, inpatient due to systemic disease for diagnosis and treatment of oral disease was requested to answer the medical history and dental treatment record. Results : In the main systemic disease, Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases is composed of Gingivitis and periodontal diseases 44.9%, Diseases of salivary glands 22.4%, Within Normal Limit, Dental caries 12.2%, Diseases of pulp and periapical tissues 4.1%, Embedded and impacted teeth, Other diseases of hard tissues of teeth 2%. In the main oral disease, Gingivitis and periodontal diseases is composed of Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus 39.2%, Cerebral infarction 29.4%, Nerve root and plexus disorders 5.6%, Intracerebral hemorrhage 3.9%, Malignant neoplasm of stomach, Thyrotoxicosis, Schizophrenia, Alcoholic liver disease, Nephrotic syndrome 2%. Conclusion : These findings indicate that inpatient due to the systemic disease is significantly correlated to the oral disease. The patients of oral disease interrelationship between inpatient and outpatient of systemic disease should be validated by future research.
A Study on the Skeletal and Profile Change after Using the Activator in Class II Malocclusion
Moon, Eun-Young ; Lee, Jin-Woo ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 33, issue 2, 2008, Pages 121~132
To establish the diagnosis and treatment plan for skeletal Class II malocclusion, patient's skeletal morphology, prognosis as well as the treatment effect is one of the important factor to consider. Therefore, the present study classified analyzed the difference between initial(T1) and after use of activator(T2), and after finish of direct multi-bonding system treatment(T3) for Class II malocclusion during growth period according to the treatment result(effective body length) and morphology of vertical skeletal type. The experimental group was classified into two groups(1 group, 2 group) according to the effective body length change between before and after use of activator, showed good treatment effect of activator for patient with small mandible and large differential between maxilla and mandible, and short anterior facial height. And the difference between 1 and 2 group in the experimental group before treatment(T1) disappeared in the finished treatment(T3). But in contrast, the initial difference of T1 stage between a and b group in the control group did not disappear in the finished treatment(T3). In short, experimental group's treatment effect was much better than contrast group and the treatment effect was maintained and got stable results at comparison experimental group with contrast group. Through this study, we can find activator's treatment effect and stable retention of that in growing Class II malocclusion patients. By estimate of activator treatment effect through these results, we can establish the correct diagnosis and treatment plan for adolescent Class II malocclusion estimate of activator treatment effect and lead the ideal facial growth pattern.
Evaluation of Taste in The Patients with Oral Mucosal Disease by Electrogustomter
Lee, Yong-Han ; Tae, Il-Ho ; Ko, Myung-Yun ; Ahn, Yong-Woo ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 33, issue 2, 2008, Pages 133~145
The purpose of this study was to investigate the taste sensitivity in patients with oral mucosal diseases(Oral lichen planus(OLP), Recurrent apthous ulcer(RAU)) using electrogustometer. One hundred and seventy three subjects were included for the study and they were categorized into 2 groups(control 100, patient 73) and patient group was investigated in the Department of Oral Medicine, Pusan National University Hospital from April, 2005 until January, 2007. Control group was investigated in the clinics at Inchen Metroplitan city and Cheongju city from February to August, 2006. The electrical taste thresholds were measured by using an electrogustometer for the 4 different sites(tongue tip, tongue lateral, circumvallate papilla and soft palate) in oral cavity. The results were as follows ; 1. The electrical taste threshold in patient group was significantly decreased than that in the control group(p<0.001). 2. The electrical taste threshold, in terms of the chronicity and lesion multiplicity, was not significantly changed in patient group. 3. The electrical taste threshold was not significantly changed in Dexan only and Dexan+Prs combination treated group. 4. The electrical taste threshold, in terms of treatment progress(no response vs half response vs complete response), was not significantly changed. However subjective index which was determined by NAS(Numerical Analogy Scale) was significantly increased in no response group but significantly decreased in complete response group(p<0.001)
Effect of Oral Hygiene Controllability on the Subjective Oral Malodor
Park, Hye-Sook ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 33, issue 2, 2008, Pages 147~158
In our study, we investigated self-evaluation of tongue coating, self-rating intensity of oral malodor, habit related to tooth brushing and tongue scraping. Investigation was carried out on 714 Korean college students by method of self-reporting to prepared questionnaire. The obtained data were processed and analyzed with SAS program. The results of this study are as follows. 1. Students who have frequently experienced tongue coating have tendency to have stronger oral malodor than the other students. 2. The self-reporting prevalence rate of oral malodor is 81.1%. 3. Students who brush teeth shortly and irregularly have tendency to have stronger oral malodor than the other students. 4. Students with strong oral malodor have tendency to neglect scraping tongue. 5. Students with low index of tooth brushing or low index of oral hygiene controllability have tendency to have stronger oral malodor than the other students. 6. Mean scales of tooth brushing index(p<.0001), tongue scraping index(p=0.0439) and oral hygiene controllability index(p<.0001) among students in the department of Dental Hygiene and Dental Technology are significantly higher than those among general students.
The Anti-Bacterial Effect of Witch Hazel(Hamamelis virginiana) on Oral Pathogens
Ryu, Seong-Yong ; Ahn, Hyung-Joon ; Kwon, Jeong-Seung ; Park, Ju-Hyun ; Kim, Jae-Young ; Choi, Jong-Hoon ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 33, issue 2, 2008, Pages 159~166
An ideal anti-bacterial medication for oral infection requires selective effect on pathogens causing dental caries and periodontal disease but not on normal flora. In addition, it should be less toxic for human and even for environment. This study was to seek such a natural anti-bacterial medication and thus anti-bacterial effect of Hamamelis virginiana was evaluated. Many recent researches on the anti-bacterial effect of natural plant extract and essential oil have reported that natural products can be used as medication for prevention and restrainment of dental caries, halitosis and periodontitis. It has been also reported that Hamamelis virginiana has anti-bacterial effect on Porphyromonas gingivalis, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Capnocytophaga gingivalis, Veilonella parvula, Eikenella corrodens, Peprostreptococcus micros, and Actinomyces odontolyticus. This study evaluated anti-bacterial effect of Hamamelis virginiana on Streptoccoccus mutans, Haemophylus actinomycetemcomitans, and Klebsiella pneumoniae to expand its anti-bacterial effect on other important oral pathogens and eventually to develop its oral care products or apply to clinical purpose. In this study, anti-bacterial tests for antibiotic disk susceptibility, minimal inhibitory concentration and minimal bactericidal concentration were performed to evaluate anti-bacterial effect of Hamamelis virginiana against Streptoccoccus mutans, Haemophylus actinomycetemcomitans, and Klebsiella pneumoniae. The results showed that Hamamelis virginiana has anti-bacterial effect on all pathogen strains tested in this study and furthermore Hamamelis virginiana possesses bactericidal effect other than bacteriostatic effect on Streptoccoccus mutans, Haemophylus actinomycetemcomitans, Klebsiella pneumoniae. This study indicates that a natural anti-bacterial medication for oral diseases can be developed using Hamamelis virginiana.
Analysis of Age Estimation Cases of Living Body Based on Dental aspect in Jeollabuk-do
Eom, Ae-Ja ; Suh, Bong-Jik ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 33, issue 2, 2008, Pages 167~176
We analyzed 121 age estimation clients who had visited oral medicine clinic, Chonbuk National University Hospital, from January 2000 to December 2007 to evaluate its characters in Jeonllabuk-do. The obtained results were as follows : 1. There was distinct difference in sex distribution(Male : 58.7%, Female : 41.3%) and more than half percent(55.4%) was over 50's. 2. The difference between registered and alleged age was the most in more than 5 years, and most of them were over 50's. 3. There were more clients who wanted to increase their age than to decrease and was no prominent difference in sex. Age estimation clients who wanted to decrease their age were predominant under 10 years old and in 20's, and those wanted to increase were predominant in 10's and over 30's. 4. The most reasons to correct age were related to welfare benefit. The purpose of age estimation was different according to each age groups; welfare benefit was the most over 50's, occupation in 40's and 50's, friendship in 30's and 40's, sibling-related in 50's, employment in 10's and 20's. 5. Age was estimated by the attrition of permanent tooth and pulp/tooth ratio from 20 years, root apex closure for 10's and calcification of permanent tooth under 10 years old. In cases that were difficult to estimate by use of the attrition of permanent tooth and pulp/tooth ratio, age was estimated by missing time of permanent tooth and the change of mandibular angle with age. 6. The estimated ages were close to alleged age in 77.7% of clients but the rest(22.3%) was close to registered age.
The Role of Teeth in Determination of Unidentified Human Body
Ahn, Yong-Woo ; Jeon, Hee-Sun ; Huh, Gi-Yeong ; Tae, Il-Ho ; Ko, Myung-Yun ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 33, issue 2, 2008, Pages 177~186
Forensic odontology can be defined in many ways. One of definitions is simply that forensic odontology represents the overlap between the dental and the legal professions. The most important function of forensic odontology to determine of human identity from dental character. We had found 7 unidentified human bodies in Busan metro politan city, 2007 and we have identified 5 bodies among them.
Etiology and Pathogenesis of Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis
Suh, Bong-Jik ; Lee, Kyung-Eun ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 33, issue 2, 2008, Pages 187~194
Recurrent aphthous stomatitis is common oral disease in the world. It is characterized by multiple, recurrent, painful ulcer with circumscribed margins, erythematous haloes and yellow or grey floors. Patients with recurrent aphthous stomatitis suffer from its painful ulcer. But unfortunately, its etiology and pathogenesis is not clear and still unknown. So we review etiology and pathogenesis of recurrent aphthous ulcer and wish to propose direction of the future study.
The Validity of Computed to Mography in Diagnosis of Temporomandibular Joint Osteoarthritis
Jeon, Young-Mi ; Choi, Jong-Hoon ; Kim, Seong-Taek ; Kwon, Jeong-Seung ; Ahn, Hyung-Joon ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 33, issue 2, 2008, Pages 195~204
Osteoarthritis is caused by joint degeneration, a process that includes progressive loss of articular cartilage accompanied by attempted repair of articular cartilage, remodeling and sclerosis of subchondral bone, and osteophyte formation. The most common causative factor that either causes or contributes to osteoarthritis is overloading of the articular structures of the joint. The diagnosis of temporomandibular joint(TMJ) osteoarthritis is based on the patient's history and clinical findings such as limited mandibular opening, crepitation and tenderness to palpation on TMJ. The diagnosis is usually confirmed by TMJ radiographs, which will reveal evidence of structural changes in the subarticular bone of the condyle or fossa. Plain radiography techniques such as panoramic, transcranial, transpharyngeal views can be used in most dental offices for evaluation of the TMJs. However, plain radiographs are often limited due to overlapping and distortion of anatomical structures. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical examination and panoramic view with computed tomography for diagnosis of temporomandibular degenerative joint disease, and to compare the findings of condylar bony changes through panoramic radiography with that of computed tomography, hence, to confirm the limitations of clinical and panoramic radiography, and the validity of the computed tomography for diagnosis of temporomandibular degenerative joint disease. The pathophysiology of the TMJ osteoarthritis remains poorly understood, and current treatments are based more on speculation than science, and symptomatic treatments often fail to provide satisfactory pain relief. For diagnosis of TMJ osteoarthritis, clinical examination and radiographic examination for confirmation of the bony changes are essential, and computed tomography are clearly superior to plain radiographs for their limitations.
Interaction between Pain Aspect and Sleep Quality in Patients with Temporomandibular Disorder
Tae, Il-Ho ; Kim, Seong-Taek ; Ahn, Hyung-Joon ; Kwon, Jeong-Seung ; Choi, Jong-Hoon ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 33, issue 2, 2008, Pages 205~218
Interaction between pain and sleep has long been proved through many researches, and various studies are being conducted to identify its mechanism. However, these studies have targeted on patients with systemic disease, such as rheumatic disease and fibromyalgia. There are few researches on patients with orofacial pain including temporomandibular disorder(TMD). In this study, we studied interaction between pain aspect and sleep quality in 229 patients with TMD, who visited the TMJ and Orofacial pain clinic. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index(PSQI), Epworth sleepiness scale(ESS) questionnaire were surveyed and sleep-screening device was operated. PSQI showed that sleep quality in TMD patients with pain was poorer than that in TMD patients without pain. The ratio of poor sleeper was higher in TMD patients with pain. Especially, TMD patients with chronic pain showed obviously poorer sleep quality than TMD patients with acute pain. The result of ESS showed that patients with painful TMD showed more daytime sleepiness than painless TMD patients. The ratio of TMD patients with chronic pain who had daytime sleepiness was higher than TMD patients with acute pain, and the amount of daytime sleepiness was higher in the group of chronic pain. In TMD patients with chronic pain, only the poor sleeper(PSQI>5) presented mean ESS>10(diagnostic criteria of daytime sleepiness). There was no correlation between pain intensity and sleep quality or daytime sleepiness. The result of ApnealinkTM for screening of sleep related breathing disorder showed that only 1 patient presented AHI>5 among 19 participants. TMD patients with chronic pain presented poor sleep quality and excessive daytime sleepiness similar to other chronic pain patients. Evaluation of sleep state by questionnaire might be useful for diagnosis and management of TMD, because sleep disturbance decreases pain threshold and pain disturbs sleep. In addition, sleep-screening device would be useful for screening sleep related breathing disorder in dental clinic.
Prognosis of Recurred TMD Patients According to Conservative Treatment
Jang, Dong-Hun ; Tae, Il-Ho ; Ahn, Yong-Woo ; Ko, Myung-Yun ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 33, issue 2, 2008, Pages 219~228
The purpose of this study is to compare the differences between first visits and the recurred time of TMD patients about the number of visits, the treatment plans, the symptoms and the results after the conservative treatments. This could lead us to assess the prognoses of TMDs treated conservatively. We investigated 54 patients who have visited the Department of Oral Medicine in PNUH from 1991 to 2001, diagnosed as TMDs and treated conservatively with medications, physical therapies and splints. The treatments were terminated since the subjects have shown much improvements and resumed when TMDs recurred from 1992 to 2002. We researched the diagnoses, symptoms, the number of visits, the treatment plans and the results comparing the time before and after the treatments were carried out and following are the results. 1. Both the primary and the recurred groups improved after having been treated conservatively. 2. Both the primary and the recurred groups showed no differences in pains and MCOs when they first visited though the noises and LOMs turned out to be more serious in primary group. 3. Both the primary and the recurred groups had no differences in pains, noises, LOMs, MCOs when the treatments were over. 4. The results of treatments were not affected by treatment plans, sex, diagnoses in both primary and recurred groups. 5. Most of the patents tended to visit less than 10 times in recurred patients.