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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Academy of Orofacial Pain and Oral Medicine
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Dec 2008
Volume 33, Issue 3 - Sep 2008
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Jun 2008
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Mar 2008
Selecting the target year
The Relationship of Two-Point Discrimination Threshold and the Number of Fungiform Papilla According to Anatomical Location of Tongue
Kim, Kyun-Yo ; Hur, Yun-Kyung ; Choi, Jae-Kap ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 33, issue 4, 2008, Pages 295~303
The lingual branch of the trigeminal nerve transmitts general sensation from anterior two thirds of the tongue, also bearing within sheath fibers of chordal tympani branch of the facial nerve. Chorda tympani nerve carries special taste sensations from the anterior two thirds of the tongue and sub-serves the existing trigeminal pathway. Chorda tympani nerve and the lingual nerve innervate to fungiform papilla and distribution of fungiform papilla on tongue dorsum is variable according to anatomical location. The purpose of this report is to assess that the relationship of the number of fungiform papilla and the ability of two-point discrimination of tongu dorsum. Twenty-six healthy students(male:female=13:13) whose mean age was
participated in our study. Two-point discrimination thresholds were measured to evaluate the spatial acuity of touch sensation. The measurement was carried out at the tip and posterolateral region of dorsal tongue. After two-point discrimination test, we took the pictures of their dorsal tongue dyed with methylene blue with digital camera. There were no significant differences between the number of fungiform papilla and the two-point discrimination threshold. But, we found that there were the intraregional and intersubject variations of spatial acuity of the tongue. During the test on the posterolateral region of the dorsal tongue, students appealed the difficulty of discrimination of one point and two point.
Variables Affecting Long-Term Compliance of Oral Appliance for Snoring
Lee, Jun-Youp ; Hur, Yun-Kyung ; Choi, Jae-Kap ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 33, issue 4, 2008, Pages 305~316
The mandibular advancement device(MAD) has been used to help manage snoring and obstructive sleep apnea. The aims of this study were to specify the demographic and clinical characteristics of the patients receiving long-term treatment with MAD and to quantify the compliance with and side effects of the use of the device. Of 103 patients who were treated with MAD for at least one full year after delivery date, 49 were able to be contacted with telephone and complete follow-up questionnaires were obtainable. They were telephoned to determine whether they were still using the device. If not, they were asked when and why they stopped using it. Patients were also asked how much effectiveness of the MAD in decreasing snoring and how much they and their bed-partners were satisfied with the MAD therapy. The initial respiratory disturbance indices and pre-treatment snoring frequency and intensity were obtained from the medical records of initial visit. All the data were compared between users and nonusers. The results were as follows: 1. Of 49 patients 25 are still using the device, but 24 stopped using it. Among nonusers nobody stopped wearing the device within first 1 month, but 37.5% of nonusers stopped wearing it in the following 6 months, and another 4.2% before the end of the first year. 2. The one-year compliance of the MAD therapy was 79.59%. 3. There were no significant differences in mean age, mean body mass index, and gender distribution between users group and nonusers group. 4. There was no significant difference in mean respiratory disturbance index at initial visit between users group and nonusers group. 5. There was no significant difference in pre-treatment snoring frequency and intensity between users group and nonusers group. 6. The degree of decrease in snoring with use of MAD was significantly higher in the users when compared to nonusers. 7. Patient's overall satisfaction with treatment outcome was significantly higher in the users when compared to nonusers. 8. Bed partner's satisfaction with treatment outcome tended to be higher in the users when compared to nonusers. 9. The most frequent reasons why patients discontinued wearing the MAD were: jaw pain(25%), dental pain(20.83%), broken appliance(20.83%), hassle using(16.67%), lost weight(8.3%), dental work(8.3%), no or little effect(4.17%), sleep disturbance(4.27).
Consideration for the Importance of Diseases Associated with Oral Medicine by Analyzing the Dental Cyber Consultation
Kim, Su-Beom ; Jeong, Jae-Yong ; Kim, Cheul ; Kim, Young-Jun ; Park, Moon-Soo ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 33, issue 4, 2008, Pages 317~322
The moderners of industrial society suffer from various stresses, which bring about increase in prevalence of temporomandibular disorders, oral mucosal disease and chronic neuropathic pain, therefore, the number of patients seeking help of those symptoms tend to increase. The purpose of this study was to discuss the importance of oral medicine related disease by investigating questions that appeared in cyber consultation of Kangnung National University Dental Hospital web site. Among the nearly 2000 questions, the rate of questions related to oral medicine was 20.92%, and the rate of questions related to other departments were oral and maxillofacial surgery 16.87%, conservative dentistry 16.67%, orthodontics 14.02%, prosthodontics 12.25%, periodontics 8.36%, pediatric dentistry 4.93%, preventive dentistry 2.08% and otherwise questions 3.90%. Among the 403 questions related to oral medicine, the frequent questions were oral mucosal diseases 44.17%, temporomandibular disorders 41.19%, halitosis 4.47%, xerostomia 3.23%, other orofacial pain 2.23%, forensic dentistry 1.49% and otherwise questions 2.98%. From the higher rate of questions related to oral medicine compared with other fields of dentistry, we would consider that the people are considerably concerned about the oral medicine related disease, such as oral mucosal diseases and temporomandibular disorders.
Reliability of the Korean Version of Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD)
Sohn, Byung-Jin ; Park, Min-Woo ; Park, Ji-Woon ; Chung, Sung-Chang ; Chung, Jin-Woo ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 33, issue 4, 2008, Pages 323~338
Objectives: The aim of this study was to analyze the reliability of the Korean language version of the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders(RDC/TMD) axis II questionnaire among TMD patients. Methods: The Korean version of the RDC/TMD questionnaire was distributed to 154 TMD patients(31 men, 123 women) who visited Seoul National University Dental Hospital. The test-retest reliability was also assessed among the same subjects with a one- or two-week time interval. The subjects did not receive any form of therapy until the retest administration was completed. Results: The internal consistency reliability of pain intensity, disability score, jaw disability, and psychosocial status were 0.92, 0.94, 0.68, and 0.94, respectively using the Cronbach's alpha coefficient of the 1st test. Test-retest reliability coefficients of each items of the questionnaire ranged from 0.40 to 0.94 assessed with kappa value, and the intra-class correlation coefficient(ICC) for each subscale ranged from 0.81 to 0.93. Test-retest reliability coefficient of the graded chronic pain(GCP) scale was 0.63. Conclusions: The Korean language version of RDC/TMD axis II questionnaire demonstrated good reliability. It can be used as a valuable instrument for the analyses of the psychosocial aspects of the TMD patients in Korea.
Association Between Temporomandibular Disorders and Cervical Muscle Pressure Pain
Im, Yeong-Gwan ; Kim, Jae-Hyeong ; Kim, Byung-Gook ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 33, issue 4, 2008, Pages 339~352
Aims: The aims of this study were to identify the association between cervical muscle pain and TMD by pressure pain response, and to find cervical muscles showing moderate to severe pressure pain that are correlated with masticatory muscle pain. Methods: Patients(n=129, female 65.9%, mean age 28.8 years) answered a TMD questionnaire asking about headache, neck pain, emotional stress, sleep disturbance, parafunction habits, and pain intensity. A clinical examination of the masticatory system was performed. Of the neck muscles, (1) the upper sternocleidomastoid, (2) the middle sternocleidomastoid, (3) the upper trapezius, (4) the splenius capitis, (5) the semispinalis capitis, (6) the scalene medius, and (7) the levator scapulae muscles were examined by palpation. Pressure pain or tenderness of all palpation sites was scored from 0 to 3 according to the pain response. The variables of sum of pressure pain scores were calculated from pressure pain scores and were used for statistical analyses. Results: Eighty patients(62.0%) answered that they suffer from neck pain in the TMD questionnaire. More than 40% of sternocleidomastoid and upper trapezius examination sites showed moderate to severe tenderness in the cervical muscles, and 36% of middle masseter in the masticatory muscles. For the 129 patients, the sum of cervical muscle pain scores(mean=12.88, SD=8.06) and the sum of TMD pain scores(mean=5.36, SD=5.10) were moderately correlated(
= 0.502, P < 0.001). The sum of TMD pain scores tends to increase as the sum of cervical muscle pain scores increases(Y = 0.395
= 0.659, P < 0.001). In the patients with masticatory muscle disorders, the sum of sternocleidomastoid and upper trapezius pain scores(mean = 8.67, SD = 4.95) and the sum of temporalis and masseter pain scores(mean = 3.37, SD = 3.56) showed moderate correlation(
= 0.375, P < 0.001). Those two variables were in a proportionate relationship(Y = 0.359
= 0.538, P < 0.001). In a partial correlation analysis of the sum of unilateral pain scores, the sum of right cervical muscle pain scores and the sum of left cervical muscle pain scores showed the highest correlation(r = 0.802, P < 0.001). The sum of right TMD pain scores and the sum of left TMD pain scores were moderately correlated(r = 0.481, P < 0.001). For the twenty patients with unilateral TMD pain, the partial correlation coefficient between the sum of ipsilateral cervical muscle pain scores and the sum of contralateral cervical muscle pain scores was the largest(r = 0.597, P = 0.009). A partial correlation between the sum of primary TMD side pain scores and the sum of ipsilateral cervical muscle pain scores was 0.564(P = 0.015). Conclusions: TMD is associated with cervical muscle pain on condition of pressure pain response to palpation. Of the cervical muscles, sternocleidomastoid and upper trapezius frequently exhibit moderate to severe pressure pain, and they are closely related to the masticatory muscle pain. The characteristic of symmetric involvement of pain is prominent in cervical muscles; however, TMD can affect the level of cervical muscle pain to modify its symmetric nature.
Epidemiology Study of Patients with Neuropathic Pain in Korea
Won, Jung-Yeon ; Kim, Ki-Suk ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 33, issue 4, 2008, Pages 353~374
The descriptive epidemiology of specific neuropathic pain disorders has not been well-des-cribed, although the burden of neuropathic pain is well recognized. The true incidence of neuro-pathic pain disorder is unknown, but it is believed to be under diagnosed and treated inade-quately, despite the development of various diagnostic system. The purpose of this study was to report the epidemiology of specific neuropathic pain as managed by all kinds of hospital in Korea. A descriptive analysis of the epidemiology of prevalent trigeminal neuralgia(TN)(n-=77,053 27,6%), atypical facial pain(AFP)(n=12,382 4.4%), glossopharyngeal neuralgia(GN)-(n=1,319 0.5%), post-herpetic neuralgia(PHN)-(n=84,598 30.3%), diabetic neuropathy(DN)-(n=85,989 30.8%), atypical odontalgia(AO)-(n=16,001 5.7%) and glossodynia(GD)(n=2,133 0.8%) and treatment departments and treatment durations from computerized Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service(HIRA) of Korea: January 2003 to December 2005, are reported with rates increasing over time for PHN and DN and decreasing for the other neuropathic pain disorders. Most patients were treated at private clinic record for 57.6-72.8% of patients except OA for 10.3%. The percentage of Dept of dentistry for outpatients was 3.2% for TN, 34.7% for AO and 15.4% for GD. Other neuropathic pain patients visited nearly medical clinic.
Clinical Manifestations in Orofacial Movement Disorders
Ryu, Ji-Won ; Yoon, Chang-Lyuk ; Cho, Young-Gon ; Ahn, Jong-Mo ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 33, issue 4, 2008, Pages 375~382
This study was a preliminary study to establish diagnostic criterias and treatment for Orofacial Movement Disorders. The 33 Orofacial Movement Disorder patients who were visited in the department of Oral Medicine from September, 2007 to December, 2007 were selected for this study. We analyzed the age, sex, systemic diseases, the diagnosis and the cause of the patients' chief complaints, the self-consciousness and the types of orofacial movements. The obtained results were as follows : 1. Female were predominant in orofacial movement disorders(81.82% vs 18.18%) and mean age was 78.78(56 to 87) years. 2. They almost had systemic diseases(81.82%). Hypertenstion was the most common disease(22.41%) and diabetes mellitus(17.24%), depression(8.62%), gastritis(8.62%) in turns. 3. In clinical manifestation, temporomandibular disorder was the most frequently complained symptom(33.33%), and soft tissue disease(21.57%), burning mouth syndrome(17.65%), orofacial movement itself(15.69%), diffuse orofacial pain(6명, 11.76%) in turns. 4. Most orofacial movement disorders are idiopathic(72.73%), and related to prosthetic treatment(24.24%), related to antidepressant medication(3.03%) in turns. 5. The jaw-closing type was the most common type of orofacial movement disorders, and lateral type(33.33%), jaw-opening types(16.67%) in turns. 6. There were more patients who did not conscious of their orofacial movements than those who did.(54.55% vs 45.45%). In conclusion, dentists must be consider the orofacial movement disorders in patients who have orofacial pain. Also, dentists should obtain a proper history and perform a clinical examination to avoid misdiagnosis and inappropriate, irreversible treatment.
Osteomyelitis involved in Mandibular Condyle
Park, Ju-Hyun ; Kwon, Jeong-Seung ; Ahn, Hyung-Joon ; Kim, Seong-Taek ; Choi, Jong-Hoon ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 33, issue 4, 2008, Pages 383~386
Osteomyelitis is considered an inflammatory condition of bone that usually begins as an infection of the medullary cavity and quickly extends to periosteum of the area. Early acute osteomyelitis of the mandible is usually characterized by deep, intense pain, high intermittent fever, paresthesia or anesthesia of the lower lip and a clearly identifiable cause. If the disease is not controlled or inadequately treated after onset, acute osteomyelitis progresses to a chronic form. The diagnosis of mandibular osteomyelitis rests on processing for identification of microbiologic isolates and on imaging studies to determine the extent of disease. Mandibular osteomyelitis often is associated with involvement of the masticator space and can exhibit symtoms similar to temporomandibular disorder including orofacial pain and limited mouth opening. Advanced imaging modalities can be helpful in obtaining a proper diagnosis.
Ultrasounds Image on the Disorders of the Ligaments Surrounding Temporomandibular Joints
Hong, Soo-Min ; Im, Yeong-Gwan ; Kim, Byung-Gook ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 33, issue 4, 2008, Pages 387~394
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to verify the usefulness and feasibility of ultrasonographic imaging for the detection of the disorders of the surrounding supporting structure such as articular capsule, retrodiscal tissue and related ligaments, osteoarthritic evidence and associated disc displacement at the temporomandibular joint(TMJ) Materials and Methods : 20 patients(40 joints) with periodic lock and crepitations were investigated prospectively using 12 MHz array transducer. Ultrasonographic Imagings were assessed for osteoarthritic surface changes of condyle, extent of disc displacement and disorders of surrounding structures. Ultrasonographic images were compared with clinical investigations, conventional radiography and Dental Computed Tomographic scans. Results : In clinical and conventional radiography, osteoarthritic changes were diagnosed in 8 joints. Ultrasonographically 7 of the 8 osteoarthritic changes were diagnosed correctly. Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of ultrasonography in the osteoarthritic detections were 87.5%, 62.5%, and 67.5% respectively. About the detection of disc displacement, disc displacement were diagnosed in 21 joints clinically. Ultrasonographically 19 of the 21 disc displacements were diagnosed correctly. Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of ultrasonography in the osteoarthritic detections were 95%, 90%, and 92.5% respectively. when the disorders of supportive structure were figured out, the disorders of supportive structure were diagnosed in 18 joints clinically. Ultrasonographically 1 of the 18 the disorders of supportive structure were diagnosed correctly. Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of ultrasonography in the osteoarthritic detections were 5.5%, 4.5%, and 55% respectively. Conclusion : Ultrasonography is an relatively reliable diagnostic tool for the detection of disc displacement and some of osteoarthritic changes. But it's not an insufficient imaging technique for the detection of the disorders of the surrounding structure.
Temporomandibular Disorder Caused by Nasopharyngeal Cancer
Byun, Young-Sub ; Kim, Ki-Seo ; Ahn, Hyung-Joon ; Choi, Jong-Hoon ; Kwon, Jeong-Seung ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 33, issue 4, 2008, Pages 395~399
Orofacial pain and limited range of mouth opening as symptoms of temporomandibular disorder are mainly triggered by the structural and/or functional changes of temporomandibular joint and related structure itself. But careful diagnostic evaluation should be needed because they may be occurred by another pathologic conditions such as neoplasm in head and neck region. If there would be atypical pain characteristics or clinical features, systemic comorbid symptoms, or poor response to treatment, advanced imaging modalities such as CT or MRI will be mandatory for differential diagnosis. We experienced the case which was diagnosed as nasopharyngeal cancer mimicking temporomandibular disorder, and reviewed clinical considerations for proper differential diagnosis.
Nonodontogenic Toothache : Case Reports
Yoon, Seung-Hyun ; Choi, Jong-Hoon ; Kim, Seong-Taek ; Ahn, Hyung-Joon ; Kwon, Jeong-Seung ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 33, issue 4, 2008, Pages 401~407
The most common type of orofacial pain is toothache. However, many other types of pain which derived from nonodontogenic problems can mimic toothache. Nonodontogenic toothache is heterotopic pain that the site of pain is not in the same location of the source of pain. This differs from primary pain, in which the site of pain is the actual site which the pain originates. Heterotopic pain can be alleviated by direct treatment toward the source of pain. The common sources of nonodontogenic toothache include neuropathic pain, sinus pain, Myofascial pain, neurovascular pain and even cardiac pain and psychogenic pain. Thus, clinicians should have a thorough knowledge about causes of nonodontogenic toothache, and through pain history and examination of dental and nondental structures are needed. This case report is about some cases of nonodontogenic toothache, and it also emphasizes essential considerations for proper differential diagnosis and appropriate treatment.