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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Academy of Orofacial Pain and Oral Medicine
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 38, Issue 4 - Dec 2013
Volume 38, Issue 3 - Sep 2013
Volume 38, Issue 2 - Jun 2013
Volume 38, Issue 1 - Mar 2013
Selecting the target year
Apo Taq expression on salivary glands by the restraint stress in Rat
Cho, Sung-Kuk ; Kang, Soo-Kyung ; Auh, Q-Schick ; Chun, Yang-Hyun ; Hong, Jung-Pyo ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 38, issue 4, 2013, Pages 291~298
DOI : 10.14476/jomp.2013.38.4.291
On this study, we treated rats with restraint stress, and observed the changes with an optical microscope. Within the salivary gland tissue, we measured cell apoptosis cycle evaluation which show positive reaction on TUNEL assay, and compared within the groups. For this study, 18 rats were divided into 3 groups; 1) 2 rats of group I were selected as a normal control. 2) 2 rats of group II, as a experimental control were placed in the restraint cone for 2 hours 3) 14 rats of group III were placed in the restraint cone for 2 hours once a day. The rats were sacrificed immediately (group II, as a experimental control), 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7days after application of the stress and the both parotid glands were excised. The conclusions follow. 1. 5 days after giving an confining stress to the parotid gland of Rats, we can observe the hypotropy and pus and inflammation of Rat parotid gland acinar cells, and after 7 days, we can see a cell apoptosis. 2. Through the In situ DNA end labeling assay and TUNEL dye, on serous glands, benign tumor cell increased with statistically significant result after 5 days from confining stress. And the index shows maximum value on 7th days, which is same result with histological opinion. Therefore, our study shows that a cell apoptosis can be induced by restraint stress on salivary gland tissue, and we think more study should be accomplished about the cell signaling pathway in the future.
Effect of antibacterial effects of myrrh, rhatany, chamomomilla against to oral microorganisms
Baek, Han-Seung ; Kang, Soo-Kyung ; Auh, Q-Schick ; Chun, Yang-Hyun ; Hong, Jung-Pyo ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 38, issue 4, 2013, Pages 299~312
DOI : 10.14476/jomp.2013.38.4.299
Even though there exist a lot of study about antibacterial effects and reactions of extracted materials from plant, few study exist about oral pathogenic bacteria. Therefore we tried to recognize about the suppression effect to the periodontal pathogenic bacteria and halitosis, when add some kinds of plant extracted materials, myrrh, rhatany, chamomolilla to saliva. We used Crude drug : Myrrh tincture (100mg/ml), Ratanhia tincture (100mg/ml), Chamomile tincture(100mg/ml). We inspected about the cariogenic bateriae, S. mutans GS5 and S. sobrinus 6715, periodontal pathogenic bacteria, P. gingivalis 2561, P. intermedia ATCC 25611, Candida albicans ATCC 18804, and E. feacalis ATCC 4083, then the result follow. The plant extracted material, myrrh, rhatany, chamomomilla, which have convergence effect, bacteriocidal effect and anti-inflammation effect, show an antibacterial effect and reaction to the oral pathogenic bacteria. And with treating rhatany that have the most strong antibacterial effect, through transmission electron microscopy we could see a severe morphologic change of bacteria. This means with the plant extracted material, we can suppress the oral harmful bacteria and prevent periodontal diseases, caries, halitosis and oral inflammations. And within the future studies for the improvement of oral hygiene, our result might be a clinical evidence.
Review about effects of sleep disturbances on Burning mouth syndrome
Lim, Hyun-Dae ; Lee, You-Mee ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 38, issue 4, 2013, Pages 313~318
DOI : 10.14476/jomp.2013.38.4.313
The aim of this study was to the relationship between sleep disturbances and Burning mouth syndrome(BMS). BMS presents as a chronic burning sensation in the oral mucous membrane that is frequently associated with sleep disturbances. BMS is considered neuropathic pain condition with dysfunction of small diameter afferent sensory fiber. A review of the studies reveals, BMS suggested peripheral and cental nervous system changes. Sleep disruption or Rem sleep deprivation cause an inhibition of opioid protein synthesis and a reduced affinity of
opioid receptors. Let me say that sleep disturbances suggest a risk factor For BMS and support to evaluate as a part of BMS treatment. Further study will be required to ascertain the relationship between distruption of sleep continuity or Rem sleep deprivation and BMS and the evidence of altered neurochemical degeneration of BMS.
Conservative management of dislocated temporomandibular joints: A case report
Park, Jo-Eun ; Kim, Hye-Kyoung ; Choi, Hee-Hoon ; Kim, Mee-Eun ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 38, issue 4, 2013, Pages 319~324
DOI : 10.14476/jomp.2013.38.4.319
Dislocation of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) occurs when the mandibular condylar head is displaced completely out of the glenoid fossa and cannot be reduced by the patient. The occurrence of bilateral anterior dislocation is the most common. Dislocations can be classified into three types in terms of duration and frequency of dislocation, i.e., acute, chronic and recurrent. There are various treatment modalities for dislocation from conservative try to surgical intervention. The selection for the appropriate modality mainly depends on the types of dislocation as previously stated. The authors report three cases of dislocation with different treatment modalities according to the duration of dislocation. In particular, we tried prosthetic approach instead of surgical intervention in the patient with chronic dislocation.
Case report : Anterior Open bite after injection of Botulinum Toxin on Masseter Muscles
Ryu, Ji-won ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 38, issue 4, 2013, Pages 325~331
DOI : 10.14476/jomp.2013.38.4.325
Botulinum neurotoxin(BoNT) is a protease exotoxin produced from Clostridium botulinum. It works by blocking the release of acetylcholine from cholinergic nerve endings causing inactivity of muscles or glands. Recently, the therapeutic use of BoNT have expanded to include a wide range of medical and dental conditions. Botulinum neurotoxin type A(BoNT/A) is used off-label in the orofacial region to treat primary and secondary masticatory and facial muscle spasm, severe bruxism, facial tics, orofacial dyskinesias, dystonias, and hypertrophy of the masticatory muscles. Local hematoma, infection, and persistent pain in the injection site are the site-of-injection side effects. Medication-related side effects are adjacent muscle weakness, slurred speech, an alteration in the character of the saliva, and severe headaches. In most cases, these complications are not persistent and bothersome. We reported a case report of a patient who had transient anterior open bite after BoNT/A injection on masseter muscles to treat the refractory myofascial pain.
The effect of temporomandibular joint movement on tinnitus
Kim, Jeong-Mo ; Kim, Tae Su ; Nam, Eui-Cheol ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 38, issue 4, 2013, Pages 333~338
DOI : 10.14476/jomp.2013.38.4.333
Purpose: A growing number of studies have been providing evidence for neural connections between the auditory and somatosensory systems that might be a critical part of the mechanisms underlying certain forms of tinnitus. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) movements on tinnitus. Methods: One hundred sixty-three tinnitus patients participated in this study. All patients underwent a thorough audiological examination including pure-tone audiometry, tinnitus handicap inventory, and evaluation of tinnitus loudness, frequency and severity on a visual analog scale. Somatic testing consisting of nine forceful jaw muscle contractions was performed to evaluate the effect of TMJ movements on modulation of tinnitus. Results: 66.9% of patients had unilateral tinnitus. Somatic testing modulated tinnitus loudness in 125 ears (57.6 %) of 217 ears tested. An increase in tinnitus loudness was observed more often than a decrease. Loudness was most commonly increased by opening and clenching jaw. Tinnitus could be induced by opening, clenching and deviating jaw to the left. Conclusion: Our study showed evidence that TMJ movements may aggravate and even evoke tinnitus and somatic testing can be used for evaluating if stimulation of the TMJ induces or aggravates tinnitus.
Sex Differences in the Pain Control by the Peripheral Opioid
Bae, Sung-Jae ; Kim, Wan-Su ; Kang, Soo-Kyung ; Auh, Q-Schick ; Hong, Jung-Pyo ; Chun, Yang-Hyun ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 38, issue 4, 2013, Pages 339~356
DOI : 10.14476/jomp.2013.38.4.339
This study was designed to evaluate the sex differences in the pain control effect by morphine injection to masticatory muscle pain patients. Patients with masticatory muscle pain visited the Department of Oral Medicine, Kyung Hee University Dental Hospital were recruited to this study and diagnosed by RDC/TMD. Experimental group were divided into four group each from male (n=20) and female (n=20); saline injection group (n=5), lidocaine injection group (n=5), morphine 1.5 mg injection group (n=5) and morphine 3 mg injection group (n=5). Evaluation list was the subjective pain evaluation(visual analogue scale, Mc Gill pain questionnaire, pain drawing) and the objective pain evaluation(pressure pain threshold, pressure pain tolerance) and evaluation time was injection before, after 1 hour, 24 hour, 48 hour and then it was analyzed statistically. The results were as follows : 1. The male and female were significantly different statistically morphine 3 mg group in visual analogue scale evaluation. (male: p<0.05, female: p<0.05) 2. The male and female were more significantly different statistically morphine 3 mg group than morphine 1.5 mg group in McGill pain questionnaire evaluation. (male: p<0.001, female: p<0.01) 3. The male were significantly different statistically morphine 3 mg group in pain drawing evaluation and pressure pain threshold evaluation. (PD: p<0.001, PPT: p<0.05) Therefore, it was revealed that the morphine 3 mg injection for masticatory muscle pain was effective to pain control male patients and more effect than female patients in the objective pain evaluation.
Effect of conservative therapy and Mandibular condylar bone change on Adolescents with osteoarthritis of TMJ
Jeon, Hye-Mi ; Kim, Kyung-Hee ; Ok, Soo-Min ; Heo, Jun-Young ; Jeong, Sung-Hee ; Ko, Myung-Yun ; Ahn, Young-Woo ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 38, issue 4, 2013, Pages 357~366
DOI : 10.14476/jomp.2013.38.4.357
This study is designed to evaluate the treatment outcome of occlusal stabilizing splint and to assess follow-up study of condylar bony changes using cone beam computed tomography(CBCT) in adolescents patients (12-19 years) with TMJ osteoarthritis(OA). 167 eroded condyles in 149 subjects were chosen among the patients who presented to the Department of Oral Medicine of Pasan National University Hospital, diagnosed as TMJ osteoarthritis by clinical exam, x-ray and CBCT from 2009 to 2012. They were treated conservatively with physical therapy, medication, behavioral therapy and occlusal stabilizing splint therapy. After average 9 months, CBCT was retaken and subjective symptoms and clinical findings were investigated. Condyle bony changes were classified by unchanged, less severe and more severe. The obtained results were as follow: 1. Pain, Noise, LOM(Limitation of motion) and MCO(Maximum comfortable opening) measurement of TMJ OA patients were markedly improved after conservative treatment. 2. In the occlusal stabilizing splint therapy group, Pain and LOM were statistically significant improved than non-occlusal stabilizing splint therapy group. 3. In the acute occlusal stabilizing splint therapy group, Pain and LOM were remarkably improved. 4. In comparison of CBCT1 and CBCT2 images, the transition of bone changes to lesser severe was most commonly in joint with erosive change. 5. In the non-occlusal stabilizing splint therapy group, the transition of condylar bone changes from erosion to more severe was many than occlusal stabilizing splint therapy group.
Comparison of absolute and relative thermal QST thresholds In the orofacial region of the young Korean women
Kim, Ki-Suk ;
Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain, volume 38, issue 4, 2013, Pages 367~372
DOI : 10.14476/jomp.2013.38.4.367
To diagnose sensory nerve damage, patient values for thermal stimuli as quantitative sensory test (QST) can be compared with the values of the general population (absolute reference data) or to values measured at contralateral unaffected side (relative reference data). It is well know that relative reference data are more sensitive for detecting sensory abnormality than absolute reference data. However it is still lack of the studies for comparisons between relative and absolute data. This study aimed to evaluate the validity of relative reference data and compare the sensitivities of the two approaches in the orofacial region. In 19 young Korean women as normal subjects, quantitative somatosensory thermotest were done in the forehead, cheek, mentum, lower lip and tongue tip bilaterally. After we get the standard deviations (SD) of average reference data and relative reference data, the ratios SD absolute data/SD relative data were calculated. Our study showed that relative reference data for side to side comparisons in the same patient have the high ratios than the absolute reference data, i.e. the side to side comparisons with relative reference data exhibit gain in sensitivity in assessment of sensory abnormality.