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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association for Research In Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Dec 1992
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Nov 1992
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Jun 1992
Selecting the target year
A Study on Development of Assessment Framework for Science Education Subjects in Science Teacher Training Program
Lee, Wha-Kuk ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 12, issue 3, 1992, Pages 1~16
The assessment framework of any edcational program is used not only as evaluation criteria of the program but as a guideline for development and implementation of the program. The aims of this paper are to develop and apply thoretical backgrounds and practical plans for the preparation of assessment framework of science education subjects in science teacher education program. The backgrounds, basic direction and practical methods of the study are described in introduction, and the natune and structure of science teachers competency, which forms the foundation of assessment framework for science teacher education, are discussed in section II. Current status of science education program m. the science education departments of the Colleges of Education is outlined in section III, and precise description of development pIans fat the assessment framework is described in section IV. Finally conclution and suggestions are presented, follow by a model assessment framework and syllabus for science education subjects prepared by applying the theory and plans developed in this study.The model assessment syllabus modified by workshops of science teacher educatorts is shown in the appendix.
Data base system for the information on science education research and development : (III) Analysis of the research papers on science education found in a few science education journals
Lee, Won-Sick ; Pak, Sung-Jae ; Kim, Young-Soo ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 12, issue 3, 1992, Pages 17~33
The Purpose of this study was to develop a data base system for the information on science education research and development. As a part of this study, an analysis of papers on science education included in five selected jounals related science education was done by the use of the authors classification system for the research and development materials of science education. A total of 640 papers from the first issues to the 1991 issues of the journals were classified and analyzed. The selected five journals were Journal of the Korean Association for Research in Science Education (published by The Korean Association for Research in Science Education, 148 papers), Teaching Physics(published by Korean Physical Society, 164papers), Chemical Education (published by The Korean Chemical Socity, 98 papers), The Korean Journal of Biological Education(published by The Korean Society of Biological Education, 148papers), and Journal of Science Education (published by Science Education Center.College of Education, Seoul National University, 82 papers).
Data base system for the information on science education research and development: (IV) Development of a data base program
Kim, Young-Soo ; Lee, Won-Sick ; Pak, Sung-Jae ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 12, issue 3, 1992, Pages 35~47
The purpose of this study was to develop a data base system for the information on science education research and development. As a part of this study, a data base program was developed on the Macintosh SE using the 4th Dimension from ACI. The data base consisted of two files, dissertation and journal. The information on the 107 theses including the master's theses and the doctoral dissertations from the Department of Scince Education, Seoul National University and on the 640 papers on science education from the first issues to the 1991 issues of five selected science education journals was input into the data base. The selected five Journals were Journal of the Korean Association for Research in Science Education(published by the Korean Association for Research in Science Education, 148 papers), Teaching Physics(published by Korean Physical Society, 164 papers),Chemical Education(published by The Korean Chemical Society, 98 papers), The Korean Journal of Biological Education(published by The Korean Society of Biological Education, 148 papers), and Journal of Science Education(published by Science Education Center, College of Education, Seoul National University,82 papers).
The Results of Problem Solving according to Mental Demand of Items
Ahn, Soo-Young ; Kwon, Jae-Sool ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 12, issue 3, 1992, Pages 49~59
New-Piagetian theory has proposed that mental capacity and mental demand do a critical role in human cognitive processes. In this study, the students' mental capacity and the mental demand of the given problems were examined. The principal findings of the study are as follows; (1) There was no significant difference among achievement scores of subjects (3rd grade students of middle school, 2nd grade students of high school, 3rd grade students of high school) in the items of balance that needed specific content knowledge. But, in the Newton's 2nd law items that needed specific content knowledge, there was significant difference be ween3rd grade students of middle school and high school students(2nd, 3rd). According to increase of mental demand, middle school students' achievement score appeared to decrease linearly. However high school students' achievement score didn't change untill they faced the items of critical mental demand. When mental demand was beyond critical mental demand,their score was decreased rapidly. (2) According to hierchical analysis of items, the more mental demand an item needed, the higher or at least the same hierachical item was. These results showed that mental demand was the main factor which decided diffculties of problem solving (3) It was possible for students to solve the newton's 2nd law item that had one or two more mental demand relative to balance beam item. Although the item needed the same mental demand.students recognized that the Newton's 2nd law items were easier than the balance beam items.
The Effects of Learning Cycle on Changing the Students' Conceptions of Electric Current
Kim, Young-Min ; Kwon, Sung-Gi ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 12, issue 3, 1992, Pages 61~76
The purpose of this study was to develop the instructional model and teaching material to change the middle school students'conceptions of electric current into the scientific ones and to investigate the effects of the model in actual classrooms. We identified the students' ideas and their misunderstanding about the concept of eIectic current through reviewing the literatures and our in this study. Based on the above results, we developed the instructional model and designed the teaching sequence and prepare the learning materials about the unit of the electric current in middle school Our instructional model was based on 'learning cycle' developed by Lawson, but the new stage called "exploration through qualitative questions" to elicit the students' own conceptions was inserted to it. To investigate the effects or the new teaching model, the pre- and post-test using the POE type were administered to experimental group(52 students) taught with learning cycles and control group(52 students) taught with traditional styles. The results are as follows; 1) The rates of correct. predictions was varying according to the kinds of problems. And the rates of the correct. reasons of their predictions were lower than those of the predictions. 2) The mean scores of the post-test of both groups were significantly higher than those of the pre-test. We could not find statistically significant difference in theme an score between experimental group and control group after implementation of the model. But the experimental group gained higher scores than those of the control group on two problem. Therefore, although we cannot show the prominent effects of our teaching model based on learning cycles, there are some effects of our model on changing the middle school students' conceptions of electric current.
The conceptual change model for physics concepts based on the critical discussion about rival concepts and the reflective thinking
Kim, Ik-Gyun ; Pak, Sung-Jae ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 12, issue 3, 1992, Pages 77~89
According to many previous researches on the students' physics conceptions, in spite of school science learning the students' preconceptions were either not changed or reinforced. Although many researchers argued that the presentation of conflict situations which can not be explained by the students' preconceptions is prerequisite to their conceptual changes, some other researchers argued that such a presentation could be useless. In this study, a model of students' conceptual change in physics, which encourages students to recognize actively the conflicting situations and to control the process of their conceptual changes, was developed. In this model, the critical discussion on rival concepts and the reflective thinking were regarded as two important factors for students' conceptual changes.
Methods and Procedures of Ordering Theory and Hierarchical Analysis of Science Process Skills Using Ordering Theory
Lim, Cheong-Hwan ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 12, issue 3, 1992, Pages 91~107
The Purpose of this study was to present the procedures and methods of ordering theory,and to search for a learning hierarchy among science process skills in each Piagetian cognitive reasoning level. One of the purpose of this is not to determine the clear and exact hierarchy but rather to demonstrate how ordering theoretic methods and procedures can be used to determine the hierarchy of logical relationships among a set of test items or the testing of a hypothesized hierarchy. Ordering theory was used to analyze five science process skills collected from 509 high school students. Ordering Theory has as its primary intent either the testing of hypothesized hierarchies among items at the determination of hierchies among items. Hierarchical relationships were identified within five science process skills. The results will be helpful in giving useful inform at ions to classroom teachers and science curriculum developer.
Attitudes of Boys and Girls in Elementary and Secondary Schools towards Science Lessons and Scientists
Song, Jin-Woong ; Pak, Sung-Jae ; Jang, Kyoung-Ae ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 12, issue 3, 1992, Pages 109~118
In this study, the attitudes of about 1200elementary and secondary students towards sciences lessons and scientists were investigated. For the survey of this study, simillar numbers of students in Seoul were selected from the 5th, 8th and 11th grades and from both sexes. For the attitudes towards science lessons, in the survey questionnaire, there were questions on the type of science lesson which students prefer and on student's assessment of science lessons which they receive. For the attitudes towards scientists, there were questions on scientists whom students respect, on students assessment of scientists and on students assessment of themselves. Results of this study can be summarized as follows: (1) A great majority of students prefered the laboratory-based to classroom-based lessons, but this tendency was less apparent in olderstudents.More boys, compared with girls, prefered laboratory-based study. (2) The student's assessment of science lessons was positive in the elementary school, neutral in the middle school and negative in the high school level. Boys showed more positive attitudes towards the study of science. (3) Apparently more girls than boys mentioned Madam Curie as a scientist whom they respect, Students tended to respect scientists in terms of their personalities rather than their cognitive abilities. (4) Students tended to assess that scientist's are more able than themselves in cognitive areas while themselves are better in affective areas. The gap between student's asessments of scientists and that of themselves became bigger in high school students. The gap between boy's assessments of themselves and girl's assessments of themselves was bigger in high school level than in middle school. (5) The decline of students attitude towards science lessons was bigger than their attitude towards scientists.
Content Analysis of the Elementary Science Textbooks in USA. -HBJ Science and Holt Science-
Kim, Hyo-Nam ;
Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education, volume 12, issue 3, 1992, Pages 119~128
The contents of two elementary science textbooks are analyzed; they are HBJ Science and Holt Science. A) The ratio of the contents is as follows physics area, 21-27% ; chemistry area, 6-7% ; biology area, 32-41% ; earth science area, '27-31 %. B) The jobs related in science and technology are introudced in both textbooks. The kinds of jobs found in Holt Science and HBJ Science are 94 and 55, respectively. C) There cent developments in science and technology are introduced in Holt Science and HBJ Science are 57 and 46 times respectively. The introductoin of the recent development of science & technology and the jobs relcated in science & technology may interest children in science.