Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute Of Construction Engineering and Management
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 6 - Dec 2004
Volume 5, Issue 5 - Oct 2004
Volume 5, Issue 4 - Aug 2004
Volume 5, Issue 3 - Jun 2004
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Apr 2004
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Feb 2004
Selecting the target year
Collection and Utilization of the Construction Labor Information Using PDA and Barcode
Oh Se-Wook ; Kim Young-Suk ; Lee Jun-Bok ; Kim Han-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 5, issue 5, 2004, Pages 65~75
Labor management has been considered as an important task in construction industry. However, labor management has not yet been systematically performed because of the wide variety of factors of construction industry such as the field work, the complexity of the work process, the daily employment. Most of the present labor managements are performed to collect the information of the number of labors input during the work period, and to calculate labor cost. The information of activities performed by labors can be effectively used to analyze project status related to schedule, cost and productivity, but the present labor management systems are not based on the activities. The main objective of this research is to develop a labor information management system using IT tools in order to measure the number of labors input on the activities, and to convert the labor information into productivity data. It is anticipated that the effective use of the developed system would be able to effectively assist the scheduling and cost management of a project.
A Study on the Selection Model of Retaining Wall Methods Using Case-Based Reasoning
Kim Jae-Yeob ; Park U-Yeol ; Kim Gwang-Hee ; Kim Joong-Koo ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 5, issue 5, 2004, Pages 76~83
There is a greater importance for underground work designed and built in the urban areas when it comes to considering the cost-effectiveness and the period of construction commensurate with an increasing trend of skyscrapers. At this stage of underground work, it's extremely necessary to choose a proper earth retaining method. However, a frequent change order during construction happens in Korea where different performers design and construct separately, so there is a great possibility for the change order to affect the aspects of construction cost and period which normally define the outcome of construction work. Therefore, the study has suggested the rational retaining wall method by developing the case-based reasoning model as stool to choose a proper retaining wall method applied at the stage of selecting the earth retaining method. Applying the 'CBR Model' developed in the study to the designing and developing stages of the earth retaining work will contribute to the successful outcomes by decreasing any changes of design from implementing the earth retaining work.
A Study on Schedule Management in Construction Projects by CCPM
Park Young-Min ; Kim Soo-Yong ; Kim Ki-Young ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 5, issue 5, 2004, Pages 84~92
Construction work varies with the project types. However, the success of all project types depends upon three conditions i.e. schedule, quality and cost. If these three conditions are fulfilled, then project said to be successful. In this paper, scheduling of a construction Project has been dealt with the application of CCPM method. CCPM has been introduced as a new theory in construction industry in 1997 at the United States, but its application is still insufficient in domestic field due to the absence of systematic study, A simulation has been conducted in a Bridge construction project to validate the possibility of CCPM in order to complement PERT/CPM in construction field. The result of study shows that the CCPM could be effective to reduce the project time duration than existing PERT/CPM technique.
Identification of Factors Driving Crew Production Rate : Methodology and Application
Huh Youngki ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 5, issue 5, 2004, Pages 93~100
For accurate construction contract time estimation, few parameters are more significant than crew production rates and factors affecting the rates. However, statistical analysis techniques for finding such factors are not always simple mainly because there are many factors and the interaction between factors is not well quantitatively understood. This paper presents methodology of identifying factors driving crew production rates. The methodology is further demonstrated with representative data collected by the author from 13 on-going highway constructions. Three factors were identified as statistically significant drivers of Cap crew production rate: 'Cap Size (m3/ea)'; 'Cap Length (m)'; and 'Cap Shape (Rectangle vs. Inverted 'T')'. It was also found that the production rates are best explained by a multiple regression model with two of the drivers; 'Cap Size' and 'Cap Shape'.
Applications of Product Process Analysis For Improving the Construction Process of Structural Steel
Lee Seung-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 5, issue 5, 2004, Pages 101~108
A construction process consists of value adding activities and non-value adding activities, necessary or unnecessary. If construction personnel can eliminate inefficient and/or unnecessary activities within the process, they may have a great opportunity to improve their construction process. The Product Process Analysis (PPA) technique, which was developed in the manufacturing industry, can be applied for identifying wastes in the construction process and ultimately improving the process itself. It provides useful tools, such as a process chart worksheet and flow diagram, for mapping the flow of construction activities with predetermined standardized symbols. These tools make people understand the flow of activities more easily, identify value adding/non-value adding activities within the process, and areas where the process can be improved. The example applications of PPA are demonstrated in the paper through the case studies implemented on the construction process of structural steel. The results of case studies indicate that PPA technique was effective at identifying and removing wastes in the steel construction process. It is also found that PPA technique is more effective for improving highly repetitive construction processes.
Developing an Organization Model through the analysis of Organization Characteristics and Management Performances of Domestic Large Construction Firms
Kim Yong-Gu ; Kim Sun-Kuk ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 5, issue 5, 2004, Pages 109~116
Recently, many korean construction companies have faced many environmental changes and demands for external changes. This demand for external changes is necessary for all companies that is under the survival of fittest. The internal/external of environmental changes affect the organizations of company largely, and these management organizations have relation with the corporate of management performance closely. In response to that, to be adapted to the environmental change and to raise the corporate of management performance, the construction companies have tried to change the organizations such as organization re-design, organization re-build, organization innovation. Because the organizational structure that is preventive in the growth of companies bring a negative effect, the companies need to have the effective organizations to raise the corporate value. The effective organizations could be used the important indicator that builds the corporate goals and manages the organizations. Also, the organization development and organization management can prepare for environmental changes can be the important base to increase the management performance. Therefore, After surveying and analyzing the character of organization structure in respect to the OLC, this study present the Organization Structure Model that can design the appropriate organization by the growth of companies.
Design of Integration Process for JIT System in Construction Schedule Management
Jin You-Na ; Lee Sang-Beom ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 5, issue 5, 2004, Pages 117~125
Recently, the word 'outsourcing' is used frequently in the corporation circumstance. Continuous recession with IMF caused restructuring measures which made unnecessary organization be downsized, and offered opportunity to breakup structure of
EHigh cost and Low efficiency, which is inefficient and uneconomic production method' in our corporation. Due to the effect of such circumstance change, the construction industry have already introduced and implemented outsourcing in many parts. For successful outsourcing in the construction industry, close relation and mutual cooperation should be preceded and JIT system is needed to improve the relation. In this study, the importance and proportion in which outsourcing is occupied in the construction industry are recognized, and the method for improving the productivity is suggested through evaluating the factors and usefulness of JIT system which can be applied to the construction industry.
Optimal Project Duration Estimation Through Enhanced Resource Leveling Technique
Kim Kyung-Hwan ; Yoon Yung-Sang ; Kim Jae-Jun ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 5, issue 5, 2004, Pages 126~134
Since a construction project is a series of works that utilizes resources to accomplish the project goal for a given time period, efficient resource management is a prerequisite for the success of the project. Two major areas of resource management are resource constrained scheduling focusing on the limited resource availability and resource leveling focusing on smoothing resource usage pattern on the fixed project completion time. It is not available, however, to apply both techniques to a project at the same time. This paper proposes a model to enhance the minimum moment algorithm of resource leveling, aiming to find an efficient usage of resources and an appropriate project completion time. A survey was performed to evaluate the major five factors in the model. A case study demonstrates the value of the proposed resource leveling technique.
CPM Bar Chart Technique for Construction Scheduling
Kim Kyung-Hwan ; Kim Soo-Yoo ; Kim Jae-Jun ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 5, issue 5, 2004, Pages 135~142
This paper proposes the CPM bar chart (CBC), a hybrid of the bar chart and the critical pad method (CPM). The CBC overcomes shortages of the fenced bar chart, while still keeping advantages. The fence with direction is applied instead of the broken fence, which triggers considerable problems to identify and apply in the fenced bar chart. In addition, the notorious task to find dummy activities is no longer required. Upon the benefits of simplicity in the bar chart and logical work sequence in the CPM network. the CBC provides a relatively easy way to create and understand a schedule, thus improving communication quality between project participants. With the advantages, the CBC can also be effectively applied to various scheduling techniques such as resource constrained scheduling, resource leveling, scheduling with activity split, delay impact analysis, etc.
A Study on the Construction Method selecting scheme using Fuzzy Relative Preference Ratio method
Lee Dong-Un ; Kim Kyung-Whal ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 5, issue 5, 2004, Pages 143~150
Nowaday, The tendency of complexity and extension of construction fields increase the need for efficient works managements like a construction management. Consequently, by the introduction of Decision-Making Theories, researches for improving construction field's efficiencies are actively performed. Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process method is invented, so that describes a decision maker's ambiguous linguistic judgment with fuzzy numbers. but most of researches on Fuzzy-AHP use symmetric triangular fuzzy function for estimating each evaluation item with the consequence that exact judgments are impossible. those limits are caused by the point that employed fuzzy ranking methods can not support dissymmetric fuzzy numbers. In this research, we aims to overcome this problem with R.P.R(Relative Preference Ratio) method and suggest improved Fuzzy-AHP method which can use dissymmetric fuzzy triangular numbers.
Human Assisted Fitting and Matching Primitive Objects to Sparse Point Clouds for Rapid Workspace Modeling in Construction Automation
KWON SOON-WOOK ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 5, issue 5, 2004, Pages 151~162
Current methods for construction site modeling employ large, expensive laser range scanners that produce dense range point clouds of a scene from different perspectives. Days of skilled interpretation and of automatic segmentation may be required to convert the clouds to a finished CAD model. The dynamic nature of the construction environment requires that a real-time local area modeling system be capable of handling a rapidly changing and uncertain work environment. However, in practice, large, simple, and reasonably accurate embodying volumes are adequate feedback to an operator who, for instance, is attempting to place materials in the midst of obstacles with an occluded view. For real-time obstacle avoidance and automated equipment control functions, such volumes also facilitate computational tractability. In this research, a human operator's ability to quickly evaluate and associate objects in a scene is exploited. The operator directs a laser range finder mounted on a pan and tilt unit to collect range points on objects throughout the workspace. These groups of points form sparse range point clouds. These sparse clouds are then used to create geometric primitives for visualization and modeling purposes. Experimental results indicate that these models can be created rapidly and with sufficient accuracy for automated obstacle avoidance and equipment control functions.
"MODEL SPELL CHECKER" FOR PRIMITIVE-BASED AS-BUILT MODELING IN CONSTRUCTION
Kwon Soon-Wook ; Frederic Bosche ; Huh Youngki ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 5, issue 5, 2004, Pages 163~171
This research investigates a Modeling Spell Checker that, similarly to Word Spell Checker for word processing software, would conform as-built 3D models to standard construction rules. The work is focused on the study of pipe-spools. Specifically pipe diameters and coplanarity are checked and corrected by the Modeling Spell Checker, and elbows are deduced and modeled to complete models. Experiments have been conducted by scanning scenes of increasing levels of complexity regarding the number of pipes, the types of elbows and the number of planes constituting pipe-spools. For building models of pipes from sensed data, a modeling method, developed at the University of Texas at Austin, that is based on the acquisition of sparse point clouds and the human ability to recognize geometric shapes has been used Results show that primitive-based models obtained after scanning construction sites can be corrected and even improved automatically, and, since such models are expected to be used as feedback control models for equipment operators, the higher modeling accuracy achieved with the Modeling Spell Checker could potentially increase the level of safety in construction. Result also show that some improvements are still needed especially regarding the co-planarity of pipes. In addition, results show that the modeling accuracy significantly depends on the primitive modeling method, and improvement of that method would positively impact the modeling spell checker,
A Framework of the Comparable Performance Measurement in the Construction Industry
Yu Il-Han ; Kim Kyung-Rai ; Jung Youngsoo ; Chin Sangyoon ; Kim Yea-Sang ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 5, issue 5, 2004, Pages 172~182
The performance measurement system of a company is an important tool to evaluate business result, to manage human resource and to achieve strategic management goals. Until 1990's, the performance in most of companies had been measured by financial perspectives. Recently non-financial perspectives with various and balanced view points are used. In the construction industry, the same situation is happened. However, effective tools are not developed yet. Therefore, this research proposes a framework of the comparable performance measurement in the construction industry. This framework is based on concept of the balanced scorecard(BSC) and prepared respectively for owner, contractor and architect/engineer Using this framework, it is possible to compare performance of a company with each other and to benchmark the best performance.
Case Study on Economical Fabrication and Erection of Steel Structure and Reduction in Field Erection Time
Ahn Jae-Bong ; Choi Yoon ki ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 5, issue 5, 2004, Pages 183~192
Even in Korea the number of steel structure buildings that allow internal space and easy change of their layouts in accordance with the purpose of buildings and box-type steel bridges constructed with thick plates with thickness in a rage just from a few
AE is increasing these days and therefore, domestic fabrication and processing technology of members for steel structures is being improved at a pace faster than in the past to meet the growing requirements of consumers for high reliability on quality control on the related steel structures. However, most domestic fabricators os steel structures who are turning out their steel products in accordance with the designs prepared by engineering companies in their respective works for the sake of cost cut more than anything else, hesitating to introduce any advanced new technology into themselves. In the case of the steel structure design application for small and mid-size buildings in particular, it is quite meaningful not only for those who are involved in steel structure business, but also for the people working at construction work fields to review the result of the study on the connections of steel structure members deigned to obtain superb quality of steel structures within short period for steel fabrication and erection at fields in economical ways, as there is a glowing tendency seeking standardization of connection of steel structure members as well as whole structure together with the development on design of construction system of buildings including their exterior and interior decoration materials, manufacture of the related members and fabrication technique structure. This paper has been prepared with the aim to review the peculiar characteristics of buildings constructed with the main frames of steel structures and actual cases of the change made ing the connections between steel structure columns and between columns and girder members in order to reduce the work period necessary for fabrication and erection of steel structures at the maximum as well as the some examples of steel structures fabricated through automatic welding by robots for box-type columns in addition to the description of the problems found in the course of fabricating those steel structures, suggesting possible counter-measures to solve them.