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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute Of Construction Engineering and Management
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 6 - Dec 2005
Volume 6, Issue 5 - Oct 2005
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Aug 2005
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
Selection of a Probability Distribution for Modeling Labor Productivity during Overtime
Woo, Sung-Kwon ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 6, issue 1, 2005, Pages 49~57
Construction labor productivity, which is the greatest source of variation in overall construction productivity, is the critical factor for determining the project performance in terms of time and cost, especially during scheduled overtime when extra time and cost are invested. The objective of this research is to select an appropriate type of probability distribution function representing the variability of daily labor productivity during overtime. Based on the results of statistical data analysis of labor performance during different weekly work hours, lognormal distribution is selected in order to take advantage of easiness of generating correlated random numbers. The selected lognormal distribution can be used for development of a simulation model in construction scheduling, cost analysis, and other applications areas where representation of the correlations between variables are essential.
The Estimation of Non-Working days for the Construction Project in Incheon Region
Shin Jong-Hyun ; Lee Jin-Ah ; Lee Chan-Sik ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 6, issue 1, 2005, Pages 58~64
We should consider climatic factors influencing construction works in order to estimate construction time correctly. This study is to analyze climate elements affecting construction duration and to calculate non-working days far Inchoen territorial region. Through surveying literatures and examining several existing criteria we suggest a Proper criteria for each climate elements which would be used for estimating non-working days. The criteria is made on the raw climate data of Meteorological Administration during the last 30 years(1974-2003) far Incheon region. In case of rainfall, it is estimated as non-working days when daily precipitation is expected more than 10mm, its number of days for Incheon is 29 days. In case of low temperature, the number of non-working days for the concrete works(its criteria be below
average) and the finishing works(below
average) is 97 days, 52 days, respectively. In case of high temperature, it is three days when daily highest temperature is expected going over
Composing Technology of Irregular Triangulate Network by Object Attribute in 4D System for Civil Engineering Project
Kang Leen-Seok ; Jee Sang-Bok ; Kwak Joong-Min ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 6, issue 1, 2005, Pages 65~72
The 3D objects far representing artificial element in building project can be easily organized in 4D system. However, the civil engineering projects need a composing technology of irregular triangulate network because the projects generally include earthwork of large scale that consists of cutting, filling, and excavating work. It Is very difficult to represent earthwork status as 3D object type because the earthwork in highway or railway projects is being progressed on the natural geographical features. That is, a composing technology of irregular triangulate networks necessary function to simulate natural site condition as 3D object in 4D system. This study suggests a new composing technology of irregular triangulate network that 3D objects can be automatically generated by attribute in each layer.
Stochastic Project Scheduling Simulation System (SPSS III)
Lee Dong-Eun ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 6, issue 1, 2005, Pages 73~79
This paper, introduces a Stochastic Project Scheduling Simulation system (SPSS III) developed by the author to predict a project completion probability in a certain time. The system integrates deterministic CPM, probabilistic PERT, and stochastic Discrete Event Simulation (DES) scheduling methods into one system. It implements automated statistical analysis methods for computing the minimum number of simulation runs, the significance of the difference between independent simulations, and the confidence interval for the mean project duration as well as sensitivity analysis method in What-if analyzer component. The SPSS 111 gives the several benefits to researchers in that it (1) complements PERT and Monte Carlo simulation by using stochastic activity durations via a web based JAVA simulation over the Internet, (2) provides a way to model a project network having different probability distribution functions, (3) implements statistical analyses method which enable to produce a reliable prediction of the probability of completing a project in a specified time, and (4) allows researchers to compare the outcome of CPM, PERT and DES under different variability or skewness in the activity duration data.
The Correlation Factors on the Analysis of Demand Factors for Apartments
Yang Seung-Won ; Park Keun-Joon ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 6, issue 1, 2005, Pages 80~88
This research describes an interactive process of analysing the demand factors for apartment on Cheonan area Using subjective statistical data for demand factor the process are categorized into main factors explained for the sensitiveness of correlation coefficient. This investigation is based on an analysis of the work of time series data One of the propose of this research is determining the correlation factors that can be effectively used in the model of forcasting. The results show a significant correlation coefficient on correlation matrix to iud the optimum correlation factors. The paper thus shows how to gain greater influntial factors on principal component analysis Consequently, this paper provides useful information about correlationship, but has limit of regional boundary for effectiveness.
Development of Performance Analysis System for Construction Projects Using Data Warehousing Technology
Yu Jung-Ho ; Song Sang-Hoon ; You Won-Hee ; Lee Hyun-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 6, issue 1, 2005, Pages 89~98
Recently the construction industry in Korea is facing problems such as low productivity, contraction of the domestic construction market, growing competition, and so on. To enhance the competitiveness continuously through efficiency in this business environments, construction companies need to make efforts to measure and accumulate performance data based on the strategic factors. When analysing performance of construction projects, the unique characteristics of each project should be considered properly, by which the managers can identify current status of project in various perspectives. This study proposes the performance analysis system using the concepts of balanced scorecard and data warehouse technology. The suggested system provides the management with the flexibility in analyzing performance data by applying the pre-defined key performance indicators and the function of multi-dimensional analysis.
A Study on the Necessity and Applicability of Interactive Electronic Technical Manual(IETM) for Construction Projects
Kang, Leen-Seok ; Jung, Won-Myung ; Kwak, Joong-Min ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 6, issue 1, 2005, Pages 99~108
Interactive electronic technical manual(IETM) for construction projects means an electronic tool that regulations and specifications related to construction method or maintenance process ale described by electronic book type. It has a meaning of integrated information system that includes virtual reality(VR), 3D animation and image contents for representing real construction information so that user can easily understand the construction situation and maintenance process. The basic information and technical manuals of construction facilities are being written as paper documents in our construction industry. As the result, the information management in the maintenance phase of construction projects is inefficient, and maintenance cost is being increased. This study attempts to improve the lack of understanding about construction IETM through the analysis of necessity and unique function of construction IETM comparing with the IETMS in other industry, Finally, this study shows a scenario of construction IErM for mitigating natural disaster of construction facilities to verify applicability of IETM.
The Process Model for Project Management of Design-Build System and Constitution of Database
Chun Jae-youl ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 6, issue 1, 2005, Pages 109~116
Recently, the design-build delivery system is being generalized in domestic construction project. The design-build system is becoming an increasingly preferable alternative to design-bid-build delivering method. In design-build project, however, a large construction company and design firm make up consortium as a design-build contractor rather din single company performs design and construction work. In this case, usually the construction companies take a leading role but due to their lack of managerial t31ow-how in the design-build system, they could miss the merits of this approach. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate throughly the function and information flows all over the design-build project. This research suggests a process model and database in the whole phase of design-build project. This process model and database system will also support to improve the consistency of functional process and minimize incoherent activities of the design-build projects.
A Study of the Improvements of Computer and Information Technology Educational Programs for Architectural Engineering Students
Kim Chan-Kyu ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 6, issue 1, 2005, Pages 117~124
The development of computer and information technology in Korean construction industry is accelerating its speed while the education of Universities regarding to those technology is hardly catching up. Students graduated from schools are having difficulties in adapting themselves into the technology and as a result the industry is operating its own educational problem for the newcomers. This research develops the educational program of computer and information technology in school and therefore enhance the adaptability of the students for the industry. The program is open from 2002 up to 2004 liking two courses and including 10 modules and a project. The educational program consists of computer labs and lectures or seminars. The result of the educational program enables students to understand the computer and information technology used in the industry, an to improve the interest and skills of those, and additionally to motivate themselves into participating the continuous research and development of the technology.
Construction Cost-Down of Building Substructure by VE Techniques
Kim Sun-Kuk ; Heo Seong-Soo ; Choi Yoon-Ki ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 6, issue 1, 2005, Pages 125~132
Domestic construction firms make every effort to save cost and, contrarily, enhance quality for competitive advantage in the market. Structural work of building construction takes chaise of the total cost and schedule, thus elaborate planning and management of the work help to lead the project into a successful way. Therefore, the idea to save time and cost and enhance constructability securing quality and safety of the work should be developed after analyzing the designed documents and site conditions comprehensively in the initial construction planning phase. Value Engineering (VE) technique is introduced in the substructural work in this paper to save cost creatively and systematically in the design and construction phase. A practical VE model that is applied to the underground building work systematically is proposed to save cost and it applies to the actual project to confirm the effectiveness of the model.
A Study on the method how to build up technological strength in the domestic construction industry competing with foreign foremost construction firms.
Choi Yoon-Ki ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 6, issue 1, 2005, Pages 133~139
In this paper, the method how to build up technological strength in the domestic construction industry competing with foreign foremost construction firms is provided. Each construction company should make individual research and development continuously, and technologies made by the research and development should be applied widely to real construction projects, therefore, the technological strength can be made. To accelerate the research and development each construction company should consider primary factors, e.g. organization structure, special personnel and strategic plan related to technology, and operation system for the research and development.
Development of PDA and Web-based System for Quality Inspection and Defect Management of Apartment Housing Project
Oh Se-Wook ; Kim Young-Suk ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 6, issue 1, 2005, Pages 140~150
Recently, quality inspection and defect management have been considered as one of the major issues for increasing customer satisfaction and corporate image in domestic construction industry. However, the quality inspection and defect management have not been performed systematically because of insufficient field managers, the excessive amount of documents, complicated work process and difficulty in communicating construction information. Therefore, the field manager could not perform the quality inspection and defect management work in time as well as the reliability of recorded quality and defect data was decreased. The primary objective of this study is to propose a quality inspection and defect management system using information technology which enables field managers to efficiently gather the information of defection in apartment housing. It is anticipated that the effective use of the proposed system would be able to imp개ve communication among the related participants and systematically accumulate data that might be used in similar construction projects.
Analyzing the Technical Efficiency of Korean Engineering and Construction Firms after the Financial Crisis
Kim, Kon-Shik ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 6, issue 1, 2005, Pages 151~161
This paper analyzes the technical efficiencies of 38 Korean engineering and construction firms and the efficiency changes from 1999 to 2003 using data envelopment analysis (DEA). Best practice firms in terms of technical efficiency and profit are identified. For inefficient firms, performance targets to be efficient are suggested. Technical efficiencies had been increased over the five year period, and the efficiency difference between firms had been reduced during this period. The differences in efficiency due to the differences in cooperate governance structures are statistically significant. In addition, the technical efficiency is correlated with product portfolios, degree of subcontract, rates of value added, returns on invested capital, and EBITDA.
Improvement of contract sum adjustment method caused by price fluctuation using construction cost index
Cho Hun-Hee ; Doe Geun-Young ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 6, issue 1, 2005, Pages 162~168
Index adjusted ratio method has been widely utilized in public construction sector for contract sum adjustment by price fluctuation. In this method, the Production Price Index are used for the base ratio, but the PPI can't reflect the character of construction project in respect of the selected items and weight. In this research we prove the problem of using the index adjusted ration method in contact sum adjustment by price fluctuation, and improve it by using the construction cost index, which has the property of construction project. And we figure out the efficiency of the proposed method by case study.
A Study on the Problem Analysis and Improvements of Long-Term Maintenance for the Permanent Rental Housing in Korea
Lee Hee-Chang ; Kim Yong-Su ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 6, issue 1, 2005, Pages 169~176
The purpose of this study is to analyze the maintenance condition and cost in the past ten year on the subject of permanent Rental Housing in Seoul and Gyeong-Gi. It also suggests the problems and improvements related to long-term maintenance. The Interviews with thirty experts who have had experience in this area more than ten years and data analysis are adopted as basic methods. The data on the maintenance cost such as a budget in practice by a term and the real cost far the repair are analyzed. The primary findings of this study are as follows : 1) the rate of maintenance cost for 13 years is
when the prime construction cost is regarded, while the figure is
when the construction cost is considered 2) it is just of forced the basic lists for repair applied commonly to Rental housing. Hence, individually managers consider the features of housing and determine the detail lists.
The Development of Schedule Risk Management Tools at the Preconstruction Phase in Building Construction - Focused on the Steel Work -
Suh Sang-Wook ; Yoon You-Sang ; Kim Sun-Kook ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 6, issue 1, 2005, Pages 177~185
The purpose of this study is to develop a supporting tool for efficient management, at preconstruction phase, of the schedule risk that is able to generate at construction phase. The main contents of this study to develop a practical tool are as follows. First steel work was selected as a relevant trade and a risk breakdown structure focused on the process of steel work having large effect on total construction process was made. Secondly, the work flow considering schedule risk factor was made and schedule risks that must be managed preferentially through analyzing the grade of importance for risk was selected. Finally, based on above two procedure, the management form for schedule risk was developed It is necessary to accumulate abundant data for schedule risk for other construction process and to develop a manual and a schedule risk management system.
A Study on Improvements of Regulation for the Preventing Commercial Disputes Related to Adjustment of Subcontract Price
Min Byeong-Uk ; Lee Jong-Gwang ; Kim Yong-Su ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 6, issue 1, 2005, Pages 186~194
The purpose of this study is to examine the problems of the regulations regarding the modification of subcontact price. It also suggests several measures to improve the regulations related to the subcontact price adjustment which help to reduce unnecessary claims and commercial disputes. The literature research, structure and context analysis on the subcontract regulation and survey are adopted as basic research methods. The primary findings of this study are summarized as the following: (1) A provision outlining necessary procedures that an owner and a contractor should notify a subcontract or the adjustment of contact price needs to be made. (2) A provision allowing procedures that subcontactor could make the alteration of subcontract agreement and adjustment of subcontact price needs to be made. (3) The terminology like a unit cost and the rate of contact price needs to be clearly defined in order to improve the criterions of the subcontact price adjustment. (4) The criterions and additional expenses that the contractors ate responsible far need to be defined.
A Study on the Framework of the Continuous Improvement Model of Construction Process using Construction Failure Information
Jeon Yong-Seok ; Park Chan-Sik ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 6, issue 1, 2005, Pages 195~204
The construction failures can be decreased by continuously improving the construction process based upon the information of construction failures. Herein, the information of construction failures can be utilized as the key factor far identifying the ineffective process and providing the improved construction process that can prevent failures. The objective of this research is to suggest a model for improving construction process continuously by using the information of construction failures. An extended review and analysis of literatures related to the construction failure are performed to investigate the definition, type, cause, and lesson teamed of failure. This research also identifies that process modeling methodology and case-based reasoning are applicable to the construction process improvement, and then it suggests a framework of CIMCP(continuous improvement model of construction process based on the module of case-based reasoning such as case retrieval, case index, and case adaptation.
The Study on Analysis of the Claim Elements for Preventing the Potential Claim in a Large-Scale Turnkey-Base Building Project - Focused on Cases of Domestic Project -
Yoon Jun-Seon ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 6, issue 1, 2005, Pages 205~211
Turnkey projects accounting for some
of the total volume of the projects in the domestic market have been often implemented without the process of full-scale review or study because of clients' lack of expert and expertise. Moreover, many projects have been executed under the terms and conditions of the contact which were found to be unilaterally in favor of the clients. The study, as part of effects to mitigate the claims that would possibly be caused by the potential problems with the typical turnkey projects, were intended to identify the elements of the claims virtually being occurred at the construction sites, and then analyze the degree of influence on the project so as to be able to incorporate the outcome into the plan at the working-levels. As a result of experts' review, through the survey, of the elements once extracted, those having relatively higher degrees of influence on turnkey projects were determined, and the investigation aimed at estimating the amount of claims in terms of value were conducted to eventually identify, evaluate and verify the elements that had affected the Project together with the degree of influence.
A Study on the Progress Measurement Method using Percent Complete of Work and Labor Productivity - Focusing on Structural Works of Apartment Construction -
Choi Hyun-Ha ; Lee Junbok ;
Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, volume 6, issue 1, 2005, Pages 212~219
Time management is important in construction management Especially, in the high-rise apartment housing projects, it is very important to expedite the construction progress in order to meet the planned schedule. The objective of this paper is to propose the baseline for the progress rate using work volume and man
hours performed at work activity level. The work volume far each activity is transformed to the weighted value compared to total work volume for the floor Therefore, a progress rate for an activity is calculated by multiplying a weighted value and work volume. A progress rate for a floor and a building can calculated in this manner, respectively.