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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Dec 1991
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Jun 1991
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Middle School Students' Comprehension about Analogies for Explaining Concepts Related to Electric Current
Kim, Young-Min ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 11, issue 2, 1991, Pages 1~12
The purpose of the study was to investigate middle school students' comprehension about analogies for explaining conceps related to electric current. For the study, 14 seventh grade students and 14 eighth grade students were sampled, and they were divided into two group, one group for implementing pictorial analogies, the other for analogies in words. The subjects are academically high achievers. The conclusion of this study is that the middle school students' comprehension about analogies of electric current is low. So the author of this study suggests that conditions as analog and context of analogy usage should be considered for the use of the analogies.
Multimedia Teaching Model for Observational Experiment and Major Contents of Science Education Guide Books for Secondary School in America
Sung, Min-Wung ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 11, issue 2, 1991, Pages 13~21
For development of teaching model for observational experiment and the major contents of science education guide books published for secondary school teacher in America, the actual survey to the secondary schools and the investigation of science education guide were carried out. The results were summarized as follows. 1. The major concepts of contents in science education books are constituted of introduction(9.67%), ability(8.94%), activity(6.61%), curriculum(11.61%), instruction planning(5.25%), instruction strategy(l7.74%), materials and facilities(1O.97%), evaluation(8.62%), society and community(l0.55%), guidelines(4.76%), practice(3.54%), and index(1.74%). 2. The constitution of multimedia teaching model for observational instruction was developed and arranged in order of six steps as observation, materialization, broad understanding, advanced study, application, and synthesis. This model was thought as the most effective for the achievement of the instructive goal for observational unit and others.
Relationships between Piagetian Congnitive Modes and Integrated Science Process Skills for High School Students
Lim, Cheong-Hwan ; Jeong, Jin-Woo ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 11, issue 2, 1991, Pages 23~30
The purpose of this study is to investigate the interrelationships on integrated science process skills and Piagetian cognitive modes for high school students according to the different cognitive reasoning levels. About 509 high school students were randomly selected for the samples of this study. They were identified as concrete, transitional and formal operational stage with the scores of GALT(Group Assessment of Logical Thinking) developed by Roadrangka, Yeaney and Padilla(1982), and TIPS II(Test of Integrated Process Skills) developed by Burns, Wise and Okey(1983). The result of this study were showed that about 11.8% of the samples were in the concrete operational stage and about 24.4% of the samples were in the transitional stage, while about 63.8% of them were in the formal operational stage. It was also found that the achivement scores of the science process skills increase in accordance with the cognitive reasoning levels. The value of the correlation coefficient between science process skills and cognitive reasoning abilities was 0.49, which was significant at the 0.05 level. This finding seems to support previous research that the student's cognitive reasoning abilities appeared to have influenced student's scores of the science process skills No differences to the logical reasoning ability between male and female students according to each cognitive level were found except formal operational stage.
Constituent Elements and Types of Lesson Plan in Science Education of Korean Secondary School
Sung, Min-Wung ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 11, issue 2, 1991, Pages 31~48
Lesson plan sheets were collected from letter communication of each local junior and senior high school as well as from literature. These lesson plan sheets were arranged and investigated for items of constituent element and types. The results were summarized as follows. 1. The organization of plans were constituted of three frames as early plan, unit plan, and hour plan. 2. The lecture and inquiry types among the collected lesson plan sheets showed 91.9% and 8.3% in junior high school as well as 87.9% and 3% in senior high school, respectively. The mixed types did not find out in junior high school, however the mixed types showed 9.1%in senior high school. 3. The items of constituent elements in lesson plan sheets were varied by the contents and the kinds of teaching unit in science education of secondary school.
A Status survey of the Secondary Science Education in the Kangwon Province and Development of Teaching/Learning Materials for Middle School Science 2: An Instructional Model and Materials for the Unit of the Molecular Motion
Cho, Hee-Hyung ; Lee, Moon-Won ; Cho, Young-Sin ; Han, In-Sook ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 11, issue 2, 1991, Pages 49~65
There is now a large body of research which investigate the preconceptions held by the students in a variety of school levels ranging from the elementary schools to the universities. A problem exists, however, in applying the fingings of the research to the practices of science education. Meanwhile the field of science education is in urgent need of the new instructional theories. One viable means of improving such problematic situation as this is to develop the teaching/learning materials which incorporate the suggestions implied by the results of the research. A prosedure for developing an instructional material and the application of the material in the naturalistic classes are described. Also described in this article are the analyses of the effectiveness of the materials and the implications of this developmental study for the teaching strategies of science.
An Analysis of Current Research on Physics Problem Solving
Park, Hac-Kyoo ; Kwon, Jae-Sool ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 11, issue 2, 1991, Pages 67~77
In this paper, current research papers on Physics Problem Solving were analyzed according to the types of research purpose, method, subject and content of Physics, by using 3 Proceedings and 4 kinds of Journal, that is, the International Workshop(1983, Paris, France) and Conference (1983, Utrecht, The Netherlands) and Seminar(1987, Cornell University, U. S. A.) on Physics Education, and Journal of Research in Science Teaching (1984-1990) and Science Education (1986-1990). and Inter national Journal of Science Education(l987-1988) and Cognitive Science(1989-1990). There were 98 research papers on Problem Solving and among them 37 papers on Physics Problem Solving were selected for analyzing. The results of analysis are as follows; 1) The studies on Model of Novice Student were 22(59%), And those on Model of Desired Preformance, on Model of learning and on Model of Teaching were all much the same. 2) The theoretical studies were 10(27%), and the experimental ones 27(73%). Among the experimental studies, there were 16(59%) by using the written test, and 7(26%) by using the thinking aloud method. 3) The studies about university students as subjects were 20(54%). Probably, it seems the reason that most of researchers on Physics Problem Solving were professors of university or graduate students. 4) Among the various fields of Physics, the studies on Mechanics were 24(63%) and those on E1ectromagnetics 6(16%). or graduate students.
The Attempt to Introduce Science-Technology-Society(S-T-S) Education to Korean Science Education
Ha, Mi-Kyung ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 11, issue 2, 1991, Pages 79~85
According to the rapid change of the modern society, science & technology influences the society significantly. Thus, Korean education, especially the science education must be reviewed in the terms of that, the purpose of this article is to introduce social, environmental context's science education-STS education. STS education is to arise the ability of the democratic decision-making & participating in a discussion. The areas of this are knowledge, process, creativity, attitude, application. Also there are social issues approach & the social studies of science approach in the STS education. The social issues approach is the predominant approach to STS education; the social studies of science approach is often found in the form of goals & objectives for STS education. In order to introduce STS education to Korean science education,this author suggests the following; 1. The relation between science & society in science education must be emphasized more. 2. The study and development of STS education appropriate for Korean society must be preceded. 3. The new course about STS and technical education in the level of college must be developed.
An Investigation into "Science-Technology-Society" Curricula
Cho, Jung-Il ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 11, issue 2, 1991, Pages 87~101
Science-Technology-Society curricula have been developed in several countries for the last 20 years. Those curricula were focused on social aspects of science, i.e., value-laden knowledge and scientific enterprise, and society-related scientific and technological issues, i.e., energy, pollution, natural resources. The major teaching models employed in those curricula were problem solving and decision making, which required the following teaching techniques: teacher as a manager, small group discussion, controversy as a motivational force for substantive learning, and sufficient factual information into the discussion. Further researches are to be made to ascertain whether or not the expectations of the curricula might be realized in practice. It was shown that most Korean biology teachers considered the STS-related goal of science education as more important than the other goals. Based upon the findings, some recommendations for development of Korean STS curriculum were made as follows: 1. The contents of the STS curricula are to be organized with the integrated mode; 2. The major teaching models throughout the contents are to be problem solving and decision making. These are considered to provide students with the opportunities to involve in debates on practical issues and to draw consensus from them; 3. Some degree of flexibility should be provided on teachers' implementation of the curriculum in terms of contents, teaching techniques etc.; 4. To increase the practicality of the curriculum, teachers should be involved in the development of the curriculum and the relevant research; and 5. Contents to be included in STS curriculum were suggested by some science educators, but the more systematic study is required in this respect.
제(第) 5차(次) 고등학교(高等學校) 생물과(生物科) 교과서(敎科書)의 편제(編制), 내용(內容), 구성(構成), 용어(用語) 및 학습량(學習量)에 관한 연구(硏究)
Hong, Jeong-Su ; Yeo, Seong-Hui ; Jang, Nam-Gi ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 11, issue 2, 1991, Pages 103~117
Development and Application of an Analysis Taxonomy for Curricular Articulation in Mathematics and Science
Song, Soon-Hi ; Lee, Young-Ha ; Lee, Jong-Rock ; Kim, Sung-Won ; Kang, Soon-Hee ; Park, Jong-Yoon ; Kang, Soon-Ja ; Kim, Kyu-Han ; Yoo, Kye-Hwa ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 11, issue 2, 1991, Pages 119~131
A taxonomy which can be used conveniently for analyzing the vertical articulation of mathematics and science textbooks has been developed. It includes two types sanalysis criterion: one is based on the detail of description and the other is based on the depth of contents in terms of their sequence. These two criterion elements are combined to form groups of 'overlap', 'development' and 'gap' to represent the extent of articulation. Examples of applying the taxonomy are illustrated for the concepts of gemetrical area in mathematics and potential energy in science.
Data base system for the information on science education research and development: (I) Device of classification system
Pak, Sung-Jae ; Lee, Won-Sick ; Kim, Young-Soo ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 11, issue 2, 1991, Pages 133~142
The purpose of this study is to develop a data base system for the information on research and development of science education. As the first step of this study and development, a classification system for the research and development materials was devised after discussing the process of science education and the research and development of science education. The classification system has nine main categories : 1. area, 2. subject, 3. behavior, 4. skill, 5. support, 6. type, 7. materials, 8. language, and 9. the others, each of which has one or two levels of subcategory. This classification system was revised and supplemented through the theoretical analysis by speci.diSts and the practical classification of master's theses and doctoral dissertations from the Department of Science Education, Seoul National University. But it still needs more revision and enlargement through the continuous application and analysis.
Data base system for the information on science education research and development: (II) Analysis of master's theses and doctoral dissertations from the Department of Science Education, Seoul National University
Lee, Won-Sick ; Pak, Sung-Jae ; Kim, Young-Soo ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 11, issue 2, 1991, Pages 143~159
The purpose of this study is to develop a data base system for the infromation on research and development of science education. As a part of this development, an analysis of master's theses and doctoral dissertations from the Department of Science Education, Seoul National University was done, and using authors' classification system for the research and development materials of science education, those theses were classified. From the analysis and classification, the following conclusion was drawn: 1) The Department of Science Education, Seoul National University had produced 468 masters of education for about 30 years. Among them, only 107 theses were on the science education and the other 361 theses on the pure science. This means that department has not taken root as a department of science education. If it does not carry out its own purpose of establishment, it will not be able to justify its existence any longer 2) As compared to the increased number of students applying for the doctoral program, the number of faculty is very few in the field of science education. Without more supplement of the faculty member majored science education, there will be increased conflict and disorder among faculty and students. 3) The proportion of the theses on science education to those on science vanes greatly by the major of the department. This is the mirror of the faculty attitude to and recognition of science education and the faculty composition. 4) The classification of master theses and doctoral dissertations on science education showed that most of them focused on the secondary school science education and were survey studies. But recently it is noticeable that the theme of the study became diversified and has kept in step with the international research trends.
The Effect of Test Anxiety,Intelligence, and Item Arrangement Order on Test Performance in Earth Science
Kim, Sang-Dal ; Yi, Hyang-Sun ; Hwang, In-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 11, issue 2, 1991, Pages 161~178
This study was designed to investigate the effect of test anxiety, intelligence, and item arrangement order on test performance in Earth Science. The main purposes in this study were to investigate (1) (2) (3) (4) on test performance.: (1) the effect of test anxiety components on test performance in Earth Science. (2) the effect of item arrangement order on test performance in Earth Science. (3) the effect of test anxiety This study was designed to investigate the effect of test anxiety, intelligence, and item arrangement order on test performance in Earth Science. The main purposes in this study were to investigate (1) (2) (3) (4) on test performance.: (1) the effect of test anxiety components on test performance in Earth Science. (2) the effect of item arrangement order on test performance in Earth Science. (3) the effect of test anxiety components on test performance in Earth Science according to learner's intelligence levels. (4) test effect of item arrangement order on learner's intelligence. The hypothesis was that there is difference among test achievements scores according to (1) test anxiety-worry levels. (2) item arrangement orders. (3) item arrangement orders on test anxiety-worry levels. (4) test anxiety-worry levels on intelligence levels. (5) test anxiety-emotionality levels. (6) item arrangement orders on test anxiety-emotionality levels. (7) test anxiety-emotionality levels on intelligence levels. (8) item arrangement orders on intelligence levels. The test items selected for this study were derived from the text Science (part 1) first grade of high school. The subjects of this study were 164 of high school first grade boy students in Pusan. They were assigned to one of the three groups, according to test anxiety levels.: (1) upper 25% of total subjects designated to high group (2) middle 50% (3) low group, lower 25% of total subjects And according to LQ. (1) upper 25% of total subjects designated to high group. (2) middle 50%. (3) low group, lower 25% of total subjects Analysis of variance was used in this study for hypothesis examination. The dependent variable was the achievement scores of Earth Science test and independent variables were test anxiety(worry, emotionality) level, LQ. level, item arrangement orders. The principal findings of the present study are as follows: (1)Test achievement score trend decreases as the test anxiety (worry, emotionality) increases although the result is not statistically significant. (2)There is no significant difference among test achievement scores according to item arrangement orders. (3)The higher the LQ. is, the more effective test anxiety. And the LQ. has significant interaction effect with test anxiety. (4)There is significant interaction effect between the LQ. levels and itemqr arrangement orders.
우리나라 일반 TV방송의 과학 프로그램에 대한 시청자의 인식도, 편성 비율, 제작 현황 분석 연구
Kim, Seong-Won ; Go, Hui-Jeong ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 11, issue 2, 1991, Pages 179~191