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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Dec 1990
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Jun 1990
Selecting the target year
A STRATEGY FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF IN QUIRY INSTRUCTION AND EVALUATION IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS
Hur, Myung ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 10, issue 2, 1990, Pages 1~9
For the purpose of diagnosing the problems in inquiry instruction and evaluation in secondary schools of Korea, an inquiry achievement test and a questionnaire were administered to a sample of 127 science teachers and 610 junior high school students. The analysis of the results served to the clarification of broo:J. range of problems concerning inquiry teaching. Based on the data gathered and analyzed in this study, the major suggestions are as follows. 1. The content of science textbooks must be diminished, and be written for easier understanding. 2. Science instruction and entrance exams must be changed from content-oriented to inquiry-oriented. 3. Effective teacher education program regarding inquiry teaching and evaluating method must be developed and performed.
A methodology of the status study and the remediation of children's misconceptions of elementary science concepts
Kim, Hyo-Nam ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 10, issue 2, 1990, Pages 11~24
The objectives of this study are to find out the research methodology about misconception, the types of scientific concepts to be misconcepted the analysis methodology of causes of misconception, and remediation methodology of misconception. The research methods of this study are descriptive ques tionnare, interview, classroom observation and curriculum analysis. The results of this study are:
The descriptive questionnaire is sufficient to obtain children's ideas.
The types of science concepts to be misconcepted are 'the invisible natural phenomena,' 'the vague Understanding', 'the contents of teachers' lecture', 'the lack of children's cognitive development,'and 'the influence of nursery stories.'
The Cause analysis methods of misconception are that the analysis of the cognitive level of the questionnaire items, the examining the item concepts are taught or not and the investigation about the agreement of the cognitive level of the questionnaire item and children.
Remediation methods are visualijation and instrustion of invisible natural phenomena, concrete presentation of the scientific concepts, and acceleration of the cognitive development.
A Study on Development of Science Education Modules
Lee, Wha-Kuk ; Kim, Chang-Shik ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 10, issue 2, 1990, Pages 25~37
Development of science education curriculum and instructional materials have been considered as the matt essential task for the establishment of scince education as an independent discipline, and for the intrenchment of status and identity of colles of Education The aim of this study was to identify the necessity and types for the development of science education curriculum and instructional materials. The nature and structure of science education were discussed in connection with school science subjects, science of education, and the structure of science education system. Also essential theory and practice of modular approach for development of curriculum were investigated in order to organize a guideline for the development of scince education modules. The guideline includes development procedures, major contents. and structure of science education modules which is organized by integration of the nature of scince education and concepts of modular approach for curriculum development.
A Survey on Attitudes Toward Science Among the Elementary School Students
Kwon, Chi-Soon ; Park, Do-Young ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 10, issue 2, 1990, Pages 39~47
The purpose of this survey is to investigate the status on attitudes toward science among the elementary school students in Korea. The attitudes toward science were measured with TOSRA(Test of Science-Related Attitudes) Which was developed by Fraser, B.J.. This survey were male 963 elementary school students of
in Seoul and Kyeong gi Province as an object. The major findings of the study are as follows: 1. The overall attitudes toward science of measured elementary school students shows a positive tendency. 2. Male students exhibited significantly(p<0.001)more positive attitudes toward science than females. 3. There were no differences(p<0.05) between the students in Seoul and Kyeong gi Province in attitudes toward science. 4. Attitudes toward science of elementary school students in this population steadily declined from grade four to grade six. The sharpest decline was seen at grade six.
A Research on the Development of CAI Courseware on the Motion of Falling Body
Koo, Duk-Gil ; Sung, Jae-Soo ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 10, issue 2, 1990, Pages 49~54
The purpose of this paper is to promote the physics study of high school students with computer. A computer simulation for falling motion is used to provide the students a chance to study by themselves viewing the concrete motion pictures of computer. By this simulation program, the students can observe various movements of a falling body with calculated distance according to falling time.
A Comparative Study on the Earth Science Curricula at High School Level in Foreign Countries
Kwon, Chi-Soon ; Hwang, Kyung-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 10, issue 2, 1990, Pages 55~66
This study aimed at identifying the characteristics of current Earth Science Curricula in several countries in terms of their format, objectives and contents and discussing about them. The curricula(including textbooks) were collected from 6 countries The United States of America, England, Australia, Japan and The Republic of China. Here are the results of this study ; 1. Earth Science should be teached in high school and assigned at least 8-10 unit. 2. In Earth Science objectives, scientific inquiry methods through observation and experiment and mutual relationship among science, technology and society must be stressed. 3. The contents of Earth Science must did with experimental and activity rather than understanding in order to induce students to how more intersts in Earth Science. 4. There is a growing tendency for Earth Science Education to be attached importance to life environment and career education.
Analysis of Scientific Terms by Associative Method
Oh, Tae-Sub ; Lee, Sun-Haing ; Lee, Im-Sook ; Kim, Ae-Ran ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 10, issue 2, 1990, Pages 67~72
Correct comprehension of the scientific terms is the bottom of understanding the general concepts contained is them. Therefore a study is required to analyze whether the students correctly understand the scientific terms. The associative method was used to evaluate the comprehensibility of the terms. The scientific terms in this study are selected in the textbook of science in the junior high school were selected. The frequency of the same associative word responsed and the frequency of no response from the selected students for given scientific terms were measured for 9 different groups. The terms which are not used in the daily life, especially for the terms with chinese character or abstract terms turn out to be difficult for the students to understand. It is purposed that the instructor should remember the importance of understanding the scientific term and carefully explain them to the science class.
A Description of American Students' Intuitive Ideas About "Water in the Atmosphere" at Fifth-, Eighth -, Eleventh - Grades, and College Level
Kim, Chan-Jong ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 10, issue 2, 1990, Pages 73~83