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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Academy of Orofacial Pain and Oral Medicine
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 34, Issue 4 - Dec 2009
Volume 34, Issue 3 - Sep 2009
Volume 34, Issue 2 - Jun 2009
Volume 34, Issue 1 - Mar 2009
Selecting the target year
Influences of Saliva Substitutes on Salivary Enzymatic Activity
Kho, Hong-Seop ; Lee, Sung-Woo ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 34, issue 3, 2009, Pages 227~235
Many of the protective functions of saliva can be attributed to the biological, physical, structural, and rheological characteristics of salivary glycoproteins. Therefore, the development of ideal saliva substitutes requires understanding of the rheological as well as biological properties of human saliva. In the present study, we investigated the changes of salivary enzymatic activities by saliva substitutes and compared viscosity of saliva substitutes with human saliva. Five kinds of saliva substitutes such as Moi-Stir, Stoppers4, MouthKote, Saliva Orthana, and SNU were used. Lysozyme activity was determined by the turbidimetric method. Peroxidase activity was determined with an NbsSCN assay.
-Amylase activity was determined using a chromogenic substrate, 2-chloro-p-nitrophenol linked with maltotriose. The pH values of saliva substitutes were measured and their viscosity values were measured with a cone-and-plate digital viscometer at six different shear rates. Various types of saliva substitutes affected the activities of salivary enzymes in different ways. Stoppers4 enhanced the enzymatic activities of hen egg-white lysozyme, bovine lactoperoxidase (bLP), and
-amylase. Saliva Orthana and SNU inhibited bLP activity and enhanced
-amylase activity. MouthKote inhibited
-amylase activity. Moi-Stir inhibited the enzymatic activities of bLP and
-amylase. The pH values were very different according to the types of saliva substitutes. Stoppers4, MouthKote, and Saliva Orthana showed lower values of viscosity at low shear rates and higher values of viscosity at high shear rates compared with unstimulated and stimulated whole saliva. Moi-Stir and SNU displayed much higher values of viscosity than those of natural whole saliva. Collectively, our results indicate that each saliva substitute has its own biological and rheological characteristics. Each saliva substitute affects the enzymatic activity of salivary enzyme and finally oral health in different ways.
Clinical Efficacy of Latex Cover for Dental Handpiece
Lee, Ki-Ho ; Paek, Dong-Heon ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 34, issue 3, 2009, Pages 237~245
The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical efficacy of latex cover developed for dental handpiece on contamination of microorganisms during dental treatment and to determine whether it can be an alternative to conventional sterilization such as autoclaving. E. fecaelis was used as a experimental microorganism instead of oral flora. Experimental bowl with 2 cm of rectangular cavity was fabricated for handpiece operating instead of oral cavity. Latex covers (
, Orobiotech Co., Korea) and several handpieces were used after sterilization by autoclave. Four experiments were performed to evaluate bacterial contamination related with (1) various parts of dental handpiece, (2) swabbing time with alcohol sponge, (3) postoperative air-water spraying time and (4) consecutive use of latex covers without autoclaving. The results show that face of handpiece uncovered with latex cover was severely contaminated than the covered area and that most bacteria were removed by swabbing face and head area of dental hand-piece and by air-water spraying more than 15 seconds nearly up to the level of sterilization. Conclusively it can be suggested that use of latex cover for handpiece during dental procedure, swabbing with alcohol sponge is air-water spraying for more than 15 seconds after use of dental handpiece should be very useful and practical for prevention of cross infection and should be an alternative method for the sterilization of dental handpiece under some difficult situations not being able to sterilize a handpiece with autoclave.
Changes of the Pharyngeal Space by Various Oral Appliances for Snoring
Jo, Chul-Bae ; Kim, Mee-Eun ; Kim, Ki-Suk ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 34, issue 3, 2009, Pages 247~256
The purpose of this study was to investigate the changes of the pharyngeal space when the following appliances were inserted: the mandibular advancement appliance (MAA), tongue retaining appliance (TRA), and mandibular advancement-tongue retaining appliance (MATRA). Nine male dental students exhibiting Class I occlusion, normal body mass index (BMI), and no signs and symptoms of snoring were selected for this study. The three kinds of snoring appliances (MAA, TRA and MATRA) were fabricated for each subject. The mandibular advancement of the MAA and MATRA was set at a distance of 5 mm, and the TRA and MATRA were made to hold the tongue in front of the maxillary incisors by 10 to 20 mm. Lateral cephalometric radiographs of the following four states - with no appliance, MAA, TRA, and MATRA - were taken to examine any anatomical changes resulting from the application of the appliances. All four radiographs were traced and analyzed for twenty selected variables related to the pharyngeal space, cranio-cervical posture, and position of the soft palate and hyoid bone. According to the results of this study, there were significant increases in both the upper and lower oropharyngeal spaces when the mandible and tongue were protruded simultaneously, although there was a significant increase only in upper oropharyngeal space when the mandible or tongue was advanced separately. In conclusion, it is suggested that the MATRA may result in more positive effect on the control of snoring and OSA compared to a single use of the MAA or TRA, especially for the patients whose upper airway obstruction occurs in the lower oropharynx.
The Treatment of Gingival Hyperpigmentation by
Kwon, Kyung-Min ; Tae, Il-Ho ; Ko, Myung-Yun ; Ahn, Yong-Woo ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 34, issue 3, 2009, Pages 257~260
Gingival hyperpigmentation may cause esthetic problems, especially in patients with a gummy smile. This report presents the use of the
laser for gingival depigmentation. Two cases presented with the same chief complaint of unesthetic gingiva caused by melanin hyperpigmentation. The
laser was setted at 0.8 watt, 40Hz, 0.01sec. The procedure were performed with non-contact mode in all pigmented areas. Ablation of the gingival hyperpigmentation areas were accomplished without any bleeding complications or postoperative pain. After 2 weeks and 4 weeks later, healing is completed and hyperpigmented gingiva appeared pink and firm.
Mechanism Underlying a Proteasome Inhibitor, Lactacystin-Induced Apoptosis on SCC25 Human Tongue Squamous Cell Carcinoma Cells
Baek, Chul-Jung ; Kim, Gyoo-Cheon ; Kim, In-Ryoung ; Lee, Seung-Eun ; Kwak, Hyun-Ho ; Park, Bong-Soo ; Tae, Il-Ho ; Ko, Myung-Yun ; Ahn, Yong-Woo ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 34, issue 3, 2009, Pages 261~276
Lactacystin, a microbial natural product synthesized by Streptomyces, has been commonly used as a selective proteasome inhibitor in many studies. Proteasome inhibitors is known to be preventing the proliferation of cancer cells in vivo as well as in vitro. Furthermore, proteasome inhibitors, as single or combined with other anticancer agents, are suggested as a new class of potential anticancer agents. This study was undertaken to examine in vitro effects of cytotoxicity and growth inhibition, and the molecular mechanism underlying induction of apoptosis in SCC25 human tongue sqaumous cell carcinoma cell line treated with lactacystin. The viability of SCC25 cells, human normal keratinocytes (HaCaT cells) and human gingiva fibroblasts (HGF-1 cells), and the growth inhibition of SCC25 cells were assessed by MTT assay and clonogenic assay respectively. The hoechst staining, hemacolor staining and TUNEL staining were conducted to observe SCC25 cells undergoing apoptosis. SCC25 cells were treated with lactacystin, and Western blotting, immunocytochemistry, confocal microscopy, FAScan flow cytometry, MMP activity, and proteasome activity were performed. Lactacystin treatment of SCC25 cells resulted in a time- and does-dependent decrease of cell viability and a does-dependent inhibition of cell growth, and induced apoptotic cell death. Interestingly, lactacytin remarkably revealed cytotoxicity in SCC25 cells but not normal cells. And tested SCC25 cells showed several lines of apoptotic manifestation such as nuclear condensation, DNA fragmentation, the reduction of MMP and proteasome activity, the decrease of DNA contents, the release of cytochrome c into cytosol, the translocation of AIF and DFF40 (CAD) onto nuclei, the up-regulation of Bax, and the activation of caspase-7, caspase-3, PARP, lamin A/C and DFF45 (ICAD). Flow cytometric analysis revealed that lactacystin resulted in G1 arrest in cell cycle progression which was associated with up-regulation in the protein expression of CDK inhibitors,
. We presented data indicating that lactacystin induces G1 cell cycle arrest and apoptois via proteasome, mitochondria and caspase pathway in SCC25 cells. Therefore our data provide the possibility that lactacystin could be as a novel therapeutic strategy for human tongue squamous cell carcinoma.
Comparison of Soft Tissue Changes between Adolescents and Adults in Class II Malocclusion Treatment
Chang, Na-Young ; Cho, Jin-Hyoung ; Lee, You-Mee ; Kang, Kyung-Hwa ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 34, issue 3, 2009, Pages 277~294
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the soft tissue changes of class II adolescents and adults in respect to extraction or nonextraction. The study included 68 patients from Wonkwang Dental Hospital were categorized to adolescent extraction group, adolescent nonextraction group, adult extraction group, adult nonextraction group. Cephalometric tracing of each patient was done to compare pretreatment and posttreatment of each group, to compare the changes between groups. And among the variables that showed significancy, correlation analysis and simple linear regression were done. The results were as follows. 1. In both adolescents and adults after extraction treatment, nasolabial angle significantly increased and in both subjects after non extraction treatment, nasolabial angle significantly decreased. 2. In extraction subjects, there were positive correlation between the amount of treatment changes of vertical-U1 and E line-upper lip, the changes of vertical-L1 and E line-lower lip, the changes of vertical-L1 and vertical-Li. 3. In extraction subjects, simple regression equations of E line-upper lip, E line-lower lip, Li were calculated by regression analysis. According to the results above, it could be considered that the effect of the extraction or nonextraction treatment was greater than the effect of growth.
Case report : The Bisphosphonate-associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw(BONJ)
Kim, Kyun-Yo ; Ko, Yu-Jung ; Hur, Yun-Kyung ; Choi, Jae-Kap ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 34, issue 3, 2009, Pages 295~301
Recently, bisphosphonate-associated osteonecrosis of the jaw(BONJ) is added to the list of diseases of the oromaxillofacial region. BONJ is defined as exposed bone in the jaw that does not heal within 8 weeks after identification, in a patient who has been received to bisphosphonates and has not taken radiation therapy to the craniofacial region. Bisphosphonates binded to bone mineral are concentrated in highly active remodeling site, reside in the skeleton for a long time, and do a role as powerful inhibitors of bone resorption. As the patients receiving bisphosphonates therapy grow in number, the patients of BONJ would go on increasing in Korea. We would like to present two patients who were suspected to BONJ, describe the outline of BONJ, and mention importance of our understanding about BONJ. BONJ is rare disease, but once it develops, its prognosis is very poor. Our adequate understanding of BONJ is necessary to prevent it and cope with it properly.
Evaluation of Temporomandibular Disorders with Tension-Type Headache by Gender
Ko, Seok-Ho ; Kang, Soo-Kyung ; Auh, Q-Schick ; Hong, Jung-Pyo ; Chun, Yang-Hyun ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 34, issue 3, 2009, Pages 303~316
This study was designed to evaluate the Temporomandibular Disorders(TMD) with Tension-Type Headache(TTH) by gender. Patients with TMD and/or TTH visited the Department of Oral Medicine, Kyung Hee University Dental Hospital were recruited to this study. Experimental group(n=60) is composed of TMD with TTH and control group(n=111) is composed of TMD without TTH. Evaluation list was pain quality, pain intensity, pain laterality, pain increase by routine physical activity and then it was analyzed statistically. The results were as follows ; 1. In the control group, pain quality was significantly different by gender(p=0.04). But, in the experimental group, pain quality was not significantly different by gender. 2. In the control group, pain intensity was not significantly different by gender. And, in the experimental group, pain intensity was not significantly different by gender. 3. In the control group, pain laterality was not significantly different by gender. And, in the experimental group, pain laterality was not significantly different by gender. 4. In the control group, pain increase by routine physical activity was not significantly different by gender. And, in the experimental group, pain increase by routine physical activity was not significantly different by gender. Therefore, it is considered that not temporomandibular disorder patients with tension-type headache but temporomandibular disorder patients without tension-type headache was influenced by gender in the pain quality.
Stiffness and Elasticity of the Masticatory and Facial Expression Muscles in Patients with the Masticatory Muscle Pain
Kim, Yeon-Shin ; Kim, Ki-Suk ; Kim, Mee-Eun ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 34, issue 3, 2009, Pages 317~324
This study aimed to assess stiffness and elasticity of the masticatory muscle in the patients with the masticatory muscle pain using a tactile sensor and to investigate whether the masticatory muscle pain affects the facial expression muscles. From those who visited Department of Oral Medicine in Dankook University Dental Hospital, 27 patients presenting with unilateral muscle pain and tenderness in the masseter muscle (Ms) were selected (mean age:
years). Exclusion criterion was those who also had temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders or any neurological pain. Muscle stiffness and elasticity for the muscles of mastication and facial expression was investigated with the tactile sensor (Venustron, Axiom Co., JAPAN) and the muscles measured were the Ms, anterior temporal muscle (Ta), frontalis (Fr), inferior orbicularis oculi (Ooci), zygomaticus major (Zm), superior and inferior orbicularis oris (Oors, Oori) and mentalis (Mn). t-tests was used to compare side difference in muscle stiffness and elasticity. Side differences were also compared between diagnostic groups (local muscle soreness (LMS) vs myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) and between acute (< 6M) and chronic (
6M) groups. This study showed that Ms and Zm at affected side exhibited significantly increased stiffness and decreased elasticity as compared to the unaffected side.(p<0.05) There was no significant difference between local muscle soreness and myofascial pain syndrome groups and between acute and chronic groups. The results of this study suggests that masticatory muscle pain in Ms can affect muscle stiffness and elasticity not only for Ms but also for Zm, the facial expression muscle.
Clinical Characteristics of Headaches in Temporomandibular Disorder Patients : Primary Headache vs Headache Attributed to TMD
Ryu, Ji-Won ; Bae, Kook-Jin ; Hong, Seong-Ju ; Yoon, Chang-Lyuk ; Ahn, Jong-Mo ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 34, issue 3, 2009, Pages 325~331
The objective of this study was to describe the prevalence of the headache attributed to Temporomandibular disorder(TMD) symptoms and to investigate the relationships of headache and TMD. 66 patients seeking care for signs and symptoms of Temporomandibular disorders(TMD) and Orofacial pain in the department of oral medicine, Dental Hospital, Chosun University, from January, 2008 to June, 2008, were recruited. The obtained results were as follows : 1. A muscle and TMJ origin combined was the most common in study populations(54.55%), grouped as TMD classification. 2. Tension type headache was the most common in study population(89.39%), grouped as headache classification. 3. 36 patients out of 66(54.55%) had headaches which related to TMD. 4. Out of 36 patients who had suffered the headache which were attributed to TMD, 19 patients(52.78%) described that their headache related to TMD was different from their own primary headaches. In conclusion, headache attributed to TMD is relatively common in the patients who had headaches and TMD symptoms together. And the new headache patterns may related to headache and TMD chronification. Larger-scale studies and more specified and controlled comparison study is needed to confirm the relationship between the headache and TMD.
Osteomyelitis of Mandibular Condyle : A Case Report in 9-year-old Child
Lee, Kyung-Eun ; Choi, Soon-Jeong ; Suh, Bong-Jik ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 34, issue 3, 2009, Pages 333~340
Osteomyelitis means inflammation of the bone marrow. It usually begins in the medullary cavity, involving the cancellous bone; then it extends and spreads to the cortical bone and eventually to the periosteum. The cause is usually thought to be microbiological. But there still are factors that predispose to produce a possible bone infection such as injuries, syphilis, actionomycosis, chronic kidney failure, alcoholism, malnutrition, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. Treatment of modalities have been directed toward eradicating microbes and improving circulation in the early stage. In the case presented, surgical debridement and IV antibiotics were the treatment of choice. Osteomyelitis in children is mainly affected in the mandible. And in childhood, the mandibular condyle is regarded as an important center of mandibular growth. Therefore, in young patients, osteomyelitis involving this region may cause a restraint of mandibular development, resulting in facial asymmetry. So diagnosis in the early stage is important in child with osteomyelitis. Recently, we have encountered an interesting case of osteomyelitis of the mandibular condyle in 9-year-old boy. So we present the case and review the literature about osteomyelitis.