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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute Of Construction Engineering and Management
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 6 - Nov 2015
Volume 16, Issue 5 - Sep 2015
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Jul 2015
Volume 16, Issue 3 - May 2015
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Mar 2015
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Jan 2015
Selecting the target year
Alternative Evaluation Method of GFI-based Construction Value Engineering
Kim, Sooyong ; Lee, Youngrok ; Yang, Jinkook ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 16, issue 3, 2015, Pages 3~10
DOI : 10.6106/KJCEM.2015.16.3.003
Value engineering (VE) of the construction project is classified into design phase value engineering and construction phase value engineering. Design phase value engineering must apply to over 10 billion public construction projects by government law. Therefore, the design value engineering apply to actively in construction projects. In contrast, the construction value engineering apply to a limited certain construction project. The reason is that construction value engineering process can not reflect practical demands quality. The construction value engineering can implement to positive impact through the feasibility verification for constructability. In this research, we propose a method of construction value engineering that reflect the practical demands. This method is experts alternative evaluation of using by GFI-based. And, this study was applied to the practical cases to verify the applicability of the proposed method. As a result, proposed alternative evaluation method were analyzed highly efficient in terms of applying the process as well as the method compare to the conventional method.
Factors Affecting the BIM Acceptance of Construction Managers
Chung, Yongche ; Chin, Sangyoon ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 16, issue 3, 2015, Pages 11~23
DOI : 10.6106/KJCEM.2015.16.3.011
Construction Management(CM) and Building Information Management(BIM) have a lot in common that they need to establish a cooperation system among different disciplines and promote smooth communication among project stakeholders throughout the project life-cycle. BIM can be an effective information management tool for CM's business and improve their service value. However, BIM uses by Construction Managers(CMr) are very limited. The objective of this study is to analyze the intention of CMrs to adopt BIM and establish effective BIM use strategy in the CMr's point of view. This study utilizes Technology Acceptance Model(TAM) as a research method, and the results show that 1) CMrs think it is more important whether BIM is required to be adopted in their business process at the social or industry level than that BIM can improve their personal competence, recognition, and impressions through their voluntary BIM adoption; 2) that CMrs think it is important to figure out business processes where BIM can be smoothly incorporated; and 3) that CMrs hesitate the use and trial of BIM in their realworld business although they agree that BIM needs to be eventually adopted in their business in the future. Based on these results, directions for establish a strategy for BIM adoption were proposed at the CMr's point of view
Critical Factors Influencing on the Level of Service for Proactive Maintenance in Educational Facilities
Shin, SeungWoo ; Yi, JuneSeong ; Son, JeongWook ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 16, issue 3, 2015, Pages 24~35
DOI : 10.6106/KJCEM.2015.16.3.024
Aging educational facility shall be managed and maintained through integrated service perspectives, in consideration of functions of each facility to provide safe and comfortable environment, rather than temporarily fixing/repairing problems. For doing this, it is a must to firstly understand the limitation of highly biased performance-based maintenance practice, which is a most common type applied at present, and therefore to establish maintenance system that reflects the functions and characteristics of maintenance service that a facility was designed with. Therefore, the objective of this study is to find items that have an influence on service level recognition in order to fairly evaluate service functions of educational facilities, and subsequently to use these factors as ingredients of establishing a consistent and efficient maintenance system. Therefore this study proposed explanatory variables to measure influential factors for each major maintenance category. Then appropriate statistical verification was carried out on questionnaires that collected from a number of industry experts to test its fe asibility.
TACT Productivity Management for Finish Works of Residential Buildings using Productivity Achievement Ratio (PAR)
Joo, Seonu ; Park, Moonseo ; Lee, Hyun-Soo ; Lee, Kwang-Pyo ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 16, issue 3, 2015, Pages 36~48
DOI : 10.6106/KJCEM.2015.16.3.036
To complete various types of finish works with higher quality in much less time, TACT, which was mostly used for high-rise buildings, has been adapted to meet the needs for systematic schedule management in construction sites. However, the effectiveness of adapting TACT has not been shown as expected due to the different perspectives on productivity from both general contractor and subcontractors based on unforeseen conditions according to the types of site. Furthermore, not enough theoretical backgrounds, empirical data, and systematic approaches to solve the fundamental problems caused by each participants' different views on productivity has produced obstacles for establishing effective solutions. Therefore, this research aims to analyze the possible main reasons for having different point of views regarding productivity among various participants of residential building sites using TACT based on literature review, site survey, and interviews. Also, case study was conducted to propose obtainable productivity (OP) regression equation and productivity achievement ratio (PAR) with reduction factors (RFs) and actual productivity (AP) data from an actual construction site. The proposed outcome may assist general contractors converting output management with PPC to productivity management with actual data using PAR. On the other hand, subcontractors would be able to estimate theory-based maximum productivity of construction sites with TACT by using OP. The PAR will enhance the communication between general and sub-contractors for their decision making process. Finally, the main RFs derived from PAR could be used as essential keys for productivity management to increase the economical and operational effectiveness of the construction project.
Environmental Impacts Assessment of Elementary School Buildings and Establishment of the Reference Target using Life Cycle Assessment Model
Ji, Changyoon ; Hong, Taehoon ; Jeong, Jaewook ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 16, issue 3, 2015, Pages 49~58
DOI : 10.6106/KJCEM.2015.16.3.049
In order to determine how much a new green building reduce the environmental impacts, it is necessary to establish the reference target for comparison. Therefore, this study aims to establish the reference target by evaluating the environmental impacts of existing buildings. To ensure this end, this study evaluated the environmental impacts(Global warming potential, ozone layer depletion potential, acidification potential, eutrophication potential, photochemical ozone creation potential, and abiotic depletion potential) of 17 existing elementary school buildings, which are located in Seoul, Busan, Daegu, and Gwangju, by using the hybrid LCA model. As a result, the environmental impacts of the case buildings were clearly distinguished in different regions. Therefore, this study presented the reference targets which are appropriate to each region. For example, the reference targets for global warming potential, which can be used in Seoul, Busan, Daegu, and Gwangju, are 3.76E+03, 1.90E+03, 2.63E+03,
, respectively. The presented reference targets are expected to be useful for understanding how much environmental impacts can be reduced when a new green school building is constructed.
An Analysis of Competency at Each Phase of PMC for Overseas Architecture Project Using the IPA
Ha, Sung-Wook ; Lee, Suk-Won ; Kim, Jae-Jun ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 16, issue 3, 2015, Pages 59~67
DOI : 10.6106/KJCEM.2015.16.3.059
Overseas expansion of domestic construction over the past 10 years has been fast growing. But as a result of simple construction business practices and a focus on EPC, sales margins was reduced. Domestic construction companies have been trying to redirect business to high-value-added-areas but have faced difficulty because there areas are current monopolized by global leading companies in the field of PMC. They have recently carried out 16 PMC related project in order to expand their experience and increase their competitiveness. Most of these construction companies that do PMC overseas have been focusing on the civil engineering sector. analyzing the important and performance result 50 separate PMC tasks in detail using IPA, it became clear that domestic construction companies should also focus on tasks and were analyzed in order to advance to overseas architecture PMC sector overseas. There are large gaps in the importance and performance result of both the planning and pre-construction phase. Importance compared to the current performance levels in the planning phase gap is largest, pre-construction phase has been analyzed in the following order. In particular, one should strengthen detailed tasks in the planing phase. This study is expected to be used as a basic to determine the performance level and tasks items. It is expected strengthen the capacities of domestic companies in the PMC field, for especially in the high value-aded-areas as indicated in the results of the analysis from this study.
A Study on Optimal Inspection Interval for the Major Components of Construction Lift
Soh, Jiyune ; Bae, Jaehoon ; Han, Choonghee ; Lee, Junbok ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 16, issue 3, 2015, Pages 68~77
DOI : 10.6106/KJCEM.2015.16.3.068
One of recent concerns for super-tall buildings is how to manage hoisting plans and equipment efficiently. Disasters are frequently occurred in relation to electromotive hoists and cranes which are commonly used in construction sites. For construction lifts, particularly, it is highly important to conduct regular inspections or prepare against breakdown in terms of safety. However, unfortunately the reality is that regular inspections are only flatly conducted according to operating hours only. A lift, whose life span is subject to the complicated considerations such as operating hours, loading condition, and the like of each component, is far too invalid as a means of maintenance. As a way to resolve this problem and improve its convenience and safety for users, this study intends to calculate individual inspection interval for the main components of lifts by measuring their actual operating hours with sensing technology and analyzing their historical data. The findings of study include calculation of inspection intervals for the main components of lifts and classification of components to check by the actual operating hours of lift (40, 90, 130, 400 hours), which are drawn up into tables. This will make an opportunity to suggest efficient maintenance measures by enabling prevention of safety accidents and enhancement of safety for workers. Also, it will lead to increasing productivity of works by eliminating sources of delaying the term due to the breakdown of lifts.
A Study of Pre-assessment Framework for Business Environment for Delivering Projects in a New Overseas Market
Oh, Jungkeun ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 16, issue 3, 2015, Pages 78~90
DOI : 10.6106/KJCEM.2015.16.3.078
Due to a significant decrease in the number of construction projects in the domestic market of Korea, overseas expansion of the Korean construction companies has been accelerated in recent years. However, the practice of bidding at a low price and lacking information about foreign new markets caused many companies to fail in their entries to these markets. As a measure to prevent such failures, this study has developed a framework which first defines the key research items that must be identified beforehand and then classifies them into a structured way so that the construction companies can actually use this framework to be better prepared for their forays into the new markets. The framework was actually applied for a construction project in Morocco, and its usefulness was proven by the user's successful participation into the project, nevertheless the application and result was limited. Although perhaps this framework should be applied to many more construction projects for its validity to be verified and for its structure to be better standardized, the framework still has its value due to the following two reasons: first, it has systemized the research items that had been only conceptually defined but had never been organized, and second it can be utilized as a investigation tool at the marketing stage.
Decision Support Process Model for Energy Efficient Remodeling Projects focused on Building Envelope and Renewable-energy Systems
Shin, Young-su ; Cho, Kyuman ; Kim, Jae-youn ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 16, issue 3, 2015, Pages 91~100
DOI : 10.6106/KJCEM.2015.16.3.091
An increase in energy such as natural gas, coal, oil, has occurred to a large amounts of environment impact emissions, it is necessary to reduce in the construction industry for the energy consumption. To encourage remodeling project in developed countries of the majority, on the basis of this, remodeling project in the construction industry has grown to a large amount. Results of analysis of the research related to the advanced remodeling, analysis of the economic validity in accordance with the production and process and building elapsed years of selection alternative of remodeling there has been a problem that has not been properly reflected. In this study, a decision support model that can simultaneously choose the most cost-effective and energy-efficiency alternative. Developed process model, generates a "Remodeling Solution" that combines the renewable energy equipment and envelope system, energy performance evaluation of the application of international standards(ISO-13790, DIN V 18599), perform the economic evaluation through LCCA(Life Cycle Cost Analysis) technique, circulated evaluation and configured to output the optimal Remodeling Solution. The results of applying the model developed in the case, it was confirmed that it is possible to select a choice of cost-effective energy-saving alternative. Then, developed model through this study, it is expected to be able to help highly effective remodeling alternative to selecting by decision-makers.
Framework & Functions of Configuration Management (CM) in Nuclear Power Plants (NPP)
Kang, Mi-Yeon ; Jung, Youngsoo ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 16, issue 3, 2015, Pages 101~112
DOI : 10.6106/KJCEM.2015.16.3.101
In the 1950s, the concept of configuration management (CM) was started by the US Department of Defense (DOD). Later, it has begun to be applied in aerospace, software, engineering, construction, and nuclear power industry. However, configuration management (CM) in the Korean nuclear industry was firstly utilized in 2006 only for selected parts of facilities, while the US nuclear industry has applied CM for the facilities' entire systems since 1990s. Furthermore, configuration management (CM) is in its conceptual stage in the Korean nuclear industry because of ambiguous CM concepts, lacks of CM professional manpower, non-computerization, and inadequacy of CM procedures and processes. In order to address this issues, seven industries (including defense, aerospace, software, engineering, architecture, civil engineering, nuclear power) that utilize the concept of configuration management (CM) were compared and analyzed based on the CM purpose, technique, and life-cycle perspectives. By an extensive literature review and expert interviews, this paper developed a framework of configuration management (CM) for the nuclear industry. And also, a list of functions based on life-cycle stages and CM techniques are developed for clarifying CM framework in order to promote practical applications.
A Preliminary Study of Prototype for Improving VE Workshop Phase based on BIM
Kim, Hojun ; Park, Heetaek ; Park, Chansik ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 16, issue 3, 2015, Pages 113~122
DOI : 10.6106/KJCEM.2015.16.3.113
VE workshop is performed based on VE expert' experiences without retrieving VE data of similar previous projects. Moreover, it usually omitted or applied for the sake of formality due to insufficiently understanding VE function, limited time, space and budget. Even though many studies have established VE databases for retrieving and reusing VE data, VE workshop is still inefficient and ineffective to improve projects' values. With this regard, this study proposes a preliminary prototype for improving VE workshop, which utilizes the state-of-the-art information communication technologies(ICTs) including Building Information Modeling(BIM), Mobile Computing(MC), Network Service System(NSS), and Database Management System(DBMS) for better managing, storing and reusing VE data. The prototype was developed to evaluate advantages and limitations. The results show that the proposed prototype can support visual VE data retrieval from similar previous projects, enhance communication among VE team and save much time and cost comparing to traditional VE. Through this, the productivity of VE workshop can improve efficiently and effectively.
A Method for Setting Energy Saving Goals of Existing Buildings - Based Energy Consumption Results Data -
Yeo, Changjae ; Yu, Jungho ; Moon, Hyunseok ; Kim, Seungjin ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 16, issue 3, 2015, Pages 123~131
DOI : 10.6106/KJCEM.2015.16.3.123
There are a number of policies that have been established to reduce greenhouse gases emissions and reduce energy consumption. These polices, however, only reflect the building energy consumption saving rate without considering building energy consumption characteristic. If building that already use less energy apply the same saving rate to reduce energy consumption, it is less effective. Therefore, this study classified building energy consumption characteristics and investigated approaches to adopt individual reduction rates according to energy consumption. Analysis results showed that there are differences in energy consumption depending on building use, and therefore, we classified buildings by use. We also proposed a formula to set a reduction goal for rate of energy consumption according to energy consumption. We verified our approach in a top-end neighborhood facility in Seoul. The energy consumption savings goal of this study can be applied individually, but determining whether a building can reduce energy consumption towards a saving goal requires a closer look at each building.
Diagnosis of the Cooperative Business Ecosystem in Construction Industry
Kim, Sung-Il ; Chang, Chul-Ki ; Bae, Yu-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 16, issue 3, 2015, Pages 132~142
DOI : 10.6106/KJCEM.2015.16.3.132
A facility is built by participating of various parties who are connecting each other by network of contract. Domestic construction industry has been suffering with high cost and low efficiency due to lack of cooperative relationship among companies who participated in the project. The government has tried to resolve this problem by diverse policy support, but practical result has not been realized in the level of satisfaction. This paper defined construction business ecosystem in the aspect of business ecosystem as a network among construction companies based on diverse production system, and diagnosed cooperative business ecosystem in construction industry. For construction business ecosystem to be more cooperative business ecosystem, the result of diagnosis shows that the type of cooperation based capacity and value sharing should be developed and interdependence among companies and cooperative relationship should be durable and reasonable price for construction should be guaranteed for the participant to have a profit from the project.
A Study of Crack Shape Analysis based on Properties of Member in Apartment Exterior Wall
Kim, Man-Jang ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 16, issue 3, 2015, Pages 143~151
DOI : 10.6106/KJCEM.2015.16.3.143
The Crack, occurred in the concrete structure, is a major cause of function deterioration such as strength, durability and waterproof. Therefore the need for crack reduction will continue as long as there is concrete structure. But, it is not easy to reduce or prevent crack cause of impact factor of it. There are so many factors of crack such as material, construction and maintenance environment, and structure, and these are acting in combination. So, this study derives a correlation between the cracks and members through reviewing member crack occurred. And member's attribute, related crack, is analyzed by it. It consider that the basic attribute of member is similar when its requirements are similar. Through this study, therefore, foundation of countermeasure of crack will be provided by prediction of crack shape through member's attribute.
An Analysis of the 2014 Pricing Guide for Technical Service Contracts through Comparison with Foreign Countries' Cases
Lee, Taewon ; Lee, Ghang ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 16, issue 3, 2015, Pages 152~164
DOI : 10.6106/KJCEM.2015.16.3.152
Enhancing clarity and transparency of the pricing guide for technical services for public construction works enables the prediction and reimbursement of the service cost for project owners and bidders, while it would also yield benefits for engineers who carry out the construction tasks. In order to improve the global competitiveness of construction service industry, the government revised its pricing guide for techical services for construction works recently, moving away from its previous percentage-of-construction-cost method towards the Cost Plus a Fee Method. However, since the Cost Plus a Fee Method results in the rise of the service price by 153%~197%, there is the need for a review on the method and basis of the adjustment in order to avoid controversies regarding the application of the revised method. In this context, this paper analysed the 2014 revision of the pricing guide for technical services for public construction works through comparison with foreign cases including those of the US and the UK. The analysis yielded the conclusion that, while the shift towards Cost Plus a Fee Method which is widely used in advanced economies is a very meaningful change in large measure, certain aspects still remain problematic. Unlike in advanced economies, the detailed break-down shows the direct labor cost includes certain indirect expenses. Also, indirec expenses are admitted so comprehensively as to include overhead costs and technology royalties. These problems results in redundant estimation of certain expenses, and obstructs transparency in spending details. This paper proposes various improvement measures to address these issues.
A Study on Substantiation Methodology for Extension of Time in International Mega-Project Claims
Kim, Young-jae ; Kim, Tae-kyoung ; Jo, Duk-sang ; Lee, Hwang-ku ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 16, issue 3, 2015, Pages 165~176
DOI : 10.6106/KJCEM.2015.16.3.165
Recently many Korean large-sized construction companies as well as specialty contractors have been expanding their business in the overseas market to mitigate impacts from long-term stagnation in the domestic market. Such as a result, it has been arisen as a major issue that contractors effectively manage the delays which have been commonly faced with in international mega-projects. Therefore it can be said that the ability of the delays management leads a success of project. This paper presents a review of literature for delay analysis methods such as time impact analysis(TIA) and raises practical problems to rationally substantiate the duration of extension of time(EoT) in international mega projects which have wide scope of works as well as complicated and detailed contract baseline programs by taking theoretical approaches. We suggest the two improvement concepts to substantiate the EoT claims which are effectively applicable to practical projects. The first is to sort out dominant delays among numerous delays in advance of applying a delay analysis. The second is to set up the delay sections with the advanced concept for analysing delays' effects by TIA. This study performed a case study on an actual international mega-project. to confirm the effectiveness of improvement concepts that this practical approach is applicable for the assessment of EoT. In conclusion, this paper supposes to provide practitioner in charge for an EoT claim with an advanced substantiation methodogy when they not only analyse the construction delays by using TIA, but also negotiate with stakeholders about with the assessment of EoT.