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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Dec 1991
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Jun 1991
Selecting the target year
A Longitudinal Study on Students' Misconception patterns of Electric Current
Moon, Choong-Sik ; Kwon, Jae-Sool ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 11, issue 1, 1991, Pages 1~14
The objectives of the study is to examine students concepts changes using a longitudinal study. The study compared two data sets collected in 1989 and in 1990 using the same instrument and subjects. The first data set was collected by Ahn(Ahn, 1989). In the study, students' patterns of misconceptions were examined in the following aspects : 1) Comparison of the students' misconception before observation of actual phenomenon in the first data between the two data sets. 2) The analysis of the patterns of students misconceptions of the second data set In terms of students' patterns of conceptual change before and after observation in the first data set. In the study, overall patterns of students' misconceptions appeared in the second data set were similar to those of the first data set ; however, about 40% of individual student's patterns of misconceptions were changed. Even the students who changed their opinion from misconception to scientific by observing the give phenomenon in the previous study(the first data set) returned to their original misconception after one year. The researcher interpreted this phenomenon in terms of the characteristics of the three kinds of cognitive conflict suggested by Kwon(Kwon, 1989).
The Effectiveness of Learning Cycle Approach to Change the Concept of Density
Hong, Soon-Kyung ; Choi, Byung-Soon ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 11, issue 1, 1991, Pages 15~24
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of Learning Cycle approach to change the concept of density. The results of the study were as follows : 1) Students already had various types of preconception related to density before formal learning. These preconceptions mostly differ from scientific concepts. 2) Male students were much better than female ones in the development of scientific concepts before formal learning. These differences were found statistically significant(P<0.01). 3) The higher the cognitive level of the students, the better the development of scientific concepts. 4) In the change of preconceptions to scientific concepts by treatment, there was significant difference between control group and experimental group at the 0.05 level. It was found that Learning Cycle approaches were more effective than traditional approaches in acquiring the concept of density. 5) It was found that there was no significant difference On the retention level of the concept of density between control group and experimental group.
Plant CLASSIFICATION CONCEPTS OF KOREAN ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY STUDENTS
Chung, Wan-Ho ; Hur, Myung ; Cha, Hee-Young ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 11, issue 1, 1991, Pages 25~36
For the purpose of extending the fields of biological preconceptual studies, the conceptions of plant classification, which have not been researched on them in korea, were selected and a questionnaire were administered to a sample of a total of 965 students at elementary and secondary school levels of korea. Many elementary school students have the alternative conceptions that plants are not alive. The misconceptions in plant classification are partly caused by the uncertainty of biological terms. To serve the teachers, who have difficulty in teaching them, the preceeding results are summarised with Composition the misconception maps.
An Analysis of the Effectiveness of Tutorial CAI Programs According to the Learner's Characteristics in Science Teaching
Yang, Il-Ho ; Jeong, Jin-Woo ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 11, issue 1, 1991, Pages 37~50
The CAI (Computer-Assisted Instruction) system for science teaching has been increasing both in quantity and in quality during the last two decades. However, science learning by computer has not played a leading role in the science teaching process. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to analyze the effectiveness of tutorial CAI programs according to the learner's characteristics such as sex, inquiry skills, attitudes toward science subject, logical thinking skills, achievement motivation, science content achievement in science teaching. One group pretest-posttest design was used as an experimental design. The three tutorial science CAI programs were used for thirty males and females selected in grade eight. According to the analysis of CAI achievement scores the female students showed significantly higher (P<0.05) than the male students. Also, one-way analysis of variance was used to investigate the effects of interaction between sex and achievement motivation. The significant difference on the effects of interaction between sex and achievement motivation has not found. The effects of tutorial CAI between logical thinking skills, attitudes toward science subject, inquiry skills, achievement motivation, science content achievement according to upper and lower levels were investigated by using the statistical analysis of one-way ANOVA. The results indicate that tutorial CAI might provides a good opportunities for the improvement of science achievement to the lower level students of attitudes toward science subject, inquiry skills, science content achievement.
The Analysis of Educational Objectives by Observation in the 3rd and 5th Grade Science Instruction
Ko, Se-Hwan ; Kim, Hyo-Nam ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 11, issue 1, 1991, Pages 51~57
This study pursued to find out the degree to which educational objectives are pursued in the 3rd and 5th grade science instructional of an elementary school. Twenty science instruional hours are observed during two month from May to July, 1989. Klopfer's science educational objectives system is used as the tool of objective analysis. Questionnaires for the ideal proportions of the educational objectives are answered by the professors and elementary school teachers. The writers regarded those results as the ideal proportions of the educational objectives. Results from the analysis of the instruction are as follows : 1. Results from analysis of the instruction in the third grade are as follows : knowledge and comprehension (A. 0) objectives are found to be pursued. about 40%. scientific inquiry process(B. 0-E. 0) objectives, about 29%, application of scientific knowledge and methods(F. 0) objectives. about 10%, manual skills(G. 0) objectives, about 11%, scientific attitudes and interests(H. 0) objectives, about 10% and orientation(I. 0) objectives is not pursued. 2. Results from analysis of the instruction in the fifth grade are as follows: knowledge and comprehension(A. 0) objectives are found to be pursued. about 31%, scientific inquiry process (B. 0-E. 0) objectives. about 38%, application of scientific knowledge and methods (F. 0) objectives, about 13%, manual skills(G. 0) objectives, about 7%, scientific attitudes and interests(H. 0) objectives, about 10%. 3. Results from the ideal proportions are as follows : Knowledge and comprehension(A. 0) objectives, 20.5%, scientific inquiry process(B. 0-E. 0) objectives, 46.5%, application of scientific knowledge and methods(F. 0) objectives. 8%, manual skills(G. 0) objectives. 9.5%, scientific attitudes and interests (H. 0) objectives, 9% and orientation(I. 0) objectives, 6.5%. 4. "You ideality index" is 29 in the third grade and 23 in the fifth grade. Science instruction of the fifth grade can be interpreted to be nearer to the ideal instruction in terms of educational objectives.
The Development of A Standardized Test of Science Inquiry Skills : Interpreting and Analyzing Data for Eighth Grade Students
Lee, Youne-Woo ; Woo, Jong-Ok ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 11, issue 1, 1991, Pages 59~72
This study has formed a clear definition of the elements of inquiry skills : inference, determining relationship, causal explanation, prediction, and created the goals of assessment and the items of assessment. They have been checked the validity and the objectivity and the clarity of the items by six professors of science education. At the same time, the two times of the field trial has been executed. and checked the discriminating power and the difficulty index and the effectiveness of distracters, and modified the items. The test developed in this way was administered to 1060 students of the eighth grade, randomly cluster-sampled from the universe, and standardized. The test is the aptitude test as well as the norm-reference test. and has twenty items. The testing-time is thirty minutes. And the cotent validity is 85%, the objectivity of the answer keys 91.7%, the mean of items difficulty 68.8%, the mean of discriminating power 0.39, the standard deviation 3.31, the reliability(K-R 20) 0.69. Because it is the standardized lest, it can diagnose the well-developed skills and the ill-developed skills of the students, and monitor the development of skills.
Analysis of Doctor' Dissertations in Science Education Produced mainly by the Universities in the USA.
Park, Kyu-Eun ; Kim, Kyu-Yong ; Oh, Duck-Chul ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 11, issue 1, 1991, Pages 73~81
The condensed results of the analytical study on 361 doctoral dissertations in science education recorded in Dissertation Abstracts International during the years of 1985-1989 are as follows: About eighty to hundred dissertations were produced annually, but a slight decline in number was noted currently. About 94.4% of dissertations were produced by the universities in the USA The research data of 361 dissertations were collected from 25 countries. Over 40% of total dissertations had been focused on high school(senior middle school) and college students as the source of research. Disciplines of science constituting the background of dissertations were biology(l9.l%), physics(l2.7%), chemistry(12.0%) and earth science(2.5%). Concerning the research branches, the number of dissertations belonging to complex research(composed of experimental and theoretical research) was 118(32.7%) and those belonging to experimental and theoretical research were 88(24.4%) and 74(20.5%) respectively. Also that belonging to computer-aided research was 45(12.5%). The general methods of data collection were examination & test(34.9%), questionaire(22.2%) and complexmethod(9.1%). The main areas of dissertations were academic achievement(31.8%), teaching assessment(20.2%) and pedagogy(l8.8%).
THE SPECIFICATION OF EVALUATIVE OBJECTIVES AND SELECTION OF BEHAVIORAL ELEMENTS TO MEASURE. SCIENCE INQUIRY SKILLS RELATING TO EARTH SCIENCE AMONG QUANTITATIVE(MATHEMATICAL) INQUIRY DOMAIN OF UNIVERSITY COMPETENCY TEST
Woo, Jong-Ok ; Lee, Kyung-Hoon ; Lee, Hang-Ro ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 11, issue 1, 1991, Pages 83~96
The purpose of this study is to construct the evaluative objectives of science inquiry skills specificationaly. Specification of evaluative objectives will be able to serve as evaluative criterion for development of a test of the integrated science process skills. The results in this study are as follows ; (l) The selections of science inquiry skills from the previous developed taxonomies are observation, measurement, formulating hypothesis, designing an experiment and controlling variables, inference, predicting(including intrapolation and extrapolation), organizing data and interpreting, defining operationally, formulating a generalization or model, drawing a conclusion. (2) The definitions of the selected science inquiry skills are made operationally. (3) Evaluative objectives relating to the selected science inquiry skills are specified with the previous developed items. Based on the above results, total 9 science inquiry skills are selected and 72 evaluative objectives are specified.
Improvement Ways for In-Service Training of Science Teachers
Kim, Jung-Kon ; Kim, In-Ho ; Jeong, Gie-Joon ; Kim, Bong-Gon ; Koo, In-Sun ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 11, issue 1, 1991, Pages 97~115
The purpose of this study is in making a important way for in-service training of science teacthers. So the study was carried out to analyze the text books of in-service training school in Gyeongnam, Kyungpook, Junpook province and Pusan city and to survey teacher's opinion by questonnaires collected from teachers in Gyeongnam province. The result abtained are as follows : 1. The contents of. tire text books for in-service training course have very critical defference at each province. 2. Most of teachers wanted to get more updating information of the science and more comprehensive knowledge of higher level' of science subject. 3. In order to obtain comprehensive basic concept, develop of inquiry ability, and promote of scientific attitude, the thinking experiment which is selected to experimental subjects of secondary school are need to be selected. 4. The new text-book model for in-service training course should be developed, and the finnancial support will be required to develop such a text.
Problems of Discipline Centered Science Education and a Method of the Utilization of Everyday Materials in Science Education
Kwon, Jae-Sool ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 11, issue 1, 1991, Pages 117~126
The new movement in science education in America and Europe has been heavilly oriented into technological and soceital aspect of science since 1970. However, this spirit has not been well informed in Korea and not adapted in science education. This paper aimed to arouse Korean science educators attention to everyday situation as a science education context. In this paper, the discipline centered science education was briefly reviewed and problems related to the philosophy was pointed out. At the same time the researcher introduced STS context as a science education objective, and elaborated the three elements(physical situation, technological situation. and societal situation) of the context. In the paper, the advantages of the use of everyday context in science education were examined. THe advantages were analysed in terms of the nature of science, learning psychology, integrated science, and societal aspect of science education. The paper also suggested the criteria to select teaching materials from STS context. The suggested criteria were the degree of science concepts involvement, frequency of experience, strength of experience, and possibility of direct experience.