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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 1, Issue 1 - Dec 1978
Selecting the target year
Study on Piagetian Child's Cenception of Movement and Speed
Kim, Hyun-Jae ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 1, issue 1, 1978, Pages 1~14
The aims of this research are two-folds; tomake an outline of 15 experiments conducted by J.Piaget and to make an analysis of Piagetian understandiug level on child's conception of Movement and Speed. The finding of this study are as follows; 1) The outline reveals that all of the experiments(15EA.) were constructed logically under the bases of Cognitive Development i.e. Succession order or placing (2EA.), Change of location (4EA.) Qualitative Speed(6EA.), and Quantification of Speed (3EA.) etc. 2) The analysis indicates that the concept on Movement and Speed which children develop go through generally from the stage (1B) of late preoperation to the stage(3A) oarly formal operation.
A Study on Historical Development of the Biological Science Curriculum for High Schools in Korea
Chung, Wan-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 1, issue 1, 1978, Pages 15~27
First: The common points from "syllabus" period to that of "Course of study" are as follows: 1) with no introduction explained. the "Syllabus" or "Course of study" was made to be completed in accordance with the allotment of time (unit). 2) To teach how to rear animals and grow plants, and to make specimens with collected samples formed a great significant field of learning, which meant giving more emphasis on learning classification, life-centered education and basic field of learning than discipline-centered education. 3) The reason why the field of applied biology was emphasized on was that both periods had ideals in Common to educate persons more necessary and useful to the society than to major the pure academic field. 4) Both periods mainly dealt with problems of diseases, and physical health discussed all over the world in 1950's which accounts for necessity of the society to free from ignorance. Second; "The first curriculum period" and "the second one" are observed as follows: 1) The former took the unit (credit) system for the first time. It tried to lay down the conceptual hierarchy with "Biology I" and "II" divided, while "Biolgy I" is better systematized than "Biology II". 2) Discipline-centered education and structure fo knowledge are put more emphasis on especially in "the 2nd curriculum period". 3) And also in this period are included serious problems such as urgency of pollution, importance of nature conservation, population due to the development of industry. 'Third; With the recent curriculum laid down, experiments and teaching contents of subjects are put in harmony with each other and accordingly the process of Inquiry is laid emphasis on. Fourth; It is necessary to set up conceptual sequence and scope effectively in the curriculum.
Historical Review in Foundation of London Loyal Society and France Loyal Academy
Kim, Dong-Pil ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 1, issue 1, 1978, Pages 29~34
This study is searching for the Historical significance of Background in foundation of London Society and France Loyal Academy. These Academy foundation was contribu ted for establishing the Basis of Scientific theory, method and thought in late century.
On Approaches to Integrated Science Curriculum - About the concept centered approach and the process centered approach -
Kwon, Jae-Sool ; Park, Bum-Ik ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 1, issue 1, 1978, Pages 35~44
In this study, concept centered approach and process centered approach in developing integrated science curriculum were compared and compromised between two approaches. It seems that two approaches are in antagonistic relations. The superficial conflictions getween two approaches are not because they are antagonistic in their nature, but because their interesting points are different. The concept centered approahc is interest in fundamental scientific concepts and the process centered approach is interested in scientific enquiry. If science is the composition of enquiry processes and concepts produced by enquiry processes, scientific enquiry process and scientific concept must not be inconsistant. Although concepts are not unchangeable, new concepts and advanced concepts are based on the old concepts. Enquiry activity which is not based on concepts also cannot be significant enquiry. Although fundamental concepts in science is very important, in order to apply concepts to varios phenomena, and to understand concepts more deeply the student should understand concept through the process by which the concepts are derived. As we have discussed above, only the concept centered approach or the process centered approach itself is not complete. Comparing these two uncomplete approaches to integrated science curriculum, we can find out that two approaches are in complementary relations. Because integrated science is based on the idea that natural phenomena should not be understood in fragments, but should be understood as mutually related system' the integrated science curriculum includes both the fundamental scientific concepts and scientific enquiry processes.
A Study on the Teaching Plan of Geologic Field Trip in the Earth Science Ecucation, High School
Oh, Mihn-Soo ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 1, issue 1, 1978, Pages 45~52
In order to normalized the Earth Science Education, experiments and geologic field trainings are very important. But it have not carried out on account of many difficulties in current High School of Korea. These difficulties are lack of time, many problems of the text book, heavy teaching load, shortage of facilities and experimental equipments, and poor quality of teacher etc. The practical training of geologic field trip is very important in Earth Science Education. Finally, wirter propose a new teaching plan of geologic field training as follows: 1. The teacher must prepare the guide paper of field geologic training. 2. Subjects of practical training must simplify. 3. The teacher must take a pre-field investigation in order to get the teaching plan and the preparation of practical field training. 4. Let students observe for themselves on this guide, as if they were geologists. 5. The teacher must conclude about practical training after the working.
A Study on the Development of Water Displacement Conception of Korean Children
Kim, Hyun-Jae ; Kim, Yun-Sig ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 1, issue 1, 1978, Pages 53~60
The aims of this study are to find the evel of the conception of 'Water Displacement', and to suggest some educational impications from the findings of the study. The result are as follows; Firstly, About 20% of 12 year children among the subjects of this study are aware of the conception of Water Displacement' which is lower than the finding of the study conducted by J. Piaget and Elkind. Secondarly. Most of the subjects in this study are in the transitional level, so this finding suggests that curricular developers should provide the material needed for the educational activities to make children develop the conception of 'Water Displacement'.
OPRATION OF ELEMENTARY SCIENCE COURSE BY COOPERATION SYSTEM
Baek, Sun-Dal ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 1, issue 1, 1978, Pages 61~72
By gettidg out from the existing class work with planning and execution in separate form of each class, and the research on each unit: it is suggested that the whole school system should be unified as oneunit through the proper restoration, and to aim the maximum effects of education, exalt thes pecialty of each teacher in the natural science course. Therefore: To select the text and material for the Element science carefully, secure the effectiveness of the study by each particulars of the text, and to establish the model for teaching properly arranged. Through the cooperative system of formational of teaching, to improve the basic knowledge of the course by deepening study objectives and separate teaching for each objects. Through the cooperative system, the main issues of the Elementary science course is solved, and by maintaining this method refine the speciality of teacher and rationalize he education operation.
Survey on the Current Science Education at Elementary School in Jeonnam Province
Lee, Gye-Choo ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 1, issue 1, 1978, Pages 73~88
The survey is intended to improve science education by the analysis of problems produced in the following nine aspects (objectives, contents, materials, inquring methods, teaching methods, teachers, children, evalutions, admininative supports) during the past five years often the revision of new science curriculum. 1. View for science education. 1) The teacher's and children's view for science education can be seen renewed, being different from the old one. 2) Inquring method in learning and teaching began to take firm root and children came to know that it is the only way to study science. 3) Writers think that the new science education has stepped into the stage of being fixed to a considerable degree. 2. The aspect of administrative policy. 1) The amount of materials in possession is small and the present materials are lacking in solidity and precision. 2) Class room teacher's over load with miscellaneous things is a difficult problem to solve. 3) The shortage of the printed materials and books for children and teachers has an influence on the development of inquring method. 4) It causes cramming to examine all children at the same time by paper test. 5) It is more desirable to appoint qualified teacher only for science teaching. 3. Contents of science curriculum. 1) In current science textbooks. There can be found some contents which are difficult for teachers to understand and not in accordance with the reality of Korea. Therefore, it is imperative that contents of science textbooks should be reexamined. 2) As it is hard to teach concepts of reciprocal action and to prepare materials with teaching of the system of biological concepts, the teaching of contents is likely to be a cramming. 4. The aspect of in-service education. 1) It is obsolutely predominant reation that in-service education is making a great contribution to class room teaching. 2) As adiministrators' policy for science education has a great effect, in-service education for their enlightenment is needed.
과학 교육과 교육 과정 계획의 한 모형
Park, Seung-Jae ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 1, issue 1, 1978, Pages 89~102