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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Academy of Orofacial Pain and Oral Medicine
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 35, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 35, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 35, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 35, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
Selecting the target year
A Teaching Method of Detecting and Improving Individual Weakpoints in the Course of Occlusion
Park, Hye-Sook ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 35, issue 1, 2010, Pages 1~18
I'd like to introduce a teaching method to improve learning efficiency. Most students are likely to ignore what they don't understand in the class of a course. The subject of Occlusion is essential to understanding prosthodontic and orthodontic subjects. It is necessary to let students know and review what they don't understand among parts of a chapter in the course of Occlusion. Therefore I look over the examination papers after every examination and input the problems that each student didn't solve into the C-language computer program and print the list of the contents that each student must study particularly. I give the lists to students and let them review and present their own weak parts of a chapter in the course of Occlusion in the next class. This teaching method leads to improvement in learning and is helpful to students as well as lecturers.
Effect of Chamaecyparis obtusa tree Phytoncide on Candida albicans
Kang, Soo-Kyung ; Auh, Q-Schick ; Chun, Yang-Hyun ; Hong, Jung-Pyo ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 35, issue 1, 2010, Pages 19~29
Phytoncide, essential oil of trees, has microbicidal, insecticidal, acaricidal, and deodorizing effect. The present study was performed to examine the effect of phytoncide on Candida albicans, which is a commensal colonizer of the mucous membranes but has become an opportunistic pathogen. C. albicans was incubated with or without phytoncide extracted from Hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa Sieb. et Zucc.; Japanese cypress) and then changes were observed in its optical density, cell viability and morphology. As concentrations of phytoncide added to the culture medium increased, optical density and cell viability of C. albicans decreased. Minimum inhibitory concentration of phytoncide for C. albicans was observed to be 0.25%, and minimum fungicidal concentration was 0.5%. Numbers of morphologically atypical cells with electron-dense cytoplasm and granules and increased with increasing concentration of the phytoncide. At higher concentrations of phytoncide, compartments and organelles in the cytoplasm became indistinguishable. The overall results indicate that the phytoncide used for this study has a strong antimicrobial activity against C. albicans. Therefore, the phytoncide may be used as a candidate for prevention and therapeutic agent against oral candidiasis.
Effect of Low-Level Laser to Oral Microorganisms
Yoon, In-Jong ; Auh, Q-Schick ; Chun, Yang-Hyun ; Hong, Jung-Pyo ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 35, issue 1, 2010, Pages 31~39
This study is to observe the bacteriocidal effect of the Low Level Laser (LLL) against oral microorganisms which are related to the occurrence of periodontal diseases and oral malodors. The Porphyromonas gingivalis 2561 (P. gingivalis 2561) and Prevotella intermedia (Pr. intermedia) were treated with photosensitizing substance-toluidine blue O (TBO; C.I. 52040) and then radiated with the LLL which has 650nm wavelength for 1, 2, 3 and 5mins. continuously upon varying distances of 1, 2 and 3cm for each experimental groups. The results are as follows; 1. The P. gingivalis 2561 which was treated with TBO and then radiated with LLL at a distance of 3cm for 1min. showed 99.99% higher antibacterial effect in comparison to the experimental group treated only with TBO. 2. The Pr. intermedia which was treated with TBO and then radiated with LLL at a distance of 3cm for 1min. showed 99.8% higher antibacterial effect in comparison to the experimental group treated only with TBO. 3. The bacteriocidal effect of the P. gingivalis 2561 treated with TBO was found to gradually increase as the radiation time of LLL extended from 1min. to 3min. at 1min. intervals. 4. A slight decrease in bacteriocidal effect of the P. gingivalis 2561 was found as the radiation distance of LLL increased from 1cm to 3cm at 1cm intervals. 5. The bacteriocidal effect of the Pr. intermedia was found to slightly decrease as the radiation distance of LLL increased from 1cm to 3cm at 1cm. intervals. As the results shown above suggest, the bacteriocidal effect of LLL was found to increase as the radiation time extended and the distance shortened. Moreover, even the experimental group radiated with LLL at 3cm distance for 1min. which showed the lowest level of bacteriocidal effect, was found to have 99.8% higher bacteriocidal effect than the experimental group which was treated only with TBO and, therefore, this clearly shows the bacteriocidal effect of LLL against oral microorganisms. Thus, the use of LLL is thought to become very useful for suportive treatment for periodontitis and implantitis, and controlling oral malodors as long as it is used within the limits where there is no side effect.
A Review of Etiopathogenesis of Burning Mouth Syndrome
Lim, Hyun-Dae ; Kang, Jin-Kyu ; Lee, You-Mee ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 35, issue 1, 2010, Pages 41~47
Burning mouth syndrome(BMS) is a chronic oral pain and a symptom complex disorder usually unaccomplished by mucosal lesion or other clinical and laboratory signs of organic disease. BMS is characterized by a spontaneous burning sensation that mainly affects middle-aged and postmenopausal women. The etiology of BMS is poorly understood even though evidence for a possible neuropathic pathogenesis. BMS cause from various local or systemic factor, including nutritional deficiencies, hormonal change, local infection, dental procedure, dry mouth, medication and systemic disease including diabetes mellitus. Many studies suggest peripheral alteration in sensory of trigeminal nerve system. BMS patients with supertaster indicates pathologies of central and peripheral nerve system induced by an alteration in the taste system at the level of chorda tympani and glossopharyngeal nerve. The author discuss our current understanding of etiology and pathogenesis of BMS that refered chronic oral pain.
Effects of Noise on the Masticatory Muscles
Lee, Sang-Il ; Kim, Ki-Suk ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 35, issue 1, 2010, Pages 49~59
The purpose of this study was to investigate short-term masticatory muscle reactions in response to simulated noise and music sound. Hypothesis of this study was that loud noise would cause increased stiffness and decreased elasticity of the masticatory muscles compared to low level of noise or identical sound level of music. Fifteen male volunteers were recruited for the study. The sound levels of noise and music used here were 60 dB and 100 dB. The experiment comprised 4 sessions, Session 1 with 100 dB of noise for the 1st day of experiment: Session 2 with 100 dB of music for the
day: Session 3 with 60 dB of noise for the
day: Session 4 with 60 dB of music for the
day. Stiffness and elasticity on the anterior temporalis and superficial masseter muscles were measured with tactile sensor before and 2, 4 and 6 minutes after exposure of sound. The study indicated that, in short-term exposure of sound, there was no significant difference between noise and music at both 60 and 100 dB of sound level, but that there were partially significant differences between 60 and 100 dB of sound level regardless of sound type. This suggest that high level of sounds like 100 dB used in this study, in spite of short term exposure of several minutes, would lead to masticatory muscle contraction, especially in the masseter muscles.
Clinical Assessment and Cephalometric Characteristics of Patients with Condylar Resorption in Teenagers
Chun, Yong-Hyun ; Hur, Yun-Kyung ; Jung, Jae-Kwang ; Chae, Jong-Moon ; Choi, Jae-Kap ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 35, issue 1, 2010, Pages 61~73
The aim of this study was to investigate clinical assessment and cephalometric characteristics in 10s patients with condylar resorption, who visited in the Department of Oral Medicine Kyungpook National University Hospital at 2006, by use of panorama, transcranial view and lateral cephalometric radiograph. The results were as follows; 1. Clinical assessment 1) Total number of patients were 59. Female was 47 and male was 12, Females were predominant and patient's age ranged from 12 to 19. 2) Most of the patients had Grade II condyle resorption. 3) The number of who had Class I occlusion was 27, which was the largest group. The number of patients with openbite was 20. Average overjet was 3.58mm and average overbite was 0.97mm. 4) Most of the patients had parafunctional habit. 5) The patients of showing the pain in condylar resortion was 41 and the case of not showing the pain was 18. 6) Treatment duration of 23 patients were less than 1 month, 28 patients were treated with supported therapy. 2. Cephalometric Characteristics 1) A 16-year-old female patients showed smaller SNA, SNB and larger articular angle significantly as compared with those of normal group. 2) A 17-year-old female patients showed smaller SN, SAr, TPFH, ramus height and larger SN-GoMe, FMA, articular angle significantly as compared with those of normal group. 3) Over 18 years old female patients showed smaller SN, SNB, TPFH, ramus height and larger ANB, FMA, SN-GoMe, LAFH, articular angle, gonial angle significantly as compared with those of normal group. 4) Over 18 years old male patients showed smaller SN, TPFH, ramus height and larger FMA, SN-GoMe, LAFH, articular angle, gonial angle significantly as compared with those of normal group. 5) There was no significant difference between 10s and normal group in mandibular body length.
The Effect of Water Immersion on the Surface Strength and the Flexural Strength of the Acrylic Resin for Occlusal Appliances
Lee, Hoy-Youn ; Im, Yeong-Gwan ; Kim, Byung-Gook ; Lim, Hoi-Soon ; Kim, Jae-Hyung ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 35, issue 1, 2010, Pages 75~81
By repeating nocturnal bruxism occlusal appliance's wearing condition that is used to cure temporomandibular disorders into the vitro experiment, research aims to find out how moisture infiltrated and drying cycle process affects on the surface microhardness of the resin for occlusal appliance and flexural strength. By utilizing resin for occlusal appliance which is the main component of poly methyl methacrylate, bar shaped sample was produced. For the resin sample utilized as the controlled group 1, the sample was infiltrated in the moisture for 7 days in the temperature of 37C. Then, the resin sample of the controlled group 2 was maintained in a dry condition for 7 days in the normal temperature. After that, each sample's surface microhardness and flexural strength were measured. For the resin sample that is utilized as the experimental sample, the sample was infiltrated in the moisture for 7 days in the temperature of 37C. Then, it was inundated for 8 hours a day and dried in the normal temperature for 16 hours with the continuous process of moisture infiltration and dry cycle process for 30 days. During this cycle process, sample's surface and flexural strength were measured in the 1st day, 7th day, and 30th day. Then, it was statistically analyzed to find out the difference of controlled and experiment group's surface microhardness and flexural strength. Results are 1. For the experimental and controlled group's surface microhardness of the resin for the occlusal appliance, it did not show any significant differences after moisture infiltration and dry cycle process repetition. 2. In case of the flexural strength for resin for the occlusal appliance, experimental group with moisture infiltration and dry cycle for 30 day process had greater effect than the experimental group at the 1st day and controlled group These results can be considered to be utilized from the patients of the temporomandibular disorders towards occlusal appliance used and maintained method.
Correspondence between Temporomandibular Disorder Symptoms and Clinical Examination Findings
Im, Yeong-Gwan ; Baek, Hey-Sung ; Kim, Byung-Gook ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 35, issue 1, 2010, Pages 83~91
Objectives: This study aimed to assess the characteristics of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) symptoms and to determine the correspondence between TMD symptoms and clinical examination findings. Material and methods: A total of 218 patients (143 females and 75 males; age=
) were enrolled in this study who completed a questionnaire and underwent a clinical examination and radiographic assessment. Patients were asked about all the symptoms and complaints, including onset or duration, and locations of the symptoms. Clinical examination included amounts of mouth opening, palpable temporomandibular joint (TMJ) sounds, and tenderness to palpation of the TMJ and all masticatory muscles. Tenderness scores obtained from palpation of the masticatory system were summated to define the variables for further analysis. Results: Pain was the most frequently reported symptom (78.9%), followed by joint sounds (45.4%), and limitation in mouth opening (17.0%). Jaw pain comprised 91.9% of pain complaints. The subjective intensity of jaw pain was low to medium in most patients (93.7%), but it was poorly correlated with the sum of tenderness scores of the TMJ and masticatory muscles (Kendall tau = 0.084). In contrast, the side in which pain was reported by patients was well associated with the clinical examination results (pain of the right side, p < 0.001, and left side, p < 0.001). There was moderate agreement in TMJ sounds between the side identified by patients as symptomatic and clinical examination findings (kappa = 0.482). Finally, patients who complained of restricted mouth opening showed about a 10 mm less opening in all three measurements, compared to other patients (p < 0.001). Conclusion: The most frequent symptoms reported by TMD patients were jaw pain, TMJ sounds, and mouth opening limitation. The side of jaw pain, the side of TMJ sounds, and the presence of opening limitation were highly concordant between symptom reports and examination findings.
Case report : Postherpetic Neuralgia
Bae, Kook-Jin ; Ahn, Jong-Mo ; Yoon, Chang-Lyuk ; Cho, Young-Gon ; Ryu, Ji-Won ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 35, issue 1, 2010, Pages 93~99
Herpes zoster (HZ) is the secondary manifestation of an earlier infection with the varicella-zoster virus in one or more dermatomes. As reactivation of the virus is linked to an age-related diminished virus-specific and cell-mediated immunity, HZ develops mainly in elderly people. Acute zoster is painful, but does not incur lasting morbidity. Reactivation of the varicella-zoster virus in the trigeminal nerve (Herpes zoster) occur with severe pain and rash in the oro-facial region. The acute pain decreases as the rash begins to heal. Postherpetic neuralgia(PHN), the most frequent complication of herpes zoster, is usually defined as pain in the involved dermatome that is still present 3 month after rash onset. The clinical characteristics of PHN are, eposodic stabbing pain, burning pain and allodynia, with hypoesthesia and/or dysesthesia.
(neuroselective sensory nerve conduction threshold: sNCT, Automated current perception threshold: CPT, neurotron incorporated. Baltimore, Maryland. 21209 U.S.A.) is convenient, rapid and noninvasive, and allows objective assessment of sensory disturbance. This case is about the postherptic neuralgia patient assessed with
. From this case, we reviewed the pathophysiology and the treatment of PHN and recommend the assessment of pain intensity with
as quantitative and objective method.